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Super aging

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 37 - 43, 16.12.2020

Öz

Objectives: It was aimed to investigate “super-aging" and its dimensions, which reveal the success of elderly people regarding their lives aged 65 years and older in this study. Methods: This study was conducted in October 2019 with 78 participants (38 females, 40 males; selected from 210 individuals; ages ranging between 80 to 93). Results: It was determined that super-aging is a six-dimensional psychological, social, health-related individual strategy. The findings revealed that individuals who adopt a super-aging approach strengthen their perceptions of aging in terms of psychological, social, and health to survive. Conclusions: It was revealed that super-aging consists of flexibility, psychological resilience, social participation, consciousness, belief, health dimensions and is an aging approach aiming to minimize the psychological effects of aging by controlling its biological and physical effects.

Kaynakça

  • Armstrong, K. (2020). How Age Magnifies Experience: Deconstructing Cross-Cultural Differences in Aging. APS Observer, 33(4).
  • Azeem, F., & Naz, M. A. (2015). Resilience, death anxiety, and depression among institutionalized and noninstitutionalized elderly. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 30(1).
  • Barber, B. V., Weeks, L. E., Spassiani, N. A., & Meisner, B. A. (2020). Experiences of health and aging for younger adults in long-term care: a social-ecological multi-method approach. Disability & Society, 1-20.
  • Bhandari, P., & Paswan, B. (2020). Lifestyle Behaviours and Mental Health Outcomes of Elderly: Modification of Socio-Economic and Physical Health Effects. Ageing International, 1-35.
  • Chanda, S., & Mishra, R. (2019). Impact of transition in work status and social participation on cognitive performance among elderly in India. BMC geriatrics, 19(1), 251.
  • Collins, E. M. (2018). Super Ager: You Can Look Younger, Have More Energy, a Better Memory, and Live a Long and Healthy Life. Mango Media Inc.
  • da Silva, J. A. T., Al-Khatib, A., & Tsigaris, P. (2020). Spam emails in academia: issues and costs. Scientometrics, 122(2), 1171-1188.
  • Desa, U. (2015). World population prospects: The 2015 revision, key findings and advance tables. Working Paper No.
  • Drolet, A., & Yoon, C. (2020). The Aging Consumer: Perspectives from Psychology and Marketing. Routledge.
  • Elenbaas, D. J., Krishnan, R., Weyl, S., & Nudd, G. (2020). U.S. Patent No. 10,540,616. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  • Falkenhain, M., & Handal, P. J. (2003). Religion, death attitudes, and belief in afterlife in the elderly: Untangling the relationships. Journal of Religion and Health, 42(1), 67-76.
  • Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (2008). Active aging: The contribution of psychology. Hogrefe Publishing.
  • Fernández-Ballesteros, R., Robine, J. M., Walker, A., & Kalache, A. (2013). Active aging: a global goal. Current gerontology and geriatrics research, 2013.
  • Foster, L., & Walker, A. (2015). Active and successful aging: A European policy perspective. The Gerontologist, 55(1), 83-90.
  • Foster, J. R. (1997). Successful coping, adaptation and resilience in the elderly: An interpretation of epidemiologic data. Psychiatric Quarterly, 68(3), 189-219.
  • Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Educational research: An introduction. Longman Publishing.
  • Gefen, T., Shaw, E., Whitney, K., Martersteck, A., Stratton, J., Rademaker, A., ... & Rogalski, E. (2014). Longitudinal neuropsychological performance of cognitive SuperAgers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62(8), 1598.
  • Gerring, J. (2004). What is a case study and what is it good for?. American political science review, 98(2), 341-354.
  • Hassani, P., Izadi-Avanji, F. S., Rakhshan, M., & Majd, H. A. (2017). A phenomenological study on resilience of the elderly suffering from chronic disease: a qualitative study. Psychology research and behavior management, 10, 59.
  • Huentelman, M. J., Piras, I. S., Siniard, A. L., De Both, M. D., Richholt, R. F., Balak, C. D., ... & Mesulam, M. (2018). Associations of MAP2K3 gene variants with superior memory in SuperAgers. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 10, 155.
  • IEG-World Bank Group (2019a). Approach Paper World Bank Support to Aging Countries. Retrieved from: http://ieg.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/Data/reports/ap_agingcountries.pdf, Access date: 21.02.2020. IEG-World Bank Group (2019b). Population ages 65 and above (% of total population).
  • https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.65UP.TO.ZS?end=2018&most_recent_value_desc=false&start=2016 Iecovich, E., & Lankri, M. (2002). Attitudes of elderly persons towards receiving financial support from adult children. Journal of Aging Studies, 16(2), 121-133.
  • Jensen, J., Counte, M. A., & Glandon, G. L. (1992). Elderly health beliefs, attitudes, and maintenance. Preventive Medicine, 21(4), 483-497.
  • Kaplan, A., & Rogalski, E. (2013). SuperAgers: insights into the brains of 80+-year-old memory superstars. Psychiatric Times, 30(6), 3-3.
  • Kim, S. Y., Oh, C. O., & Moon, K. J. (2017). The Mediating Effect of the Satisfaction with Life in the Influence of the Perception of Physical Environment Characteristics on the Settlement Consciousness of the Elderly. Journal of the Korean housing association, 28(3), 35-43.
  • Koohsari, M. J., Nakaya, T., & Oka, K. (2018). Activity-Friendly Built Environments in a Super-Aged Society, Japan: Current Challenges and toward a Research Agenda. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(9), 2054. doi:10.3390/ijerph15092054.
  • Kuzuya, M. (2012). Process of physical disability among older adults―contribution of frailty in the super-aged society. Nagoya journal of medical science, 74(1-2), 31.
  • Li, C., Jiang, S., Li, N., & Zhang, Q. (2018). Influence of social participation on life satisfaction and depression among Chinese elderly: Social support as a mediator. Journal of community psychology, 46(3), 345-355.
  • Maxwell, J. A. (1996). Applied social research methods series, Vol. 41. Qualitative research design: An interactive approach.Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Michael, Y. L., Green, M. K., & Farquhar, S. A. (2006). Neighborhood design and active aging. Health & place, 12(4), 734-740.
  • Muramatsu, N., & Akiyama, H. (2011). Japan: super-aging society preparing for the future. The Gerontologist, 51(4), 425-432.
  • Nakamura, K. (2009). Locomotive syndrome: disability-free life expectancy and locomotive organ health in a “super-aged” society, J Orthop Sci., 14(1):1-2. doi:10.1007/s00776-008-1302-y
  • Nemmers, T. M. (2005). The influence of ageism and ageist stereotypes on the elderly. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 22(4), 11-20.
  • Olawa, B. D., Adebayo, S. O., Mokuolu, B. O., Umeh, C. S., & Omolayo, B. O. (2020). Physical health burdens and emotional distress in later life: the mediating effects of self-rated health. Aging & mental health, 24(1), 15-21.
  • Özsungur, F. (2019). Women’s Successful Aging. Health Care for Women International. DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2019.1667994.
  • Özsungur, F. (2019). A Research on the Effects of Successful Aging on the Acceptance and Use of Technology of the Elderly. Assistive Technology, DOI: 10.1080/10400435.2019.1691085.
  • Park, S., Yang, M. J., Ha, S. N., & Lee, J. S. (2014). Effective Anti-aging Strategies in an Era of Super-aging. Journal of menopausal medicine, 20(3), 85–89. doi:10.6118/jmm.2014.20.3.85.
  • Perna, L., Mielck, A., Lacruz, M. E., Emeny, R. T., Holle, R., Breitfelder, A., & Ladwig, K. H. (2012). Socioeconomic position, resilience, and health behaviour among elderly people. International journal of public health, 57(2), 341-349.
  • Pin, S., & Spini, D. (2016). Impact of falling on social participation and social support trajectories in a middle-aged and elderly European sample. SSM-population health, 2, 382-389.
  • Randolph, J. J. (2018). Positive neuropsychology: The science and practice of promoting cognitive health. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 25(4), 287-294.
  • Siette, J., Georgiou, A., Brayne, C., & Westbrook, J. I. (2020). Social networks and cognitive function in older adults receiving home-and community-based aged care. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 104083.
  • Spradley, J. P. (1980). Participant Observation. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, Inc. Spreitzer, G.M. (1995).
  • Psychological empowerment in the workplace: dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38 (5), 1442-1465.
  • Suzuki, T. (2018). Health status of older adults living in the community in Japan: Recent changes and significance in the super‐aged society. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 18(5), 667-677.
  • Tajima, T., Saito, Y., Kato, R., Kibayashi, Y., Miyachi, M., Lee, I. M., & Oguma, Y. (2018). Awareness of physical activity promotion, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in elderly Japanese. The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine, 7(2), 113-119.
  • The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) (2018). Longevity Economics Leveraging the Advantages of an Aging Society, https://www.geron.org/images/gsa/documents/gsa-longevity-economics-2018.pdf
  • Tomioka, K., Kurumatani, N., & Hosoi, H. (2017). Positive and negative influences of social participation on physical and mental health among community-dwelling elderly aged 65–70 years: a cross-sectional study in Japan. BMC geriatrics, 17(1), 111.
  • United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (UN) (2019). World Population Ageing 2019: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/430).
  • Yoshioka‐Maeda, K. (2020). The ‘8050 issue’of social withdrawal and poverty in Japan’s super‐aged society. Journal of Advanced Nursing.
  • Zhou, S., Lithfous, S., Després, O., Pebayle, T., Bi, X., & Dufour, A. (2020). Involvement of Frontal Functions in Pain Tolerance in Aging: Evidence From Neuropsychological Assessments and Gamma-Band Oscillations. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 12, 131.

Super Aging

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 37 - 43, 16.12.2020

Öz

Objectives: It was aimed to investigate “super-aging" and its dimensions, which reveal the success of elderly people regarding their lives aged 65 years and older in this study. Methods: This study was conducted in October 2019 with 78 participants (38 females, 40 males; selected from 210 individuals; ages ranging between 80 to 93). Results: It was determined that super-aging is a six-dimensional psychological, social, health-related individual strategy. The findings revealed that individuals who adopt a super-aging approach strengthen their perceptions of aging in terms of psychological, social, and health to survive. Conclusions: It was revealed that super-aging consists of flexibility, psychological resilience, social participation, consciousness, belief, health dimensions and is an aging approach aiming to minimize the psychological effects of aging by controlling its biological and physical effects.

Kaynakça

  • Armstrong, K. (2020). How Age Magnifies Experience: Deconstructing Cross-Cultural Differences in Aging. APS Observer, 33(4).
  • Azeem, F., & Naz, M. A. (2015). Resilience, death anxiety, and depression among institutionalized and noninstitutionalized elderly. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 30(1).
  • Barber, B. V., Weeks, L. E., Spassiani, N. A., & Meisner, B. A. (2020). Experiences of health and aging for younger adults in long-term care: a social-ecological multi-method approach. Disability & Society, 1-20.
  • Bhandari, P., & Paswan, B. (2020). Lifestyle Behaviours and Mental Health Outcomes of Elderly: Modification of Socio-Economic and Physical Health Effects. Ageing International, 1-35.
  • Chanda, S., & Mishra, R. (2019). Impact of transition in work status and social participation on cognitive performance among elderly in India. BMC geriatrics, 19(1), 251.
  • Collins, E. M. (2018). Super Ager: You Can Look Younger, Have More Energy, a Better Memory, and Live a Long and Healthy Life. Mango Media Inc.
  • da Silva, J. A. T., Al-Khatib, A., & Tsigaris, P. (2020). Spam emails in academia: issues and costs. Scientometrics, 122(2), 1171-1188.
  • Desa, U. (2015). World population prospects: The 2015 revision, key findings and advance tables. Working Paper No.
  • Drolet, A., & Yoon, C. (2020). The Aging Consumer: Perspectives from Psychology and Marketing. Routledge.
  • Elenbaas, D. J., Krishnan, R., Weyl, S., & Nudd, G. (2020). U.S. Patent No. 10,540,616. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  • Falkenhain, M., & Handal, P. J. (2003). Religion, death attitudes, and belief in afterlife in the elderly: Untangling the relationships. Journal of Religion and Health, 42(1), 67-76.
  • Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (2008). Active aging: The contribution of psychology. Hogrefe Publishing.
  • Fernández-Ballesteros, R., Robine, J. M., Walker, A., & Kalache, A. (2013). Active aging: a global goal. Current gerontology and geriatrics research, 2013.
  • Foster, L., & Walker, A. (2015). Active and successful aging: A European policy perspective. The Gerontologist, 55(1), 83-90.
  • Foster, J. R. (1997). Successful coping, adaptation and resilience in the elderly: An interpretation of epidemiologic data. Psychiatric Quarterly, 68(3), 189-219.
  • Gall, M. D., Borg, W. R., & Gall, J. P. (1996). Educational research: An introduction. Longman Publishing.
  • Gefen, T., Shaw, E., Whitney, K., Martersteck, A., Stratton, J., Rademaker, A., ... & Rogalski, E. (2014). Longitudinal neuropsychological performance of cognitive SuperAgers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62(8), 1598.
  • Gerring, J. (2004). What is a case study and what is it good for?. American political science review, 98(2), 341-354.
  • Hassani, P., Izadi-Avanji, F. S., Rakhshan, M., & Majd, H. A. (2017). A phenomenological study on resilience of the elderly suffering from chronic disease: a qualitative study. Psychology research and behavior management, 10, 59.
  • Huentelman, M. J., Piras, I. S., Siniard, A. L., De Both, M. D., Richholt, R. F., Balak, C. D., ... & Mesulam, M. (2018). Associations of MAP2K3 gene variants with superior memory in SuperAgers. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 10, 155.
  • IEG-World Bank Group (2019a). Approach Paper World Bank Support to Aging Countries. Retrieved from: http://ieg.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/Data/reports/ap_agingcountries.pdf, Access date: 21.02.2020. IEG-World Bank Group (2019b). Population ages 65 and above (% of total population).
  • https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.65UP.TO.ZS?end=2018&most_recent_value_desc=false&start=2016 Iecovich, E., & Lankri, M. (2002). Attitudes of elderly persons towards receiving financial support from adult children. Journal of Aging Studies, 16(2), 121-133.
  • Jensen, J., Counte, M. A., & Glandon, G. L. (1992). Elderly health beliefs, attitudes, and maintenance. Preventive Medicine, 21(4), 483-497.
  • Kaplan, A., & Rogalski, E. (2013). SuperAgers: insights into the brains of 80+-year-old memory superstars. Psychiatric Times, 30(6), 3-3.
  • Kim, S. Y., Oh, C. O., & Moon, K. J. (2017). The Mediating Effect of the Satisfaction with Life in the Influence of the Perception of Physical Environment Characteristics on the Settlement Consciousness of the Elderly. Journal of the Korean housing association, 28(3), 35-43.
  • Koohsari, M. J., Nakaya, T., & Oka, K. (2018). Activity-Friendly Built Environments in a Super-Aged Society, Japan: Current Challenges and toward a Research Agenda. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(9), 2054. doi:10.3390/ijerph15092054.
  • Kuzuya, M. (2012). Process of physical disability among older adults―contribution of frailty in the super-aged society. Nagoya journal of medical science, 74(1-2), 31.
  • Li, C., Jiang, S., Li, N., & Zhang, Q. (2018). Influence of social participation on life satisfaction and depression among Chinese elderly: Social support as a mediator. Journal of community psychology, 46(3), 345-355.
  • Maxwell, J. A. (1996). Applied social research methods series, Vol. 41. Qualitative research design: An interactive approach.Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Michael, Y. L., Green, M. K., & Farquhar, S. A. (2006). Neighborhood design and active aging. Health & place, 12(4), 734-740.
  • Muramatsu, N., & Akiyama, H. (2011). Japan: super-aging society preparing for the future. The Gerontologist, 51(4), 425-432.
  • Nakamura, K. (2009). Locomotive syndrome: disability-free life expectancy and locomotive organ health in a “super-aged” society, J Orthop Sci., 14(1):1-2. doi:10.1007/s00776-008-1302-y
  • Nemmers, T. M. (2005). The influence of ageism and ageist stereotypes on the elderly. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 22(4), 11-20.
  • Olawa, B. D., Adebayo, S. O., Mokuolu, B. O., Umeh, C. S., & Omolayo, B. O. (2020). Physical health burdens and emotional distress in later life: the mediating effects of self-rated health. Aging & mental health, 24(1), 15-21.
  • Özsungur, F. (2019). Women’s Successful Aging. Health Care for Women International. DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2019.1667994.
  • Özsungur, F. (2019). A Research on the Effects of Successful Aging on the Acceptance and Use of Technology of the Elderly. Assistive Technology, DOI: 10.1080/10400435.2019.1691085.
  • Park, S., Yang, M. J., Ha, S. N., & Lee, J. S. (2014). Effective Anti-aging Strategies in an Era of Super-aging. Journal of menopausal medicine, 20(3), 85–89. doi:10.6118/jmm.2014.20.3.85.
  • Perna, L., Mielck, A., Lacruz, M. E., Emeny, R. T., Holle, R., Breitfelder, A., & Ladwig, K. H. (2012). Socioeconomic position, resilience, and health behaviour among elderly people. International journal of public health, 57(2), 341-349.
  • Pin, S., & Spini, D. (2016). Impact of falling on social participation and social support trajectories in a middle-aged and elderly European sample. SSM-population health, 2, 382-389.
  • Randolph, J. J. (2018). Positive neuropsychology: The science and practice of promoting cognitive health. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 25(4), 287-294.
  • Siette, J., Georgiou, A., Brayne, C., & Westbrook, J. I. (2020). Social networks and cognitive function in older adults receiving home-and community-based aged care. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 104083.
  • Spradley, J. P. (1980). Participant Observation. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, Inc. Spreitzer, G.M. (1995).
  • Psychological empowerment in the workplace: dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38 (5), 1442-1465.
  • Suzuki, T. (2018). Health status of older adults living in the community in Japan: Recent changes and significance in the super‐aged society. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 18(5), 667-677.
  • Tajima, T., Saito, Y., Kato, R., Kibayashi, Y., Miyachi, M., Lee, I. M., & Oguma, Y. (2018). Awareness of physical activity promotion, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in elderly Japanese. The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine, 7(2), 113-119.
  • The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) (2018). Longevity Economics Leveraging the Advantages of an Aging Society, https://www.geron.org/images/gsa/documents/gsa-longevity-economics-2018.pdf
  • Tomioka, K., Kurumatani, N., & Hosoi, H. (2017). Positive and negative influences of social participation on physical and mental health among community-dwelling elderly aged 65–70 years: a cross-sectional study in Japan. BMC geriatrics, 17(1), 111.
  • United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (UN) (2019). World Population Ageing 2019: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/430).
  • Yoshioka‐Maeda, K. (2020). The ‘8050 issue’of social withdrawal and poverty in Japan’s super‐aged society. Journal of Advanced Nursing.
  • Zhou, S., Lithfous, S., Després, O., Pebayle, T., Bi, X., & Dufour, A. (2020). Involvement of Frontal Functions in Pain Tolerance in Aging: Evidence From Neuropsychological Assessments and Gamma-Band Oscillations. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 12, 131.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal, Sosyal Çalışma
Bölüm Orijinal Makaleler
Yazarlar

Fahri ÖZSUNGUR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Mersin Üniversitesi
0000-0001-6567-766X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 16 Aralık 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 14 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi 19 Kasım 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Özsungur, F. (2020). Super Aging . Türkiye Sosyal Hizmet Araştırmaları Dergisi , 4 (3) , 37-43 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tushad/issue/58091/794577