Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 3, 105 - 113, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abbara, D., (2020). Economic engagement of refugees analyzing success factors and barriers of Syrian refugee entrepreneurs in Turkey: Case of Istanbul. Thesis (Master's Degree), İbn Haldun Üniversitesi, Lisansüstü Eğitim Enstitüsü.
  • Akcapar, S. K. (2006). Conversion as a migration strategy in a transit country: Iranian Shiites becoming Christians in Turkey. International Migration Review, 40(4), 817-853.
  • Akgündüz, A. (1998). Migration to and from Turkey, 1783–1960: Types, numbers and ethno‐religious dimensions. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 24(1), 97-120.
  • Akgündüz, Y. E., van den Berg, M., & Hassink, W. (2018). The impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on firm entry and performance in Turkey. The World Bank Economic Review, 32(1), 19-40.
  • Altındağ, O., Bakış, O., & Rozo, S. V. (2020). Blessing or burden? Impacts of refugees on businesses and the informal economy. Journal of Development Economics, 146, 102490.
  • Andersson, P., & Wadensjo, E. (2004). Self-employed immigrants in Denmark and Sweden: A way to economic self-reliance?. Available at SSRN 542822.
  • Altıok, B., & Tosun, S. (2020). Understanding foreign policy strategies during migration movements: a comparative study of Iraqi and Syrian mass refugee inflows to Turkey. Turkish Studies, 21(5), 684-704.
  • Arı, K. (1995). Büyük mübadele: Türkiye'ye zorunlu göç, 1923-1925 (Vol. 27). Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.
  • Atasü-Topcuoğlu, R. (2019). Syrian refugee entrepreneurship in Turkey: Integration and the use of immigrant capital in the informal economy. Social Inclusion, 7(4), 200-210.
  • Boehning, W. R. (1983). Regularising the irregular. International Migration, 21(2), 159-173.
  • Chang, C. A. (2021). The economically rich refugees: A case study of the business operations of Istanbul‐based Syrian refugee businesspeople. International Migration, 60(3), 38-51.
  • Courbage, Y., & Fargues, P. (1998). Christians and Jews under Islam. London: I. B. Tauris.
  • De Rapper, G. (2000). Les Albanais à Istanbul [Albanians in Istanbul]. Institut Français d’Études Anatoliennes, Istanbul, ISBN: 9782906053571.
  • Demir, A. O. (2018). Syrian entrepreneurs in Turkey: challenges and opportunities. Istanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 17(34), 109-130.
  • Duman, E. Ş., & ÖZDEMİRCİ, A. (2020). Türkiye’deki Suriyeli göçmen girişimciler üzerine bir alan araştırması. Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi, 18(37), 629- 656.
  • Ergin, M. (2009). Cultural encounters in the social sciences and humanities: western émigré scholars in Turkey. History of the Human Sciences, 22(1), 105-130.
  • Geray, C. (2019). Türkiye'den ve Türkiye'ye göçler ve göçmenlerin iskânı: (1923-1961). Kalan Yayınları, ISBN: 978-6054915194.
  • İçduygu, A., (2003). Irregular migration in Turkey. United Nations, https://www.un-ilibrary.org/content/books/9789213630044.
  • İçduygu, A. (2004). Demographic mobility and Turkey: Migration experiences and government responses. Mediterranean Quarterly, 15(4), 88-99.
  • İçduygu, A. (2005). Transit migration in Turkey: Trends, patterns and issues (Report Number. 2005/04). Euro Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM).
  • Kachkar, O. A. (2019). Refugee entrepreneurship: empirical quantitative evidence on microenterprises in refugee camps in Turkey. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 17(3), 333-352.
  • Karan, O., Çakır, B., & Kurtarır, E. (2020). Hatay’daki Suriyeli Mültecilerin Girişimcilik Alanındaki Deneyimleri ve Mekânsal Faktörler. Göç Dergisi, 7(1), 77-94.
  • Kap, D. (2014). Suriyeli mülteciler: Türkiye’nin müstakbel vatandaşları. Akademik Perspektif, 1(3), 30-35.
  • Kirişci, K. (1996). Refugees of Turkish origin: “Coerced immigrants” to Turkey since 1945. International Migration, 34, 385–412.
  • Kuschminder, K. (2018). Afghan refugee journeys: onwards migration decision-making in Greece and Turkey. Journal of refugee studies, 31(4), 566-587.
  • Levent, T. B., Masurel, E., & Nijkamp, P. (2003). Diversity in entrepreneurship: ethnic and female roles in urban economic life. International journal of social economics, 30(11), 1131-1161.
  • Lynch, M., Freelon, D., & Aday, S. (2014). Syria in the Arab Spring: The integration of Syria’s conflict with the Arab uprisings, 2011–2013. Research & Politics, 1(3), 2053168014549091.
  • Parker, S. C. (2004). The economics of self-employment and entrepreneurship. Cambridge University Press. In Rahman, M. M., & Lian, K. F. (2011). The development of migrant entrepreneurship in Japan: Case of Bangladeshis. Journal of International Migration and Integration 12(3), 253-274.
  • Shinnar, R. S., & Zamantılı Nayır, D. (2019). Immigrant entrepreneurship in an emerging economy: the case of Turkey. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(2), 559-575.
  • Sirkeci, I., & Martin, P. L. (2014). Sources of irregularity and managing migration: the case of Turkey. Border Crossing, 4(1-2), 1-16.
  • Sirkeci, I. (2009b). Improving the Immigration and Asylum Statistics in Turkey. Nov. 2009, Turkish Statistical Institute, Ankara, Turkey. (pp.90). (Bilingual English-Turkish, Research Report, internal publication).
  • Tas, A., Citci, U. S., & Cesteneci, Y. C. (2012). The role of immigration as a social network on shaping entrepreneurship tendency: A research on Balkan immigrant entrepreneurs in Turkey. Canadian Social Science, 8(4), 67-79.
  • Uygur, N. G. (2020). Syrian refugee entrepreneurs in labour market: the case of Istanbul. Türkiye Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 24(1), 99-110.
  • Vasileva, D. (1992). Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return. International migration review, 26(2), 342-352.
  • Widmann, H. (1973). Exil und Bildungshilfe: Die deutschsprachige akademische Emigration in die Türkei nach 1933. Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften.
  • Yakar, M., & Südaş, İ. (2019). Türkiye’de yabanci nüfusun yeni coğrafyalari. Ege Coğrafya Dergisi, 28(2), 129-164.

IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET

Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 3, 105 - 113, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622

Öz

Purpose – The aim of this study is to understand the entrepreneurial activities of immigrants in Turkey through a review of available literature and data. This article arises from the deficient immigrant entrepreneurship literature and aims to examine the history and the recent developments of immigrants and immigrant businesses in Turkey. This will provide the reader with a general overview and in-depth information about immigrant businesses in Turkey. A detailed industrial view can help to Methodology – Through an investigation of literature and secondary data, this study provides a survey on immigrant businesses. Literature review is a critical method to understand the history of migration movement and migrant entrepreneurship development in Turkey while secondary data is reasonable source to maintain qualified information about the current situation of migrant entrepreneurship. Findings – The number of foreigners residing in the Turkey has increased immensely since 2010. There is a seven-fold rise in the number of immigrants in Turkey from 2005 to 2022. This shows the rapid changes that Turkey is going under especially since the beginning of the Syrian Refugee Crisis in 2011. Turkey has quickly become a hub for foreign nationals which is influencing different facets of the country including the demographics, society, and economy. The number of firms established with foreign partners has followed a similar pattern, with a nearly fivefold increase from 2011 to 2021. Turkey is seeing an increasing interest within the immigrant communities from Asia, Africa, and MENA countries. Conclusion – Immigrants face many difficulties in establishing and sustaining a business. These difficulties can be mitigated through government policies and support programs that focus on assisting both immigrant and local community in their business endeavors. Government can support immigrant entrepreneurs by providing language learning opportunities that focus on business Turkish and culture. This will not only help immigrants to learn the language but also assist them in adaptation of the local culture which may speed up their integration process.

Kaynakça

  • Abbara, D., (2020). Economic engagement of refugees analyzing success factors and barriers of Syrian refugee entrepreneurs in Turkey: Case of Istanbul. Thesis (Master's Degree), İbn Haldun Üniversitesi, Lisansüstü Eğitim Enstitüsü.
  • Akcapar, S. K. (2006). Conversion as a migration strategy in a transit country: Iranian Shiites becoming Christians in Turkey. International Migration Review, 40(4), 817-853.
  • Akgündüz, A. (1998). Migration to and from Turkey, 1783–1960: Types, numbers and ethno‐religious dimensions. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 24(1), 97-120.
  • Akgündüz, Y. E., van den Berg, M., & Hassink, W. (2018). The impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on firm entry and performance in Turkey. The World Bank Economic Review, 32(1), 19-40.
  • Altındağ, O., Bakış, O., & Rozo, S. V. (2020). Blessing or burden? Impacts of refugees on businesses and the informal economy. Journal of Development Economics, 146, 102490.
  • Andersson, P., & Wadensjo, E. (2004). Self-employed immigrants in Denmark and Sweden: A way to economic self-reliance?. Available at SSRN 542822.
  • Altıok, B., & Tosun, S. (2020). Understanding foreign policy strategies during migration movements: a comparative study of Iraqi and Syrian mass refugee inflows to Turkey. Turkish Studies, 21(5), 684-704.
  • Arı, K. (1995). Büyük mübadele: Türkiye'ye zorunlu göç, 1923-1925 (Vol. 27). Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.
  • Atasü-Topcuoğlu, R. (2019). Syrian refugee entrepreneurship in Turkey: Integration and the use of immigrant capital in the informal economy. Social Inclusion, 7(4), 200-210.
  • Boehning, W. R. (1983). Regularising the irregular. International Migration, 21(2), 159-173.
  • Chang, C. A. (2021). The economically rich refugees: A case study of the business operations of Istanbul‐based Syrian refugee businesspeople. International Migration, 60(3), 38-51.
  • Courbage, Y., & Fargues, P. (1998). Christians and Jews under Islam. London: I. B. Tauris.
  • De Rapper, G. (2000). Les Albanais à Istanbul [Albanians in Istanbul]. Institut Français d’Études Anatoliennes, Istanbul, ISBN: 9782906053571.
  • Demir, A. O. (2018). Syrian entrepreneurs in Turkey: challenges and opportunities. Istanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 17(34), 109-130.
  • Duman, E. Ş., & ÖZDEMİRCİ, A. (2020). Türkiye’deki Suriyeli göçmen girişimciler üzerine bir alan araştırması. Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi, 18(37), 629- 656.
  • Ergin, M. (2009). Cultural encounters in the social sciences and humanities: western émigré scholars in Turkey. History of the Human Sciences, 22(1), 105-130.
  • Geray, C. (2019). Türkiye'den ve Türkiye'ye göçler ve göçmenlerin iskânı: (1923-1961). Kalan Yayınları, ISBN: 978-6054915194.
  • İçduygu, A., (2003). Irregular migration in Turkey. United Nations, https://www.un-ilibrary.org/content/books/9789213630044.
  • İçduygu, A. (2004). Demographic mobility and Turkey: Migration experiences and government responses. Mediterranean Quarterly, 15(4), 88-99.
  • İçduygu, A. (2005). Transit migration in Turkey: Trends, patterns and issues (Report Number. 2005/04). Euro Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM).
  • Kachkar, O. A. (2019). Refugee entrepreneurship: empirical quantitative evidence on microenterprises in refugee camps in Turkey. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 17(3), 333-352.
  • Karan, O., Çakır, B., & Kurtarır, E. (2020). Hatay’daki Suriyeli Mültecilerin Girişimcilik Alanındaki Deneyimleri ve Mekânsal Faktörler. Göç Dergisi, 7(1), 77-94.
  • Kap, D. (2014). Suriyeli mülteciler: Türkiye’nin müstakbel vatandaşları. Akademik Perspektif, 1(3), 30-35.
  • Kirişci, K. (1996). Refugees of Turkish origin: “Coerced immigrants” to Turkey since 1945. International Migration, 34, 385–412.
  • Kuschminder, K. (2018). Afghan refugee journeys: onwards migration decision-making in Greece and Turkey. Journal of refugee studies, 31(4), 566-587.
  • Levent, T. B., Masurel, E., & Nijkamp, P. (2003). Diversity in entrepreneurship: ethnic and female roles in urban economic life. International journal of social economics, 30(11), 1131-1161.
  • Lynch, M., Freelon, D., & Aday, S. (2014). Syria in the Arab Spring: The integration of Syria’s conflict with the Arab uprisings, 2011–2013. Research & Politics, 1(3), 2053168014549091.
  • Parker, S. C. (2004). The economics of self-employment and entrepreneurship. Cambridge University Press. In Rahman, M. M., & Lian, K. F. (2011). The development of migrant entrepreneurship in Japan: Case of Bangladeshis. Journal of International Migration and Integration 12(3), 253-274.
  • Shinnar, R. S., & Zamantılı Nayır, D. (2019). Immigrant entrepreneurship in an emerging economy: the case of Turkey. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(2), 559-575.
  • Sirkeci, I., & Martin, P. L. (2014). Sources of irregularity and managing migration: the case of Turkey. Border Crossing, 4(1-2), 1-16.
  • Sirkeci, I. (2009b). Improving the Immigration and Asylum Statistics in Turkey. Nov. 2009, Turkish Statistical Institute, Ankara, Turkey. (pp.90). (Bilingual English-Turkish, Research Report, internal publication).
  • Tas, A., Citci, U. S., & Cesteneci, Y. C. (2012). The role of immigration as a social network on shaping entrepreneurship tendency: A research on Balkan immigrant entrepreneurs in Turkey. Canadian Social Science, 8(4), 67-79.
  • Uygur, N. G. (2020). Syrian refugee entrepreneurs in labour market: the case of Istanbul. Türkiye Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 24(1), 99-110.
  • Vasileva, D. (1992). Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return. International migration review, 26(2), 342-352.
  • Widmann, H. (1973). Exil und Bildungshilfe: Die deutschsprachige akademische Emigration in die Türkei nach 1933. Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften.
  • Yakar, M., & Südaş, İ. (2019). Türkiye’de yabanci nüfusun yeni coğrafyalari. Ege Coğrafya Dergisi, 28(2), 129-164.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler, İşletme
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Mohammad MOIZ Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
IBN HALDUN UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-3598-3935
Türkiye


Canberk TURKEC Bu kişi benim
ISTANBUL COMMERCE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4695-2010
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { rjbm1179922, journal = {Research Journal of Business and Management}, eissn = {2148-6689}, address = {}, publisher = {PressAcademia}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, number = {3}, pages = {105 - 113}, doi = {10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622}, title = {IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET}, key = {cite}, author = {Moız, Mohammad and Turkec, Canberk} }
APA Moız, M. & Turkec, C. (2022). IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET . Research Journal of Business and Management , 9 (3) , 105-113 . DOI: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622
MLA Moız, M. , Turkec, C. "IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET" . Research Journal of Business and Management 9 (2022 ): 105-113 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/rjbm/issue/72691/1179922>
Chicago Moız, M. , Turkec, C. "IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET". Research Journal of Business and Management 9 (2022 ): 105-113
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET AU - MohammadMoız, CanberkTurkec Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622 DO - 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622 T2 - Research Journal of Business and Management JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 105 EP - 113 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - -2148-6689 M3 - doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622 UR - https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Research Journal of Business and Management IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET %A Mohammad Moız , Canberk Turkec %T IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET %D 2022 %J Research Journal of Business and Management %P -2148-6689 %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622 %U 10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622
ISNAD Moız, Mohammad , Turkec, Canberk . "IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET". Research Journal of Business and Management 9 / 3 (Eylül 2022): 105-113 . https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622
AMA Moız M. , Turkec C. IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET. RJBM. 2022; 9(3): 105-113.
Vancouver Moız M. , Turkec C. IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET. Research Journal of Business and Management. 2022; 9(3): 105-113.
IEEE M. Moız ve C. Turkec , "IMMIGRANT ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TURKEY: HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT MARKET", Research Journal of Business and Management, c. 9, sayı. 3, ss. 105-113, Eyl. 2022, doi:10.17261/Pressacademia.2022.1622

Research Journal of Business and Management (RJBM) is a scientific, academic, double blind peer-reviewed, quarterly and open-access online journal. The journal publishes four issues a year. The issuing months are March, June, September and December. The publication languages of the Journal are English and Turkish. RJBM aims to provide a research source for all practitioners, policy makers, professionals and researchers working in all related areas of business, management and organizations. The editor in chief of RJBM invites all manuscripts that cover theoretical and/or applied researches on topics related to the interest areas of the Journal. RJBM publishes academic research studies only. RJBM charges no submission or publication fee.

Ethics Policy - RJBM applies the standards of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). RJBM is committed to the academic community ensuring ethics and quality of manuscripts in publications. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden and the manuscripts found to be plagiarized will not be accepted or if published will be removed from the publication. Authors must certify that their manuscripts are their original work. Plagiarism, duplicate, data fabrication and redundant publications are forbidden. The manuscripts are subject to plagiarism check by iThenticate or similar. All manuscript submissions must provide a similarity report (up to 15% excluding quotes, bibliography, abstract, method).

Open Access - All research articles published in PressAcademia Journals are fully open access; immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open access is a property of individual works, not necessarily journals or publishers. Community standards, rather than copyright law, will continue to provide the mechanism for enforcement of proper attribution and responsible use of the published work, as they do now.