Araştırma Makalesi
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Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri

Yıl 1999, Cilt 63, Sayı 238, 745 - 754, 20.12.1999

Öz

Osmanlı padişahlarının ve sadrazamlarının yabancı elçileri, devlet erkânını ve memurlarını çeşitli vesilelerle onurlandırmak ve taltif etmek amacıyla, bir tür hediye olarak giydirdikleri kaftan veya kürke, genel bir tanımlama ile hil'at denilmektedir. Arapça bir kelime olan hil'at "üste giyilen elbise, kaftan" anlamındadır, "resmen giydirilen elbise, teşrifat kaftanı, halâ-ı fâhire" şeklinde de açıklanmıştır.

Turkish Miniature Depictions of the Ceremonial Bestowal of the Imperial Robe of Honor

Yıl 1999, Cilt 63, Sayı 238, 745 - 754, 20.12.1999

Öz

This article acquaints the reader with Ottoman miniature paintings documenting the tradition of the presentation by the sultan and the grand vizier of caftans, known as hil'at, for the purpose of honoring foreign envoys and state officials and which occupied a prominent place in Ottoman Court protocol until the reign of Sultan Mahmud I (1808-39). Introduction to the subject comprises a summary of sources and published research on the occasions in Ottoman Court protocol at which the imperial robe of honor was bestowed and the various types of robes of honor. This is followed by a discussion of the miniatures that depict the ceremonial of the awarding of the robe of honor in the 16th-century illuminated albums titled "Nusretnâme" [Book of Victory] (Topkapı Palace Museum no. H.1365), "Şecaatnâme" [Book of Valor] (İstanbul University Library no. T.6043), "Şehinşehnâme" [Book of the King of Kings] (Topkapı Palace Museum no. B.200), "Tarih-i Feth-i Yemen" [History of the Conquest of Yemen] (İstanbul University Library no. T.6045) and "Surnâme-i Hümayun" [Book of the Imperial Circumcision Feast] (Topkapı Palace Museum no. H.1344). In the light of the evidence of the miniatures, recipients of the imperial robes of honor and settings for their presentation included successful Ottoman commanders in their imperial tents in the course of a campaign and also foreign officials, signifying their political submission to Ottoman rule. Moreover, evidence newly extracted from the miniatures discloses that the custom of granting robes of honor at the circumcision feasts of the princes was not the preserve only of state officials and foreign envoys, but that children of the poor and the imperial pages were also included. In the ceremonial for the conferral of these robes—each enfolded in a cloth wrapper—the person so honored was also invariably bestowed with a sword and a horse with trappings and, from time to time, an aigrette and a turban. Since the caftans as they appear in the paintings are gold in color, they may have been fashioned from the silk fabric seraser, woven with gold filament or silk thread wrapped in gold tinsel. In conclusion, it is demonstrated that these miniatures have the capacity to enlighten us in regard to this tradition, which played a conspicuous role in the protocol of the Ottoman Court. By offering evidence to support that furnished by the written record, miniature paintings manifestly possess the authority of a documentary source.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Tarih
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Banu MAHİR Bu kişi benim
MİMAR SİNAN GÜZEL SANATLAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, SANAT TARİHİ BÖLÜMÜ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Aralık 1999
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 1999, Cilt 63, Sayı 238

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ttkbelleten887685, journal = {BELLETEN}, issn = {0041-4255}, eissn = {2791-6472}, address = {Türk Tarih Kurumu, Bilimsel Çalışmalar Müdürlüğü, Kızılay Sokak, No:1, Sıhhiye/ANKARA}, publisher = {Türk Tarih Kurumu}, year = {1999}, volume = {63}, number = {238}, pages = {745 - 754}, title = {Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri}, key = {cite}, author = {Mahir, Banu} }
APA Mahir, B. (1999). Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri . BELLETEN , 63 (238) , 745-754 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ttkbelleten/issue/60342/887685
MLA Mahir, B. "Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri" . BELLETEN 63 (1999 ): 745-754 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ttkbelleten/issue/60342/887685>
Chicago Mahir, B. "Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri". BELLETEN 63 (1999 ): 745-754
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri AU - Banu Mahir Y1 - 1999 PY - 1999 N1 - DO - T2 - BELLETEN JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 745 EP - 754 VL - 63 IS - 238 SN - 0041-4255-2791-6472 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 BELLETEN Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri %A Banu Mahir %T Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri %D 1999 %J BELLETEN %P 0041-4255-2791-6472 %V 63 %N 238 %R %U
ISNAD Mahir, Banu . "Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri". BELLETEN 63 / 238 (Aralık 1999): 745-754 .
AMA Mahir B. Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri. TTK BELLETEN. 1999; 63(238): 745-754.
Vancouver Mahir B. Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri. BELLETEN. 1999; 63(238): 745-754.
IEEE B. Mahir , "Türk Minyatürlerinde Hil'at Merasimleri", BELLETEN, c. 63, sayı. 238, ss. 745-754, Ara. 1999