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Association between Social Connectedness and Well-Being: A Study of the Mediating Role of Psychological Vulnerability

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 367 - 382, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001712

Öz

The researcher in this study examined psychological vulnerability as a mediator between social connectedness and well-being among university students in Turkey. Two hundred sixty-one students (138 females and 123 males, mean age = 20.95 ± 1.49) completed self-report questionnaires including the Social Connectedness Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, the Subjective Happiness Scale, the Flourishing Scale, and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. The researcher explored a theoretical-conceptual model and tested it using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and bootstrapping. SEM results showed that social connectedness had a direct effect on well-being, partially mediated by psychological vulnerability. The results indicated an indirect yet significant effect of psychological vulnerability on the relationship between social connectedness and well-being. Theoretical implications and research limitations were discussed.

Kaynakça

  • Akin, A., & Eker, H. (2011, July). Turkish version of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale: A study of validity and reliability. Paper presented at the 32th International Conference of the Stress and Anxiety Research Society, Munster, Germany.
  • Akin, A., & Satici, S. A. (2011). Subjective Happiness Scale: A study of validity and reliability. Sakarya University Journal of Education Faculty, 21, 65-77. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/115639
  • Akin, A., Demirci, İ., & Yildiz, E. (2015). Personal self-concept as mediator and moderator of the relationship between insight and psychological vulnerability. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 7(1), 79-86. https://doi.org/10.15345/iojes.2015.01.007
  • Akin, A., Satici, S. A., Arslan, S., Akin, U., & Kayis, A. R. (2012, February). The validity and the reliability of the Turkish Version of the Subjective Vitality Scale (SVS). Paper presented at the 4rd World Conference on Educational Sciences, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Appau, S., Churchill, S. A., & Farrell, L. (2019). Social integration and subjective wellbeing. Applied Economics, 51(16), 1748-1761. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2018.1528340
  • Armstrong, S., & Oomen-Early, J. (2009). Social connectedness, self-esteem, and depression symptomatology among collegiate athletes versus nonathletes. Journal of American College Health, 57(5), 521-526. https://doi.org/10.3200/JACH.57.5.521-526
  • Arundell, L., Salmon, J., Veitch, J., & Timperio, A. (2019). The relationship between objectively measured and self-reported sedentary behaviours and social connectedness among adolescents. International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(2), 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020277
  • Barber, B. K., & Schluterman, J. M. (2008). Connectedness in the lives of children and adolescents: A call for greater conceptual clarity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(3), 209-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.01.012
  • Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological bulletin, 117(3), 497-529. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497
  • Brown, K. M., Hoye, R., & Nicholson, M. (2012). Self-esteem, self-efficacy, and social connectedness as mediators of the relationship between volunteering and well-being. Journal of Social Service Research, 38(4), 468-483. https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2012.687706
  • Carroll, A., Bower, J. M., & Muspratt, S. (2017). The conceptualization and construction of the Self in a Social Context—Social Connectedness Scale: A multidimensional scale for high school students. International Journal of Educational Research, 81, 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2016.12.001
  • Claudius, M. (2018). Discrimination, Trauma, and Psychological Distress among Central American Immigrants: The Role of Social Connectedness and Belonging (Doctoral dissertation, Boston College. Lynch School of Education).
  • Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. Harper & Row
  • Dang, M. T. (2014). Social connectedness and self-esteem: Predictors of resilience in mental health among maltreated homeless youth. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(3), 212-219. https://doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2013.860647
  • Demirci, İ., Ekşi, H., Ekşi, F., & Kaya, Ç. (2019). Character strengths and psychological vulnerability: The mediating role of resilience. Current Psychology, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00533-1
  • Detrie, P. M., & Lease, S. H. (2007). The relation of social support, connectedness, and collective self-esteem to the psychological well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Journal of Homosexuality, 53(4), 173-199. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918360802103449
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicator Research, 97, 143-156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  • Duru, E. (2007). Sosyal Bağlılık Ölçeği'nin Türk kültürüne uyarlanması [An adaptation study of Social Connectedness Scale in Turkish culture]. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research (EJER), 26, 85-94. http://ejer.com.tr/0DOWNLOAD/pdfler/tr/1307977339.pdf
  • Duru, E. (2008). The predictive analysis of adjustment difficulties from loneliness, social support, and social connectedness. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 8(3), 849. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ837769
  • Faro, A. L., McKee, L. G., Garcia, R. L., & O'Leary, J. L. (2019). Emotion socialization, social connectedness and internalizing symptoms in emerging adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 64, 101051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2019.101051
  • Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research 18(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151312
  • Griffiths, R., Horsfall, J., Moore, M., Lane, D., Kroon, V., & Langdon, R. (2007). Assessment of health, well-being, and social connections: A survey of women living in Western Sydney. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 13(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2006.00606.x
  • Harrington, R., & Loffredo, D. A. (2011). Insight, rumination, and self-reflection as predictors of well-being. The Journal of Psychology, 145, 39-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2010.528072
  • Helliwell, J. F., Barrington-Leigh, C. P., Harris, A., & Huang, H. (2009). International evidence on the social context of well-being (No. w14720). National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. In R. R. Sinkovics, & P. N. Ghauri (Eds.), Advances in International Marketing (pp. 277-320). Bingley: Emerald.
  • Ingram, R. E., Miranda, J., & Segal, Z. V. (1998). Cognitive vulnerability to depression. Guilford Press.
  • Jose, P. E., Ryan, N., & Pryor, J. (2012). Does social connectedness promote a greater sense of well‐being in adolescence over time?. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22(2), 235-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00783.x
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (1995). Measuring belongingness: The Social Connectedness and Social Assurance Scales. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42(2), 232–241. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.42.2.232
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (1998). The relationship between social connectedness and anxiety, self-esteem, and social identity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45, 338-345. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.45.3.338
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (2000). Understanding social connectedness in college women and men. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 484-491. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01932.x
  • Lee, R. M., Draper, M., & Lee, S. (2001). Social connectedness, dysfunctional interpersonal behaviors, and psychological distress: Testing a mediator model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 48(3), 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.48.3.310
  • Liao, K. Y. H., & Weng, C. Y. (2018). Gratefulness and subjective well-being: Social connectedness and presence of meaning as mediators. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65(3), 383-393. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000271
  • Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 37–155. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006824100041
  • Malaquias, S., Crespo, C., & Francisco, R. (2015). How do adolescents benefit from family rituals? Links to social connectedness, depression and anxiety. Journal of child and Family Studies, 24(10), 3009-3017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0104-4
  • McLoughlin, L. T., Spears, B. A., Taddeo, C. M., & Hermens, D. F. (2019). Remaining connected in the face of cyberbullying: Why social connectedness is important for mental health. Psychology in the Schools 56, 945–958. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22232
  • Nogueira, M. J., Barros, L., & Sequeira, C. (2017). Psychometric properties of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale in higher education students. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 23(3), 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078390317695261
  • Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.
  • Proctor, C., Tweed, R., & Morris, D. (2015). The naturally emerging structure of well-being among young adults:“Big Two” or other framework?. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(1), 257-275. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9507-6
  • Ryan R. M. & Frederick, C. (1997). On energy, personality and health: Subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529–565. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1997.tb00326.x
  • Saricam, H. (2015). The Turkish version of the Social Vulnerability Scale: The study of validity and reliability. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 7(1), 190-202. https://doi.org/10.15345/iojes.2015.01.016
  • Satici, B., Saricali, M., Satici, S. A., & Eraslan-Capan, B. (2014). Social competence and psychological vulnerability as predictors of Facebook addiction. Studia Psychologica, 56(4), 301-308. https://doi.org/10.21909/sp.2014.04.738
  • Satici, S. A. (2016). Forgiveness, vengeance, social connectedness and subjective well-being of university students: A study on examining different structural models. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Eskisehir: Anadolu University.
  • Satici, S. A., & Uysal, R. (2015). Well-being and problematic Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.005
  • Satici, S. A., Uysal, R., & Deniz, M. E. (2016). Linking social connectedness to loneliness: The mediating role of subjective happiness. Personality and Individual Differences, 97, 306-310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.035
  • Satici, S. A., Uysal, R., Yilmaz, M. F., & Deniz, M. E. (2016). Social safeness and psychological vulnerability in Turkish youth: The mediating role of life satisfaction. Current Psychology, 35(1), 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9359-1
  • Schiffrin, H. H., & Nelson, S. K. (2010). Stressed and happy? Investigating the relationship between happiness and perceived stress. Journal of Happiness Studies, 11(1), 33-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-008-9104-7
  • Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (1999). The development and validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23(2), 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018770926615
  • Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (2010). Psychological vulnerability predicts increases in depressive symptoms in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Nursing Research, 59(2), 140-146. https://doi.org/10.1097/nnr.0b013e3181d1a6f6
  • Telef, B. B. (2013). The adaptation of Psychological Well-Being ınto Turkish: A validity and reliability study. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 28(3), 374-384. http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/yonetim/icerik/makaleler/237-published.pdf
  • Tomas, J. M., Sancho, P., Melendez, J. C., & Mayordomo, T. (2012). Resilience and coping as predictors of general well-being in the elderly: A structural equation modeling approach. Aging & Mental Health, 16(3), 317-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2011.615737
  • Townsend, K. C., & McWhirter, B. T. (2005). Connectedness: A review of the literature with implications for counseling, assessment, and research. Journal of Counseling and Development, 83(2), 191-201. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2005.tb00596.x
  • Williams, K. L., & Galliher, R. V. (2006). Predicting depression and self-esteem from social connectedness, support, and competence. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25(8), 855-874. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2006.25.8.85

Sosyal Bağlılık ve İyi Oluş Arasındaki İlişkide Psikolojik Kırılganlığın Aracılık Rolü

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 367 - 382, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001712

Öz

Bu araştırmada üniversite öğrencilerinin iyi oluşları ile sosyal bağlılıkları arasındaki ilişkide psikolojik kırılganlığın aracılık rolü incelenmiştir. 261 üniversite öğrencisi (138 kadın, 123 erkek, yaş ortalaması = 20.95 ± 1.49) Sosyal Bağlılık Ölçeği, Öznel Zindelik Ölçeği, Öznel Mutluluk Ölçeği, İyilik Hali Ölçeği ve Psikolojik Kırılganlık Ölçeğini doldurmuştur. Teorik olarak kurulan model Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesi (YEM) ve bootstrapping tekniği ile analiz edilmiştir. YEM sonuçlarına göre sosyal bağlılık iyi oluşu hem doğrudan hem de psikolojik kırılganlık aracılığıyla etkilemektedir. Bootstrapping tekniği ile psikolojik kırılganlığın sosyal bağlılık ile iyi oluş arasındaki ilişkide kısmi aracılığı doğrulanmıştır. Çalışmanın doğurguları ve sınırlıkları ilgili literatür çerçevesince tartışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Akin, A., & Eker, H. (2011, July). Turkish version of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale: A study of validity and reliability. Paper presented at the 32th International Conference of the Stress and Anxiety Research Society, Munster, Germany.
  • Akin, A., & Satici, S. A. (2011). Subjective Happiness Scale: A study of validity and reliability. Sakarya University Journal of Education Faculty, 21, 65-77. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/115639
  • Akin, A., Demirci, İ., & Yildiz, E. (2015). Personal self-concept as mediator and moderator of the relationship between insight and psychological vulnerability. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 7(1), 79-86. https://doi.org/10.15345/iojes.2015.01.007
  • Akin, A., Satici, S. A., Arslan, S., Akin, U., & Kayis, A. R. (2012, February). The validity and the reliability of the Turkish Version of the Subjective Vitality Scale (SVS). Paper presented at the 4rd World Conference on Educational Sciences, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Appau, S., Churchill, S. A., & Farrell, L. (2019). Social integration and subjective wellbeing. Applied Economics, 51(16), 1748-1761. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2018.1528340
  • Armstrong, S., & Oomen-Early, J. (2009). Social connectedness, self-esteem, and depression symptomatology among collegiate athletes versus nonathletes. Journal of American College Health, 57(5), 521-526. https://doi.org/10.3200/JACH.57.5.521-526
  • Arundell, L., Salmon, J., Veitch, J., & Timperio, A. (2019). The relationship between objectively measured and self-reported sedentary behaviours and social connectedness among adolescents. International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(2), 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020277
  • Barber, B. K., & Schluterman, J. M. (2008). Connectedness in the lives of children and adolescents: A call for greater conceptual clarity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(3), 209-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.01.012
  • Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological bulletin, 117(3), 497-529. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497
  • Brown, K. M., Hoye, R., & Nicholson, M. (2012). Self-esteem, self-efficacy, and social connectedness as mediators of the relationship between volunteering and well-being. Journal of Social Service Research, 38(4), 468-483. https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2012.687706
  • Carroll, A., Bower, J. M., & Muspratt, S. (2017). The conceptualization and construction of the Self in a Social Context—Social Connectedness Scale: A multidimensional scale for high school students. International Journal of Educational Research, 81, 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2016.12.001
  • Claudius, M. (2018). Discrimination, Trauma, and Psychological Distress among Central American Immigrants: The Role of Social Connectedness and Belonging (Doctoral dissertation, Boston College. Lynch School of Education).
  • Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. Harper & Row
  • Dang, M. T. (2014). Social connectedness and self-esteem: Predictors of resilience in mental health among maltreated homeless youth. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(3), 212-219. https://doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2013.860647
  • Demirci, İ., Ekşi, H., Ekşi, F., & Kaya, Ç. (2019). Character strengths and psychological vulnerability: The mediating role of resilience. Current Psychology, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00533-1
  • Detrie, P. M., & Lease, S. H. (2007). The relation of social support, connectedness, and collective self-esteem to the psychological well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Journal of Homosexuality, 53(4), 173-199. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918360802103449
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicator Research, 97, 143-156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  • Duru, E. (2007). Sosyal Bağlılık Ölçeği'nin Türk kültürüne uyarlanması [An adaptation study of Social Connectedness Scale in Turkish culture]. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research (EJER), 26, 85-94. http://ejer.com.tr/0DOWNLOAD/pdfler/tr/1307977339.pdf
  • Duru, E. (2008). The predictive analysis of adjustment difficulties from loneliness, social support, and social connectedness. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 8(3), 849. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ837769
  • Faro, A. L., McKee, L. G., Garcia, R. L., & O'Leary, J. L. (2019). Emotion socialization, social connectedness and internalizing symptoms in emerging adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 64, 101051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2019.101051
  • Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research 18(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151312
  • Griffiths, R., Horsfall, J., Moore, M., Lane, D., Kroon, V., & Langdon, R. (2007). Assessment of health, well-being, and social connections: A survey of women living in Western Sydney. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 13(1), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2006.00606.x
  • Harrington, R., & Loffredo, D. A. (2011). Insight, rumination, and self-reflection as predictors of well-being. The Journal of Psychology, 145, 39-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2010.528072
  • Helliwell, J. F., Barrington-Leigh, C. P., Harris, A., & Huang, H. (2009). International evidence on the social context of well-being (No. w14720). National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., Sinkovics, R. R. (2009). The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing. In R. R. Sinkovics, & P. N. Ghauri (Eds.), Advances in International Marketing (pp. 277-320). Bingley: Emerald.
  • Ingram, R. E., Miranda, J., & Segal, Z. V. (1998). Cognitive vulnerability to depression. Guilford Press.
  • Jose, P. E., Ryan, N., & Pryor, J. (2012). Does social connectedness promote a greater sense of well‐being in adolescence over time?. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22(2), 235-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00783.x
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (1995). Measuring belongingness: The Social Connectedness and Social Assurance Scales. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42(2), 232–241. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.42.2.232
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (1998). The relationship between social connectedness and anxiety, self-esteem, and social identity. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45, 338-345. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.45.3.338
  • Lee, R. M., & Robbins, S. B. (2000). Understanding social connectedness in college women and men. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 484-491. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01932.x
  • Lee, R. M., Draper, M., & Lee, S. (2001). Social connectedness, dysfunctional interpersonal behaviors, and psychological distress: Testing a mediator model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 48(3), 310-318. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.48.3.310
  • Liao, K. Y. H., & Weng, C. Y. (2018). Gratefulness and subjective well-being: Social connectedness and presence of meaning as mediators. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65(3), 383-393. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000271
  • Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 37–155. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006824100041
  • Malaquias, S., Crespo, C., & Francisco, R. (2015). How do adolescents benefit from family rituals? Links to social connectedness, depression and anxiety. Journal of child and Family Studies, 24(10), 3009-3017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0104-4
  • McLoughlin, L. T., Spears, B. A., Taddeo, C. M., & Hermens, D. F. (2019). Remaining connected in the face of cyberbullying: Why social connectedness is important for mental health. Psychology in the Schools 56, 945–958. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22232
  • Nogueira, M. J., Barros, L., & Sequeira, C. (2017). Psychometric properties of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale in higher education students. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 23(3), 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078390317695261
  • Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.
  • Proctor, C., Tweed, R., & Morris, D. (2015). The naturally emerging structure of well-being among young adults:“Big Two” or other framework?. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(1), 257-275. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9507-6
  • Ryan R. M. & Frederick, C. (1997). On energy, personality and health: Subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529–565. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1997.tb00326.x
  • Saricam, H. (2015). The Turkish version of the Social Vulnerability Scale: The study of validity and reliability. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 7(1), 190-202. https://doi.org/10.15345/iojes.2015.01.016
  • Satici, B., Saricali, M., Satici, S. A., & Eraslan-Capan, B. (2014). Social competence and psychological vulnerability as predictors of Facebook addiction. Studia Psychologica, 56(4), 301-308. https://doi.org/10.21909/sp.2014.04.738
  • Satici, S. A. (2016). Forgiveness, vengeance, social connectedness and subjective well-being of university students: A study on examining different structural models. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Eskisehir: Anadolu University.
  • Satici, S. A., & Uysal, R. (2015). Well-being and problematic Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.005
  • Satici, S. A., Uysal, R., & Deniz, M. E. (2016). Linking social connectedness to loneliness: The mediating role of subjective happiness. Personality and Individual Differences, 97, 306-310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.11.035
  • Satici, S. A., Uysal, R., Yilmaz, M. F., & Deniz, M. E. (2016). Social safeness and psychological vulnerability in Turkish youth: The mediating role of life satisfaction. Current Psychology, 35(1), 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9359-1
  • Schiffrin, H. H., & Nelson, S. K. (2010). Stressed and happy? Investigating the relationship between happiness and perceived stress. Journal of Happiness Studies, 11(1), 33-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-008-9104-7
  • Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (1999). The development and validation of the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23(2), 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018770926615
  • Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (2010). Psychological vulnerability predicts increases in depressive symptoms in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Nursing Research, 59(2), 140-146. https://doi.org/10.1097/nnr.0b013e3181d1a6f6
  • Telef, B. B. (2013). The adaptation of Psychological Well-Being ınto Turkish: A validity and reliability study. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 28(3), 374-384. http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/yonetim/icerik/makaleler/237-published.pdf
  • Tomas, J. M., Sancho, P., Melendez, J. C., & Mayordomo, T. (2012). Resilience and coping as predictors of general well-being in the elderly: A structural equation modeling approach. Aging & Mental Health, 16(3), 317-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2011.615737
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

İsmail YELPAZE Bu kişi benim
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Mehmet Engin DENİZ Bu kişi benim
YILDIZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Begüm SATICI Bu kişi benim
ARTVİN ÇORUH ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62

Kaynak Göster

APA Yelpaze, İ. , Deniz, M. E. & Satıcı, B. (2021). Association between Social Connectedness and Well-Being: A Study of the Mediating Role of Psychological Vulnerability . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 11 (62) , 367-382 . DOI: 10.17066/tpdrd.1001712