Year 2019, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 179 - 188 2019-10-01

BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS

Mehmet Baran [1]

18 27

 

A practical, economic and effective as well as occupant friendly seismic strengthening technique had been developed for reinforced concrete (RC) framed buildings lacking sufficient lateral stiffness. In this technique, high strength concrete panels are bonded onto the existing plastered hollow brick infill walls using a thin lyer of epoxy mortar in order that infill walls are converted into lateral load resisting shear walls resulting from the composite action of infill wall with the panels bonded onto it. By this way, the building gains sufficient lateral stiffness. To analyze the behavior of RC frames strengthened by the aforementioned technique, results of eight one-third scale, one-bay, one or two storey deficient RC frames tested under reverse-cyclic lateral loading until failure are given in detail. Three different types of panels were used to strengthen the frames. Test results showed that the proposed strengthening technique considerably increased the lateral load capacities as well as the initial stiffness and energy dissipation capacities of the strengthened specimens, for both types of frames. Additionally, present study focuses on the comparison results of one-storey specimens with those of equivalent two-storey specimens to well-understand the behavior of such strengthened frames under lateral load, and infill walls under compressive and shear forces as well as tensile forces.


Epoxy mortar; High strength concrete panel; Reverse-cyclic lateral loading; Seismic Strengthening; Shear Force.
  • Baran, M. (2005). Precast concrete panel reinforced infill walls for seismic strengthening of reinforced concrete framed structures. PhD Thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Baran, M., Canbay, E. and Tankut, T. (2010). “Seismic strengthening with precast concrete panels-theoretical approach.” UCTEA, Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers, Technical Journal., Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 4959 – 4978.
  • Baran, M., Duvarcı, M., Tankut, T., Ersoy, U. and Özcebe, G. (2003). “Occupant friendly seismic retrofit (ofr) of rc framed buildings.” Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings, Nato Science Series, IV. Earth and Environmental Series, Vol. 29, pp. 433-456.
  • Baran, M., Okuyucu, D., Susoy, M. and Tankut, T. (2011). “Seismic strengthening of R/C frames by precast concrete panels.” Magazine of Concrete Research, Vol. 63, No. 5, pp. 321-332.
  • Baran, M., Susoy, M. and Tankut, T. (2011). “Strengthening of deficient RC frames with high strength concrete panels : an experimental study.” Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 177-196.
  • Baran, M. and Tankut, T. (2011). “Experimental study on seismic strengthening of RC frames by precast concrete panels” ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 108, No. 2, pp. 227-237.
  • Frosch, R.J., (1996). Seismic rehabilitation using precast infill walls. PhD Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
  • Frosch, R..J., (1999). “Panel Connections for Precast Concrete Infill Walls.” ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 467-474.
  • Frosch, R.J., Li, W., Jirsa, J.O. and Kreger, M.E. (1996). “Retrofit of non-ductile moment-resisting frames using precast infill wall panels.” Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 741-760.
  • Frosch, R.J., Li, W., Kreger, M.E. and Jirsa, J.O. (1996). “Seismic strengthening of a nonductile rc frame using precast infill panels.” Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Acapulco, Mexico.
  • Han, T. S., Feenstra, P. H. and Billington, S. L. (2003). “Simulation of highly ductile fiber-reinforced cement-based composite components under cyclic loading.” ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 100, No. 6, pp. 749-757.
  • Hanson, R.D. (1980). “Repair and strengthening of buildings.” Proceedings of the 7th WCEE, İstanbul, Turkey, Vol. 9, pp.71-74.
  • Isao, M., Hiroshi, T. and Ryoji, H.A. (1999). “A Seismic Strengthening Method for Existing R/C Buildings by Shear Walls Installed Precast Concrete Panel.” Japan Science and Technology Agency, Concrete Journal, Vol. 37, No. 11, pp. 20-26.
  • Kahn, L.F., Hanson, R.D. (1979). “infilled walls for earthquake strengthening.” Proc. of the ASCE, Vol. 105 (ST2), pp. 283-296.
  • Kaldjian, M.J. and Yuzugullu, O. (1983). “Efficiency of bolt connected shear panels to strengthen building structures.” The First International Conference on Concrete Technology for Developing Countries, Yarmouk University, 16-19 Oct., Irbid, Jordan.
  • Kanda, T., Watanabe, W., Li, V. C. (1998). “Application of pseudo strain hardening cementitious composites to shear resistant structural elements.” Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures. Proceedings of FRAMCOS-3, Freiburg, Germany, pp. 1477-1490.
  • Kesner, K., E. (2003). Development of seismic strengthening and retrofit strategies for critical facilities using engineered cementitious composite materials. PhD Dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
  • Kesner, K. E., Billington, S. L. and Douglas, K., S. (2003). “Cyclic response of highly ductile fiber-reinforced cement-based composites.” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 100, No. 5, pp. 381-390.
  • Kesner, K. and Billington, S.L. (2005). “Investigation of infill panels made from engineered cementitious composites for seismic strengthening and retrofit.” ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 11, pp. 712-1720.
  • Kesner, K. E. and Billington, S. L. (2001). “Investigation of ductile cementbased composites for seismic strengthening and retrofit.” Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures, de Borst et al (eds), Swats & Zaltlinger, Lisse, pp. 65-72.
  • Li, W. (1997). Experimental evaluation and computer simulation of post tensioned precast infill wall system. PhD Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
  • Matsumoto, T. (1998). “Structural Performance of SRC Multi-storey Shear Walls with Infilled Precast Concrete Panels.” Japan Concrete Institute, Tokyo.
  • Nakashima, M., (1995). “Strain hardening behavior of shear panels made of low-yield steel, I: test.” Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 121, No. 12, pp. 1742-1749.
  • Phan, T.L., Cheok, S.G. and Todd, R.D. (1995). “Strengthening methodology for lightly reinforced concrete specimens.” Recommended Guidelines for Strengthening With Infill Walls. Building and Fire Research Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg.Roberts, T. M. (1995). “Seismic resistance of steel plate shear walls.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 344-351.
  • Sevil, T., Baran, M. and Canbay, E. (2010). “Tuğla dolgu duvarlarin B/A çerçeveli yapilarin davranişina etkilerinin incelenmesi; deneysel ve kuramsal çalişmalar.” International Journal of Research and Development (IJERAD), Vol. 2, No.2 pp. 35-42.
  • Susoy, M. (2004). Seismic strengthening of masonry infilled R/C frames with precast concrete panel infills. MSc. Thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Tankut, T., Ersoy, U., Özcebe, G., Baran, M. and Okuyucu, D. (2005). “In service seismic strengthening of RC framed structures.” Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. International Closing Workshop, NATO Project SfP 977231, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Yuzugullu, O. (1979). “Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Frames Damaged by Earthquake Using Precast Panel Elements.” Turkish Scientific and Technical Council, Project No. MAG-494 (in Turkish), Ankara, Turkey.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6674-7308
Author: Mehmet Baran (Primary Author)
Institution: ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: October 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tuje555268, journal = {Turkish Journal of Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1366}, address = {Murat YAKAR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {179 - 188}, doi = {10.31127/tuje.555268}, title = {BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS}, key = {cite}, author = {Baran, Mehmet} }
APA Baran, M . (2019). BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS. Turkish Journal of Engineering, 3 (4), 179-188. DOI: 10.31127/tuje.555268
MLA Baran, M . "BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS". Turkish Journal of Engineering 3 (2019): 179-188 <http://dergipark.org.tr/tuje/issue/47586/555268>
Chicago Baran, M . "BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS". Turkish Journal of Engineering 3 (2019): 179-188
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS AU - Mehmet Baran Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31127/tuje.555268 DO - 10.31127/tuje.555268 T2 - Turkish Journal of Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 179 EP - 188 VL - 3 IS - 4 SN - -2587-1366 M3 - doi: 10.31127/tuje.555268 UR - https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.555268 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Engineering BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS %A Mehmet Baran %T BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Engineering %P -2587-1366 %V 3 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31127/tuje.555268 %U 10.31127/tuje.555268
ISNAD Baran, Mehmet . "BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS". Turkish Journal of Engineering 3 / 4 (October 2019): 179-188. https://doi.org/10.31127/tuje.555268
AMA Baran M . BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS. TUJE. 2019; 3(4): 179-188.
Vancouver Baran M . BEHAVIOR OF R/C FRAMES WITH CONCRETE PLATE BONDED INFILLS. Turkish Journal of Engineering. 2019; 3(4): 188-179.