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Some Population Parameters of the Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) in the Sombreiro River of Niger Delta

Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3, 354 - 364, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.532284

Abstract

A study was conducted to estimate the growth and stock characteristics of the Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) from Sombreiro River of Niger Delta, Nigeria. Results obtained revealed that mean total length and the mean weight of S. maderensis ranged between 4.1cm to 18.5 cm and 5g to 55.5g respectively. The b value of the length-weight relationship was 2.58 thus, the species could be categorized as displaying allometric negative growth and condition factor was very high, it ranged from 3.04 to 4.43. The estimated von Bertalanffy growth parameters (VBGP) of L∞, growth coefficient (k) and age at zero length (t0) were 23.31cm, 0.54 and -0.03/year respectively. The species showed year round recruitment patterns having two peak periods during April and July. The total mortality (Z) was 2.74 year-¹., the natural mortality rate (M) and fishing mortality (F) were 1.32 and 1.42 respectively. The estimated fishing mortality (Z-M=F) stood at 0.518. The lengthbased index of growth performance (Ø'– phi prime) for S. maderensis was estimated at 2.46. The length at first capture L50 was 27.31 cm. The exploitation rate (Emax) was 0.421 whereas (E0.1) was observed to be 0.355 indicating that that the level of exploitation is already high and to obtain the maximum sustainable yield, the present level of fishing effort should be reduced through appropriate fishing regulation techniques..

References

  • 1. Abowei, J. F. N. (2009). The Abundance Condition Factor and Length-Weight Relationship of some Sardinella maderensis (Jenyms, 1842) from Nkoro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Advanced Journal of Food Science and Technology, 1: 65-70. 2. Adesulu, E. A. & Sydenham D. H. J. (2007). The fresh water and fisheries of Nigeria. Macmillan Nigeria Publishers, Lagos, 397 pp.3. Amponsah, S. K. K., Ofori-Danson, P. K., Nunoo, F. K. E. & Ameyaw, G. A. (2018). Estimates of Population parameters of the Flat sardine, Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) in the coastal waters of Ghana4. Baijot, E. & Moreau, J. (1997). Biology and demographic status of the main fish species in the reservoirs of Burkina-Faso. In: Baijot, E., Moreau, J., Bouda, S. (Eds.), Hydro biological aspects of fisheries in Small Reservoirs in the Sahel Region. Technical Centre for the European Communities, Wageningen, the Netherlands, pp. 79–109.5. Bartulovic, V., Glamuzina, B., Conides, A., Dulcic, J., Lucic, D., Njire, J. & Kozul, V. (2004). Age, Growth, mortality and sex ratio of sand smelt, Atherina boyeri, Risso, 1810 (Pisces: Atherinidae) in the Estuary of the Mala Neretva River (Middle-Eastern Adriatic, Croatia), Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20, 427-430.6. Beverton, R. J. H. & Holt, S. J. (1956). A review of methods for estimating mortality rates in fish populations, with special reference to sources of bias in catch sampling. Rapports et Proce`s-verbaux des Re´unions, Conseil 7.Beverton, R. J. H. & Holt, S. J. (1959). A review of the life spans, natural mortality, and their relation to growth and other physiological characteristics. In CIBA colloquium on Aging. (Wolstenholme G. E. W. and MO’Connor Eds) London, Churchill, 5:142-1808.Boely, T. (1980). Etude du cycle sexuel de la sardinelle plate: Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1841) des cotes senegalaise. Cybium, 8: 77-88de Graaf, G. J., Nunoo, F., Ofori Danson, P., Wiafe, G., Lamptey, E. & Bannerman, P. (2015). International training course in fisheries statistics and data collection. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1091. Rome, FAO. 134 pp.9. Diouf, P. S. (1996). The Fish Population of the estuarine environment of the African coast: The example of the estuary salinity of the Sine saloum. University of Montpellier II. Thesis and Documents No. 156. ORSTOM, Paris. 267
  • 10. Diouf, K., Samb, B. & Sylla, M. (2010). Contribution a la Connaissance de la Biologie des Sardinelles (Sardinella aurita et Sardinella maderensis) du Littoral Senegalais. In: Science et Amenagement des Petits Pelagiques. Symposium sur la Science et le Defi de l'Amenagement des Pecheries de petits Pelagiques sur les Stocks Partages en Afrique Nord-Occidentale, 11-14 Mars 2008, Casablanca, Maroc, FAO Comptes Rendus des Peches et de l'Aquaculture, No. 18, Dans Garcia, S., M. Tandstad and A.M. Caramelo (Eds.)., FAO., Rome, 39-56.11. Ezekiel, E. N., Hart, A. I. & Abowei, J. F. N. (2011).Benthic Macro- Fauna Composition and Abundance in Sombreiro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 3(4), 257 – 26312.Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22, 241–25313. Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, FranceGaudant, J. (1991). Paleontology and history of clupeoid fishes. p. 32-44. In H. Hoestlandt (ed.) The freshwater fishes of Europe. Aula Verlag, Wiesbaden, Germany14. Haddon, M. (2011). Modeling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries. Chapman and Hall, CRC Press, London, 449 PP.15.Hashem, M .T. & Faltas, S. N. (1982). Fisheries investigation of the sardine gill net at El-Max Region, near Alexandria. Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. & Fish, A.R.E. 8(2): 137 - 155.16. Hoggarth, D. D., Abeyasekera, S., Arthur, R., Beddington, J. R., Burn, R. W., Halls, A. S., Kirkwood, G. P., McAllister, M., Medley, P., Mees, C. C., Pilling, G. M., Wakeford , R. & Welcomme, R. L. (2006). Stock assessment and fishery management - A framework guide to the FMSP stock assessment tools”, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 487, Rome, Italy, 261 pp.17. Kalhoro, M. A., Liu, Q., Valinassab, T., Waryani, B., Abbasi, A .R. & Memom, K. H. (2015) Population Dynamics of Greater Lizardfish, Saurida tumbil From Pakistani Waters Pakistan Journal of zoology. 47(4): 921-93118. Kienzle, M. O. (2005). Estimation of the population parameters of the Von Bertalanffy Growth Function for the main commercial species of the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Internal Report pp. 34.19. King, M. (2007). Fisheries biology and assessment and management. Fishing News Press, 340p.20. Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in the gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). J. Anim. Ecol., 20: 201-21921. Levenez, J. J. (1993). Synthese Bibliographique des Connaissances sur la Biologie de Quelques Especes de Poissons Concernant le Symposium. In: L'Evaluation des Ressources Exploitables par la Peche Artisanale Senegalaise, Barry-Gerard, M., T. Diouf, A. Fontenau (Eds.). ORSTOM., France, pp: 121-141.22. Marcus, O. (1989). Breeding, age and growth in Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1839) Pisces: Clupeidae from coastal waters around Lagos, Nigeria. Niger J Sci., 5: 123. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 2017. Nigerian’s fish production 2010-2015.Nduaguba, D.C. (1983). Utilization of remote sensing data for mapping aquatic ecosystems of the Nigerian coastal areas. RSC Series 15, FAO, Rome.24. Paul, D. (1980). A selection of simple methods for the assessment of tropical Fish stocks. FAO. Fisheries Circular 729, FAO, Rom25. Paul, D. (1983). Some Simple Methods for Assessment of Tropical Fish Stocks. Fisheries Technical Paper, 234, FAO, 52 PP26. Paul, D. & Munro, J. I. (1984). Once More on the Comparison of Growth in Fish and Invertebrates. Fish Byte, 2: 21-2327. Paul, D. & Caddy, J. F. (1985). A modification of Bhattacharya’s method for the analysis of mixtures of normal distributions, FAO Fisheries Circular, 781, FAO, Rome, Italy, 16 pp.28. Paul, D. & Soriano, M. L. (1986). Some practical extensions to Beverton and Holt’s relative yieldper-recruit model. In: JL. Maclean, LB. Dizon, LV. Hosillos. (Eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, 1986, pp. 491-496.29. Riede, K. (2004). Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report `of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.30.Rizkalla, S. I. & Falats, S. N. (1997). Feeding habits of chub mackerel (Scomber jasponicus) in Egyptian Mediterranean waters. JKAU: Mar. Sci. 8 127-13631.Salam, A., Naeem, M. & Kauser, S. (2005). Weight length relationship and Condition factor relationship of fresh water wild Puntius chola from Islambad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Biol. Sic. 8 (8): 1112-1114. 32. Samba, O. (2011). Nouvelle Evaluation des Caracteristiques Biologiques de Sardinella aurita (Valenciennes, 1847) et Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1841) - Memoire de Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies. Institut Universitaire de Peche et d’Aquaculture, Universite Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal, pp.45.33. Schneider, W. (1990). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa.Rome, FAO. 1990. 268 p.34. Ssentongo G. W, Ajayi, T. O. & Ukpe, E. T. (1983). Report on a resource appraisal of the artisanal and in shore fisheries of Nigeria. FAO, Rome FI: DP/NIR/77/001 p.4335. Tesch, F. W. (1971). Age and growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. W. E. Ricker (Ed.) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp. 98–13036. Tous, P., Sidibé, A., Mbye, E., de Morais, L., Camara, K., Munroe, T., Adeofe, T.A., Camara, Y.H., Djiman, R., Sagna, A., et al. (2015)."Sardinella maderensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T198582A15543624. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198582A15543624.en. Retrieved 16 June 201837. Tsikliras, A. C., Koutrakis, E. T. & Stergiou, K. I. (2005). Age and growth of round sardinella (Sardinella aurita) in the northeastern Mediterranean. Scientia Mar., 69: 231-240 38. Weber, W. (1976). The influence of hydrographic factors on the spawning time of tropical fish. In: Tiews K (ed), Fisheries resources and their management in Southeast Asia: pp. 269-281.Whitehead, P. J. P. (1985). FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome.

Sombreiro Nehri'ndeki (Nijer Deltası, Nijerya) Sardinella maderensis'in (Lowe, 1838) Bazı Popülasyon Parametreleri

Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3, 354 - 364, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.532284

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Nijerya'daki Nijer Deltası'nın Sombreiro Nehri'ndeki Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838), populasyonlarının bazı büyüme ve stok özelliklerini belirlemek için yapılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar, S. maderensis'in ortalama toplam uzunluk ve ortalama ağırlığının sırasıyla 4,1 cm ile 18,5 cm ile 5 g ile 55,5 g arasında olduğunu göstermiştir. Uzunluk-ağırlık ilişkisinin b değeri 2,58 olarak tespit edilmiştir, bu nedenle türler, allometrik negatif büyüme gösteriyor şeklinde kategorize edilebilir. Bu türün durum faktörü 3,04 ile 4,43 arasında çok yüksek olarak belirlenmiştir. Tahmini L∞, von Bertalanffy büyüme parametreleri (VBGP), büyüme katsayısı (k) ve sıfır uzunluktaki yaş (t0) sırasıyla 23,31cm, 0.54 ve -0.03 / yıl olarak belirlenmiştir. Türler, Nisan ve Temmuz aylarında iki tepe periyodu olmak üzere yıl boyunca dağılım göstermektedir. Toplam mortalite (Z) 2.74 yıl, doğal ölüm oranı (M) ve balıkçılık ölümleri (F) sırasıyla 1,32 ve 1,42 olarak bulunmuştur. Tahmini balık ölümü (Z-M = F) 0,518 seviyesinde gerçekleşmiştir. S. maderensis için uzunluk temelli büyüme performansı endeksi (Ø'– phi prime) 2.46 olarak hesaplanmıştır. İlk yakalama L50'deki uzunluk 7,19 cm olarak bulunmuştur. Emax (0,421) ve E0.1 (0,355) değerleri türden maksimum verim alınabilmesi için uygun balıkçılık düzenlemeleri ile mevcut avlanma baskısının azaltılması gerektiğini göstermektedir. 

References

  • 1. Abowei, J. F. N. (2009). The Abundance Condition Factor and Length-Weight Relationship of some Sardinella maderensis (Jenyms, 1842) from Nkoro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Advanced Journal of Food Science and Technology, 1: 65-70. 2. Adesulu, E. A. & Sydenham D. H. J. (2007). The fresh water and fisheries of Nigeria. Macmillan Nigeria Publishers, Lagos, 397 pp.3. Amponsah, S. K. K., Ofori-Danson, P. K., Nunoo, F. K. E. & Ameyaw, G. A. (2018). Estimates of Population parameters of the Flat sardine, Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) in the coastal waters of Ghana4. Baijot, E. & Moreau, J. (1997). Biology and demographic status of the main fish species in the reservoirs of Burkina-Faso. In: Baijot, E., Moreau, J., Bouda, S. (Eds.), Hydro biological aspects of fisheries in Small Reservoirs in the Sahel Region. Technical Centre for the European Communities, Wageningen, the Netherlands, pp. 79–109.5. Bartulovic, V., Glamuzina, B., Conides, A., Dulcic, J., Lucic, D., Njire, J. & Kozul, V. (2004). Age, Growth, mortality and sex ratio of sand smelt, Atherina boyeri, Risso, 1810 (Pisces: Atherinidae) in the Estuary of the Mala Neretva River (Middle-Eastern Adriatic, Croatia), Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20, 427-430.6. Beverton, R. J. H. & Holt, S. J. (1956). A review of methods for estimating mortality rates in fish populations, with special reference to sources of bias in catch sampling. Rapports et Proce`s-verbaux des Re´unions, Conseil 7.Beverton, R. J. H. & Holt, S. J. (1959). A review of the life spans, natural mortality, and their relation to growth and other physiological characteristics. In CIBA colloquium on Aging. (Wolstenholme G. E. W. and MO’Connor Eds) London, Churchill, 5:142-1808.Boely, T. (1980). Etude du cycle sexuel de la sardinelle plate: Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1841) des cotes senegalaise. Cybium, 8: 77-88de Graaf, G. J., Nunoo, F., Ofori Danson, P., Wiafe, G., Lamptey, E. & Bannerman, P. (2015). International training course in fisheries statistics and data collection. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1091. Rome, FAO. 134 pp.9. Diouf, P. S. (1996). The Fish Population of the estuarine environment of the African coast: The example of the estuary salinity of the Sine saloum. University of Montpellier II. Thesis and Documents No. 156. ORSTOM, Paris. 267
  • 10. Diouf, K., Samb, B. & Sylla, M. (2010). Contribution a la Connaissance de la Biologie des Sardinelles (Sardinella aurita et Sardinella maderensis) du Littoral Senegalais. In: Science et Amenagement des Petits Pelagiques. Symposium sur la Science et le Defi de l'Amenagement des Pecheries de petits Pelagiques sur les Stocks Partages en Afrique Nord-Occidentale, 11-14 Mars 2008, Casablanca, Maroc, FAO Comptes Rendus des Peches et de l'Aquaculture, No. 18, Dans Garcia, S., M. Tandstad and A.M. Caramelo (Eds.)., FAO., Rome, 39-56.11. Ezekiel, E. N., Hart, A. I. & Abowei, J. F. N. (2011).Benthic Macro- Fauna Composition and Abundance in Sombreiro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 3(4), 257 – 26312.Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22, 241–25313. Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, FranceGaudant, J. (1991). Paleontology and history of clupeoid fishes. p. 32-44. In H. Hoestlandt (ed.) The freshwater fishes of Europe. Aula Verlag, Wiesbaden, Germany14. Haddon, M. (2011). Modeling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries. Chapman and Hall, CRC Press, London, 449 PP.15.Hashem, M .T. & Faltas, S. N. (1982). Fisheries investigation of the sardine gill net at El-Max Region, near Alexandria. Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. & Fish, A.R.E. 8(2): 137 - 155.16. Hoggarth, D. D., Abeyasekera, S., Arthur, R., Beddington, J. R., Burn, R. W., Halls, A. S., Kirkwood, G. P., McAllister, M., Medley, P., Mees, C. C., Pilling, G. M., Wakeford , R. & Welcomme, R. L. (2006). Stock assessment and fishery management - A framework guide to the FMSP stock assessment tools”, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 487, Rome, Italy, 261 pp.17. Kalhoro, M. A., Liu, Q., Valinassab, T., Waryani, B., Abbasi, A .R. & Memom, K. H. (2015) Population Dynamics of Greater Lizardfish, Saurida tumbil From Pakistani Waters Pakistan Journal of zoology. 47(4): 921-93118. Kienzle, M. O. (2005). Estimation of the population parameters of the Von Bertalanffy Growth Function for the main commercial species of the North Sea. Fisheries Research Services Internal Report pp. 34.19. King, M. (2007). Fisheries biology and assessment and management. Fishing News Press, 340p.20. Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in the gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). J. Anim. Ecol., 20: 201-21921. Levenez, J. J. (1993). Synthese Bibliographique des Connaissances sur la Biologie de Quelques Especes de Poissons Concernant le Symposium. In: L'Evaluation des Ressources Exploitables par la Peche Artisanale Senegalaise, Barry-Gerard, M., T. Diouf, A. Fontenau (Eds.). ORSTOM., France, pp: 121-141.22. Marcus, O. (1989). Breeding, age and growth in Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1839) Pisces: Clupeidae from coastal waters around Lagos, Nigeria. Niger J Sci., 5: 123. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 2017. Nigerian’s fish production 2010-2015.Nduaguba, D.C. (1983). Utilization of remote sensing data for mapping aquatic ecosystems of the Nigerian coastal areas. RSC Series 15, FAO, Rome.24. Paul, D. (1980). A selection of simple methods for the assessment of tropical Fish stocks. FAO. Fisheries Circular 729, FAO, Rom25. Paul, D. (1983). Some Simple Methods for Assessment of Tropical Fish Stocks. Fisheries Technical Paper, 234, FAO, 52 PP26. Paul, D. & Munro, J. I. (1984). Once More on the Comparison of Growth in Fish and Invertebrates. Fish Byte, 2: 21-2327. Paul, D. & Caddy, J. F. (1985). A modification of Bhattacharya’s method for the analysis of mixtures of normal distributions, FAO Fisheries Circular, 781, FAO, Rome, Italy, 16 pp.28. Paul, D. & Soriano, M. L. (1986). Some practical extensions to Beverton and Holt’s relative yieldper-recruit model. In: JL. Maclean, LB. Dizon, LV. Hosillos. (Eds.) The First Asian Fisheries Forum, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, 1986, pp. 491-496.29. Riede, K. (2004). Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report `of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.30.Rizkalla, S. I. & Falats, S. N. (1997). Feeding habits of chub mackerel (Scomber jasponicus) in Egyptian Mediterranean waters. JKAU: Mar. Sci. 8 127-13631.Salam, A., Naeem, M. & Kauser, S. (2005). Weight length relationship and Condition factor relationship of fresh water wild Puntius chola from Islambad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Biol. Sic. 8 (8): 1112-1114. 32. Samba, O. (2011). Nouvelle Evaluation des Caracteristiques Biologiques de Sardinella aurita (Valenciennes, 1847) et Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1841) - Memoire de Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies. Institut Universitaire de Peche et d’Aquaculture, Universite Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal, pp.45.33. Schneider, W. (1990). FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa.Rome, FAO. 1990. 268 p.34. Ssentongo G. W, Ajayi, T. O. & Ukpe, E. T. (1983). Report on a resource appraisal of the artisanal and in shore fisheries of Nigeria. FAO, Rome FI: DP/NIR/77/001 p.4335. Tesch, F. W. (1971). Age and growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. W. E. Ricker (Ed.) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp. 98–13036. Tous, P., Sidibé, A., Mbye, E., de Morais, L., Camara, K., Munroe, T., Adeofe, T.A., Camara, Y.H., Djiman, R., Sagna, A., et al. (2015)."Sardinella maderensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2015: e.T198582A15543624. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198582A15543624.en. Retrieved 16 June 201837. Tsikliras, A. C., Koutrakis, E. T. & Stergiou, K. I. (2005). Age and growth of round sardinella (Sardinella aurita) in the northeastern Mediterranean. Scientia Mar., 69: 231-240 38. Weber, W. (1976). The influence of hydrographic factors on the spawning time of tropical fish. In: Tiews K (ed), Fisheries resources and their management in Southeast Asia: pp. 269-281.Whitehead, P. J. P. (1985). FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Olaniyi OLOPADE (Primary Author)
0000-0002-9550-2956
Nigeria


Henry DIENYE
0000-0001-6254-9179
Nigeria


Nathanael Akinsafe BAMIDELE
0000-0002-9550-2956

Publication Date September 15, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 15, Issue 3

Cite

APA Olopade, O. , Dıenye, H. & Bamıdele, N. A. (2019). Some Population Parameters of the Sardinella maderensis (Lowe, 1838) in the Sombreiro River of Niger Delta . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 15 (3) , 354-364 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.532284