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Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 3, 47 - 52, 22.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.24998/maeusabed.1026079

Öz

This study was conducted to determine effects of sucrose (sugar) addition on physical quality, fermentation profile and relative feed value of alfalfa silage at different ensiling time. Silage quality was evaluated based on inoculant supplementation (C; no additive and S: sucrose additive) and four ensiling periods (7, 14, 30 and 60 days). The color and structure scores were unchanged but the smell score increased significantly by sucrose inoculant. Sucrose supplementation significantly decreased pH value in comparison to the control group. Significant change in Flieg point of alfalfa silage was observed between the groups. Relative feed value significantly increased in the sucrose group at d 7 and 14 of ensiling, but remained unaffected at d 30 and 60 of ensiling. As a result, addition of sucrose improved silage quality at different fermentation time.

Kaynakça

  • Aktürk B., Gümüş H. 2020. Effects of lactic acid bacteria inoculant on quality, fermentation profile and nutritive value of alfalfa silage at different ensiling period. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 37, 281-287
  • Baba, M., Nasir, A., Kabiru, A., Umar, G. A. 2018. Effects of additives and their levels of inclusion on nutritive value of silage made from elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 45(2), 352-362.
  • Dawson, B., Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and clinical biostatistics. 3rd ed., Lange 305 Medical Books/ McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York, USA, 89, 306 131-153.
  • DLG, 1997. DLG-Schlussel zur Beurteilung der Garqualita ̈t von Grunfuttersilagen auf der Basis der chemischen Untersuchung. [DLG-pattern for the Evaluation of the Fermentation Quality of Grass Silages on the basis of Chemical Analyses]. Frankfurta. M.: Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft.
  • Dong, Z., Yuan, X., Wen, A., Desta, S. T., Shao, T. 2017. Effects of calcium propionate on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of alfalfa silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 30(9), 1278.
  • Ergin S., Gümüş H. 2020. Silage quality, fermentation dynamics and chemical composition of alfalfa silage prepared with salt and lactic acid bacteria inoculants. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology 20, 367-380
  • Gao, R., Wang B., Jia T., Luo Y., Yu Z. 2021. Effects of different carbohydrate sources on alfalfa silage quality at different ensiling days. Agriculture 11(1), 58.
  • Gümüş, H., Oğuz, F.K., Oğuz, M.N., Buğdaycı, K.E., Kuter, E. 2020. The Effects of Different Additives on the Fermentation and Physical Characteristics of Lenox Silage. Journal of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University 17, 39-44.
  • Kung Jr, L., Shaver, R.D., Grant, R.J., Schmidt, R.J. 2018. Silage review: Interpretation of chemical, microbial, and organoleptic components of silages. Journal of Dairy Science 101(5), 4020-4033.
  • Li, M., Zi, X., Zhou, H., Hou, G., Cai, Y. 2014. Effects of sucrose, glucose, molasses and cellulase on fermentation quality and in vitro gas production of king grass silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology 197, 206-212.
  • Muck, R.E., Nadeau, E.M.G., McAllister, T.A., Contreras-Govea, F.E., Santos, M.C., Kung Jr, L. 2018. Silage review: Recent advances and future uses of silage additives. Journal of Dairy Science 101(5), 3980-4000.
  • Ni, K., Wang, F., Zhu, B., Yang, J., Zhou, G., Pan, Y., Tao, Y. and Zhong, J. 2017. Effects of lactic acid bacteria and molasses additives on the microbial community and fermentation quality of soybean silage. Bioresource Technology 238, 706-715.
  • Patra, S.P, Paul T. 2019. Lucerne. In: Hedayetullah M., Zaman P. (Eds.), Forage Crops of the World. Apple Academic Press, Canada, pp. 231-243
  • Redfearn, D., Zhang, H., Caddel, J. 2014. Forage Quality Interpretations. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, PSS-2117. Available at http://factsheets.okstate.edu/ (Accessed October 2, 2021).
  • Topçu, G.D., Özkan, S.S. 2021. Quality properties of sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) silages. Tropical Grasslands-Forrajes Tropicales 9(3), 315–320.
  • Toruk, F., Kayişoğlu, B. 2008. Effect of applied vacuum of silage package machine on silage quality. Journal of Agricultural Mach Sciences 4, 355-60.
  • TUIK. 2020. Turkish Statistical Institute. www.tuik.gov.tr. (Erişim 17.10.2021)
  • Turan A., Önenç S.S. 2018. Effect of cumin essential oil usage on fermentation quality, aerobic stability and in vitro digetibility of alfalfa silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 31, 1252-1258.
  • Unal, Y.S., Deniz, A., Toros, H. and Incecik, S. 2012. Temporal and spatial patterns of precipitation variability for annual, wet, and dry seasons in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology 32, 392-405.
  • Yan, Y., Li, X., Guan, H., Huang, L., Ma, X., Peng, Y., Li, Z., Nie, G., Zhou, J., Yang, W., Cai, Y. and Zhang, X. 2019. Microbial community and fermentation characteristic of Italian ryegrass silage prepared with corn stover and lactic acid bacteria. Bioresource Technology 279, 166-173.
  • Zhao, J., Dong, Z., Li, J., Chen, L., Bai, Y., Jia, Y., Shao, T. 2019. Effects of lactic acid bacteria and molasses on fermentation dynamics, structural and nonstructural carbohydrate composition, and in vitro ruminal fermentation of rice straw silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 32(6), 783.

Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile, Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 3, 47 - 52, 22.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.24998/maeusabed.1026079

Öz

This study was conducted to determine effects of sucrose (sugar) addition on physical quality, fermentation profile and relative feed value of alfalfa silage at different ensiling time. Silage quality was evaluated based on inoculant supplementation (C; no additive and S: sucrose additive) and four ensiling periods (7, 14, 30 and 60 days). The color and structure scores were unchanged but the smell score increased significantly by sucrose inoculant. Sucrose supplementation significantly decreased pH value in comparison to the control group. Significant change in Flieg point of alfalfa silage was observed between the groups. Relative feed value significantly increased in the sucrose group at d 7 and 14 of ensiling, but remained unaffected at d 30 and 60 of ensiling. As a result, addition of sucrose improved silage quality at different fermentation time

Kaynakça

  • Aktürk B., Gümüş H. 2020. Effects of lactic acid bacteria inoculant on quality, fermentation profile and nutritive value of alfalfa silage at different ensiling period. Ankara Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 37, 281-287
  • Baba, M., Nasir, A., Kabiru, A., Umar, G. A. 2018. Effects of additives and their levels of inclusion on nutritive value of silage made from elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 45(2), 352-362.
  • Dawson, B., Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and clinical biostatistics. 3rd ed., Lange 305 Medical Books/ McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division, New York, USA, 89, 306 131-153.
  • DLG, 1997. DLG-Schlussel zur Beurteilung der Garqualita ̈t von Grunfuttersilagen auf der Basis der chemischen Untersuchung. [DLG-pattern for the Evaluation of the Fermentation Quality of Grass Silages on the basis of Chemical Analyses]. Frankfurta. M.: Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft.
  • Dong, Z., Yuan, X., Wen, A., Desta, S. T., Shao, T. 2017. Effects of calcium propionate on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of alfalfa silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 30(9), 1278.
  • Ergin S., Gümüş H. 2020. Silage quality, fermentation dynamics and chemical composition of alfalfa silage prepared with salt and lactic acid bacteria inoculants. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology 20, 367-380
  • Gao, R., Wang B., Jia T., Luo Y., Yu Z. 2021. Effects of different carbohydrate sources on alfalfa silage quality at different ensiling days. Agriculture 11(1), 58.
  • Gümüş, H., Oğuz, F.K., Oğuz, M.N., Buğdaycı, K.E., Kuter, E. 2020. The Effects of Different Additives on the Fermentation and Physical Characteristics of Lenox Silage. Journal of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University 17, 39-44.
  • Kung Jr, L., Shaver, R.D., Grant, R.J., Schmidt, R.J. 2018. Silage review: Interpretation of chemical, microbial, and organoleptic components of silages. Journal of Dairy Science 101(5), 4020-4033.
  • Li, M., Zi, X., Zhou, H., Hou, G., Cai, Y. 2014. Effects of sucrose, glucose, molasses and cellulase on fermentation quality and in vitro gas production of king grass silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology 197, 206-212.
  • Muck, R.E., Nadeau, E.M.G., McAllister, T.A., Contreras-Govea, F.E., Santos, M.C., Kung Jr, L. 2018. Silage review: Recent advances and future uses of silage additives. Journal of Dairy Science 101(5), 3980-4000.
  • Ni, K., Wang, F., Zhu, B., Yang, J., Zhou, G., Pan, Y., Tao, Y. and Zhong, J. 2017. Effects of lactic acid bacteria and molasses additives on the microbial community and fermentation quality of soybean silage. Bioresource Technology 238, 706-715.
  • Patra, S.P, Paul T. 2019. Lucerne. In: Hedayetullah M., Zaman P. (Eds.), Forage Crops of the World. Apple Academic Press, Canada, pp. 231-243
  • Redfearn, D., Zhang, H., Caddel, J. 2014. Forage Quality Interpretations. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, PSS-2117. Available at http://factsheets.okstate.edu/ (Accessed October 2, 2021).
  • Topçu, G.D., Özkan, S.S. 2021. Quality properties of sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) silages. Tropical Grasslands-Forrajes Tropicales 9(3), 315–320.
  • Toruk, F., Kayişoğlu, B. 2008. Effect of applied vacuum of silage package machine on silage quality. Journal of Agricultural Mach Sciences 4, 355-60.
  • TUIK. 2020. Turkish Statistical Institute. www.tuik.gov.tr. (Erişim 17.10.2021)
  • Turan A., Önenç S.S. 2018. Effect of cumin essential oil usage on fermentation quality, aerobic stability and in vitro digetibility of alfalfa silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 31, 1252-1258.
  • Unal, Y.S., Deniz, A., Toros, H. and Incecik, S. 2012. Temporal and spatial patterns of precipitation variability for annual, wet, and dry seasons in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology 32, 392-405.
  • Yan, Y., Li, X., Guan, H., Huang, L., Ma, X., Peng, Y., Li, Z., Nie, G., Zhou, J., Yang, W., Cai, Y. and Zhang, X. 2019. Microbial community and fermentation characteristic of Italian ryegrass silage prepared with corn stover and lactic acid bacteria. Bioresource Technology 279, 166-173.
  • Zhao, J., Dong, Z., Li, J., Chen, L., Bai, Y., Jia, Y., Shao, T. 2019. Effects of lactic acid bacteria and molasses on fermentation dynamics, structural and nonstructural carbohydrate composition, and in vitro ruminal fermentation of rice straw silage. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 32(6), 783.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Hidir GÜMÜŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
0000-0001-7077-1036
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 28 Aralık 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi 22 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { maeusabed1026079, journal = {Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2148-2837}, address = {}, publisher = {Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {9}, pages = {47 - 52}, doi = {10.24998/maeusabed.1026079}, title = {Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time}, key = {cite}, author = {Gümüş, Hidir} }
APA Gümüş, H. (2021). Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time . Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 9 (3) , 47-52 . DOI: 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079
MLA Gümüş, H. "Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time" . Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2021 ): 47-52 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/maeusabed/issue/66405/1026079>
Chicago Gümüş, H. "Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time". Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2021 ): 47-52
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time AU - Hidir Gümüş Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079 DO - 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079 T2 - Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 47 EP - 52 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 2148-2837- M3 - doi: 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079 UR - https://doi.org/10.24998/maeusabed.1026079 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time %A Hidir Gümüş %T Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time %D 2021 %J Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2148-2837- %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079 %U 10.24998/maeusabed.1026079
ISNAD Gümüş, Hidir . "Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time". Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 3 (Aralık 2021): 47-52 . https://doi.org/10.24998/maeusabed.1026079
AMA Gümüş H. Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2021; 9(3): 47-52.
Vancouver Gümüş H. Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2021; 9(3): 47-52.
IEEE H. Gümüş , "Effects of Sucrose (Sugar) as Inoculant on Physical Quality, Fermentation Profile and Relative Feed Value of Alfalfa Silage at Different Ensiling Time", Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 9, sayı. 3, ss. 47-52, Ara. 2021, doi:10.24998/maeusabed.1026079