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Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines

Yıl 2008, Cilt 32, Sayı 3, 133 - 141, 01.03.2008

Öz

Interest in vegetable oil as an alternative to diesel fuel in diesel engines has increased during the last few decades because reserves of petroleum fuel and its derivatives are diminishing rapidly, and because they have harmful effects on the environment. In this study, hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) kernel oil was evaluated as an alternative fuel in diesel engines. Firstly, the optimum transesterification reaction conditions for hazelnut kernel oil, with respect to reaction temperature, volumetric ratio of reactants, and catalyst, were investigated. Secondly, an experimental investigation was carried out to examine performance and emissions of a direct injection diesel engine running on hazelnut kernel oil methyl ester and its blends with diesel fuel. Results showed that hazelnut kernel oil methyl ester and its blends with diesel fuel are generally comparable to diesel fuel, according to engine performance and emissions.

Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines

Yıl 2008, Cilt 32, Sayı 3, 133 - 141, 01.03.2008

Öz

Interest in vegetable oil as an alternative to diesel fuel in diesel engines has increased during the last few decades because reserves of petroleum fuel and its derivatives are diminishing rapidly, and because they have harmful effects on the environment. In this study, hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) kernel oil was evaluated as an alternative fuel in diesel engines. Firstly, the optimum transesterification reaction conditions for hazelnut kernel oil, with respect to reaction temperature, volumetric ratio of reactants, and catalyst, were investigated. Secondly, an experimental investigation was carried out to examine performance and emissions of a direct injection diesel engine running on hazelnut kernel oil methyl ester and its blends with diesel fuel. Results showed that hazelnut kernel oil methyl ester and its blends with diesel fuel are generally comparable to diesel fuel, according to engine performance and emissions.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Metin GÜMÜŞ Bu kişi benim


Mustafa ATMACA Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Mart 2008
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2008, Cilt 32, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkengineering145026, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences}, issn = {1300-0160}, eissn = {1303-6157}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2008}, volume = {32}, number = {3}, pages = {133 - 141}, doi = {10.3906/sag-1212-62}, title = {Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines}, key = {cite}, author = {Gümüş, Metin and Atmaca, Mustafa} }
APA Gümüş, M. & Atmaca, M. (2008). Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines . Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences , 32 (3) , 133-141 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkengineering/issue/12139/145026
MLA Gümüş, M. , Atmaca, M. "Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines" . Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 32 (2008 ): 133-141 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkengineering/issue/12139/145026>
Chicago Gümüş, M. , Atmaca, M. "Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 32 (2008 ): 133-141
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines AU - MetinGümüş, MustafaAtmaca Y1 - 2008 PY - 2008 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 133 EP - 141 VL - 32 IS - 3 SN - 1300-0160-1303-6157 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines %A Metin Gümüş , Mustafa Atmaca %T Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines %D 2008 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences %P 1300-0160-1303-6157 %V 32 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Gümüş, Metin , Atmaca, Mustafa . "Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines". Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 32 / 3 (Mart 2008): 133-141 .
AMA Gümüş M. , Atmaca M. Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2008; 32(3): 133-141.
Vancouver Gümüş M. , Atmaca M. Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines. Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 2008; 32(3): 133-141.
IEEE M. Gümüş ve M. Atmaca , "Use of Hazelnut Kernel Oil Methyl Ester and Its Blends as Alternative Fuels in Diesel Engines", Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, c. 32, sayı. 3, ss. 133-141, Mar. 2008, doi:10.3906/sag-1212-62