Year 2018, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 201 - 224 2018-12-31

Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design
Fizik Tanrı’yı Gereksiz mi Kıldı? Büyük Tasarım Kitabı Üzerinden Bir Değerlendirme

Mehmet Bulğen [1]

252 318

In this study, we will consider the claim, defended by world-renowned cosmologist Stephen Hawking and science writer Leonard Mlodinow in their book The Grand Design, that science is able to explain the universe as a whole and that therefore there is no need to appeal to a supernatural being in order to account for the coming into existence of the universe out of nothing and its fine-tuned order. In this regard, we will first analyze the extent to which M-theory is scientific. For M-theory is mainly mentioned by Hawking and Mlodinow as the theory that explains scientifically the generation of the universe out of nothing and why the universe is the way it is. In the second part, the conception of science that Hawking and Mlodinow adopt on the basis of the model dependent realism will be analyzed. Moreover, we will call attention to some problems that are rooted in the increased gap between theory and experiment in contemporary physics. In the last part of the article, we will analyze the subject matter from Islamic viewpoint in a theological manner, and hereby we will attempt to answer the question 'what is an ideal relationship between science and religion in Islamic thought'? The general aim of the article is to demonstrate that M-theory,which is believed to be able to explain the generation of the universe, does not possess the scientific criteria for testability and that the claim that "physics renders God unnecessary" has no value other than being a speculative statement.

Bu çalışmada ünlü kozmolog Stephen Hawking ile bilim yazarı Leonard Mlodinow’un Büyük Tasarım(The Grand Design) kitabında dile getirdikleri bilimin evreni tüm unsurları ile açıklayabildiği bu nedenle evrenin var oluşunu ve hassas düzenini açıklamak için doğa üstü bir varlığa ihtiyaç duymadığı iddiası değerlendirilecektir. Bu bağlamda ilk olarak evrenin yoktan var oluşunu ve hali hazırdaki durumunu bilimsel açıklamasında temel aldıkları M-Kuramı’nın ne derece bilimsel olduğu incelenecektir. İkinci kısımda Hawking ve Mlodinow’un bilim anlayışının esas aldığı Modele Dayalı Gerçeklik anlayışı değerlendirilecektir. Ayrıca bu bölümde günümüz fiziğinde teori ve deney arasında oluşan açığın meydana getirdiği problemler üzerinde durulacaktır. Makalenin son kısmında ise konunun İslâm dini ekseninde teolojik bir değerlendirmesi yapılacak ve İslâm dini açısından ideal bir din bilim ilişkisinin nasıl olması gerektiği sorusu cevaplandırılmaya çalışılacaktır. Makalenin genel amacı ise evrenin yoktan var oluşunu açıklayabildiği iddia edilen M-Kuram’ının başta test edilebilirlik olmak üzere bilimsellik kriterlerini karşılamadığı, bu nedenle “Fizik Tanrı’yı Gereksiz Kıldı” iddiasının spekülatif bir iddia olmaktan öte bir değeri olmadığını ortaya koymaktır. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Religion
Published Date December
Journal Section Translation
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2372-471X
Author: Mehmet Bulğen (Primary Author)
Institution: MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İLAHİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Translators

Translator: Mehmet Bulğen

Dates

Application Date: October 14, 2018
Acceptance Date: December 28, 2018
Publication Date: December 31, 2018

Bibtex @translation { ulum470386, journal = {ULUM}, issn = {}, eissn = {2645-9132}, address = {Abdullah DEMİR}, year = {2018}, volume = {1}, pages = {201 - 224}, doi = {10.5281/zenodo.3354337}, title = {Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design}, key = {cite}, author = {Bulğen, Mehmet} }
APA Bulğen, M . (2018). Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design. ULUM, 1 (2), 201-224. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3354337
MLA Bulğen, M . "Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design". ULUM 1 (2018): 201-224 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ulum/issue/40152/470386>
Chicago Bulğen, M . "Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design". ULUM 1 (2018): 201-224
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design AU - Mehmet Bulğen Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3354337 DO - 10.5281/zenodo.3354337 T2 - ULUM JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 201 EP - 224 VL - 1 IS - 2 SN - -2645-9132 M3 - doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3354337 UR - https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3354337 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 ULUM Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design %A Mehmet Bulğen %T Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design %D 2018 %J ULUM %P -2645-9132 %V 1 %N 2 %R doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3354337 %U 10.5281/zenodo.3354337
ISNAD Bulğen, Mehmet . "Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design". ULUM 1 / 2 (December 2019): 201-224. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3354337
AMA Bulğen M . Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design. ULUM. 2018; 1(2): 201-224.
Vancouver Bulğen M . Did Physics [Cosmology] Render God Unnecessary? A Critical Assessment of The Grand Design. ULUM. 2018; 1(2): 224-201.