Year 2019, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 321 - 331 2019-03-19

Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey
Türkiye'de CO2, Turizm, Ekonomik Büyüme ve Dışa Açıklık İlişkilerin Araştırılması

Tuncer Gövdeli [1]

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The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of economic growth, trade openness and tourist arrivals on CO2 emissions by considering the period 1970 through to 2014. For this purpose, firstly, by analyzing the stability of the variables, it was determined that the variables were stationary at level I (1). After the variables were determined to be stationary at I (1), the ARDL boundary test analysis was performed. The cointegration relation was determined according to the ARDL boundary test analysis. In addition, the long-term coefficients of the variables are positive and significant. According to the VECM Granger causality analysis, there was found to be a causality in Turkey between economic growth and CO2 emissions, between trade openness and CO2 emissions, between tourist arrivals and CO2 emissions and between trade openness and economic growth. According to the long-term causality results, there is a relationship of causality between economic growth, trade openness and tourist arrivals and CO2 emissions.

Bu çalışmanın amacı, 1970 ile 2014 dönemi arasında Türkiye’de ekonomik büyüme, dışa açıklık ve turist sayısının CO2 emisyonu üzerindeki etkisini incelemektir. Bu amaçla öncelikle değişkenlerin durağanlıkları analiz edilerek değişkenlerin I(1) mertebede durağan oldukları belirlenmiştir. Değişkenlerin I(1) mertebede durağan oldukları belirlendikten sonra ARDL sınır testi analizine geçilmiştir. ARDL sınır testi analizine göre eşbütünleşme ilişkisi tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca değişkenlerin uzun dönem katsayıları pozitif ve anlamlıdır. VECM Granger nedensellik analizine göre Türkiye’de ekonomik büyümeden CO2 emisyonuna doğru, dışa açıklıktan CO2 emisyonuna doğru, turist sayısından CO2 emisyonuna doğru ve dışa açıklıktan ekonomik büyümeye doğru nedensellik tespit edilmiştir. Uzun dönem nedensellik sonuçlarına göre ekonomik büyüme, dışa açıklık ve turist sayısından CO2 emisyonuna doğru nedensellik ilişkisi vardır. 
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6600-8684
Author: Tuncer Gövdeli (Primary Author)
Institution: Gaziantep Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: March 19, 2019

Bibtex @research article { yonveek467176, journal = {Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-0064}, eissn = {2458-8253}, address = {Celal Bayar University}, year = {2019}, volume = {26}, pages = {321 - 331}, doi = {10.18657/yonveek.467176}, title = {Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Gövdeli, Tuncer} }
APA Gövdeli, T . (2019). Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey. Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 26 (1), 321-331. DOI: 10.18657/yonveek.467176
MLA Gövdeli, T . "Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey". Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 26 (2019): 321-331 <http://dergipark.org.tr/yonveek/issue/43994/467176>
Chicago Gövdeli, T . "Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey". Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 26 (2019): 321-331
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey AU - Tuncer Gövdeli Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18657/yonveek.467176 DO - 10.18657/yonveek.467176 T2 - Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 321 EP - 331 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1302-0064-2458-8253 M3 - doi: 10.18657/yonveek.467176 UR - https://doi.org/10.18657/yonveek.467176 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey %A Tuncer Gövdeli %T Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey %D 2019 %J Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1302-0064-2458-8253 %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18657/yonveek.467176 %U 10.18657/yonveek.467176
ISNAD Gövdeli, Tuncer . "Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey". Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 26 / 1 (March 2019): 321-331. https://doi.org/10.18657/yonveek.467176
AMA Gövdeli T . Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey. YÖNEKO. 2019; 26(1): 321-331.
Vancouver Gövdeli T . Investigating The Relationship on CO2, Tourism, Economic Growth and Trade Openness in Turkey. Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 26(1): 331-321.