Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 12 - 17 2019-04-30

Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries
OECD Ülkeleri Yükseköğretiminde Uluslararasılaşma, Hareketlilik ve İngilizceleşme

Tuğba Elif Toprak [1]

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Although the European Union policies explicitly support the notion of multilingualism, the impact of increasing internationalization on the linguistic landscape of the European higher education system has been dramatic. In the post-Bologna period, the desire of higher education institutions to attract a more skilled and diverse body of students seems to turn English into the medium of instruction of a significant number of higher education institutions based in the continent. Particularly, competitiveness in the academic market that leads to bottom-up and top-down pressures within universities to become more international may have caused many higher education institutions to directly associate internationalization with Englishization.  As this situation reinvigorates the status of English as the lingua franca, the present article investigates the links between internationalization, language policies, and Englishization through having a closer look at the OECD international student mobility data. The article also points to several practical and pedagogical considerations involved in implementing language policies in higher education. 

Avrupa Birliği politikalarının açık bir şekilde çokdillilik kavramını desteklemesine karşın, uluslararasılaşmanın Avrupa yükseköğretim sisteminin dil topoğrafyası üzerindeki etkisi gittikçe artmaktadır. Bologna sonrası süreçte yükseköğretim kurumlarının daha uluslararası ve yetkin öğrenci ve araştırmacıları bünyelerine çekme isteği, İngilizcenin Avrupa kıtasındaki çok önemli sayıda yükseköğretim kurumunda eğitim dili olmasına sebebiyet vermiştir. Özellikle, akademideki rekabetçiliğin yol açtığı baskılar pek çok yükseköğretim kurumunun uluslararasılaşma ile İngilizceleşme kavramı arasında doğrudan bir bağlantı kurmasına neden olmuştur.  Bu durum İngilizcenin dünya ölçeğinde ortak dil olarak pozisyonunu güçlendirmiştir. Bu makalede, uluslararasılaşma, dil politikaları ve İngilizceleşme hususları OECD uluslararası öğrenci hareketlilik verilerine dayanılarak eleştirel bir bakışla irdelenmektedir. Bunun yanı sıra, mevcut makalede, yükseköğretim kurumlarında uluslararasılaşmayı sağlamak amacıyla yabancı dil politikalarının uygulanması halinde dikkat edilmesi gereken çeşitli pratik ve pedagojik hususlar ele alınmıştır.  

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Original Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0341-229X
Author: Tuğba Elif Toprak (Primary Author)
Institution: IZMIR BAKIRCAY UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: April 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { uad490903, journal = {Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2636-7459}, address = {Durmuş GÜNAY}, year = {2019}, volume = {2}, pages = {12 - 17}, doi = {10.32329/uad.490903}, title = {Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries}, key = {cite}, author = {Toprak, Tuğba Elif} }
APA Toprak, T . (2019). Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries. Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2 (1), 12-17. DOI: 10.32329/uad.490903
MLA Toprak, T . "Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries". Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (2019): 12-17 <http://dergipark.org.tr/uad/issue/44899/490903>
Chicago Toprak, T . "Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries". Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (2019): 12-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries AU - Tuğba Elif Toprak Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.32329/uad.490903 DO - 10.32329/uad.490903 T2 - Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 12 EP - 17 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2636-7459 M3 - doi: 10.32329/uad.490903 UR - https://doi.org/10.32329/uad.490903 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of University Research Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries %A Tuğba Elif Toprak %T Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries %D 2019 %J Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2636-7459 %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.32329/uad.490903 %U 10.32329/uad.490903
ISNAD Toprak, Tuğba Elif . "Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries". Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 / 1 (April 2019): 12-17. https://doi.org/10.32329/uad.490903
AMA Toprak T . Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries. Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 2(1): 12-17.
Vancouver Toprak T . Internationalization, Mobility and Englishization in Higher Education Across OECD Countries. Üniversite Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 2(1): 17-12.