Author Guidelines

Click here for Sample Article Format- Template

Authors must format their articles according to rules given below before submission.  Documents to be sent to the journal will first be examined in terms of the subject and later on the spelling rules and if they are not fit for the criteria, it may lead to return of the article or prolongation of the article. Beside journal’s scope, It is highly important to follow the rules given in detail below.


Articles should be in A4 format with 3cm from left, upper and lower edges; 2,5 cm from right edge. Papers should be submitted in Microsoft Word format.


Articles should be between 6000 and 12.000 words in length. This includes all text including headlines, abstracts, tables, figures, references and appendices.


Author’s details should be placed in the first page (Article Title Page) of the article. It is highly important to exclude any author’s details in other pages of the article. In article title page (first page) Turkish and English titles of the article (14 font size in upper case) should be placed and each authors’ names and information should be given right below the titles. Author’s information must include titles, names and surnames, institutions, e-mails and Orcid IDs  (for Orcid ID, please visit (Author’s information should be in 12-point type (bold) and centered). At the end of this page, corresponding author’s phone number should be added. Please, visit Sample Article Page/Template for further information.


Articles to be submitted to Journal of Tour Guiding should supply both Structured Abstract in Turkish and Structured Abstract in English. The minimum number of keywords is 3 and maximum is 6. Abstracts must be structured according to the rules given below. (* marked parts show the mandatory parts in structured abstracts).

*Aim and Importance of the Study (Mandatory): In this part, authors should indicate aim and importance of the study in brief. It is important not to excess 200 word for this part.

*Methodology (Mandatory): The method used in the study (e.g. population, sample, data collection, data analysis methods) must be clearly indicated. It is important not to excess 200 word for this part.

* Findings (Mandatory): Findings of the study must be included in short in this part. It is important not to excess 300 word for this part.

*Originality/ Value (Mandatory): What are the “unique characteristics/differences” of the study? Evaluations of authors in accordance with findings of study and scientific contributions of the study should be detailed in this part. It is important not to excess 200 word for this part.

Limitations of the Study (if applicable): Limitations of the study must be indicated in this part. (Maximum 200 words).

Implications (if applicable): Authors recommendations related to the practical implications of the study must be indicated in this part. (Maximum 200 words).

Keywords (Mandatory): It is necessary to add minimum 3, maximum 6 keywords in abstracts.


Turkish and English title of the manuscript must be placed in both article title page (first page) and in the second page (which is the first page of the main article dossier apart from article title page) structured in 12-point type in bold format and only the first letters must be capsize of each word and centered. Just below the titles, authors must add structured abstracts both in Turkish and English respectively. Turkish title; must be placed above Turkish structured abstract and English title should be placed above English structured abstract.

Subject headings must be in Times New Roman, 12-point type in bold format, left justified, before 6pt after 6pt and 1.5-line space. Please, do not use indents for headings, they should be left justified.

All headings except abstract, introduction and references should be numbered (e.g. Introduction, 1. Tour Guide Education in the World 2. Tour Guide Education in Turkey, 3. Methodology, 4. Findings, 5. Results, Discussion and Recommendation, References..).

1st Level Headings, Times New Roman, 12-point type, bold, left justified, only the first letter of each word is capsized; no indents.

2nd Level Headings, Times New Roman, 12-point type, bold, left justified and numbered as 1.1, 1.2. Only the first letters of each word is capsized; no indents.

3rd Level Headings should be numbered, Times New Roman, 12-point type, bold, left justified and italic ( 1.1.1. ; 1.2.1. etc.). Only the first letter of each word is capsized; no indents.

Note: Headings used in structured abstracts should be left justified, 12-point type, bold and only the first letter of each word should be capsized.


Authors should use Times New Roman, 12-point type, 1.5-line space in main text. Except paragraphs, authors should not use “enter”. For spacing, all lines must be before 6pt, after 6pt. Indents must be arranged for 1 cm and all text must be justified.


Table headings must be placed above the table in Times New Roman, 11-point size (only table number should be bold); the first letters are capsized (e.g. Table 1: Tourism Revenues) and centered. Source should be indicated below the table and centered (e.g. Source: Pelit, 2005: 25), Times New Roman, 10-point size. If necessary, tables can be used in landscape page orientation.


Figures and pictures headings should be in Times New Roman, 11-pint size (only the figure/picture heading and number is bold; only the first letters are capsized (e.g. Figure 1: A Visual for Tourism) and centered. Source must be indicated as centered below the figure/ picture (e.g. Source: Pelit, 2005:25), Times New Roman, 10-point size.  If necessary, figures and pictures can be used in landscape page orientation. please ensure they are .tif, .jpeg, or .bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.

Note: It is not necessary to submit figures and tables as a separate file. Authors submit the main text as a whole.  Tables and Figures should be placed their right order in the text with taking the spelling rules into consideration.


References to other publications must be in APA style and must be indicated in parenthesis in text. Citations in the text should be the same as indicated below. It is not necessary to use page numbers in citations in main text. However, details must be indicated in references section.

For One Author:

e.g. (Spreitzer, 1996);  (Pelit, 2015)

For more studies citied: (Spreitzer, 1996; Pelit, 2015)

For Two Authors:

e.g.  For Foreign Studies; (Porath and Pearson, 2009)

             For Turkish Studies; (Ural ve Kılıç, 2014)

For Three Authors:

e.g. For Foreign Studies (James, Smith and Adams, 2008)

 For Turkish Studies; (Ural, Pelit ve Kılıç, 2015)

For More Than Three Authors:

After family name of first author in Turkish studies you should use ve diğerleri (vd.), in foreign languages you should use et al.

e.g. For foreign studies; (Smith, et al., 2010)

Turkish studies; (Tolay vd., 2012)    

For Anonymous Sources such as Institution Reports, Journal Articles or Web Sites:

e.g. Tourism revenues will rise in 2018 (KTB, 2017).

Tourism data obtained this year gives a clue that next year the tourist will experience a decrease in the amount of spending per capita (Tourism news, 2016).

         Household population survey contains data revealing that a high amount of population has migrated to cities (TUİK, 2017).

Examining the latest development plans,   It will be clearly understood that tourism sector has been given more space and importance recently (DPT, 2017).

Note: Details and URL (Web addresses) of citied references should clearly be indicated in references section.


For Books: Surname, Initials. (year). Title of Book, (Ed. no). Place of publication: Publisher

 For One Author:

e.g. Zengin, B. (2006). Turizm Coğrafyası (2. Baskı). Sakarya: Değişim Yayınları.

For Two Authors:

e.g. Altunışık, R. ve İslamoğlu, H. (2008). Tüketici Davranışları (1. Baskı). İstanbul: Beta Basım Yayım.

For Three or More Auhors:

e.g. Tengilimoğlu, D., Akbolat, M. ve Işık, O. (2015). Sağlık İşletmeleri Yönetimi. İstanbul: Nobel Yayıncılık.

For Editorial Books:

e.g. Özbek, M. (Ed.) (2005). Kamusal Alan. İstanbul: Hil Yayınları.

For Book Chapters:

Surname, Initials. (year). "Chapter title", In: Title of Book (Editor's Initial and Surname), Chapter pages, Publisher, Place of publication: Publisher.

e.g. Baytok, A. (2015). “Turizm İşletmelerinde İnsan Kaynakları Yönetiminde Destek İşlevler”, İçinde: Turizm İşletmelerinde İnsan Kaynakları Yönetimi, (Ed: E. Pelit). ss.28-46, Ankara: Grafiker Yayınları.

Boyraz, M. (2015). “Human Resource Management in Tourism”, In: Recruitment Management, (Ed: E. Pelit). pp.28-46, NewYork: ALC Publication.

For Journals

For One Author:

Surname, Initials. (year). "Title of article", Journal Name, volume(issue), pages.  

e.g.: Akbolat, M. (2009). “Türk Sağlık Sektöründe Miles ve Snow’un Stratejik  Tipolojisi: Hastaneler Üzerine Bir Araştırma”. Gazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 11(3), 127-146.

Zapf, D. (1999). “Organizational, Work, Group Related and Personel Causes of Mobbing / Bullying at Work”. International Journal Manpower, 20(1/2), 70- 85.

For Two authors:

Örnek: Gürbüz Mert İ.S. (2009). “Örgütsel Adalet Ölçeğinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Uygulaması: Kamuda Görgül Bir Çalışma”.  Amme İdaresi Dergisi,42(3):117-139.

Rayner C. and Hoel, H. (1997). “A Summary Review of Literature Relating to Workplace Bullying”. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 7(3), 181-191.

For Three or More Authors:

e.g. Tolay, E., Sürgevil, O. ve Topoyan, M. (2012). “Akademik Çalışma Ortamında Yapısal ve Psikolojik Güçlendirmenin Duygusal Bağlılık ve İş Doyumu Üzerindeki Etkileri”.  Ege Akademik Bakış, 12(4), 449-465.

Pugh, S. D., Skarlicki, P. D. and Passell, S. B. (2003). “After The Fall: Layoff Victims Trust and Cynicism in Re-employment”. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76(2), 201-212.

For DOI Code Articles:

Articles with DOI codes must be indicated with the codes in references section.

 e.g. Paivio, A. (1975). “Perceptual Comparisons through the Mind's Eye”. Memory & Cognition, 3(6), 635-647. Doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225.


Gürbüz Mert İ.S. (2009). “Örgütsel Adalet Ölçeğinin Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Uygulaması: Kamuda Görgül Bir Çalışma”.  Amme İdaresi Dergisi, 42(3), 117-139. Doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.328.

For Published Conference Proceedings:

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007). "Connecting Destinations with an Ontology-Based E-Tourism Planner", in Information and Communication Technologies at Tourism Proceedings of the International Conference, pp. 12-32, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, 2007.

Yarmacı, N. ve Pelit, E. (2017). “The Impact of Personality Traits on Career Barriers: A Research on Vocational Students”, in Innovation and Global Issues in Social Sciences, pp. 386-394, Antalya, Turkey, 2017.

For Encyclopedia Entries (with No Author or Editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year) "Title of entry", volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Place of publication: Publisher, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926). "Psychology of Culture Contact", Vol. 1, (13th edition). London and New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, pp. 765-71.

For Dissertations:

e.g. Balta, Y. (2015). “Kurumsal İletişimde Marka Yönetimi Ve Hizmetkâr Markalar”. Yayınlanmış/Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans/Doktora Tezi, İstanbul:  Beykent Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.

For internet sources:

e.g.  Ankara Anlaşması (1963). “Türkiye ile Avrupa Ekonomik Topluluğu Arasında Bir Ortaklık Yaratan Anlaşma, 12 Eylül 1963”. (Erişim Tarihi: 02.05.2015).

O’Hagan, A. J. (2002). Bully Buster, Sdney Morning Herald, http://www.qldshows. (Erişim Tarihi: 20.01.2012).

Castle, B. (2005). "Introduction to Web Services for Remote Portlets". (Accessed: 12 November 2007).

For Newspaper Articles:

For Authored: Surname, Initials. (year), "Article title", Newspaper, Date, Pages.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008). "Money for Old Rope", Daily News, 21 January, pp.3-5.

 For Non-authored: 

e.g. Daily News (2008). "Small Change". 2 February, p.7.

For Online Newspaper Articles:

 e.g. Becker, E. (2001, August 27).  “Prairie Farmers Reap Conservation's Rewards”. The New York Times,, (accessed 01.05.2015).

For Technical and Research Reports:

e.g.: Hershey Foods Corporation. (2001, March 15). 2001 Annual Report,         , (accessed 26.06.2015).

For references not mentioned above, APA style ( is recommended.

It is recommended that submitted manuscripts should include the headings indicated below in order in general

First Page: (Article Title Page): Author(s) information, (Title, Name and Family Name, University Address, Department, Country, E-mail etc.). This information also must be uploaded separately to the “add author” section through journal system.

From Other Pages:

Article Title (Turkish)

Structured Abstract (Turkish)

Keywords (Turkish)

Article Title (English)

Structured Abstract (English)

Keywords (English)


1. 1st Main Heading

1.1. First Main Heading’s subheading

1.1.1. First Main Heading’s Subheadings Subheading

2. Second Main Heading

2.1. Second Main Heading’s Subheading

2.1.1. Second Main Heading’s Subheading’s Subheading

3. Aim and Importance of Research /Hypothesis

4. Methodology

5. Findings

6. Results, Discussion and Recommendations



Please format your manuscripts using Sample Article Template