Year 2019, Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 213 - 224 2019-06-28

Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment
Soğuk Yarı Kurak Koşullarda Tam ve Eksik Sulama Altındaki Mısırın Su Kullanım Verimliliği ve Su Üretim Fonksiyonu

Reza BAHRAMLOO [1] , Abolfazl NASSERI [2]

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In this study, corn (Zea mays L.) yields measured in the fields during eight years from 2005-2006 to 2012-2013 were compared with those simulated by the Agro-ecological Zone method under cold semi-arid environment. The potential yield (Ym) of corn was 10 430 kg ha-1 with a net water for irrigation of 6 180 m3 ha-1. Water-production function for corn was acquired with application efficiency scenarios from 100% to 40%. To produce a potential yield of corn, irrigation water requirement was 6 180, 6 867, 7 725, 8 829, 10 300, 12 360, 15 450 m3 ha-1 under water application efficiency of 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50 and 40%, respectively. Results showed that measured yield ranged from 5 784 to 7 026 kg ha-1 per ha with an average of 6 404 kg ha-1. Water applied to produce corn averaged 10 567 m3 ha-1. The water use efficiency (WUE) averaged 0.61 kg m-3 during eight years and water application efficiency was 51.2% in corn farms. It is suggested that deficit irrigation could be applied to enhance water use efficiency in corn production under cold semi-arid environment. 

Bu çalışmada,  tarla koşullarında 2005-2006‘dan 2012-2013 yılları arasında sekiz yılda ölçülen mısır (Zea mays L.) verimleri soğuk yarı kurak koşullarda Tarımsal Ekolojik Bölge yöntemi tarafından simüle edilen verilerle karşılaştırılmıştır. Mısırın potansiyel verimi (Ym), 618 m3/da net sulama suyu için 1 043 kg/da olmuştur. Mısır için su üretim fonksiyonu, % 100 ile% 40 arasında uygulama verimliliği senaryolarıyla elde edilmiştir. Potansiyel bir mısır verimi üretmek için, sulama suyu gereksinimi, Sırasıyla % 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50 ve 40 su uygulama etkinliği altında 618, 686.7, 772.5, 882.9, 1 030, 1 236, 1 545 m3/da bulunmuştur. Sonuçlar, ölçülen verimin da başına ortalama 640.4 kg/da olduğu ve 578.4 ila 702.6 kg/da arasında değiştiğini göstermiştir. Mısır üretimi için uygulanan su ortalama 1056.7 m3/da olmuştur. Mısır çiftliklerinde su kullanım etkinliği (SKE) sekiz yıl boyunca ortalama 0.61 kg/m3 ve su uygulama verimliliği % 51.2 olarak bulunmuştur. Soğuk yarı kurak ortamda mısır üretiminde su kullanım verimliliğini artırmak için kısıntılı sulamanın uygulanabileceği önerilmektedir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Published Date Haziran 2019
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3007-7204
Author: Reza BAHRAMLOO (Primary Author)
Country: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0002-6758-4050
Author: Abolfazl NASSERI
Country: Iran


Dates

Publication Date: June 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { yyutbd510324, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2019}, volume = {29}, pages = {213 - 224}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.510324}, title = {Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment}, key = {cite}, author = {BAHRAMLOO, Reza and NASSERI, Abolfazl} }
APA BAHRAMLOO, R , NASSERI, A . (2019). Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 29 (2), 213-224. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.510324
MLA BAHRAMLOO, R , NASSERI, A . "Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019): 213-224 <http://dergipark.org.tr/yyutbd/issue/46710/510324>
Chicago BAHRAMLOO, R , NASSERI, A . "Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019): 213-224
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment AU - Reza BAHRAMLOO , Abolfazl NASSERI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.510324 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.510324 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 213 EP - 224 VL - 29 IS - 2 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.510324 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.510324 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment %A Reza BAHRAMLOO , Abolfazl NASSERI %T Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment %D 2019 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 29 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.510324 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.510324
ISNAD BAHRAMLOO, Reza , NASSERI, Abolfazl . "Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 / 2 (June 2019): 213-224. https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.510324
AMA BAHRAMLOO R , NASSERI A . Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment. YYU J AGR SCI. 2019; 29(2): 213-224.
Vancouver BAHRAMLOO R , NASSERI A . Water Use Efficiency and Water Production Function of Corn under Full and Deficit Irrigation in a Cold Semi-arid Environment. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 29(2): 224-213.