Instructions for Authors

Instructions for Authors


Peer Review Process

Once your paper has been assessed for suitability by the editor, it will then be peer-reviewed by independent, two or three expert referees. Publication decision for submitted manuscripts is based on peer review process. But the Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. This journal makes articles available online as soon as possible after acceptance. Authors are responsible for their articles’ conformity to scientific and legal rules.

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, an academic thesis, or poster presentation), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. However, this situation should be noted as a footnote by the author(s) on the title page.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a “Journal Publishing Agreement”. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form. The author(s) will not be paid any copyright.

New Submissions

Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. Manuscripts should be prepared by Word “doc, docx” format.  

Manuscript Preparation

There are no strict formatting requirements but manuscripts should contain the main sections like introduction, methods, results, conclusion, and discussion. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention in the text and in each table and figüre. The personal and institutional acknowledgments are placed at the end of the article, before the references.

Your paper should be written by 11 font size of Times New Roman,  double-line spaced and aligned to the left throughout with margins of 2.5 cm. The page numbers should be placed in the upper right corner of each page. At the beginning of a paragraph, there should be no indentation. No spaces should be left before and after paragraphs.

The headings and subheadings should be appeared in 11 and 10 font size, respectively. They should be bold and left justified (unindented), and also numbered as 1. 1.1., 1.1.1., 1.1.2., The headings should be capitalized and subheadings should appear in lower case (initial word capitalized). The headings should be partitioned no more than 4 levels. There should be one blank line before the subheadings; no blank line should be given after the subheadings.

Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, as Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, and tables and figures should be placed where they are most appropriate in the text. The titles of the tables should be placed at the heading of the table. The titles of the figures should be placed under the figure. The title of tables and figures should be in 11 font size. References belonging to table or figure should be placed under them with 9 font size. The figures and tables with their names should be centered in the text. First letters of the titles of the tables or figures should be capital. In the tables and figures, the font size may be 8-10. Figures and tables should be separated from the text by a one-line interval.

Example for Table and Figure Titles:

Table 1. Literature Review on Performance Measurement Methods at Seaports

Figure 1. Conceptual Model of the Study


Abstract and Keywords

The manuscript should contain the Turkish and English abstract of no more than 200 words. First letter of the abstract should be in capital case (Abstract) as bold in 9 font size. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract. The authors should list three to five keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should be written in lower case with semicolons.

Title Page

The title page should include a concise and informative title (Turkish and English), the name(s) and complete affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the address for manuscript correspondence including e-mail address, telephone, and fax numbers. All authors are recommended to provide an open researcher and contributor ID (ORCID) ( Information about the identity of the name and organization should not be given on any page other than the title page. The Turkish and English title of the article should be written in capital letters, using font size 12 and bold and it should be set centered. Full names of the authors should be written under the main title and aligned to the left. First letter of the author(s) name and last name should be in capital case with 11 font size. The affiliations(s) and contact information of the author(s) should be written with font size 10 in the footnote.


In the text, bold words cannot be used. If you want to emphasize, you should be used italic and 9 font size.


Footnotes should only be used for explanation and numbered at the end of the page. The number should be used when adding footnotes.

Sorting Bullets

Sorting in the text should be preferred such as (•) bullets instead of (1, 2, 3) numbers.


Other elements such as survey form, data set, and statistical analysis etc. can be given in appendices part. If there is more than one additional material, they should be numbered for each addition. Appendices should be given at the end of the references.

Direct Citations

Direct quotations should be typed in quotation marks “ ” with 9 font size.


Citation Within The Text

Authors must follow common rules suggested by American Psychological Association (APA) when preparing manuscripts to be published in Journal of University Research. In citations with up to five authors, all author names should be given. A work by three to five authors should be cited with listing all the authors at first time. In subsequent citations only the first author’s name followed by “et al.”. In citations of the works by six or more authors, only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” should be used. Some examples are given below:

- If referring will be done at the end of the sentence, the name of the author and the publication year must be cited in parentheses.

 (Matthews, 2001)

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)

(Kernis et al., 1993)

- If referring will be done in the beginning and middle of the sentence, the name of the author and the publication year must be cited in parentheses.

Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports……….

Harris et al. (2001) argued………

- When it is required to cite more than one work at the same sentence, sources are specified within parenthesis by ordering author names alphabetically separated with semicolons.

 (Berndt, 2002; Harlow, 1983)

 (Miller, 1999; Shafranske & Mahoney, 1998; Smith et al., 2003)

- When direct citations are used, page numbers should be specified.

As Smith (2012, p. 67) points out “……….”

……… evaluation of children has been studied elsewhere (Matthews, 1979, pp. 34-35).

- When authors have the same last name, first initials should be used with the last names.

(E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998)

- Institutional source

Ministry of Health (2000) showed that tobacco consumption ..........

As stated in the Children's Education Guide (2008)……….

……….(Ministry of Family and Social Policy [MFSP], 2003, p. 5).

……….student number will increase (Ministry of National Education, 2012, p. 7).


Authors should follow instructions in the Publication Manual of the APA for the references. The list of references should be provided at the end of the article. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. All references should be written by 10 font size. Some examples are given below:

- Journal articles

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. 

  • Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

  • Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(1), 1034-1048.

  • Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

§  Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology, 17(2), 408-416.

§  Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161


- Book

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

  • Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


- Edited book

Author, A. A. (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. Name of Editor (Ed.). Location: Publisher.

  • Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

  • Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.


- Translated book

§  Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover.

- Article or chapter in an edited book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

  • O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.


- Electronic sources

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from


  • Murray, G. (2005). A duty of care to children and young people in Western Australia: Report on the quality assurance and review of unsubstantiated allegations of abuse in care: 1 April 2004 to 12 September 2005. Retrieved from Western Australia, Department of Child Protection website:

  • Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central. Retrieved from


- Conference proceeding

Author of  Paper, A., & Author of Paper, B. (Year, Month date). Title of paper. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor. Title of Published Proceedings. Paper presented at Title of Conference: Subtitle of Conference, Location (inclusive page numbers). Place of publication: Publisher.

Author of  Paper, A., & Author of Paper, B. (Year, Month date). Title of paper. Paper presented at Title of Conference: Subtitle of Conference, Location. doi:10.XXX/XXXXX.XX

Editor, A., & Editor, B. (Eds.). (Year). Title of conference: Subtitle of conference, Location, Date. Place of publication: Name of  Publisher.

  • Bickman, L., & Ellis, H. (Eds.). (1990). Preparing psychologists for the 21st century: Proceedings of the National Conference on Graduate Education in Psychology, University of Utah, 1988. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

  • Balakrishnan, R. (2006, 25-26 March). Why aren't we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. doi:10.1109/VR.2006.148

  • Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2004, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI.

  • Wilkinson, R. (1999). Sociology as a marketing feast. In M. Collis, L. Munro, & S. Russell (Eds.), Sociology for the New Millennium. Papers presented at The Australian Sociological Association, held at Monash University, Melbourne, 7-10 December (pp. 281-289). Churchill, Victoria: Celts.


- Newspaper article

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from


- Published dissertation

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number)

  • Biswas, S. (2008). A neuroprotective treatment target in Parkinson's disease. Retrieved from ProQuest Digital Dissertations. (W20XXXXXX).


- Unpublished dissertation

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.

  • Biswas, S. (2008). A neuroprotective treatment target in Parkinson's disease (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.


- Institution

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

- Data set

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2008). Indiana income limits [Data Files]. Retrieved from

- Powerpoint

Roberts, K. F. (1998). Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from