Araştırma Makalesi
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Treatment of Industrial Wastewaters by Sequential Electrochemical, Chemical and Photochemical Methods Using Agricultural Waste Derived Graphene-like Materials

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 13 Sayı: 2, 234 - 248, 31.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.54370/ordubtd.1339985

Öz

The quality of the in-situ pretreated real textile wastewater was improved by a hybrid treatment process comprising of the sequential applications of the electrocoagulation, adsorption and photo Fenton like oxidation processes. Under the most suitable electrocoagulation conditions 19.5% total organic carbon (TOC) removal was accomplished. The textile wastewater was subjected to adsorption after electrocoagulation. Graphene oxide adsorbents were prepared from corncob (C-GO) was used as the adsorbent in the adsorption process. The effect of the adsorbent loading and the initial pH were investigated to determine the most suitable adsorption conditions. At 2 g/L of adsorbent loading and pH 5, 40.3% cumulative TOC removal was achieved. After the adsorption photo Fenton like oxidation was applied as the third treatment step in the presence of BiFeO3/C-GO and BiNiO3/C-GO catalysts. The TOC removal performances of the catalysts were compared at 0.25 and 0.5 g/L of catalyst loading. After the photo Fenton like oxidation the highest cumulative TOC removal was evaluated as 51% in the presence of BiNiO3/C-GO catalysts. The use of biomass-derived graphene oxide as adsorbent and catalyst support material for textile wastewater removal in a sequential treatment system consisting of electrocoagulation, adsorption and photo-Fenton-like oxidation constitutes the main originality of this study.

Kaynakça

  • Akhavan, O., Bijanzad, K. ve Mirsepah, A. (2014). Synthesis of graphene from natural and industrial carbonaceous wastes. RSC Advances, 4(39), 20441–20448. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra01550a
  • Ariyanti, D., Lesdantina, D., Budiyono ve Satriadi, H. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of graphene-like material derived from sugarcane bagasse. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1053(1), 012013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/1053/1/012013
  • Athanasiou, M., Yannopoulos, S. N. ve Ioannides, T. (2022). Biomass-derived graphene-like materials as active electrodes for supercapacitor applications: A critical review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 446, 137191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.137191
  • Bener, S., Bulca, Ö., Palas, B., Tekin, G., Atalay, S. ve Ersöz, G. (2019). Electrocoagulation process for the treatment of real textile wastewater: Effect of operative conditions on the organic carbon removal and kinetic study. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 129, 47–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2019.06.010
  • Berktas, I., Hezarkhani, M., Haghighi Poudeh, L. ve Saner Okan, B. (2020). Recent developments in the synthesis of graphene and graphene-like structures from waste sources by recycling and upcycling technologies: a review. Graphene Technology, 5(3–4), 59–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41127-020-00033-1
  • Bisschops, I. ve Spanjers, H. (2003). Literature review on textile wastewater characterisation. Environmental Technology, 24(11), 1399–1411. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330309385684
  • Bukhari, A., Ijaz, I., Zain, H., Mehmood, U., Mudassir Iqbal, M., Gilani, E. ve Nazir, A. (2023). Introduction of CdO nanoparticles into graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets for increasing adsorption capacity of Cr from wastewater collected from petroleum refinery. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 16(2), 104445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2022.104445
  • Chailuecha, C., Klinbumrung, A., Chaopanich, P. ve Sirirak, R. (2021). Graphene-like porous carbon nanostructure from corn husk: Synthesis and characterization. Materials Today: Proceedings, 47, 3525–3528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.03.512
  • de Assis, L. K., Damasceno, B. S., Carvalho, M. N., Oliveira, E. H. C. ve Ghislandi, M. G. (2020). Adsorption capacity comparison between graphene oxide and graphene nanoplatelets for the removal of coloured textile dyes from wastewater. Environmental Technology, 41(18), 2360–2371. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2019.1567603
  • Emamjomeh, M. M. ve Sivakumar, M. (2009). Review of pollutants removed by electrocoagulation and electrocoagulation/flotation processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), 1663–1679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.12.011
  • Eyvaz, M., Bayramoğlu, M. ve Kobya, M. (2006). Tekstil endüstrisi atıksularının elektrokoagülasyon ile arıtılması: Teknik ve ekonomik değerlendirme. Su Kirlenmesi Kontrolü Dergisi, 16(1–3), 55–65. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/skatmk/issue/65265/1004375
  • Fan, X., Zhang, G. ve Zhang, F. (2015). Multiple roles of graphene in heterogeneous catalysis. Chemical Society Reviews, 44(10), 3023–3035. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5CS00094G
  • Foo, K. Y. ve Hameed, B. H. (2010). Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156(1), 2–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.09.013
  • GilPavas, E., Dobrosz-Gómez, I. ve Gómez-García, M. Á. (2017). Coagulation-flocculation sequential with Fenton or Photo-Fenton processes as an alternative for the industrial textile wastewater treatment. Journal of Environmental Management, 191, 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.01.015
  • Guo, X., Qu, L., Tian, M., Zhu, S., Zhang, X., Tang, X. ve Sun, K. (2016). Chitosan/Graphene Oxide Composite as an Effective Adsorbent for Reactive Red Dye Removal. Water Environment Research, 88(7), 579–588. https://doi.org/10.2175/106143016X14609975746325
  • Han, L., Zhang, P., Li, L., Lu, S., Su, B., An, X. ve Lei, Z. (2021). Nitrogen-containing carbon nano-onions-like and graphene-like materials derived from biomass and the adsorption and visible photocatalytic performance. Applied Surface Science, 543, 148752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.148752
  • Huang, B., Xia, M., Qiu, J. ve Xie, Z. (2019). Biomass Derived Graphene‐Like Carbons for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction. ChemNanoMat, 5(5), 682–689. https://doi.org/10.1002/cnma.201900009
  • Kavitha, D. ve Namasivayam, C. (2008). Capacity of activated carbon in the removal of acid brilliant blue: Determination of equilibrium and kinetic model parameters. Chemical Engineering Journal, 139(3), 453–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.08.011
  • Khandegar, V. ve Saroha, A. K. (2013). Electrocoagulation for the treatment of textile industry effluent–A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 949–963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.043
  • Kutluay, S. (2019). Benzen uçucu organik bileşiğinin badem kabuğundan üretilen char üzerine gaz fazı adsorpsiyonu: Kinetik, denge ve termodinamik. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(4), 1432–1445. https://doi.org/10.17798/bitlisfen.543583
  • Lee, Y. N., Lago, R. M., Fierro, J. L. G. ve González, J. (2001). Hydrogen peroxide decomposition over Ln1−xAxMnO3 (Ln = La or Nd and A = K or Sr) perovskites. Applied Catalysis A: General, 215(1–2), 245–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(01)00536-1
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Endüstriyel Atık Suların Zirai Atıktan Türetilmiş Grafen Benzeri Malzemeler Kullanılarak Ardışık Elektrokimyasal, Kimyasal ve Fotokimyasal Yöntemlerle Arıtılması

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 13 Sayı: 2, 234 - 248, 31.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.54370/ordubtd.1339985

Öz

Yerinde ön-işlem görmüş gerçek tekstil atık suyu, elektrokoagülasyon, adsorpsiyon ve foto Fenton benzeri oksidasyon işlemlerinin ardışık uygulamalarından oluşan bir hibrid proses ile arıtılmıştır. Elektrokoagülasyon prosesinde alüminyum elektrot kullanılarak en uygun reaksiyon koşulları altında %19,5 toplam organik karbon (TOK) giderimi sağlanmıştır. Tekstil atık suyu elektrokoagülasyondan sonra adsorpsiyona tabi tutulmuştur. Adsorpsiyon işleminde mısır koçanından hazırlanan grafen oksit (MK-GO) adsorbentler kullanılmıştır. En uygun adsorpsiyon koşullarının belirlenmesi için adsorbent yüklemesinin ve başlangıç pH'sının etkisi incelenmiştir. 2 g/L adsorbent yüklemesinde ve pH 5'de %40,3 kümülatif TOK giderimi sağlanmıştır. Adsorpsiyon sonrasında üçüncü adım olarak BiFeO3/MK-GO ve BiNiO3/MK-GO katalizörler varlığında foto Fenton benzeri oksidasyonu uygulanmıştır. Katalizörlerin TOK giderimi performansları 0,25 ve 0,5 g/L’de karşılaştırılmış ve foto Fenton benzeri oksidasyonu sonrasında en yüksek kümülatif TOK giderimi BiNiO3/MK-GO varlığında %51 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Biyokütleden türetilen grafen oksitin elektrokoagülasyon, adsorpsiyon ve foto Fenton benzeri oksidasyonundan oluşan bir ardışık arıtım sisteminde tekstil atık suyu giderimi için adsorbent ve katalizör destek malzemesi olarak kullanımı bu çalışmanın temel özgün değerini oluşturmaktadır.

Destekleyen Kurum

TÜBİTAK

Teşekkür

Bu çalışma Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Araştırma Kurumu tarafından desteklenmiştir (Proje Numarası: 315M537-ERANETMED –SETPROPER Project). Atıksu sağlanması konusunda yardımcı olan SUN Tekstil firmasına teşekkürlerimizi sunuyoruz.

Kaynakça

  • Akhavan, O., Bijanzad, K. ve Mirsepah, A. (2014). Synthesis of graphene from natural and industrial carbonaceous wastes. RSC Advances, 4(39), 20441–20448. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra01550a
  • Ariyanti, D., Lesdantina, D., Budiyono ve Satriadi, H. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of graphene-like material derived from sugarcane bagasse. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1053(1), 012013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/1053/1/012013
  • Athanasiou, M., Yannopoulos, S. N. ve Ioannides, T. (2022). Biomass-derived graphene-like materials as active electrodes for supercapacitor applications: A critical review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 446, 137191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2022.137191
  • Bener, S., Bulca, Ö., Palas, B., Tekin, G., Atalay, S. ve Ersöz, G. (2019). Electrocoagulation process for the treatment of real textile wastewater: Effect of operative conditions on the organic carbon removal and kinetic study. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 129, 47–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2019.06.010
  • Berktas, I., Hezarkhani, M., Haghighi Poudeh, L. ve Saner Okan, B. (2020). Recent developments in the synthesis of graphene and graphene-like structures from waste sources by recycling and upcycling technologies: a review. Graphene Technology, 5(3–4), 59–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41127-020-00033-1
  • Bisschops, I. ve Spanjers, H. (2003). Literature review on textile wastewater characterisation. Environmental Technology, 24(11), 1399–1411. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330309385684
  • Bukhari, A., Ijaz, I., Zain, H., Mehmood, U., Mudassir Iqbal, M., Gilani, E. ve Nazir, A. (2023). Introduction of CdO nanoparticles into graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets for increasing adsorption capacity of Cr from wastewater collected from petroleum refinery. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 16(2), 104445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2022.104445
  • Chailuecha, C., Klinbumrung, A., Chaopanich, P. ve Sirirak, R. (2021). Graphene-like porous carbon nanostructure from corn husk: Synthesis and characterization. Materials Today: Proceedings, 47, 3525–3528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.03.512
  • de Assis, L. K., Damasceno, B. S., Carvalho, M. N., Oliveira, E. H. C. ve Ghislandi, M. G. (2020). Adsorption capacity comparison between graphene oxide and graphene nanoplatelets for the removal of coloured textile dyes from wastewater. Environmental Technology, 41(18), 2360–2371. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2019.1567603
  • Emamjomeh, M. M. ve Sivakumar, M. (2009). Review of pollutants removed by electrocoagulation and electrocoagulation/flotation processes. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), 1663–1679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.12.011
  • Eyvaz, M., Bayramoğlu, M. ve Kobya, M. (2006). Tekstil endüstrisi atıksularının elektrokoagülasyon ile arıtılması: Teknik ve ekonomik değerlendirme. Su Kirlenmesi Kontrolü Dergisi, 16(1–3), 55–65. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/skatmk/issue/65265/1004375
  • Fan, X., Zhang, G. ve Zhang, F. (2015). Multiple roles of graphene in heterogeneous catalysis. Chemical Society Reviews, 44(10), 3023–3035. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5CS00094G
  • Foo, K. Y. ve Hameed, B. H. (2010). Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156(1), 2–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.09.013
  • GilPavas, E., Dobrosz-Gómez, I. ve Gómez-García, M. Á. (2017). Coagulation-flocculation sequential with Fenton or Photo-Fenton processes as an alternative for the industrial textile wastewater treatment. Journal of Environmental Management, 191, 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.01.015
  • Guo, X., Qu, L., Tian, M., Zhu, S., Zhang, X., Tang, X. ve Sun, K. (2016). Chitosan/Graphene Oxide Composite as an Effective Adsorbent for Reactive Red Dye Removal. Water Environment Research, 88(7), 579–588. https://doi.org/10.2175/106143016X14609975746325
  • Han, L., Zhang, P., Li, L., Lu, S., Su, B., An, X. ve Lei, Z. (2021). Nitrogen-containing carbon nano-onions-like and graphene-like materials derived from biomass and the adsorption and visible photocatalytic performance. Applied Surface Science, 543, 148752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.148752
  • Huang, B., Xia, M., Qiu, J. ve Xie, Z. (2019). Biomass Derived Graphene‐Like Carbons for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction. ChemNanoMat, 5(5), 682–689. https://doi.org/10.1002/cnma.201900009
  • Kavitha, D. ve Namasivayam, C. (2008). Capacity of activated carbon in the removal of acid brilliant blue: Determination of equilibrium and kinetic model parameters. Chemical Engineering Journal, 139(3), 453–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.08.011
  • Khandegar, V. ve Saroha, A. K. (2013). Electrocoagulation for the treatment of textile industry effluent–A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 949–963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.043
  • Kutluay, S. (2019). Benzen uçucu organik bileşiğinin badem kabuğundan üretilen char üzerine gaz fazı adsorpsiyonu: Kinetik, denge ve termodinamik. Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(4), 1432–1445. https://doi.org/10.17798/bitlisfen.543583
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Çevre Mühendisliği (Diğer)
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Burcu PALAS 0000-0002-2815-0057

Gülin ERSÖZ 0000-0002-5875-5946

Süheyda ATALAY 0000-0002-1703-1044

Proje Numarası 315M537-ERANETMED–SETPROPER Project
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Aralık 2023
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 9 Ağustos 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 13 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA PALAS, B., ERSÖZ, G., & ATALAY, S. (2023). Endüstriyel Atık Suların Zirai Atıktan Türetilmiş Grafen Benzeri Malzemeler Kullanılarak Ardışık Elektrokimyasal, Kimyasal ve Fotokimyasal Yöntemlerle Arıtılması. Ordu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 13(2), 234-248. https://doi.org/10.54370/ordubtd.1339985