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The Effects of Dietary Administration with High Level Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum) on Growth Performance, Coloration, Histology and Protection Against Aeromonas sobria in Yellow Tail Cichlid, Pseudotropheus acei

Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3, 340 - 346, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.529007

Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine the effects of high level red pepper supplementation to diet on the growth performance, coloration, histology, intestinal microflora and protection against Aeromonas sobria in Pseudotropheus acei. Two isonitrogenous (37% crude protein) and isocaloric (3831kcall/kg energy) experimental diets were prepared by adding of 15 % pepper meal to control diet. The feeding trial was conducted in triplicate for 90 day in aquariums (100-L). At the beginning of the experiment, twenty fish (initial weight 0.06 g) were stocked into each aquarium. The end of the experiment, fish fed red pepper supplemented to diets did not have any marked effect on the weight gain, feed conversion ratio, specific growth rate and survival. However, tail of female fish fed diet containing red pepper was showed increase significantly in pigmentation. High level red pepper addition to diet caused no pathological findings in any organs. Red pepper didn’t observed significant differences for protection to A. sobria  infection.  However, Aeromas and Pseudomonas counts in red pepper group were significantly lower than control groups.

References

  • Ardó, L., Yin, G., Xu, P., Váradi, L., Szigeti, G., Jeney, Z., & Jeney, G. (2008). Chinese herbs (Astragalus membranaceus and Lonicera japonica) and boron enhance the non-specific immune response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila. Aquaculture, 275(1-4), 26-33.Büyükçapar, H. M., Yanar, M., &Yanar, Y. (2007). Pigmentation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with carotenoids from Marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) and red pepper (Capsicum annum). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 31(1), 7-12.Curl, A. L. (1962). Red pepper carotenoids, the carotenoids of red bell peppers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 10(6), 504-509.Diler, I., Hossu, B., Dilek, K., Emre, Y., & Sevgili, H. (2005). Effects of natural and synthetic pigments in diets on flesh coloration and growth of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W.). 57(3), 2005, 175-184.Gregory, G.K., Chen, T.S. and Philip, T. (1987). Quantitative analysis of carotenoids and carotenoid esters in fruits by HPLC: Red bell pepper. J.Food Sci.,52 (4): 1071–1073.Halten, B., Arnmesan, A., Jobling, M. and Bjerkeng, B. (1997). Carotenoid pigmentation in relation to feed intake, growth and social integration in Arctic char, Salvelinusaipinus(L.), from two anadromous strains. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3: 189–199.Harpaz, S., & Padowicz, D. (2007). Color enhancement in the ornamental dwarf cichlid Microgeophagusramirezi by addition of plant carotenoids to the fish diet. 59(4), 195-200.Harikrishnan, R., Rani, M. N., & Balasundaram, C. (2003). Hematological and biochemical parameters in common carp, Cyprinus carpio, following herbal treatment for Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Aquaculture, 221(1-4), 41-50.Kop, A., Durmaz, Y., & Hekimoglu, M. (2010). Effect of natural pigment sources on colouration of cichlid. Journal of Animal and Veterinary, Advances, 9, 566-569.Lee, C. R., Pham, M. A., Lee, S. M., Lee, C. R., & Pham, M. A. (2010). Effects of dietary paprika and lipid levels on growth and skin pigmentation of pale chub (Zacco platypus). Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 23(6), 724.Lewbart, G.A., (2001) Bacteria and ornamental fish. Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine 10, 48−56Ngugi, C. C., Oyoo-Okoth, E., Mugo-Bundi, J., Orina, P. S., Chemoiwa, E. J., & Aloo, P. A. (2015). Effects of dietary administration of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the growth performance, biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters in juvenile and adult Victoria Labeo (Labeo victorianus) challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish & shellfish immunology, 44(2), 533-541.Nwaopara, A. O., Odike, M. A. C., Inegbenebor, U., &Adoye, M. I. (2007). The combined effects of excessive consumption of ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper on the histology of the liver. Pak. J. Nutr, 6(6), 524-527.Nwaopara, A. O., Odike, M. A. C., Inegbenebor, U., Nwaopara, S. O., &Ewere, G. I. (2008). A comparative study on the effects of excessive consumption of ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper on the histology of the Kidney. Pak. J. Nutr, 7(2), 287-291.Öztürk, R. Ç., & Altınok, İ. (2014). Bacterial and viral fish diseases in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(1), 275-297.Pachanawan, A., Phumkhachorn, P., & Rattanachaikunsopon, P. (2008). Potential of Psidium guajava supplemented fish diets in controlling Aeromonas hydrophila infection in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 106(5), 419-424.Rizk, E.M. and Tolba, K.H. (2002). Isolation and stabilization of carotenoids from sweet red pepper and utilization as food colorants. Arab Univ.J.Agric.Sci.,Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 10 (1): 221–234.Sahu, S., Das, B. K., Pradhan, J., Mohapatra, B. C., Mishra, B. K., & Sarangi, N. (2007). Effect of Magnifera indica kernel as a feed additive on immunity and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Labeo rohita fingerlings. Fish & shellfish immunology, 23(1), 109-118.Sharma G., 2003. Digital Color Imaging Handbook. CRC Press LLC, FL. 764 pp.Smith M.P., 2000. Lake Malawi Cichlids. Barron’s Educational Series, Inc., New York, 95 p.Wassef, E. A., Chatzifotis, S., Sakr, E. M., & Saleh, N. E. (2010). Effect of two natural carotenoid sources in diets for gilthead seabream, Sparusaurata, on growth and skin coloration. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 22(3), 216-229.Yılmaz, S., & Ergün, S. (2011). Effect of red pepper (Capsicum annum) on pigmentation of blue streak hap (Labidochromiscaeruleus). Israeli Journal of Aquaculture Bamidgeh, 63:1-6.Yilmaz, S., Ergün, S., &Soytas, N. (2013). Enhancement of growth performance and pigmentation in red Oreochromismossambicus associated with dietary intake of astaxanthin, paprika, or capsicum.

Sarı Kuyruk Çiklit balığı, Pseudotropheus acei, Yemlerine Yüksek Seviyede Kırmızı Biber İlavesinin Büyüme Performansı, Renklenme, Histoloji ve Aeromonas sobria'ya Karşı Korunma Üzerine Etkileri

Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3, 340 - 346, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.529007

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Pseudotropheus acei' balıklarında yemlere yüksek seviyede kırmızı biber ilavesinin  büyüme performansı, renklenme, histoloji, intestinal mikroflora ve Aeromonas sobria'ya karşı hastalık direnci üzerine etkilerini belirlemek için yürütülmüştür. Kontrol yemine % 15 oranında  biber unu eklenerek İki izonitrojenik  (% 37 ham protein) ve izokalorik (3831kcall / kg enerji) deneme  yemleri  hazırlanmıştır. Besleme denemesi, akvaryumlarda (100 L) üç tekerrür olacak şekilde 90 gün beslenerek yürütülmüştür. Denemenin  başında, her akvaryuma  yirmi balık (başlangıç ​​ağırlığı 0.06 g) stoklanmıştır. Deneme sonunda,yemlere kırmızı biber ilavesi ile beslenen balıkların ağırlık kazancı, yem dönüşüm oranı, spesifik büyüme oranı  ve yaşama oranı üzerine önemli  bir etkisi olmamıştır. Ancak, kırmızı biber içeren yemlerle beslenen dişi balıkların kuyruğunda pigmentasyonun önemli derecede  arttığı görülmüştür. Yemlere yüksek seviyede  kırmızı biber eklenmesi  hiçbir organda patolojik bir bulguya neden olmamıştır. Kırmızı biber, A. sobria enfeksiyonuna karşı korumada önemli bir farklılık göstermemiştir. Kırmızı biber grubunda Aeromas ve Pseudomonas sayıları kontrol gruplarına göre anlamlı derecede düşükt bulunmuştur.

References

  • Ardó, L., Yin, G., Xu, P., Váradi, L., Szigeti, G., Jeney, Z., & Jeney, G. (2008). Chinese herbs (Astragalus membranaceus and Lonicera japonica) and boron enhance the non-specific immune response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila. Aquaculture, 275(1-4), 26-33.Büyükçapar, H. M., Yanar, M., &Yanar, Y. (2007). Pigmentation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with carotenoids from Marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) and red pepper (Capsicum annum). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 31(1), 7-12.Curl, A. L. (1962). Red pepper carotenoids, the carotenoids of red bell peppers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 10(6), 504-509.Diler, I., Hossu, B., Dilek, K., Emre, Y., & Sevgili, H. (2005). Effects of natural and synthetic pigments in diets on flesh coloration and growth of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W.). 57(3), 2005, 175-184.Gregory, G.K., Chen, T.S. and Philip, T. (1987). Quantitative analysis of carotenoids and carotenoid esters in fruits by HPLC: Red bell pepper. J.Food Sci.,52 (4): 1071–1073.Halten, B., Arnmesan, A., Jobling, M. and Bjerkeng, B. (1997). Carotenoid pigmentation in relation to feed intake, growth and social integration in Arctic char, Salvelinusaipinus(L.), from two anadromous strains. Aquaculture Nutrition, 3: 189–199.Harpaz, S., & Padowicz, D. (2007). Color enhancement in the ornamental dwarf cichlid Microgeophagusramirezi by addition of plant carotenoids to the fish diet. 59(4), 195-200.Harikrishnan, R., Rani, M. N., & Balasundaram, C. (2003). Hematological and biochemical parameters in common carp, Cyprinus carpio, following herbal treatment for Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Aquaculture, 221(1-4), 41-50.Kop, A., Durmaz, Y., & Hekimoglu, M. (2010). Effect of natural pigment sources on colouration of cichlid. Journal of Animal and Veterinary, Advances, 9, 566-569.Lee, C. R., Pham, M. A., Lee, S. M., Lee, C. R., & Pham, M. A. (2010). Effects of dietary paprika and lipid levels on growth and skin pigmentation of pale chub (Zacco platypus). Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 23(6), 724.Lewbart, G.A., (2001) Bacteria and ornamental fish. Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine 10, 48−56Ngugi, C. C., Oyoo-Okoth, E., Mugo-Bundi, J., Orina, P. S., Chemoiwa, E. J., & Aloo, P. A. (2015). Effects of dietary administration of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on the growth performance, biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters in juvenile and adult Victoria Labeo (Labeo victorianus) challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish & shellfish immunology, 44(2), 533-541.Nwaopara, A. O., Odike, M. A. C., Inegbenebor, U., &Adoye, M. I. (2007). The combined effects of excessive consumption of ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper on the histology of the liver. Pak. J. Nutr, 6(6), 524-527.Nwaopara, A. O., Odike, M. A. C., Inegbenebor, U., Nwaopara, S. O., &Ewere, G. I. (2008). A comparative study on the effects of excessive consumption of ginger, clove, red pepper and black pepper on the histology of the Kidney. Pak. J. Nutr, 7(2), 287-291.Öztürk, R. Ç., & Altınok, İ. (2014). Bacterial and viral fish diseases in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14(1), 275-297.Pachanawan, A., Phumkhachorn, P., & Rattanachaikunsopon, P. (2008). Potential of Psidium guajava supplemented fish diets in controlling Aeromonas hydrophila infection in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 106(5), 419-424.Rizk, E.M. and Tolba, K.H. (2002). Isolation and stabilization of carotenoids from sweet red pepper and utilization as food colorants. Arab Univ.J.Agric.Sci.,Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 10 (1): 221–234.Sahu, S., Das, B. K., Pradhan, J., Mohapatra, B. C., Mishra, B. K., & Sarangi, N. (2007). Effect of Magnifera indica kernel as a feed additive on immunity and resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Labeo rohita fingerlings. Fish & shellfish immunology, 23(1), 109-118.Sharma G., 2003. Digital Color Imaging Handbook. CRC Press LLC, FL. 764 pp.Smith M.P., 2000. Lake Malawi Cichlids. Barron’s Educational Series, Inc., New York, 95 p.Wassef, E. A., Chatzifotis, S., Sakr, E. M., & Saleh, N. E. (2010). Effect of two natural carotenoid sources in diets for gilthead seabream, Sparusaurata, on growth and skin coloration. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 22(3), 216-229.Yılmaz, S., & Ergün, S. (2011). Effect of red pepper (Capsicum annum) on pigmentation of blue streak hap (Labidochromiscaeruleus). Israeli Journal of Aquaculture Bamidgeh, 63:1-6.Yilmaz, S., Ergün, S., &Soytas, N. (2013). Enhancement of growth performance and pigmentation in red Oreochromismossambicus associated with dietary intake of astaxanthin, paprika, or capsicum.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Nalan Özgür YİĞİT>
ısparta uygulamalı bilimler üniversitesi
0000-0002-6109-9425
Türkiye


Seval BAHADIR KOCA This is me
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6109-9425
Türkiye


Özlem ÖZMEN>
MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1835-1082
Türkiye


Behire İşıl DİDİNEN This is me
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6109-9425
Türkiye


Seçil METİN This is me (Primary Author)
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6109-9425
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3

Cite

APA Yiğit, N. Ö. , Bahadır Koca, S. , Özmen, Ö. , Didinen, B. İ. & Metin, S. (2019). The Effects of Dietary Administration with High Level Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum) on Growth Performance, Coloration, Histology and Protection Against Aeromonas sobria in Yellow Tail Cichlid, Pseudotropheus acei . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 15 (3) , 340-346 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.529007