Year 2018, Volume 39, Issue 1, Pages 152 - 161 2018-03-16

Büyük Menderes Nehri ile Sulanan Aydın Bölgesi’ndeki Toprakların Genotoksisitesinin Allium Test Sistemi ile Belirlenmesi
Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System

Zahide ŞAHİN [1] , Serdar KOCA [2]

122 204

Günümüzün en önemli sorunlarından biri çevre kirliliğidir. Ülkemizin önemli tarım alanlarından biri olan Büyük Menderes Havzasındaki çevre kirliliği önemli boyutlara ulaşmıştır. Büyük Menderes Havzasını sulayan Büyük Menderes Nehri ve çevresindeki topraklar çeşitli kaynaklar tarafından kirletilmektedir.

Bu çalışmada Büyük Menderes Havzasının Aydın bölgesinde üç farklı bölgeden iki farklı ayda (Eylül 2006, Mart 2007) alınan toprak örneklerinin genotoksisitesi Allium test ile araştırılmıştır.

Büyük Menderes Nehri ve Çine Çayının sularıyla sulanan topraklardan; Büyük Menderes Köprüsü (Muğla Yolu üzeri), Çine Çayı ve Koçarlı Köprüsü yanındaki tarlalardan Eylül ve Mart aylarında toprak örnekleri alınmıştır. Bu örnekler sulandırılarak %25, %50 ve %100'lük konsantrasyonlar hazırlanmış ve soğanlar (Allium cepa L.) bu sularda köklendirilmiştir.

Yapılan incelemeler sonunda Eylül ve Mart ayları Çine %25'lik dozlar dışındaki tüm dozlarda kontrole göre mitotik indeksteki düşüş istatistiki olarak önemli çıkmıştır. Çalışmamızda iki farklı ayda üç farklı bölgeden alınan toprak örnekleri Allium cepa L. (soğan) kök ucu hücrelerinde anafaz köprüsü, fragment, kromozom yapışması ve yanlış kutuplaşma gibi yapısal kromozom anormalliklerine yol açmıştır.

Toplam kromozom aberasyonları bakımından Eylül ayı Menderes %25, Koçarlı %25, Koçarlı %50 ve Mart ayı Çine %25, Menderes %25, Koçarlı %25, Koçarlı %50 dozları dışındaki tüm dozlarda farkın kontrole göre önemli olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Nowadays, one of the most important problems is environmental pollution. Environmental pollution in the Büyük Menderes River-basin, which is one of the agricultural fields in Turkey, has reached important dimensions. B. Menderes River which waters B. Menderes River-basin and fields around it is contaminated by various sources.

In this study the genotoxicity of the soil samples taken from three different regions in two different months (September 2006 and March 2007) in the Aydın region of B. Menderes River-basin was researched with the Allium test.

The soil samples were taken from the lands watered by the B. Menderes River and Çine Stream; the fields near the B. Menderes Bridge (on the Muğla main road), the Çine Stream, and the Koçarlı Bridge in September and March. 25%, 50%, 100% concentrations were prepared diluting these samples and onions (Allium cepa L.) were rooted. At the end of the studies, the decrease in the mitotic index was found to be statistically important according to the control in all the doses except 25% of the Çine doses in September and March.

The study soil samples taken from the three different regions in two different months caused structural chromosomal aberrations such as anaphase bridge, fragment, stickiness, and polar deviation in the Allium cepa L. root tip cells. It has been emphasized that the difference in all the doses except for 25% Menderes, 25% Koçarlı, 50% doses in September and 25% Çine, 25% Menderes, 25%, 25% Koçarlı, Koçarlı, 50% doses in March are important according to the control in the total chromosomal aberrations.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section Natural Sciences
Authors

Author: Zahide ŞAHİN

Author: Serdar KOCA (Primary Author)

Bibtex @research article { csj405712, journal = {Cumhuriyet Science Journal}, issn = {2587-2680}, eissn = {2587-246X}, address = {Cumhuriyet University}, year = {2018}, volume = {39}, pages = {152 - 161}, doi = {10.17776/csj.405712}, title = {Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System}, key = {cite}, author = {ŞAHİN, Zahide and KOCA, Serdar} }
APA ŞAHİN, Z , KOCA, S . (2018). Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System. Cumhuriyet Science Journal, 39 (1), 152-161. DOI: 10.17776/csj.405712
MLA ŞAHİN, Z , KOCA, S . "Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 39 (2018): 152-161 <http://dergipark.org.tr/csj/issue/36110/405712>
Chicago ŞAHİN, Z , KOCA, S . "Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 39 (2018): 152-161
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System AU - Zahide ŞAHİN , Serdar KOCA Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17776/csj.405712 DO - 10.17776/csj.405712 T2 - Cumhuriyet Science Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 152 EP - 161 VL - 39 IS - 1 SN - 2587-2680-2587-246X M3 - doi: 10.17776/csj.405712 UR - https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.405712 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Science Journal Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System %A Zahide ŞAHİN , Serdar KOCA %T Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System %D 2018 %J Cumhuriyet Science Journal %P 2587-2680-2587-246X %V 39 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17776/csj.405712 %U 10.17776/csj.405712
ISNAD ŞAHİN, Zahide , KOCA, Serdar . "Determination of the Genotoxicity of the Soil in the Aydın Region Irrigated by Büyük Menderes River by the Allium Test System". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 39 / 1 (March 2018): 152-161. https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.405712