Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 33 - 39 2019-04-30

Inactive yeast metabolites in ruminant nutrition
Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri

Duygu Budak [1] , Aydan Yılmaz [2]

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The control of rumen fermentation and the sustainability of rumen-in conditions is very important in terms of the health of ruminants and the nature of the animal product. It is aimed to manipulate rumen microorganism numbers and activities, increase feed value of feed and improve fermentation efficiency by using inactive yeast metabolite. Inactive yeast metabolites used to prevent adverse effects of rumen fermentation and increase yield are biotechnological products with high nutritional value. In addition to being used safely in place of antibiotics, they have additional advantages such as being more effective in rumen than other yeast species and not being adversely affected by feed processing techniques. In addition to being natural and economical, they are important for their positive effects when used with low quality roughage in recent years. In this study; inactive yeast metabolites comparison with live yeasts and researches on their use in ruminant feeding, feed consumption, cellulose digestibility, the number of anaerobic and cellulolytic bacteria, rumen pH and volatile fatty acids composition can be changed in a positive way with the concentration of oxygen concentration of rumen liquid and lactate accumulation can be reduced. It was concluded that ammonia nitrogen could be more effective for microbial protein.

Rumen fermentasyonunun kontrolü ve rumen içi koşulların sürdürülebilirliği, ruminantların sağlığı ve bunlardan elde edilecek hayvansal ürünün niteliği bakımından oldukça önemlidir. İnaktif maya metaboliti kullanımıyla, rumen mikroorganizma sayı ve aktivitelerinde modifikasyon yapabilme, yemlerin besleme değerini artırma ve fermantasyon etkinliğini iyileştirmek suretiyle rumende manipülasyon amaçlanmaktadır. Rumen fermantasyonun olumsuz etkilerini önlemek ve verimi arttırmak amacıyla kullanılan inaktif maya metabolitleri, besin değeri yüksek prebiyotik etkili biyoteknolojik ürünlerdir. Antibiyotiklerin yerine güvenle kullanılabilmelerinin yanı sıra, diğer maya türlerine kıyasla rumende daha uzun süre etkili olabilmeleri ve yem işleme tekniklerinden olumsuz etkilenmemeleri gibi ekstra avantajlara da sahiptirler. Doğal ve ekonomik olmaları yanında son yıllarda düşük kaliteli kaba yemlerle kullanıldığındaki pozitif etkileri ile de dikkat çekmektedirler. Bu çalışmada; inaktif maya metabolitleri, canlı mayalarla karşılaştırılmaları ve ruminant beslemede kullanımları ile ilgili araştırmalar irdelenmiş, yem tüketimi, selüloz sindirilebilirliği, anaerobik ve selülolitik bakteri sayısı, rumen pH’sı ve uçucu yağ asitleri kompozisyonunun olumlu yönde değişebileceği, rumen sıvısı oksijen konsatrasyonu ile laktat birikiminin azaltılabileceği ve amonyak azotunun mikrobiyal proteine daha etkili dönüşebileceği sonucuna varılmıştır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Veterinary
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9327-3830
Author: Duygu Budak (Primary Author)
Institution: AKSARAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ VE HAYVAN BESLEME BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8322-8606
Author: Aydan Yılmaz
Institution: ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ BÖLÜMÜ, YEMLER VE HAYVAN BESLEME ANABİLİM DALI
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: April 30, 2019

Bibtex @review { vetbio494058, journal = {Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques}, issn = {}, eissn = {2548-1150}, address = {İlker ÇAMKERTEN}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {33 - 39}, doi = {10.31797/vetbio.494058}, title = {Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri}, key = {cite}, author = {Budak, Duygu and Yılmaz, Aydan} }
APA Budak, D , Yılmaz, A . (2019). Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri. Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques, 4 (1), 33-39. DOI: 10.31797/vetbio.494058
MLA Budak, D , Yılmaz, A . "Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri". Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques 4 (2019): 33-39 <http://dergipark.org.tr/vetbio/issue/44752/494058>
Chicago Budak, D , Yılmaz, A . "Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri". Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques 4 (2019): 33-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri AU - Duygu Budak , Aydan Yılmaz Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31797/vetbio.494058 DO - 10.31797/vetbio.494058 T2 - Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 33 EP - 39 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2548-1150 M3 - doi: 10.31797/vetbio.494058 UR - https://doi.org/10.31797/vetbio.494058 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri %A Duygu Budak , Aydan Yılmaz %T Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri %D 2019 %J Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques %P -2548-1150 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31797/vetbio.494058 %U 10.31797/vetbio.494058
ISNAD Budak, Duygu , Yılmaz, Aydan . "Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri". Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques 4 / 1 (April 2019): 33-39. https://doi.org/10.31797/vetbio.494058
AMA Budak D , Yılmaz A . Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri. J. Adv. VetBio Sci. Tech.. 2019; 4(1): 33-39.
Vancouver Budak D , Yılmaz A . Ruminantların beslenmesinde inaktif maya metabolitleri. Journal of Advances in VetBio Science and Techniques. 2019; 4(1): 39-33.