Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 69 - 82, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.23884/mejs.2017.3.2.01

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Jhajharia, D., Shrivastava, S.K., Sarkar, D., Sarkar, S. (2009) Temporal characteristics of pan evaporation trends under the humid conditions of northeast India. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 763-770.
  • Burn, D.H., Hesch, N.M. (2007) Trends in evaporation for the Canadian Prairies. Journal of Hydrology, 36, 61-73.
  • Cohen, S., Ianetz, A., Stanhill, G. (2002) Evaporative climate changes at Bet Dagan, Israel, 1964–1998. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 111 (2), 83-91.
  • da Silva, V.d.P.R. (2004) On climate variability in Northeast of Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments, 58 (4), 575-596.
  • Xu, J., Haginoya, S., Saito, K., Motoya, K. (2005) Surface heat balance and pan evaporation trends in Eastern Asia in the period 1971–2000. Hydrological Processes, 19 (11), 2161-2186.
  • Oguntunde, P.G., Friesen, J., Nick, v.d.G., Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Hydroclimatology of the Volta River Basin in West Africa: Trends and variability from 1901 to 2002. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 31 (18), 1180-1188.
  • Tabari, H., Marofi, S. (2011) Changes of Pan Evaporation in the West of Iran. Water Resources Management, 25 (1), 97-111.
  • Peterson, T.C., Golubev, V.S., Groisman, P.Y. (1995) Evaporation losing its strength. Nature, 377, 687-688.
  • Golubev, V.S., Lawrimore, J.H., Groisman, P.Y., Speranskaya, N.A., Zhuravin, S.A., Menne, M.J., Peterson, T.C., Malone, R.W. (2001) Evaporation changes over the contiguous United States and the former USSR: A reassessment. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (13), 2665-2668.
  • Moonen, A.C., Ercoli, L., Mariotti, M., Masoni, A. (2002) Climate change in Italy indicated by agrometeorological indices over 122 years. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 111 (1), 13-27.
  • Roderick, M.L., Farquhar, G.D. (2004) Change in Australian pan evaporation from 1970 to 2002. International Journal of Climatology, 24 (9), 1077-1099.
  • Asanuma, J., Kamimera, H., Lu, M. (2004) Pan Evaporation Trends in Japan and its Relevance to the Variability of the Hydrological Cycle. Tenki, 51 (9), 667-678.
  • Liu, B., Xu, M., Henderson, M., Gong, W. (2004) A spatial analysis of pan evaporation trends in China, 1955–2000. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D15102), 1-9.
  • Han, S., Xu, D., Wang, S. (2012) Decreasing potential evaporation trends in China from 1956 to 2005: Accelerated in regions with significant agricultural influence? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 154-155, 44-56.
  • Tebakari, T., Yoshitani, J., Suvanpimol, C. (2005) Time-Space Trend Analysis in Pan Evaporation over Kingdom of Thailand. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 10 (3), 205-215.
  • Limjirakan, S., Limsakul, A. (2012) Observed Trends in Surface Air Temperatures and Their Extremes in Thailand from 1970 to 2009. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 90 (5), 647-662.
  • Jaswal, A.K., Prakasa Rao, G.S., De, U.S. (2008) Spatial and temporal characteristics of evaporation trends over India 1971-2000. MAUSAM, 59 (2), 149-158.
  • Türkeş, M., Sümer, U., Kılıç, G. (1996) Observed Changes in Maximum and Minimum Temperatures in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 16 (4), 463-477.
  • Türkeş, M., Sümer, U. (2007) Spatial and temporal patterns of trends and variability in diurnal temperature ranges of Turkey. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 77 (3-4), 195-227.
  • Türkeş, M., Koç, T., Sariş, F. (2008) Spatiotemporal variability of precipitation total series over Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 29 (8), 1056-1074.
  • Türkeş, M. (1996) Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Annual Rainfall Variations in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 16 (9), 1057-1076.
  • Şensoy, S., Demircan, M., Alan, İ. (2005) 1971 - 2004 Yılları Arası Türkiye İklim İndisleri Trendleri. Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2010) Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Precipitation and Temperature Distribution over Turkey. In: International Conference on Theory, Data Handling and Modelling in GeoSpatial Information Science. Hong Kong, Hong Kong: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2007) Türkiye’nin yıllık ve mevsimsel ortalama yağış ve sıcaklık değerlerinin trend analizi. In: V. Ulusal Hidroloji Kongresi. Ankara, Turkey: V. Ulusal Hidroloji Kongresi Bildirileri Kitabı.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2007) Exploring the mean annual precipitation and temperature values over Turkey by using environmental variables. In: ISPRS Joint Workshop “Visualization and Exploration of Geospatial Data”. Stuttgart, Germany: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.
  • Oğuz, İ., Öztekin, T., Akar, Ö. (2008) Examination of Long Period Precipitation and Temperature Trendlines at Tokat Kazova from Drought Point of View. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, 25 (1), 71-79.
  • Karabulut, M. (2012) Analayses of Extreme Maximum and Mininum Heats at the East Mediterranian. KSU Journal of Natural Sciences, Special Issue, 37-44.
  • Kızılelma, Y., Çelik, M.A., Karabulut, M. (2015) Trend analyses of temperature and precipitations in Central Anatolia. Türk Coğrafya Dergisi, 64, 1-10.
  • Demir, İ., Kılıç, G., Coşkun, M., Sümer, U.M. (2008) Türkiye'de Maksimum, Minimum ve Ortalama Hava Sıcaklıkları ile Yağış Dizilerinde Gözlenen Değişiklikler ve Eğilimler. In: TMMOB İklim Değişimi Sempozyumu. Ankara, Turkey: TMMOB Meteoroloji Mühendisleri Odası.
  • Doğan Demir, A., Demir, Y. (2016) Mean, Minimum and Maximum Temperature Trends in Bingöl. Middle East Journal of Science, 2 (2), 101-109.
  • Doğan Demir, A., Demir, Y., Şahin, Ü., Meral, R. (2017) Trend Analyses of Temperature and Precipitation and Effect on Agricultural in Bingol Province. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 4 (3), 284-291.
  • Duman, E., Kara, F. (2017) A Study on Trends and Variability in Monthly Temperatures in Antalya Province between the Years 1960 and 2015. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 14 (2), 1-16.
  • Yavuz, H., Erdoğan, S. (2012) Spatial Analysis of Monthly and Annual Precipitation Trends in Turkey. Water Resources Management, 26 (3), 609-621.
  • Ozdogan, M., Salvucci, G.D. (2004) Irrigation-induced changes in potential evapotranspiration in southeastern Turkey: Test and application of Bouchet's complementary hypothesis. Water Resources Research, 40 (W04301), 1-12.
  • Yeşilırmak, E. (2013) Temporal changes of warm-season pan evaporation in a semi-arid basin in Western Turkey. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 27 (2), 311-321.
  • Durdu, Ö.F. (2010) Effects of climate change on water resources of the Büyük Menderes river basin, western Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry, 34 (4), 319-332.
  • Sütgibi, S. (2015) Büyük Menderes Havzasının Sıcaklık, Yağış ve Akım Değerlerindeki Değişimler ve Eğilimler. Marmara Coğrafya Dergisi, 31, 398-414.
  • Kale, S., Ejder, T., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Climate change impacts on streamflow of Karamenderes River (Çanakkale, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 5 (2), 1-6.
  • Kale, S., Ejder, T., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Effect of climate change on annual streamflow of Bakırçay River. Adıyaman University Journal of Science, 6 (2), 156–176.
  • Ejder, T., Kale, S., Acar, S., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Restricted effects of climate change on annual streamflow of Sarıçay stream (Çanakkale, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 5 (1), 7-11.
  • Ejder, T., Kale, S., Acar, S., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Effects of climate change on annual streamflow of Kocabaş stream (Çanakkale, Turkey). Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 11 (4), 1-11.
  • Cengiz, T., Akbulak, C. (2009) Application of analytical hierarchy process and geographic information systems in land-use suitability evaluation: a case study of Dümrek village (Çanakkale, Turkey). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 16 (4), 286-294.
  • Pettitt, A.N. (1979) A Non-Parametric Approach to the Change-Point Problem. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C (Applied Statistics), 28 (2), 126-135.
  • R Core Team, R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria [online] https://www.R-project.org/ version (07/2017). 2017.
  • Pohlert, T. (2017) Trend: Non-Parametric Trend Tests and Change-Point Detection, R package version 0.1.0 [online] https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=trend.
  • Hamed, K.H., Ramachandra Rao, A. (1998) A modified Mann-Kendall trend test for autocorrelated data. Journal of Hydrology, 204 (1–4), 182-196.
  • Box, G.E.P., Jenkins, G. (1976) Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. San Francisco: Holden Day.
  • Kendall, M.G. (1955) Rank Correlation Methods. 2nd ed., New York: Hafner Publishing Co.
  • Mann, H.B. (1945) Nonparametric Tests Against Trend. Econometrica, 13 (3), 245-259.
  • Aydın, H., Düzen, H. (2011) Comparison of Measured and Calculated Evaporation Values of Open water surface-Lake Van (Turkey). In: 5. Atmospheric Science Symposium. İstanbul, Turkey: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü.
  • Burn, D.H., Hesch, N.M. (2006) A Comparison of Trends in Potential and Pan Evaporation for the Canadian Prairies. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 31 (3), 173-184.
  • Chattopadhyay, N., Hulme, M. (1997) Evaporation and potential evapotranspiration in India under conditions of recent and future climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 87 (1), 55–73.
  • Roderick, M.L., Farquhar, G.D. (2005) Changes in New Zealand pan evaporation since the 1970s. International Journal of Climatology, 25 (15), 2031-2039.
  • Breña-Naranjo, J.A., Laverde-Barajas, M.Á., Pedrozo-Acuña, A. (2017) Changes in pan evaporation in Mexico from 1961 to 2010. International Journal of Climatology, 37 (1), 204-213.
  • Alcamo, J., Moreno, J.M., Nováky, B., Bindi, M., Corobov, R., Devoy, R.J.N., Giannakopoulos, C., Martin, E., Olesen, J.E., Shvidenko, A. (2007) Europe, In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, (Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J., van der Linden, P., Hanson, C., Editors: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, USA. p. 541-580.
  • Zhang, X., Aguilar, E., Sensoy, S., Melkonyan, H., Tagiyeva, U., Ahmed, N., Kutaladze, N., Rahimzadeh, F., Taghipour, A., Hantosh, T.H., Albert, P., Semawi, M., Ali, M.K., Said Al-Shabibi, M.H., Al-Oulan, Z., Zatari, T., Al Dean Khelet, I., Hamoud, S., Sagir, R., Demircan, M., Eken, M., Adiguzel, M., Alexander, L., Peterson, T.C., Wallis, T. (2005) Trends in Middle East climate extreme indices from 1950 to 2003. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 110 (D22104), 1-12.
  • Abtew, W., Obeysekera, J., Iricanin, N. (2011) Pan Evaporation and Potential Evapotranspiration Trends in South Florida. Hydrological Processes, 25 (6), 958-969.
  • McVicar, T.R., Roderick, M.L. (2010) Atmospheric science: Winds of change. Nature Geoscience, 3 (11), 747–748.
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ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC TRENDS IN EVAPORATION FOR CANAKKALE (TURKEY)

Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 69 - 82, 29.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.23884/mejs.2017.3.2.01

Öz

In this study, temporal changes and trends in the series of annual, seasonal, and monthly evaporation of Çanakkale station of Turkish State Meteorological Service were analyzed. Time series of evaporation data set has been organized as climatological seasons that spring (March, April, May), summer (June, July, August), autumn (September, October, November), and winter (December, January, February). Non-parametric tests and Box-Jenkins method were used to determine climatic trends. Pettitt change-point analysis was applied to determine the change point of evaporation. Trend analysis results showed that a statistically significant increasing trend occurred in evaporation. Mean annual evaporation is estimated to increase 1.4498 mm per year and it is anticipated to reach 215.3356 mm in 2022. Furthermore, mean seasonal evaporation are estimated to increase 1.2251 mm, 1.6485 mm, and 0.4117 mm per year for spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. Therefore, Çanakkale is thought to be affected by global warming and climate change and this effect will continue. Evaporation should be continuously measured and monitoring program should be established to allow sustainable use and management of water resources. Global or regional climate change scenarios and projections must be considered in order to moderate the possible effects of climate change and global warming on Çanakkale.

Kaynakça

  • Jhajharia, D., Shrivastava, S.K., Sarkar, D., Sarkar, S. (2009) Temporal characteristics of pan evaporation trends under the humid conditions of northeast India. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 763-770.
  • Burn, D.H., Hesch, N.M. (2007) Trends in evaporation for the Canadian Prairies. Journal of Hydrology, 36, 61-73.
  • Cohen, S., Ianetz, A., Stanhill, G. (2002) Evaporative climate changes at Bet Dagan, Israel, 1964–1998. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 111 (2), 83-91.
  • da Silva, V.d.P.R. (2004) On climate variability in Northeast of Brazil. Journal of Arid Environments, 58 (4), 575-596.
  • Xu, J., Haginoya, S., Saito, K., Motoya, K. (2005) Surface heat balance and pan evaporation trends in Eastern Asia in the period 1971–2000. Hydrological Processes, 19 (11), 2161-2186.
  • Oguntunde, P.G., Friesen, J., Nick, v.d.G., Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Hydroclimatology of the Volta River Basin in West Africa: Trends and variability from 1901 to 2002. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 31 (18), 1180-1188.
  • Tabari, H., Marofi, S. (2011) Changes of Pan Evaporation in the West of Iran. Water Resources Management, 25 (1), 97-111.
  • Peterson, T.C., Golubev, V.S., Groisman, P.Y. (1995) Evaporation losing its strength. Nature, 377, 687-688.
  • Golubev, V.S., Lawrimore, J.H., Groisman, P.Y., Speranskaya, N.A., Zhuravin, S.A., Menne, M.J., Peterson, T.C., Malone, R.W. (2001) Evaporation changes over the contiguous United States and the former USSR: A reassessment. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (13), 2665-2668.
  • Moonen, A.C., Ercoli, L., Mariotti, M., Masoni, A. (2002) Climate change in Italy indicated by agrometeorological indices over 122 years. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 111 (1), 13-27.
  • Roderick, M.L., Farquhar, G.D. (2004) Change in Australian pan evaporation from 1970 to 2002. International Journal of Climatology, 24 (9), 1077-1099.
  • Asanuma, J., Kamimera, H., Lu, M. (2004) Pan Evaporation Trends in Japan and its Relevance to the Variability of the Hydrological Cycle. Tenki, 51 (9), 667-678.
  • Liu, B., Xu, M., Henderson, M., Gong, W. (2004) A spatial analysis of pan evaporation trends in China, 1955–2000. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (D15102), 1-9.
  • Han, S., Xu, D., Wang, S. (2012) Decreasing potential evaporation trends in China from 1956 to 2005: Accelerated in regions with significant agricultural influence? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 154-155, 44-56.
  • Tebakari, T., Yoshitani, J., Suvanpimol, C. (2005) Time-Space Trend Analysis in Pan Evaporation over Kingdom of Thailand. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 10 (3), 205-215.
  • Limjirakan, S., Limsakul, A. (2012) Observed Trends in Surface Air Temperatures and Their Extremes in Thailand from 1970 to 2009. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 90 (5), 647-662.
  • Jaswal, A.K., Prakasa Rao, G.S., De, U.S. (2008) Spatial and temporal characteristics of evaporation trends over India 1971-2000. MAUSAM, 59 (2), 149-158.
  • Türkeş, M., Sümer, U., Kılıç, G. (1996) Observed Changes in Maximum and Minimum Temperatures in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 16 (4), 463-477.
  • Türkeş, M., Sümer, U. (2007) Spatial and temporal patterns of trends and variability in diurnal temperature ranges of Turkey. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 77 (3-4), 195-227.
  • Türkeş, M., Koç, T., Sariş, F. (2008) Spatiotemporal variability of precipitation total series over Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 29 (8), 1056-1074.
  • Türkeş, M. (1996) Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Annual Rainfall Variations in Turkey. International Journal of Climatology, 16 (9), 1057-1076.
  • Şensoy, S., Demircan, M., Alan, İ. (2005) 1971 - 2004 Yılları Arası Türkiye İklim İndisleri Trendleri. Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2010) Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Precipitation and Temperature Distribution over Turkey. In: International Conference on Theory, Data Handling and Modelling in GeoSpatial Information Science. Hong Kong, Hong Kong: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2007) Türkiye’nin yıllık ve mevsimsel ortalama yağış ve sıcaklık değerlerinin trend analizi. In: V. Ulusal Hidroloji Kongresi. Ankara, Turkey: V. Ulusal Hidroloji Kongresi Bildirileri Kitabı.
  • Aslantaş Bostan, P., Akyürek, Z. (2007) Exploring the mean annual precipitation and temperature values over Turkey by using environmental variables. In: ISPRS Joint Workshop “Visualization and Exploration of Geospatial Data”. Stuttgart, Germany: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.
  • Oğuz, İ., Öztekin, T., Akar, Ö. (2008) Examination of Long Period Precipitation and Temperature Trendlines at Tokat Kazova from Drought Point of View. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, 25 (1), 71-79.
  • Karabulut, M. (2012) Analayses of Extreme Maximum and Mininum Heats at the East Mediterranian. KSU Journal of Natural Sciences, Special Issue, 37-44.
  • Kızılelma, Y., Çelik, M.A., Karabulut, M. (2015) Trend analyses of temperature and precipitations in Central Anatolia. Türk Coğrafya Dergisi, 64, 1-10.
  • Demir, İ., Kılıç, G., Coşkun, M., Sümer, U.M. (2008) Türkiye'de Maksimum, Minimum ve Ortalama Hava Sıcaklıkları ile Yağış Dizilerinde Gözlenen Değişiklikler ve Eğilimler. In: TMMOB İklim Değişimi Sempozyumu. Ankara, Turkey: TMMOB Meteoroloji Mühendisleri Odası.
  • Doğan Demir, A., Demir, Y. (2016) Mean, Minimum and Maximum Temperature Trends in Bingöl. Middle East Journal of Science, 2 (2), 101-109.
  • Doğan Demir, A., Demir, Y., Şahin, Ü., Meral, R. (2017) Trend Analyses of Temperature and Precipitation and Effect on Agricultural in Bingol Province. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 4 (3), 284-291.
  • Duman, E., Kara, F. (2017) A Study on Trends and Variability in Monthly Temperatures in Antalya Province between the Years 1960 and 2015. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 14 (2), 1-16.
  • Yavuz, H., Erdoğan, S. (2012) Spatial Analysis of Monthly and Annual Precipitation Trends in Turkey. Water Resources Management, 26 (3), 609-621.
  • Ozdogan, M., Salvucci, G.D. (2004) Irrigation-induced changes in potential evapotranspiration in southeastern Turkey: Test and application of Bouchet's complementary hypothesis. Water Resources Research, 40 (W04301), 1-12.
  • Yeşilırmak, E. (2013) Temporal changes of warm-season pan evaporation in a semi-arid basin in Western Turkey. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 27 (2), 311-321.
  • Durdu, Ö.F. (2010) Effects of climate change on water resources of the Büyük Menderes river basin, western Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry, 34 (4), 319-332.
  • Sütgibi, S. (2015) Büyük Menderes Havzasının Sıcaklık, Yağış ve Akım Değerlerindeki Değişimler ve Eğilimler. Marmara Coğrafya Dergisi, 31, 398-414.
  • Kale, S., Ejder, T., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Climate change impacts on streamflow of Karamenderes River (Çanakkale, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 5 (2), 1-6.
  • Kale, S., Ejder, T., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Effect of climate change on annual streamflow of Bakırçay River. Adıyaman University Journal of Science, 6 (2), 156–176.
  • Ejder, T., Kale, S., Acar, S., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Restricted effects of climate change on annual streamflow of Sarıçay stream (Çanakkale, Turkey). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 5 (1), 7-11.
  • Ejder, T., Kale, S., Acar, S., Hisar, O., Mutlu, F. (2016) Effects of climate change on annual streamflow of Kocabaş stream (Çanakkale, Turkey). Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 11 (4), 1-11.
  • Cengiz, T., Akbulak, C. (2009) Application of analytical hierarchy process and geographic information systems in land-use suitability evaluation: a case study of Dümrek village (Çanakkale, Turkey). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 16 (4), 286-294.
  • Pettitt, A.N. (1979) A Non-Parametric Approach to the Change-Point Problem. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C (Applied Statistics), 28 (2), 126-135.
  • R Core Team, R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria [online] https://www.R-project.org/ version (07/2017). 2017.
  • Pohlert, T. (2017) Trend: Non-Parametric Trend Tests and Change-Point Detection, R package version 0.1.0 [online] https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=trend.
  • Hamed, K.H., Ramachandra Rao, A. (1998) A modified Mann-Kendall trend test for autocorrelated data. Journal of Hydrology, 204 (1–4), 182-196.
  • Box, G.E.P., Jenkins, G. (1976) Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. San Francisco: Holden Day.
  • Kendall, M.G. (1955) Rank Correlation Methods. 2nd ed., New York: Hafner Publishing Co.
  • Mann, H.B. (1945) Nonparametric Tests Against Trend. Econometrica, 13 (3), 245-259.
  • Aydın, H., Düzen, H. (2011) Comparison of Measured and Calculated Evaporation Values of Open water surface-Lake Van (Turkey). In: 5. Atmospheric Science Symposium. İstanbul, Turkey: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü.
  • Burn, D.H., Hesch, N.M. (2006) A Comparison of Trends in Potential and Pan Evaporation for the Canadian Prairies. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 31 (3), 173-184.
  • Chattopadhyay, N., Hulme, M. (1997) Evaporation and potential evapotranspiration in India under conditions of recent and future climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 87 (1), 55–73.
  • Roderick, M.L., Farquhar, G.D. (2005) Changes in New Zealand pan evaporation since the 1970s. International Journal of Climatology, 25 (15), 2031-2039.
  • Breña-Naranjo, J.A., Laverde-Barajas, M.Á., Pedrozo-Acuña, A. (2017) Changes in pan evaporation in Mexico from 1961 to 2010. International Journal of Climatology, 37 (1), 204-213.
  • Alcamo, J., Moreno, J.M., Nováky, B., Bindi, M., Corobov, R., Devoy, R.J.N., Giannakopoulos, C., Martin, E., Olesen, J.E., Shvidenko, A. (2007) Europe, In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, (Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J., van der Linden, P., Hanson, C., Editors: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, USA. p. 541-580.
  • Zhang, X., Aguilar, E., Sensoy, S., Melkonyan, H., Tagiyeva, U., Ahmed, N., Kutaladze, N., Rahimzadeh, F., Taghipour, A., Hantosh, T.H., Albert, P., Semawi, M., Ali, M.K., Said Al-Shabibi, M.H., Al-Oulan, Z., Zatari, T., Al Dean Khelet, I., Hamoud, S., Sagir, R., Demircan, M., Eken, M., Adiguzel, M., Alexander, L., Peterson, T.C., Wallis, T. (2005) Trends in Middle East climate extreme indices from 1950 to 2003. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 110 (D22104), 1-12.
  • Abtew, W., Obeysekera, J., Iricanin, N. (2011) Pan Evaporation and Potential Evapotranspiration Trends in South Florida. Hydrological Processes, 25 (6), 958-969.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik, Temel Bilimler, Biyoloji, Matematik, Mühendislik, Ziraat
Bölüm Makale
Yazarlar

Semih KALE>
Department of Fishing and Fish Processing Technology, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey
0000-0001-5705-6935
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Aralık 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 2 Ekim 2017
Kabul Tarihi 25 Ekim 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

IEEE S. Kale , "ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC TRENDS IN EVAPORATION FOR CANAKKALE (TURKEY)", Middle East Journal of Science, c. 3, sayı. 2, ss. 69-82, Ara. 2017, doi:10.23884/mejs.2017.3.2.01