Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 92 - 96, 01.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.623785

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Akbulut. M.. & Özcan. M. M. (2008). "Some physical chemical and rheological properties of sweet sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L) Moench) Pekmez (Molasses)." International Journal of Food Properties. 11(1). 79-91.
  • Artık, N., & Velioğlu, S. (1993). Research on Determining the Compliance of Some Molasses Samples to the Standard. Standard, 32, 51-54.
  • Assis, R.A.D., Küchler, I.L., Miekeley, N., & Silveira, C.L.P.D. (2008). Trace elements and sodium in grape juice: nutritional and toxicological aspects. Química Nova, 31(8), 1948-1952.
  • Chatterjee. J.. & Chatterjee. C. (2000). "Phytotoxicity of cobalt chromium and copper in cauliflower." Environmental pollution. 109(1). 69-74.
  • Cherfi. A.. Achour. M.. Cherfi. M.. Otmani. S.. & Morsli. A. (2015). "Health risk assessment of heavy metals through consumption of vegetables irrigated with reclaimed urban wastewater in Algeria." Process safety and environmental protection. 98. 245-252.
  • Demirci, S.K.M. (2006). Effects of storage time and condition on mineral contents of grape pekmez produced by vacuum and classical methods. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 3(1), 1-7.
  • Demirözü. B.. Sökmen. M.. Uçak. A.. Yilmaz. H. & Gülderen. Ş. (2002). "Variation of copper. iron. and zinc levels in pekmez products." Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. 69(3). 330-334.
  • Fan. Y.. Li. H.. Xue. Z.. Zhang. Q.. & Cheng. F. (2017). "Accumulation characteristics and potential risk of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system under greenhouse cultivation condition in Northern China." Ecological engineering. 102. 367-373.
  • ICH. (1996). Guidance for Industry: Validation of Analytical Procedures: Definitions and Terminology. Q2A. Geneva Switzerland.
  • Karababa. E.. & Develi Isikli. N. (2005). "Pekmez: A traditional concentrated fruit product." Food reviews international. 21(4). 357-366.
  • Nabulo. G.. Oryem-Origa. H.. & Diamond. M. (2006). "Assessment of lead. cadmium. and zinc contamination of roadside soils. surface films. and vegetables in Kampala City. Uganda." Environmental Research. 101(1). 42-52.
  • Ohki. A. Nakajima. T. Hirakawa. S. Hayashi. K. & Takanashi. H. (2016). "A simple method of the recovery of selenium from food samples for the determination by ICP-MS." Microchemical Journal. 124. 693-698.
  • Petkova. N.. Petrova. I.. Ivanov. I.. Mihov. R. Hadjikinova. R.. Ognyanov. M.. & Nikolova. V. (2017). "Nutritional and antioxidant potential of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) flour and evaluation of functional properties of its polysaccharide fraction." Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 9(11). 2189-2195.
  • Quinaia. S.P.. & Nobrega. J.A. (1999). "Direct determination of chromium in gelatine by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry." Food chemistry. 64(3). 429-433.
  • Segura-Muñoz. S.I.. da Silva Oliveira. A.. Nikaido. M. Trevilato. T.M.B.. Bocio. A.. Takayanagui. A.M.M. & Domingo. J.L. (2006). "Metal levels in sugar cane (Saccharum spp.) samples from an area under the influence of a municipal landfill and a medical waste treatment system in Brazil." Environment International. 32(1). 52-57.
  • Tarakçı, Z., & Küçüköner, E. (2003). Investigation of Some Mineral and Heavy Metal Content of Various Herbal Additive Dairy Products. III. Food Engineering Congress, (2-3 October), Ankara, 448-449.
  • Tosun. I. & Ustun. N.S. (2003). "Nonenzymic browning during storage of white hard grape pekmez (Zile pekmezi)." Food Chemistry. 80(4). 441-443.
  • TFC. (2017). Turkish Food Codex Communiqué on Grape Molasses (Communiqué No: 2017/8).
  • Viran. R.. Erkoç. F.Ü.. Polat. H.. & Koçak. O. (2003). "Investigation of acute toxicity of deltamethrin on guppies (Poecilia reticulata)." Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 55(1). 82-85.
  • Xia. J. Xu. J. Hu. L. & Liu. X. (2016). "Enhanced poly (L-malic acid) production from pretreated cane molasses by Aureobasidium pullulans in fed-batch fermentation." Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 46(8). 798-802.
  • Yıldız. E.. Saçmacı. Ş.. Kartal. Ş.. & Saçmacı. M. (2016). "A new chelating reagent and application for coprecipitation of some metals in food samples by FAAS." Food chemistry. 194. 143-148.
  • Zhao. Q.. Wang. Y.. Cao. Y.. Chen. A.. Ren. M.. Ge. Y..... & Ruan. L. (2014). "Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain. including correlations with human primary liver. lung and gastric cancer. in Anhui province. Eastern China." Science of the Total Environment. 470. 340-347.
  • Zhang. Y.Y.. Bu. Y.F.. & Liu. J.Z. (2015). "Production of L-ornithine from sucrose and molasses by recombinant Corynebacterium glutamicum." Folia microbiologica. 60(5). 393-398.
  • Zhang. Y.. Ji. X.. Ku. T.. Li. G.. & Sang. N. (2016). "Heavy metals bound to fine particulate matter from northern China induce season-dependent health risks: a study based on myocardial toxicity." Environmental pollution. 216. 380-390.

ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 92 - 96, 01.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.623785

Öz

Molasses, sugar and other food additives, such as without adding any substance, concentrated by boiling and shelf life is a long concentrated product. Molasses is an important food for humans in terms of mineral content and high energy content. Grape fruit is considered as a rich food source with strong health effects. Grape fruit generally contains 70-80% water, 15-25% carbohydrate and small amount of minerals, amino acids, phenolic compounds. Heavy metals are highly toxic elements, which can severely influence plants and animals and have been involved in causing a large number of afflictions. Heavy metals in the environment are non-biodegradable and ubiquitous, it can cause serious human health hazards and momentous ecological effects through food chain's bioaccumulation. Inorganic micro-pollutants are of important concern because they are non-biodegradable, highly toxic and have a probable carcinogenic influence. In this study, it was aimed to determine the heavy metal levels in grape molasses collected from the villages of Karaman and to emphasize the importance of nutrition in carob molasses. The samples were prepared to be 2 parallel for each sample and were solutioned by wet burning method. The concentrations of the determined elements were determined by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS). Traditional produced grape molasses are determined by comparing metal contents with each other and with standard values.

Kaynakça

  • Akbulut. M.. & Özcan. M. M. (2008). "Some physical chemical and rheological properties of sweet sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L) Moench) Pekmez (Molasses)." International Journal of Food Properties. 11(1). 79-91.
  • Artık, N., & Velioğlu, S. (1993). Research on Determining the Compliance of Some Molasses Samples to the Standard. Standard, 32, 51-54.
  • Assis, R.A.D., Küchler, I.L., Miekeley, N., & Silveira, C.L.P.D. (2008). Trace elements and sodium in grape juice: nutritional and toxicological aspects. Química Nova, 31(8), 1948-1952.
  • Chatterjee. J.. & Chatterjee. C. (2000). "Phytotoxicity of cobalt chromium and copper in cauliflower." Environmental pollution. 109(1). 69-74.
  • Cherfi. A.. Achour. M.. Cherfi. M.. Otmani. S.. & Morsli. A. (2015). "Health risk assessment of heavy metals through consumption of vegetables irrigated with reclaimed urban wastewater in Algeria." Process safety and environmental protection. 98. 245-252.
  • Demirci, S.K.M. (2006). Effects of storage time and condition on mineral contents of grape pekmez produced by vacuum and classical methods. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 3(1), 1-7.
  • Demirözü. B.. Sökmen. M.. Uçak. A.. Yilmaz. H. & Gülderen. Ş. (2002). "Variation of copper. iron. and zinc levels in pekmez products." Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. 69(3). 330-334.
  • Fan. Y.. Li. H.. Xue. Z.. Zhang. Q.. & Cheng. F. (2017). "Accumulation characteristics and potential risk of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system under greenhouse cultivation condition in Northern China." Ecological engineering. 102. 367-373.
  • ICH. (1996). Guidance for Industry: Validation of Analytical Procedures: Definitions and Terminology. Q2A. Geneva Switzerland.
  • Karababa. E.. & Develi Isikli. N. (2005). "Pekmez: A traditional concentrated fruit product." Food reviews international. 21(4). 357-366.
  • Nabulo. G.. Oryem-Origa. H.. & Diamond. M. (2006). "Assessment of lead. cadmium. and zinc contamination of roadside soils. surface films. and vegetables in Kampala City. Uganda." Environmental Research. 101(1). 42-52.
  • Ohki. A. Nakajima. T. Hirakawa. S. Hayashi. K. & Takanashi. H. (2016). "A simple method of the recovery of selenium from food samples for the determination by ICP-MS." Microchemical Journal. 124. 693-698.
  • Petkova. N.. Petrova. I.. Ivanov. I.. Mihov. R. Hadjikinova. R.. Ognyanov. M.. & Nikolova. V. (2017). "Nutritional and antioxidant potential of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) flour and evaluation of functional properties of its polysaccharide fraction." Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 9(11). 2189-2195.
  • Quinaia. S.P.. & Nobrega. J.A. (1999). "Direct determination of chromium in gelatine by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry." Food chemistry. 64(3). 429-433.
  • Segura-Muñoz. S.I.. da Silva Oliveira. A.. Nikaido. M. Trevilato. T.M.B.. Bocio. A.. Takayanagui. A.M.M. & Domingo. J.L. (2006). "Metal levels in sugar cane (Saccharum spp.) samples from an area under the influence of a municipal landfill and a medical waste treatment system in Brazil." Environment International. 32(1). 52-57.
  • Tarakçı, Z., & Küçüköner, E. (2003). Investigation of Some Mineral and Heavy Metal Content of Various Herbal Additive Dairy Products. III. Food Engineering Congress, (2-3 October), Ankara, 448-449.
  • Tosun. I. & Ustun. N.S. (2003). "Nonenzymic browning during storage of white hard grape pekmez (Zile pekmezi)." Food Chemistry. 80(4). 441-443.
  • TFC. (2017). Turkish Food Codex Communiqué on Grape Molasses (Communiqué No: 2017/8).
  • Viran. R.. Erkoç. F.Ü.. Polat. H.. & Koçak. O. (2003). "Investigation of acute toxicity of deltamethrin on guppies (Poecilia reticulata)." Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 55(1). 82-85.
  • Xia. J. Xu. J. Hu. L. & Liu. X. (2016). "Enhanced poly (L-malic acid) production from pretreated cane molasses by Aureobasidium pullulans in fed-batch fermentation." Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology. 46(8). 798-802.
  • Yıldız. E.. Saçmacı. Ş.. Kartal. Ş.. & Saçmacı. M. (2016). "A new chelating reagent and application for coprecipitation of some metals in food samples by FAAS." Food chemistry. 194. 143-148.
  • Zhao. Q.. Wang. Y.. Cao. Y.. Chen. A.. Ren. M.. Ge. Y..... & Ruan. L. (2014). "Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain. including correlations with human primary liver. lung and gastric cancer. in Anhui province. Eastern China." Science of the Total Environment. 470. 340-347.
  • Zhang. Y.Y.. Bu. Y.F.. & Liu. J.Z. (2015). "Production of L-ornithine from sucrose and molasses by recombinant Corynebacterium glutamicum." Folia microbiologica. 60(5). 393-398.
  • Zhang. Y.. Ji. X.. Ku. T.. Li. G.. & Sang. N. (2016). "Heavy metals bound to fine particulate matter from northern China induce season-dependent health risks: a study based on myocardial toxicity." Environmental pollution. 216. 380-390.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Hacer Sibel KARAPİNAR> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey Üniversitesi, Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırmalar Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi
0000-0002-0123-3901
Türkiye


Fevzi KILIÇEL>
KARAMANOĞLU MEHMETBEY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KAMİL ÖZDAĞ FEN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5454-5597
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Nisan 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tuje623785, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering}, eissn = {2587-1366}, address = {Mersin Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Çiftlikköy Kampüsü 33343, MERSİN}, publisher = {Murat YAKAR}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, number = {2}, pages = {92 - 96}, doi = {10.31127/tuje.623785}, title = {ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS}, key = {cite}, author = {Karapinar, Hacer Sibel and Kılıçel, Fevzi} }
APA Karapinar, H. S. & Kılıçel, F. (2020). ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS . Turkish Journal of Engineering , 4 (2) , 92-96 . DOI: 10.31127/tuje.623785
MLA Karapinar, H. S. , Kılıçel, F. "ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS" . Turkish Journal of Engineering 4 (2020 ): 92-96 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tuje/issue/51649/623785>
Chicago Karapinar, H. S. , Kılıçel, F. "ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS". Turkish Journal of Engineering 4 (2020 ): 92-96
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS AU - Hacer SibelKarapinar, FevziKılıçel Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31127/tuje.623785 DO - 10.31127/tuje.623785 T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 92 EP - 96 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2587-1366 M3 - doi: 10.31127/tuje.623785 UR - https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.623785 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS %A Hacer Sibel Karapinar , Fevzi Kılıçel %T ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering %P -2587-1366 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31127/tuje.623785 %U 10.31127/tuje.623785
ISNAD Karapinar, Hacer Sibel , Kılıçel, Fevzi . "ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS". Turkish Journal of Engineering 4 / 2 (Nisan 2020): 92-96 . https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.623785
AMA Karapinar H. S. , Kılıçel F. ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS. TUJE. 2020; 4(2): 92-96.
Vancouver Karapinar H. S. , Kılıçel F. ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS. Turkish Journal of Engineering. 2020; 4(2): 92-96.
IEEE H. S. Karapinar ve F. Kılıçel , "ANALYSIS OF THE TRACE ELEMENT CONTENT OF GRAPE MOLASSES PRODUCED BY TRADITIONAL MEANS", Turkish Journal of Engineering, c. 4, sayı. 2, ss. 92-96, Nis. 2020, doi:10.31127/tuje.623785
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