Year 2019, Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 253 - 257 2019-06-28

Elma Bitkilerinin Tuz Stresine Tepkileri
Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress

Servet ARAS [1] , Ahmet EŞİTKEN [2]

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Tuz stresi meyve verim ve kalitesini etkileyen önemli bir tarım sorunudur. Tuzluluğa karşı anaçların tepkisi strese karşı toleransı sergilediğinden dolayı büyük bir önem arz etmektedir. Elma bitkisinin kısa dönemli tuzluluğa etkileri hakkında fazla bir bilgi bulunmamaktadır. Çalışmamızda, M9 ve MM106 anaçlarına aşılı Fuji elma çeşidinin 35 mM NaCl stresine verdiği fizyolojik tepkiler araştırılmıştır. Bir ay sonra, tuz uygulanan bitkilerde düşük klorofil içeriği (SPAD) görülmüştür. Tuz stresi stoma iletkenliğini Fuji/M9 ve Fuji/MM106’ da kontrol bitkilerine kıyasla sırasıyla % 17.0 ve 30.1 oranında azaltmıştır. Membran geçirgenliği tuz uygulanan Fuji/M9 ve Fuji/MM106’ da kontrol bitkilerine kıyasla sırasıyla % 21.3 ve 22.0 oranında azalmıştır. Tuz stresinden dolayı SPAD değerinde, stoma iletkenliğinde ve yaprak oransal su içeriğinde azalma ve yaprak sıcaklığı ve membran geçirgenliğindeki artış Fuji/M9’ a kıyasla Fuji/MM106’ da daha yüksek görülmüş olup, kısa dönemli tuzluluğun toksik etkileri Fuji/M9’da daha az görülmüştür.

Salt stress is a common agricultural problem that affects both quantity and quality of fruit crops. Responses of rootstocks against salinity possess importance due to demonstrating stress tolerance. Little is known about the early responses of apple plants to short term salinity. In our study, we investigated the physiological responses of an apple plant cv Fuji grafted onto M9 and MM106 rootstocks against 35 mM NaCl stress. After 1 month, salt-treated plants exhibited decreased chlorophyll content (SPAD). Salt stress decreased stomatal conductance values of Fuji/M9 and Fuji/MM106 by 17.0 and 30.1%, respectively when compared with own control. Membrane permeability decreased by 21.3 and 22.0% in salt-treated Fuji/M9 and Fuji/MM106, respectively compared with own control. Reduction due to salt stress in SPAD value, stomatal conductance and leaf relative water content and increase in leaf temperature and membrane permeability were greater in Fuji/MM106 than in Fuji/M9, suggesting that under short term salinity toxic effects of  NaCl were less in Fuji/M9.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Horticulture
Published Date Haziran 2019
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0347-6552
Author: Servet ARAS (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6140-7782
Author: Ahmet EŞİTKEN
Country: Turks and Caicos Islands


Dates

Publication Date: June 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { yyutbd494677, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2019}, volume = {29}, pages = {253 - 257}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.494677}, title = {Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress}, key = {cite}, author = {ARAS, Servet and EŞİTKEN, Ahmet} }
APA ARAS, S , EŞİTKEN, A . (2019). Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 29 (2), 253-257. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.494677
MLA ARAS, S , EŞİTKEN, A . "Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019): 253-257 <http://dergipark.org.tr/yyutbd/issue/46710/494677>
Chicago ARAS, S , EŞİTKEN, A . "Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019): 253-257
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress AU - Servet ARAS , Ahmet EŞİTKEN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.494677 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.494677 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 253 EP - 257 VL - 29 IS - 2 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.494677 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.494677 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress %A Servet ARAS , Ahmet EŞİTKEN %T Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress %D 2019 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 29 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.494677 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.494677
ISNAD ARAS, Servet , EŞİTKEN, Ahmet . "Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 / 2 (June 2019): 253-257. https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.494677
AMA ARAS S , EŞİTKEN A . Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress. YYU J AGR SCI. 2019; 29(2): 253-257.
Vancouver ARAS S , EŞİTKEN A . Responses of Apple Plants to Salinity Stress. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 29(2): 257-253.