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STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL METHODS FOR DETERMINING DEFECTS OF DENIM WASHING PROCESS: A TEXTILE CASE FROM TURKEY

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 30 Sayı: 3, 208 - 219, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.32710/tekstilvekonfeksiyon.695487

Öz

The denim garments, which are made with many different sewing patterns, are given the final appearance by applying industrial washing processes and these are turned into high value-added fashion products. In this study, denim fabric control performed in a textile company, washing department after weaving for one month was investigated and as a result, washing defects are examined using statistical methods. Pareto analysis, cause and effect diagram and 𝑝 control graphs, which are statistical process control methods, were used to classify the defects seen as a result of quality control. In Pareto analysis, chemical repair (20, 52 %), blue floor (19, 86 %), chemical-intensive (19, 56 %), light floor (10, 71 %), deep floor (7, 95%) are in first five places among 53 defects and account for 78, 6 % of total number of defects. Of the 53 defects encountered during the washing process, it is found that only five of these defects could be prevented during the washing process, thus reducing the total waste by about 80%. In cause and effect diagram, washing defects are divided into categories as chemical, foreground, intensity, repair, tinctorial and processual and sub-dimensions as causes are determined. In the Laney P control chart, all processes are found under control.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Karagöz, G.2009. Denim Yıkama İşlemlerinde Ortaya Çıkan Zararlar Nedenleri ve Çözüm Olanakları, Ege Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tekstil Mühendisliği Ana bilim dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İzmir.
  • 2.Öcel Y., Arslan H.M. 2018. Hazır Giyim Ürünlerinde Tüketicilerin Demografik Özellikleri İle Renk Algılarının Değerlendirilmesi. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal 6 (3), 154-170.
  • 3.İstanbul Tekstil ve Hammaddeleri İhracatçıları Birliği (ITHIB) 2018 Raporu. Erişim: https://www.ithib.org.tr/tr/bilgi-merkezi-raporlar-aylik-ihracat-degerlendirme-bilgi-notlari-2018.html
  • 4. Zhao, W.B.2008. Common denim washing technologies (in Chinese). Dyeing Finish. 34 (7), 34–36.
  • 5. Dindar, D., Yavuz, B., 2001. 2000-2001 Moda Trendleri ve Kot Pantolon-Mont Üretimi, Marmara Üniversitesi Teknik Eğitim Fakültesi Tekstil Eğitimi Bölümü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul.
  • 6. Kan, C. W. 2015. Washing techniques for denim jeans. In Denim (pp. 313-356). Woodhead Publishing.
  • 7. Pal, S. 2010. Technology of Denim Production: Part-VI (Washing Techniques of Denim). San Blue Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, India.
  • 8. Li, Z.J., Liu, S. 2013. Denim Production Techniques (in Chinese). Donghua University Press Ltd., China
  • 9. Yi, C.M. 2011. Effect of Washing on Tensile Strength of Denim Fabric, A Thesis Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Scheme in Institute of Textiles & Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Hong Kong.
  • 10. Matthews, K. 2018. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Textile Terms: Volume 3. WPI Publishing.
  • 11. Arjun, Dakurı., Hiranmayee, J., & Farheen, M. N. 2013. Technology of industrial denim washing. International Journal of Industrial Engineering & Technology, 3(4), 25-34.
  • 12. Choudhury, A. K. R. 2017. Environmental impacts of denim washing. In Sustainability in Denim (pp. 49-81). Woodhead Publishing.
  • 13. Sweeney, D. 2002. Way To Go Indigo–Using Cellulase To Soften & Lighten Denim. The American biology teacher, 64(3), 202-208.
  • 14. Jucienė, M., Dobilaitė, V., & Kazlauskaitė, G. 2006. Influence of industrial washing on denim properties. materials science, 12(4), 355.
  • 15. Mir, S., Hossain, M., Biswas, P., Hossain, A., & Idris, M. A.2014. Evaluation of mechanical properties of denim garments after enzymatic bio-washing. World Applied Sciences Journal, 31(9), 1661-1665.
  • 16. Mezarcıöz, S., & Toksöz, M. 2014. Investıgatıon Of Effect Of Specıal Washıng Processes On Denım Fabrıcsr17; Propertıes. Tekstil Ve Konfeksiyon, 24(1), 86-95.
  • 17. Mayang, N., Koeswandi, T. A., & Yulianti, S. 2016. August). The Analysis of Quality Control in Garment Company Using Statistic in Controling Product. In 2016 Global Conference on Business, Management and Entrepreneurship. Atlantis Press.
  • 18. Paul, R. (Ed.). 2015. Denim: manufacture, finishing and applications. Elsevier.
  • 19.Ahmed, T., Acharjee, R. N., Rahim, M. A., Sikder, N., Akther, T., Khan, M. R., ... & Saha, A. 2013. An Application of Pareto Analysis and Cause-Effect Diagram for Minimizing Defect Percentage in Sewing Section of a Garment Factory in Bangladesh. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Bangladesh.
  • 20.Bhatnagar, R., Joshi, H., Mall, I. D., & Srivastava, V. C. 2014. Electrochemical treatment of acrylic dye-bearing textile wastewater: optimization of operating parameters. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52(1-3), 111-122.
  • 21. MacGregor, J. F., & Kourti, T. 1995. Statistical process control of multivariate processes. Control Engineering Practice, 3(3), 403-414.
  • 22. Patır S. 2009 “İstatistiksel Proses Kontrol Teknikleri ve Kontrol Grafiklerinin Malatya’daki Bir Tekstil (İplik Dokuma) İşletmesinde Bobin Sarım Kontrolüne Uygulanması”. Sosyal ve Ekonomik Araştırmalar Dergisi, 12(18), 231-249.
  • 23. Koch, R. 1999. The 80/20 Principle: the secret to achieving more with less, Crown Business, ISBN: 0385491743.
  • 24. Suárez-Barraza, M. F., & Rodríguez-González, F. G. 2019. Cornerstone root causes through the analysis of the Ishikawa diagram, is it possible to find them?. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences.
  • 25. Bircan H, Gedik H. 2003. “Tekstil Sektöründe İstatistiksel Proses Kontrol Teknikleri Uygulaması Üzerine Bir Deneme”. Çukurova Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 4(2), 69-79.
  • 26. Shah, S., Shridhar, P., & Gohil, D. 2014. Control chart: A statistical process control tool in pharmacy. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics (AJP): Free full text articles from Asian J Pharm, 4(3).
  • 27. Kunt, A. G. 2004. Denim Kumaşlarda Konfeksiyon Sonrası Yapılan İşlemlerin Kumaş Mekaniği Üzerine Etkisi (Doctoral dissertation, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 28. Köksal, F. 2015. Denim Yıkamada Renk Varyasyonlarının Nedenlerinin İncelenmesi (Master's Thesis, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi).
  • 29.Ahsan, M., Mashuri, M., & Khusna, H. 2017. Evaluation of Laney p’Chart Performance. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12(24), 14208-14217.
  • 30. Wickramasinghe, T. 2011. Process improvement in denim washing.
Yıl 2020, Cilt: 30 Sayı: 3, 208 - 219, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.32710/tekstilvekonfeksiyon.695487

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Karagöz, G.2009. Denim Yıkama İşlemlerinde Ortaya Çıkan Zararlar Nedenleri ve Çözüm Olanakları, Ege Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tekstil Mühendisliği Ana bilim dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İzmir.
  • 2.Öcel Y., Arslan H.M. 2018. Hazır Giyim Ürünlerinde Tüketicilerin Demografik Özellikleri İle Renk Algılarının Değerlendirilmesi. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal 6 (3), 154-170.
  • 3.İstanbul Tekstil ve Hammaddeleri İhracatçıları Birliği (ITHIB) 2018 Raporu. Erişim: https://www.ithib.org.tr/tr/bilgi-merkezi-raporlar-aylik-ihracat-degerlendirme-bilgi-notlari-2018.html
  • 4. Zhao, W.B.2008. Common denim washing technologies (in Chinese). Dyeing Finish. 34 (7), 34–36.
  • 5. Dindar, D., Yavuz, B., 2001. 2000-2001 Moda Trendleri ve Kot Pantolon-Mont Üretimi, Marmara Üniversitesi Teknik Eğitim Fakültesi Tekstil Eğitimi Bölümü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul.
  • 6. Kan, C. W. 2015. Washing techniques for denim jeans. In Denim (pp. 313-356). Woodhead Publishing.
  • 7. Pal, S. 2010. Technology of Denim Production: Part-VI (Washing Techniques of Denim). San Blue Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, India.
  • 8. Li, Z.J., Liu, S. 2013. Denim Production Techniques (in Chinese). Donghua University Press Ltd., China
  • 9. Yi, C.M. 2011. Effect of Washing on Tensile Strength of Denim Fabric, A Thesis Degree of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Scheme in Institute of Textiles & Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Hong Kong.
  • 10. Matthews, K. 2018. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Textile Terms: Volume 3. WPI Publishing.
  • 11. Arjun, Dakurı., Hiranmayee, J., & Farheen, M. N. 2013. Technology of industrial denim washing. International Journal of Industrial Engineering & Technology, 3(4), 25-34.
  • 12. Choudhury, A. K. R. 2017. Environmental impacts of denim washing. In Sustainability in Denim (pp. 49-81). Woodhead Publishing.
  • 13. Sweeney, D. 2002. Way To Go Indigo–Using Cellulase To Soften & Lighten Denim. The American biology teacher, 64(3), 202-208.
  • 14. Jucienė, M., Dobilaitė, V., & Kazlauskaitė, G. 2006. Influence of industrial washing on denim properties. materials science, 12(4), 355.
  • 15. Mir, S., Hossain, M., Biswas, P., Hossain, A., & Idris, M. A.2014. Evaluation of mechanical properties of denim garments after enzymatic bio-washing. World Applied Sciences Journal, 31(9), 1661-1665.
  • 16. Mezarcıöz, S., & Toksöz, M. 2014. Investıgatıon Of Effect Of Specıal Washıng Processes On Denım Fabrıcsr17; Propertıes. Tekstil Ve Konfeksiyon, 24(1), 86-95.
  • 17. Mayang, N., Koeswandi, T. A., & Yulianti, S. 2016. August). The Analysis of Quality Control in Garment Company Using Statistic in Controling Product. In 2016 Global Conference on Business, Management and Entrepreneurship. Atlantis Press.
  • 18. Paul, R. (Ed.). 2015. Denim: manufacture, finishing and applications. Elsevier.
  • 19.Ahmed, T., Acharjee, R. N., Rahim, M. A., Sikder, N., Akther, T., Khan, M. R., ... & Saha, A. 2013. An Application of Pareto Analysis and Cause-Effect Diagram for Minimizing Defect Percentage in Sewing Section of a Garment Factory in Bangladesh. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Bangladesh.
  • 20.Bhatnagar, R., Joshi, H., Mall, I. D., & Srivastava, V. C. 2014. Electrochemical treatment of acrylic dye-bearing textile wastewater: optimization of operating parameters. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52(1-3), 111-122.
  • 21. MacGregor, J. F., & Kourti, T. 1995. Statistical process control of multivariate processes. Control Engineering Practice, 3(3), 403-414.
  • 22. Patır S. 2009 “İstatistiksel Proses Kontrol Teknikleri ve Kontrol Grafiklerinin Malatya’daki Bir Tekstil (İplik Dokuma) İşletmesinde Bobin Sarım Kontrolüne Uygulanması”. Sosyal ve Ekonomik Araştırmalar Dergisi, 12(18), 231-249.
  • 23. Koch, R. 1999. The 80/20 Principle: the secret to achieving more with less, Crown Business, ISBN: 0385491743.
  • 24. Suárez-Barraza, M. F., & Rodríguez-González, F. G. 2019. Cornerstone root causes through the analysis of the Ishikawa diagram, is it possible to find them?. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences.
  • 25. Bircan H, Gedik H. 2003. “Tekstil Sektöründe İstatistiksel Proses Kontrol Teknikleri Uygulaması Üzerine Bir Deneme”. Çukurova Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 4(2), 69-79.
  • 26. Shah, S., Shridhar, P., & Gohil, D. 2014. Control chart: A statistical process control tool in pharmacy. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics (AJP): Free full text articles from Asian J Pharm, 4(3).
  • 27. Kunt, A. G. 2004. Denim Kumaşlarda Konfeksiyon Sonrası Yapılan İşlemlerin Kumaş Mekaniği Üzerine Etkisi (Doctoral dissertation, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü).
  • 28. Köksal, F. 2015. Denim Yıkamada Renk Varyasyonlarının Nedenlerinin İncelenmesi (Master's Thesis, Namık Kemal Üniversitesi).
  • 29.Ahsan, M., Mashuri, M., & Khusna, H. 2017. Evaluation of Laney p’Chart Performance. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12(24), 14208-14217.
  • 30. Wickramasinghe, T. 2011. Process improvement in denim washing.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Giyilebilir Malzemeler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Serhat ATA

Mehmet Selami YILDIZ 0000-0002-6557-6372

İsmail DURAK 0000-0002-8898-9639

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Eylül 2020
Gönderilme Tarihi 27 Şubat 2020
Kabul Tarihi 10 Temmuz 2020
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020 Cilt: 30 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA ATA, S., YILDIZ, M. S., & DURAK, İ. (2020). STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL METHODS FOR DETERMINING DEFECTS OF DENIM WASHING PROCESS: A TEXTILE CASE FROM TURKEY. Textile and Apparel, 30(3), 208-219. https://doi.org/10.32710/tekstilvekonfeksiyon.695487

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