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Adaptation of The Children’s Role Inventory-20: Turkish Version Validity and Reliability Study

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 351 - 365, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001708

Öz

The present study aims to adapt the “Children’s Role Inventory-20” (CRI-20) into Turkish and examine its validity and reliability. The study sample consisted of 303 participants aged ≥18 years, and these participants were selected through convenience sampling. Data were collected using “Personal Information Form,” “CRI-20,” “Spann–Fischer Codependency Scale,” “Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test,” and “Family Assessment Device.” The study data were analyzed using SPSS-22 and AMOS-22 software. The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the CRI-20 were similar to that of the original version and consisted of a two-factor structure (lost child vs. mascot and scapegoat vs. hero) with four subscales; the goodness of fit indices of this inventory was also acceptable in the Turkish sample. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the CRI-20 subscales varied from .73 to .80, thus indicating an acceptable level. The psychometric properties established in this study suggested that the Turkish version of the CRI-20 is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be employed to assess the roles adopted by individuals aged 18–50 years within a family system in the Turkish sample.

Kaynakça

  • Alford, K. M. (1998). Family roles, alcoholism, and family dysfunction. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 20(3), 250. https://www.proquest.com/openview/c4fbf6467addf194cbde411b577b7227/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=47399
  • Atkins, S. P. (1991). Siblings of learning disabled children: Are they special, too? Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 8, 525-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00755239
  • Bell, L. G., & Bell, D. C. (1982). Family climate and the role of the female adolescent: Determinants of adolescent functioning. Family Relations, 519-527. https://doi.org10.2307/583927
  • Black, C. (1979). Children of alcoholics. Alcohol Research and Health, 4(1), 23. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-6607-9_35
  • Black, C. A. (1982). It will never happen to me. MAC.
  • Bollen, K.A. (1989). Overall fit in covariance structure models: Two types of sample size effects. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 256-59. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.256
  • Booz-Allen & Hamilton. (1974). An assessment of the needs of and resources for children of alcoholic parents (Report No. PB-241-119). Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service
  • Bosma, W. G. (1972). Children of alcoholics--a hidden tragedy. Maryland State Medical Journal, 21(1), 34. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/5008766/
  • Bulut, I. (1990) Aile değerlendirme ölçeği el kitabı. Özgül Zeliş Matbaası.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2004). Veri analizi el kitabı. Pegem.
  • Coskunol, H., Bagdiken, I., Sorias, S., & Saygili, R. (1995). Michigan alkolizm tarama testinin geçerliliği. Ege Tıp Dergisi, 34, 15-18.
  • Deason, D. M., & Randolph, D. L. (1998). A systematic look at the self: The relationship between family organization, interpersonal attachment, and identity. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 13(3), 465. https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5160
  • Fischer, J. L., & Spann, L. (1991). Measuring codependency. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 8(1), 87–100. doi:10.1300/j020v08n01_06
  • Fischer, J. L., & Wampler, R. S. (1994). Abusive drinking in young adults: Personality type and family role as moderators of family-of-origin influences. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(2), 469. doi:10.2307/353113
  • Gibbs, L. E. (1983). Validity and reliability of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: A review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 12(3), 279-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/0376-8716(83)90071-6
  • Hecht, M. (1973). Children of alcoholics. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 73(10), 1764-1767. https://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Abstract/1973/10000/Children_of_Alcoholics.31.aspx
  • Hooper, D., Coughlan, J. & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53-60. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254742561_Structural_Equation_Modeling_Guidelines_for_Determining_Model_Fit
  • Hu, L. T. & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118
  • Joreskog, K. G. and Sorbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Scientific Software International.
  • Kerr, M. E. & Bowen, M. (1988). Family evaluation. Norton.
  • Kier, F. J., & Buras, A. R. (1999). Perceived affiliation with family member roles: Validity and reliability of scores on the Children’s Role Inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 59(4), 640-650. https://doi.org/10.1177/00131649921970071
  • Kline, P. (2013). Handbook of psychological testing. Routledge.
  • Mathews, B., & Halbrook, M. (1990). Adult children of alcoholics: Implications for career development. Journal of Career Development, 16(4), 261–268. https://doi.org/10.1177/089484539001600403
  • Nardi, P. M. (1981). Children of alcoholics: a role-theoretical perspective. The Journal of Social Psychology, 115(2), 237–245. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1981.9711663
  • Parker, J. (2013). The Dream Content of Young Women Exposed to Addiction. 13th International Association for the Study of Dreams (IASD). Psiber Dreaming Conference (September 22–October 6, 2013). Retrieved from IASD website.
  • Parker, J. D. (2015). A quantitative and qualitative exploration of the dream content of women exposed to addictions. The International Journal of Dream Research, 8(2), 77-98. https://doi.org/10.11588/ijodr.2015.2.18642
  • Potter, A. E., & Williams, D. E. (1991). Development of a measure examining children's roles in alcoholic families. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 52(1), 70-77. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1991.52.70
  • Richard S. Wampler, Adam B. Downs & Judith L. Fischer (2009) Development of a Brief Version of the Children's Roles Inventory (CRI-20), The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37:4, 287-298. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926180902754687
  • Russell, M., Henderson, C., & Blume, S. B. (1985). Children of alcoholics: A review of the literature. New York: Children of Alcoholics Foundation.
  • Scharff, J. L., Broida, J. P., Conway, K., & Yue, A. (2004). The interaction of parental alcoholism, adaptation role, and familial dysfunction. Addictive Behaviors, 29(3), 575–581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2003.08.028
  • Selzer, M.L. (1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653–1658. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.127.12.1653
  • Selzer, M.L., Vinokur, A., & van Rooijen, L. (1975). A self administered Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST). Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 36, 117–126. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1975.36.117
  • Tanhan, F., & Mukba, G. (2014). Spann-Fischer ilişki bağımlılığı ölçeği’nin Türkçe’ye uyarlama çalışmasına ilişkin psikometrik bir analiz. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 36(36), 179-190. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/pauefd/issue/32869/374891
  • Titelman, P. (2008). The concept of the triangle in Bowen theory: An overview. In P. Titelman (Ed.), Triangles: Bowen family systems theory perspectives (pp. 3–62). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Wampler, R. S., Downs, A. B., & Fischer, J. L. (2009). Development of a Brief Version of the Children’s Roles Inventory (CRI-20). The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37(4), 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926180902754687
  • Wegscheider-Cruse, S. (1981). Another chance: Hope & health for the alcoholic family. Palo Alto, Calif: Science and Behavior Books.
  • Woititz, J. (1983). Adult children of alcoholics. Hollywood, FL: Health Communications.
  • Woititz, J. (1987). Home Away from Home. Pompano Beach, FL, Health Communications, Inc.
  • Woodside, M. (1983). Children of alcoholic parents: Inherited and psycho-social influences. Journal of Psychiatric Treatment & Evaluation, 5(6), 531–537. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1985-06958-001

Çocukluk Rolleri Envanteri-20’nin Türkçe’ye Uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 351 - 365, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001708

Öz

Araştırmada ‘‘Çocukluk Rolü Envanteri-20’nin’’ Türkçe’ye uyarlanması, geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışmasının yapılarak envanterin Türk literatürüne kazandırılması amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmanın örneklemini, uygun örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilen, 18 yaş ve üzeri gönüllü 303 birey oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak ‘Kişisel Bilgi Formu’, ‘Çocukluk Rolü Envanteri-20’, ‘Spann-Fischer İlişki Bağımlılığı Ölçeği’ ‘Michigan Alkol Tarama Testi (MATT)’ ve ‘Aile Değerlendirme Ölçeği (ADÖ)’ kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen veriler SPSS-22 ve AMOS-22 bilgisayar programları kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. ‘‘Çocukluk Rolü Envanteri-20’ nin’’ Türkçe formunun, özgün formuyla benzer psikometrik özellikler gösterdiğini ortaya konmuştur. 20 maddelik Lost Child versus Mascot ve Scapegoat versus Hero olmak üzere iki faktörlü ve dört alt boyuttan oluşan yapı Türkiye örnekleminde de kabul edilebilir uyum iyiliği değerleri göstermiştir Çocukluk Rolü Envanteri-20 (ÇRE-20)’ nin alt boyutlarının Cronbach alfa katsayılarının .73 ile .80 arasında değiştiği ve kabul edilebilir düzeyde olduğu görülmüştür. Bu çalışmanın sonucunda elde edilen psikometrik özellikler, Çocukluk Rolü Envanteri-20 Türkçe formunun Türkiye örnekleminde; 18 ile 50 yaş aralığındaki bireylerin aile sistemi içerisinde sahip oldukları çocukluk rollerinin ölçümünde kullanılabilecek geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğunu göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Alford, K. M. (1998). Family roles, alcoholism, and family dysfunction. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 20(3), 250. https://www.proquest.com/openview/c4fbf6467addf194cbde411b577b7227/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=47399
  • Atkins, S. P. (1991). Siblings of learning disabled children: Are they special, too? Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 8, 525-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00755239
  • Bell, L. G., & Bell, D. C. (1982). Family climate and the role of the female adolescent: Determinants of adolescent functioning. Family Relations, 519-527. https://doi.org10.2307/583927
  • Black, C. (1979). Children of alcoholics. Alcohol Research and Health, 4(1), 23. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-6607-9_35
  • Black, C. A. (1982). It will never happen to me. MAC.
  • Bollen, K.A. (1989). Overall fit in covariance structure models: Two types of sample size effects. Psychological Bulletin, 107(2), 256-59. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0033-2909.107.2.256
  • Booz-Allen & Hamilton. (1974). An assessment of the needs of and resources for children of alcoholic parents (Report No. PB-241-119). Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service
  • Bosma, W. G. (1972). Children of alcoholics--a hidden tragedy. Maryland State Medical Journal, 21(1), 34. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/5008766/
  • Bulut, I. (1990) Aile değerlendirme ölçeği el kitabı. Özgül Zeliş Matbaası.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2004). Veri analizi el kitabı. Pegem.
  • Coskunol, H., Bagdiken, I., Sorias, S., & Saygili, R. (1995). Michigan alkolizm tarama testinin geçerliliği. Ege Tıp Dergisi, 34, 15-18.
  • Deason, D. M., & Randolph, D. L. (1998). A systematic look at the self: The relationship between family organization, interpersonal attachment, and identity. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 13(3), 465. https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/5160
  • Fischer, J. L., & Spann, L. (1991). Measuring codependency. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 8(1), 87–100. doi:10.1300/j020v08n01_06
  • Fischer, J. L., & Wampler, R. S. (1994). Abusive drinking in young adults: Personality type and family role as moderators of family-of-origin influences. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(2), 469. doi:10.2307/353113
  • Gibbs, L. E. (1983). Validity and reliability of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: A review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 12(3), 279-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/0376-8716(83)90071-6
  • Hecht, M. (1973). Children of alcoholics. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 73(10), 1764-1767. https://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Abstract/1973/10000/Children_of_Alcoholics.31.aspx
  • Hooper, D., Coughlan, J. & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53-60. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254742561_Structural_Equation_Modeling_Guidelines_for_Determining_Model_Fit
  • Hu, L. T. & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118
  • Joreskog, K. G. and Sorbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Scientific Software International.
  • Kerr, M. E. & Bowen, M. (1988). Family evaluation. Norton.
  • Kier, F. J., & Buras, A. R. (1999). Perceived affiliation with family member roles: Validity and reliability of scores on the Children’s Role Inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 59(4), 640-650. https://doi.org/10.1177/00131649921970071
  • Kline, P. (2013). Handbook of psychological testing. Routledge.
  • Mathews, B., & Halbrook, M. (1990). Adult children of alcoholics: Implications for career development. Journal of Career Development, 16(4), 261–268. https://doi.org/10.1177/089484539001600403
  • Nardi, P. M. (1981). Children of alcoholics: a role-theoretical perspective. The Journal of Social Psychology, 115(2), 237–245. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1981.9711663
  • Parker, J. (2013). The Dream Content of Young Women Exposed to Addiction. 13th International Association for the Study of Dreams (IASD). Psiber Dreaming Conference (September 22–October 6, 2013). Retrieved from IASD website.
  • Parker, J. D. (2015). A quantitative and qualitative exploration of the dream content of women exposed to addictions. The International Journal of Dream Research, 8(2), 77-98. https://doi.org/10.11588/ijodr.2015.2.18642
  • Potter, A. E., & Williams, D. E. (1991). Development of a measure examining children's roles in alcoholic families. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 52(1), 70-77. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1991.52.70
  • Richard S. Wampler, Adam B. Downs & Judith L. Fischer (2009) Development of a Brief Version of the Children's Roles Inventory (CRI-20), The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37:4, 287-298. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926180902754687
  • Russell, M., Henderson, C., & Blume, S. B. (1985). Children of alcoholics: A review of the literature. New York: Children of Alcoholics Foundation.
  • Scharff, J. L., Broida, J. P., Conway, K., & Yue, A. (2004). The interaction of parental alcoholism, adaptation role, and familial dysfunction. Addictive Behaviors, 29(3), 575–581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2003.08.028
  • Selzer, M.L. (1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653–1658. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.127.12.1653
  • Selzer, M.L., Vinokur, A., & van Rooijen, L. (1975). A self administered Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST). Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 36, 117–126. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1975.36.117
  • Tanhan, F., & Mukba, G. (2014). Spann-Fischer ilişki bağımlılığı ölçeği’nin Türkçe’ye uyarlama çalışmasına ilişkin psikometrik bir analiz. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 36(36), 179-190. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/pauefd/issue/32869/374891
  • Titelman, P. (2008). The concept of the triangle in Bowen theory: An overview. In P. Titelman (Ed.), Triangles: Bowen family systems theory perspectives (pp. 3–62). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Wampler, R. S., Downs, A. B., & Fischer, J. L. (2009). Development of a Brief Version of the Children’s Roles Inventory (CRI-20). The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37(4), 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926180902754687
  • Wegscheider-Cruse, S. (1981). Another chance: Hope & health for the alcoholic family. Palo Alto, Calif: Science and Behavior Books.
  • Woititz, J. (1983). Adult children of alcoholics. Hollywood, FL: Health Communications.
  • Woititz, J. (1987). Home Away from Home. Pompano Beach, FL, Health Communications, Inc.
  • Woodside, M. (1983). Children of alcoholic parents: Inherited and psycho-social influences. Journal of Psychiatric Treatment & Evaluation, 5(6), 531–537. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1985-06958-001

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Çiğdem YAVUZ GÜLER Bu kişi benim
FATİH SULTAN MEHMET VAKIF ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62

Kaynak Göster

APA Yavuz Güler, Ç. (2021). Adaptation of The Children’s Role Inventory-20: Turkish Version Validity and Reliability Study . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 11 (62) , 351-365 . DOI: 10.17066/tpdrd.1001708