Yıl 2017, Cilt 6 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 713 - 731 2017-10-01

Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Ekrem Yaşar AKÇAY Hakkari Üniversitesi

Ekrem Yaşar Akçay [1]


Kasım 2008’de yapılan Başkanlık seçimini kazanarak 2009’da ABD’nin 44. Başkanı olan Barack Obama, hem ABD hem de uluslararası toplum için önemli bir umut kaynağı olmuştur. George W. Bush döneminde yapılan hatalar yüzünden sarsılan ABD imajını düzeltmek isteyen Obama, ABD’nin yumuşak güç unsurunu kullanarak yeni bir dış politika geliştirmeye çalışmıştır. Uluslararası krizlere tek başına müdahale etmenin maliyetli olduğunu anlayan Obama, bu nedenle müttefiklerinin de bu dönemde sorumluluk üstlenmesini istemiştir. Bunun için Obama, müttefikleriyle ilişkilerini geliştirmeye çalışmıştır. Bu kapsamda AB ile ilişkilerini geliştirmiştir. Ancak hem ABD’nin gerekse AB’nin farklı politikaları nedeniyle iki taraf arasındaki ilişkiler istenen başarıya ulaşamamıştır
Barack Obama, who won the Presidential election in November 2008 and became the 44thPresident of the United States in 2009, was an important source of hope for both the US and the international community. Obama, who wanted to restore the US image, which was shaken by mistakes made during the George W. Bush era, tried to develop a new foreign policy by using the soft power factor of the USA. Obama, who has recognized that it is costly to intervene in international crises alone, has wanted his allies to take responsibility for these periods. For this, Obama has tried to develop his relations with his allies. In this context, he has improved relations with the EU. But relations between the two sides, both the US and the EU, due to the different policies, have not achieved the desired success
  • Akgün B. (2012). ABD’nin Suriye Politikası Suriye Krizinde Bölgesel ve Küresel Aktörler Perspektifler, Sorunlar ve Çözüm Önerileri. SDE Analiz, Ankara, 10-16.
  • Akhtar, S. I. and Weiss, M. A. (2013). U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress. CRS Report. R43052, 1-22. url’si https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R43052.pdf.
  • Akman, M. S. (2013). AB - ABD Transatlantik Ticaret Ve Yatırım Ortaklığı (TTIP) Ve Türkiye. TEPAV Raporu. 201305, 1-17. (2017). Atagenç, Ö.
  • Pasifik Sularındaki Bermuda Şeytan Üçgeni: ABD-Çin-Hindistan. url’si
  • http://www.bilgesam.org/incele/133/-pasifik-sularindaki-bermuda-seytan-ucgeni--abd-cin
  • hindistan/#.We9rami0NPY.
  • Barnett, T. (2009). Great Powers, America and the World After Bush. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.
  • BBC. (2017). Edward Snowden: Leaks that exposed US spy programme. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us- canada-23123964.
  • Clinton, H. (2017). Asya-Pasifik, dünyanın yönlendiricisi haline geliyor. url’si https://www.timeturk.com/tr/2011/12/11/asya-pasifik-dunyanin-yonlendiricisi-haline-geliyor.html.
  • Chomsky ve Achcar. (2007). Tehlikeli Güç: ABD’nin Dış Siyaseti ve Ortadoğu. Yavuz Alogan (Çev.), İstanbul: İthaki Yayınları.
  • Council of European Union. (2009). EU-US Summit. Brussels.
  • Council of the European Union. (2011). EU-US Summit Joint statement. Washington.
  • Council of European Union. (2014). EU-US Summit Joint Statement. Brussels. Council on Foreign Relations. (2017). https://www.cfr.org/interview/why-transatlantic-trade-winds-are-blowing. Why Transatlantic Trade Winds Are Blowing.
  • Duran, B. ve Yılmaz, N. (2012). Ortadoğu’da Modellerin Rekabeti: Arap Baharı’ndan Sonra Yeni Güç Dengeleri. Türk Dış Politikası Yıllığı 2011, 14, 15-86.
  • European Commission. (2013). Accompanying the document Recommendation for a Council Decision authorising the opening of negotiations on a comprehensive trade and investment agreement, called the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, between the European Union and the United States of America. Brussels.
  • European Commission. (2017). Statement from United States President Barack Obama, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-13-94_en.htm.
  • European Parliament. (2015). US Climate Change Policy. Brussels.
  • European Parliament. (2017). Delegatıon For Relatıons Wıth The Unıted States. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/delegations/noneurope/id/d_us/reports/report_59_en.pdf.
  • Eurostat. (2017a). Foreign direct investment statistics. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics explained/index.php/Foreign_direct_investment_statistics.
  • Eurostat. (2017). USA-EU - international trade and investment statistics. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics- explained/index.php/USA-EU_-_international_trade_and_investment_statistics.
  • Felbermayr, G., Larch, M., Flarch, L, Yalçın, E. and Benz, S. (2013). Dimensions and Effects of a Transatlantic Free Trade Agreement Between the EU and US. Ifo Instıtut.. Munich, 1-11. url’si http://www.transatlanticbusiness.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/dimensions-and-effects-of-a- transatlantic-free-trade-agreement-between-the-eu-and-usa.pdf.
  • Fisher, M. (2013). The one substantive foreign policy point in Obama’s inauguration speech. Washington Post. 1-2. foreign-policy-point-in-obamas-inauguration-speech/?utm_term=.f32e8e8cb6fe.
  • Fukuyama, F. (2006). Neo-Conların Sonu Yol Ayrımındaki Amerika. Hasan Kaya (çev.), İstanbul: Profil Kitap.
  • Gerges, F. (2001). Amerika ve Siyasal İslam. İstanbul: Anka Yayınları.
  • Gerges F. (2013). The Obama Approach to the Middle East: The End of America’s Moment. International Affairs. 89, 299-324.
  • Gordon M. and Barnard, A. (2017). US Places Militant Syrian Rebel Group on the List of Terrorist Organization. url’si http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/11/world/middleeast/us-designates-syrian-al- nusra-front-as-terrorist-group.html.
  • House of CommonsForeign Affairs Committee. (2010). Global Security: UK-US Relations. 1-240. url’si https://tr.scribd.com/document/29062579/UK-House-of-Commons-Foreign-Affairs-Committee-Global- Security-UK-US-Relations.
  • İKV. (2013). AB ve ABD Arasındaki Transatlantik Ticaret Ve Yatırım Ortaklığı Müzakereleri Ve Türkiye’ye Etkileri http://www.ikv.org.tr/ikv_dergi/ikv_eylul_2013/html/files/assets/common/downloads/publication.pdf. İktisadi Kalkınma Vakfı Dergisi. 184, 8-11. url’si
  • İKV. (2017). AB ve ABD SWIFT Anlaşması’nı İmzaladı. http://bulten.ikv.org.tr/?ust_id=3163&id=3172.
  • İTKİB Genel Sekreterliği. (2017). Avrupa Birliği Dış Ticaret Raporu. İstanbul.
  • Hunter, R. E. (2009). A New American Middle East Strategy. Survival. 50 (6), 49-66. Doi: doi/abs/10.1080/00396330802601842.
  • Kanat, B. K. (2014). Obama’nın İkıncı Dönemınde Amerıkan Dış Polıtıkası. SETA Analiz. 93, 1-32. url’si http://file.setav.org/Files/Pdf/20140516162948_obamanin-ikinci-doneminde-amerikan-dis- politikasi.pdf.
  • Karabel, S. (2016). Avrupa Birliği’nin 2016 Güvenlik Strateji Belgesi. Bilgesam Analiz. 1308, 1-9. url’si http://www.bilgesam.org/Images/Dokumanlar/0-449-20160731541340.pdf.
  • Kaufmann, R. G. (2014). Prudence and the Obama Doctrine. Orbis. 58 (3), 441-459. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orbis.2014.05.009.
  • Kilit, G. (2013a). Transatlantik İlişkiler: AB-ABD. İktisadi Kalkınma Vakfı Değerlendirme Notu. 75, 1-9. url’si http://ikv.org.tr/images/upload/data/files/ikv_degerlendirme-75.pdf.
  • Kilit, G. (2013b). AB ile ABD arasında Transatlantik İlişkiler. Ekonomik Forum. 9, 60-67. url’si http://haber.tobb.org.tr/ekonomikforum/2013/09/060-067.pdf
  • Klaeden, E. V. (2017). German-American and Transatlantic Relations under President Barack Obama What can we expect?. https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/95490/Tansatlantic_Relations.pdf.
  • Koç, S. B. (2008). Yeni ABD Başkanı Barrack Obama ve Türk-Amerikan İlişkileri. Stratejik Analiz. 104, 1-30.
  • Korteweg, R. (2013). The EU and transatlantic relations. Centre for European Reform. 1, 1-3. url’s http://www.cer.eu/sites/default/files/publications/attachments/pdf/2013/bal_comp_rk_eu_trans_15marc h13-7087.pdf.
  • Krieg, A. (2016). Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East. https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/files/chathamhouse/publications/ia/INTA92_1_05_Krieg.pdf. Affairs. 92 (1), 97-113. url’si
  • Küçükkeleş, M. (2013). AB’nin Ortadoğu Politikası ve Arap Baharına Bakışı. SETA Analiz. 63, 1-28. url’si http://file.setav.org/Files/Pdf/20130118172742_seta_analiz_ab_arap_bahari.pdf.
  • Leonard, T. (2010). Republican tsunami: Democrats lose control of the House as voters slam Obama with worst losses for 62 years. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1326053/MID-TERM-ELECTIONS-2010- Democrats-lose-House-Republican-tsunami.html.
  • Lewis, P. (2017). Most Americans Think US Should mind its own business’ abroad survey finds. url’si https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/03/american-public-mind-its-own-business-survey.
  • McNamara, S. (2017). The EU–U.S. Counterterrorism Relationship: An Agenda for Cooperation. http://www.heritage.org/europe/report/the-eu-us-counterterrorism-relationship-agenda-cooperation. Missiroli, A. (2000). CFSP Defence and Flexibility. Chaillot Paper. 38, 1-47. url’si https://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/chaillot-papers.
  • Mix, D. (2013). The European Union: Foreign and Security Policy. Congressional Research Service Report. 7, 1-29. urls’si https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41959.pdf.
  • M. P. (2004). NATO and European Security: The Creative Use of an International Organization. Journal of Strategic Studies. 26, 49-74.
  • Nye, J. S. (2005). Soft Power:The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.
  • Official Journal of the European Union. (2010). Agreement between the European Union and the United States of America on the processing and transfer of Financial Messaging Data from the European Union to the United States for the purposes of the Terrorist Finance Tracking Program. Brussels.
  • Özgöker, U. ve İnamoğlu, Y. (2016). AB ve ABD Arasındaki Transatlantik Ticaret ve Yatırım Anlaşması (TTIP - Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership) ve Türkiye’ye Muhtemel Etkileri. Arel eysad. 1 (2), 21-32. url’si http://dergi.arel.edu.tr/index.php/eysad/article/view/24.
  • Pelkmans, J., Lejour, A., Schrefler, L., Mustilli, F. and Timini, J. (2014). The Impact of TTIP The underlying economic https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/No%2093%20Appraisal%20of%20IA%20on%20TTIP.pdf.
  • Peters, I. (2004). ESDP as a Transatlantic Issue: Problems of Mutual Ambiguity. International Studies Review. 6, 381-401. Doi: 10.1111/j.1521-9488.2004.00422.x.
  • Pew Research Center. (2017). Confidence in Obama Lifts U.S. Image Around the World. http://www.pewglobal.org/2009/07/23/confidence-in-obama-lifts-us-image-around-the-world/.
  • Prizeman, K. (2012). From Preparations to Negotiations for an Arms Trade Treaty. Friedrich ebert Stiftung International Policy Analyses. 8953, 1-10. url’si http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/iez/global/08953.pdf.
  • Rachman, G. (2009). Obama and the Limits of Soft Power. Financial Times. url’si https://www.ft.com/content/e608b556-4ee0-11de-8c10-00144feabdc0.
  • Reuters. (2017). Bulgaria blames Hezbollah in bomb attack on Israeli tourists. http://www.reuters.com/article/us- bulgaria-bombing/bulgaria-blames-hezbollah-in-bomb-attack-on-israeli-tourists- idUSBRE9140TZ20130205.
  • Spanier, J. and Hook, S.W. (2014). Amerikan Dış Politikası: İkinci Dünya Savaşından Günümüze. (Çev.) Özge Zihnioğlu, İstanbul: İnkılap Kitabevi.
  • Stewart, S. and Reininger, B. (2016). Assessing the Obama Administration’s Pivot to Asia. Washington: University Washington Press.
  • Taşdemir, F. (2008). Terörizmle Mücadelede Türkiye ve Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nin Benimsediği Yaklaşımların Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analizi. Avrasya Dosyası. 14 (1), 390-406.
  • The Guardian. (2017a). New NSA leaks show how US is bugging its European allies. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/30/nsa-leaks-us-bugging-european-allies.
  • The Guardian. (2017b). EU resists Hezbollah ban but lists armed wing as terrorist group. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/22/eu-ban-hezbollah-terrorist-wing.
  • Transatlantic Trends. (2008). Transatlantic Trends Key Findings 2008. New York: The German Marshall Fund of United States.
  • Transatlantic Trends. (2010). Transatlantic Trends Key Findings 2010. New York: The German Marshall Fund of United States.
  • Transatlantic Trends. (2012). Transatlantic Trends Key Findings 2012. New York: The German Marshall Fund of United States.
  • Transatlantic Trends. (2013). Transatlantic Trends Key Findings 2013. New York: The German Marshall Fund of United States.
  • Transatlantic Trends. (2014). Obama Foreign Policy Approval Rating Drops on Both Sides of the Atlantic; Europeans Want More Independence in Transatlantic Relationship. Transatlantic Trends 2014 Partners. 1-64. url’si http://trends.gmfus.org/survey-obama-foreign-policy-approval-rating-drops-on-both-sides- of-the-atlantic-europeans-want-more-independence-in-transatlantic-relationship/.
  • Tutar, N. (2015). Barack Obama Dönemi Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nin Orta Doğu Politikası. İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Uluslararası İlişkiler Ana Bilim Dalı Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İzmir.
  • Tzogopoulos, G. N. (2016). Transatlantic relations and the US Presidential election. CIFE Policy Paper. 45, 1-4.
  • Vutz, C. (2012). Transatlantic relations under Obama, 2008-2012. European Parliament Library Briefing. 120219REV2, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/bibliotheque/briefing/2012/120219/LDM_BRI(2012)120219_ REV2_EN.pdf. 1-5. url’si
  • Wisniewski, B. (2012). United States’ Foreign Policy Under Obama: What Could a Second Term Bring?. Psim Policy Paper. 42, 1-9.
  • Yalçın, H. (2015). Obama Stratejisi ve Ortadoğu. Akademik Ortadoğu. 9 (2), 55-74. url’si http://www.akademikortadogu.com/belge/ortadogu18makale/hasan_b_yalcin.pdf. Yetkin,
  • M. (2008). Obama’nın Dış Politika-Güvenlik Ekibi ve Türkiye. Radikal. url’si
  • http://www.radikal.com.tr/yazarlar/murat-yetkin/obamanin-dis-politika-guvenlik-ekibi-ve-turkiye- 911012/
Diğer ID JA85BM43DG
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ekrem Yaşar Akçay
Kurum: Hakkari Üniversitesi

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Ekim 2017

Bibtex @ { mjss486337, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kırgızistan Türkiye Manas Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {6}, pages = {713 - 731}, doi = {}, title = {Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Akçay, Ekrem Yaşar} }
APA Akçay, E . (2017). Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 6 (4) , 713-731 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mjss/issue/40527/486337
MLA Akçay, E . "Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 (2017 ): 713-731 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mjss/issue/40527/486337>
Chicago Akçay, E . "Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 (2017 ): 713-731
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri AU - Ekrem Yaşar Akçay Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 713 EP - 731 VL - 6 IS - 4 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri %A Ekrem Yaşar Akçay %T Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri %D 2017 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 6 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Akçay, Ekrem Yaşar . "Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 / 4 (Ekim 2017): 713-731 .
AMA Akçay E . Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri. MJSS. 2017; 6(4): 713-731.
Vancouver Akçay E . Barack Obama Dönemi Avrupa Birliği-ABD İlişkileri. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2017; 6(4): 731-713.