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Growth Study of Flat Oyster (Ostrea edulis L. 1758) on the Coasts of Izmir (Özbek-Urla)

Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, 298 - 305, 01.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.806478

Abstract

European oyster (Ostrea edulis L. 1758) in Uzbek-Urla (Izmir) in this study examined individuals placed in Augmentation systems to determine the growth and survival rates of their spats. Temperature, salinity, total particulate matter (TPM) (particulate organic-POM and particulate inorganic-PIM) and chlorophyll-a values were recorded from water parameters throughout the year. The highest in total particulate matter was found at 34.62 mg/l in June. In June, the ratio of inorganic matter in particulate matter was 77.61% and the ratio of organic matter was 22.39%. Mean length of Oyster larvae taken into Augmentation Systems reached from 26.39±4.00 mm at the beginning of the study to 60.84 ±10.71 mm at the end of the study. A significant negative correlation was found between survival rate with temperature and PIM (r2 = -0.654, r2 = -0.644, respectively) (p <0.05).The survival rate of oysters was found to be 61.9%. The results of the survival and growth rate obtained indicate that this region may be suitable for the cultivation of Ostrea edulis.

References

  • Acarlı, S., Lök, A., Yiğitkurt, S., Palaz, M. (2011) Culture of Fan Mussel (Pinna nobilis, Linnaeus 1758) in Relation to Size on Suspended Culture System in Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Kafkas Universitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (6): 995-1002, 2011 doi:10.9775/kvfd.2011.4922
  • Acarlı, S., Lök A., Küçükdermenci, A., Yıldız, H., & Serdar, S. (2011). Comparative growth, survival and condition index of Flat Oyster, Ostrea edulis (Linnaeus 1758) in Mersin Bay, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 203-210. doi:10.9775/kvfd.2010.2806
  • Botta, R., Asche, F., Borsum, J. S., & Camp, E. V. (2020). A review of global oyster aquaculture production and consumption. Marine Policy, 117,1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103952
  • Celik M.Y., Karayücel, S., Karayücel, I., Eyüpoğlu B. & Öztürk, R 2015. The effects of environmental factors on survival, growth and biochemical composition of transplanted oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) from Aegean Sea to southern Black Sea Aquaculture Research, 2013, 1–10
  • Clausen, I., & Riisgsard, H. U., (1996). Growth, filtration and respiration in the mussel Mytilus edulis: No evidence for physiological regulation of the filter-pump to nutritional needs. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 141, 37-45. doi: 10.3354/meps141037
  • Da Silva, P. M., Fuentes, J., & Villalba, A., (2005). Growth, mortality and disease susceptibility of oyster Ostrea edulis families obtained from brood stocks of different geographical origins, through on-growing in the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW Spain). Marine Biology, 147, 965–977. doi:10.1007/s00227-005-1627-4 Egemen, Ö. & Sunlu, U. (1996) Su Kalitesi. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi,Bornova,İzmir, 14:66-67.
  • FAO, 2020a. FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture. 17/02/2021 tarihinde http://www.fao.org/fishery/static/Yearbook/YB2018_USBcard/root/capture/yearbook_capture.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • FAO, 2020b. FAO Aquaculture production 17/02/2021 tarihinde http://www.fao.org/fishery/static/Yearbook/YB2018_USBcard/root/aquaculture/yearbook_aquaculture.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Haure, J., Penisson, C., Bougrier, S., & Baud, J.P. (1998). Influence of temperature on clearance and oxygen consumption rates of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis: determination of allometric coefficients. Aquaculture, 169, 211–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00383-4
  • Lök, A., Acarli, S., Serdar, S.,Köse, A. & Yildiz, H., 2007. Growth and mortality of Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam., 1819, in relation to size on longline in Mersin Bay, Izmir (Turkey – Aegean Sea). Aquaculture Research, 38(8):819-826.
  • Lök, A., Acarli, S., Serdar, S., Kose, A., Goulletquer, P., 2006. Growth and Survival Rate of Bearded Horse Mussel (Modiolus barbatus Linné,1758) inMersin Bay (İzmir, Turkey). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture – Bamidgeh 58(1):55-61.
  • Lynch, S.A., Flannery, G., Hugh-Jones, T., Hugh-Jones, D., & Culloty S.C. (2014). Thirty-year history of Irish (Rossmore) Ostrea edulis selectively bred for disease resistance to Bonamia ostreae, Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms, 110, 113–121. doi:10.3354/dao02734
  • Paquotte, P., & Vioriceau, J. (1987). Croissance et Indice de Condition de l'Huitre Plate Ostrea edulis, Eleveé en Mer et en Etang sur la Cote Mediterraneenne. Haliotis, 16, 427-437. 14/11/2016 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/6188/ adresinden erişildi.
  • Preston, N. P., Jones, A.B., 1998. The use of oysters as natural filters of aquaculture effluent. FRDC Final Report 94/132.
  • Raillard, O., Deslous-Paoli, J.M., Héral, M., & Razet D. (1993). Modélisation du comportement nutritionnel et de la croissance de l'huître japonaise Crassostrea gigas. Oceanologica Acta,16, (1) 73-82. 10/06/2008 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/publication-3066.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Robert, R., Pichot, Y., & Comps, M. (1991). Essai de culture de l'huître plate Ostrea edulis dans le bassin d'Arcachon Résultats préliminaires, IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Explotation de la Mer, IDRV-90.27-RA/ Arcachon/Pallavas. 01/02/2012 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/1592/ adresinden erişildi.
  • Sawusdee, A., Jensen, A.C., Collins, K. J., & Hauton, C. (2015). Improvements in the physiological performance of European flat oysters Ostrea edulis (Linnaeus, 1758) cultured on elevated reef structures: Implications for oyster restoration. Aquaculture, 444, 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.03.022
  • Strickland, J.D.H., & Parsons, T.R. (1972). A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin, 167.
  • Toro, J.E., Sanhueza, M.A., Winter, J.E., Senn, C.M., Aguila, P., Vergara, A.M. (1995) Environmental effects on the growth of the Chilean oyster Ostrea chilensis in five mariculture locations in the Chiloe Island, Southern Chile. Aquaculture 136:153-164. Doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(95)01050-5
  • TUİK, 2020. Su Ürünleri İstatistikleri 2019, Diğer deniz ürünleri 17/02/2021 tarihinde https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Su-Urunleri-2019-33734 adresinden erişildi
  • Vural, P., Yildiz, H., Acarlı, S., 2015. Growth and survival performances of Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lamarck, 1819) on different depths in Cardak lagoon, Dardanelles. Marine Science Technology Bulletin, 4(1): 7-12
  • Yigitkurt, S., Lök, A., Kirtik, A., Acarli, S., Kurtay, E., Küçükdermenci, A., Durmaz, Y., 2020. Spat efficiency in the pearl oyster Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814) in the surface and bottom water at Karantina Island. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 49:2. doi:10.1515/ohs-2020-0000

İzmir (Özbek-Urla) Kıyılarında Yassı İstiridye (Ostrea edulis L. 1758) Büyütme Çalışması

Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, 298 - 305, 01.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.806478

Abstract

Bu çalışmada Özbek-Urla (İzmir)’de dağılım gösteren Avrupa istiridyesinin (Ostrea edulis L. 1758) büyüme ve yaşama oranlarını belirlemek amacıyla büyütme sistemlerine yerleştirilmiş spatlar incelenmiştir. Yıl boyunca su parametrelerinden sıcaklık, tuzluluk, toplam partikül madde (TPM) (partikül organik-POM ve partikül inorganik-PIM) ve klorofil-a değerleri kaydedilmiştir. Toplam partikül madde en yüksek haziran ayında 34,62 mg/l bulunmuştur. Haziran ayında partikül madde içerisindeki inorganik madde oranı %77,61, organik madde oranı ise %22,39 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Büyütme sistemlerine alınan istiridye yavruları boy ortalamaları çalışmanın başlangıcında 26,39±4,00 mm’den çalışmanın sonunda 60,84 ±10,71 mm’ye ulaşmıştır. İstiridyelerin yaşama oranı % 61,9 olarak bulunmuştur. Yaşama oranı ile Sıcaklık ve PİM arasında anlamlı negatif korelasyon (sırasıyla r2=-0,654, r2=-0,644) bulunmuştur (p<0,05). Elde edilen yaşama ve büyüme oranı sonuçları, bu bölgenin Ostrea edulis yetiştiriciliği için uygun olabileceğini göstermektedir. 

References

  • Acarlı, S., Lök, A., Yiğitkurt, S., Palaz, M. (2011) Culture of Fan Mussel (Pinna nobilis, Linnaeus 1758) in Relation to Size on Suspended Culture System in Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Kafkas Universitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (6): 995-1002, 2011 doi:10.9775/kvfd.2011.4922
  • Acarlı, S., Lök A., Küçükdermenci, A., Yıldız, H., & Serdar, S. (2011). Comparative growth, survival and condition index of Flat Oyster, Ostrea edulis (Linnaeus 1758) in Mersin Bay, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 203-210. doi:10.9775/kvfd.2010.2806
  • Botta, R., Asche, F., Borsum, J. S., & Camp, E. V. (2020). A review of global oyster aquaculture production and consumption. Marine Policy, 117,1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103952
  • Celik M.Y., Karayücel, S., Karayücel, I., Eyüpoğlu B. & Öztürk, R 2015. The effects of environmental factors on survival, growth and biochemical composition of transplanted oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) from Aegean Sea to southern Black Sea Aquaculture Research, 2013, 1–10
  • Clausen, I., & Riisgsard, H. U., (1996). Growth, filtration and respiration in the mussel Mytilus edulis: No evidence for physiological regulation of the filter-pump to nutritional needs. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 141, 37-45. doi: 10.3354/meps141037
  • Da Silva, P. M., Fuentes, J., & Villalba, A., (2005). Growth, mortality and disease susceptibility of oyster Ostrea edulis families obtained from brood stocks of different geographical origins, through on-growing in the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW Spain). Marine Biology, 147, 965–977. doi:10.1007/s00227-005-1627-4 Egemen, Ö. & Sunlu, U. (1996) Su Kalitesi. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Fakültesi,Bornova,İzmir, 14:66-67.
  • FAO, 2020a. FAO Yearbook Fishery and Aquaculture. 17/02/2021 tarihinde http://www.fao.org/fishery/static/Yearbook/YB2018_USBcard/root/capture/yearbook_capture.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • FAO, 2020b. FAO Aquaculture production 17/02/2021 tarihinde http://www.fao.org/fishery/static/Yearbook/YB2018_USBcard/root/aquaculture/yearbook_aquaculture.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Haure, J., Penisson, C., Bougrier, S., & Baud, J.P. (1998). Influence of temperature on clearance and oxygen consumption rates of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis: determination of allometric coefficients. Aquaculture, 169, 211–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00383-4
  • Lök, A., Acarli, S., Serdar, S.,Köse, A. & Yildiz, H., 2007. Growth and mortality of Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Lam., 1819, in relation to size on longline in Mersin Bay, Izmir (Turkey – Aegean Sea). Aquaculture Research, 38(8):819-826.
  • Lök, A., Acarli, S., Serdar, S., Kose, A., Goulletquer, P., 2006. Growth and Survival Rate of Bearded Horse Mussel (Modiolus barbatus Linné,1758) inMersin Bay (İzmir, Turkey). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture – Bamidgeh 58(1):55-61.
  • Lynch, S.A., Flannery, G., Hugh-Jones, T., Hugh-Jones, D., & Culloty S.C. (2014). Thirty-year history of Irish (Rossmore) Ostrea edulis selectively bred for disease resistance to Bonamia ostreae, Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms, 110, 113–121. doi:10.3354/dao02734
  • Paquotte, P., & Vioriceau, J. (1987). Croissance et Indice de Condition de l'Huitre Plate Ostrea edulis, Eleveé en Mer et en Etang sur la Cote Mediterraneenne. Haliotis, 16, 427-437. 14/11/2016 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/6188/ adresinden erişildi.
  • Preston, N. P., Jones, A.B., 1998. The use of oysters as natural filters of aquaculture effluent. FRDC Final Report 94/132.
  • Raillard, O., Deslous-Paoli, J.M., Héral, M., & Razet D. (1993). Modélisation du comportement nutritionnel et de la croissance de l'huître japonaise Crassostrea gigas. Oceanologica Acta,16, (1) 73-82. 10/06/2008 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/publication-3066.pdf adresinden erişildi.
  • Robert, R., Pichot, Y., & Comps, M. (1991). Essai de culture de l'huître plate Ostrea edulis dans le bassin d'Arcachon Résultats préliminaires, IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Explotation de la Mer, IDRV-90.27-RA/ Arcachon/Pallavas. 01/02/2012 tarihinde https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/1592/ adresinden erişildi.
  • Sawusdee, A., Jensen, A.C., Collins, K. J., & Hauton, C. (2015). Improvements in the physiological performance of European flat oysters Ostrea edulis (Linnaeus, 1758) cultured on elevated reef structures: Implications for oyster restoration. Aquaculture, 444, 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.03.022
  • Strickland, J.D.H., & Parsons, T.R. (1972). A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin, 167.
  • Toro, J.E., Sanhueza, M.A., Winter, J.E., Senn, C.M., Aguila, P., Vergara, A.M. (1995) Environmental effects on the growth of the Chilean oyster Ostrea chilensis in five mariculture locations in the Chiloe Island, Southern Chile. Aquaculture 136:153-164. Doi: 10.1016/0044-8486(95)01050-5
  • TUİK, 2020. Su Ürünleri İstatistikleri 2019, Diğer deniz ürünleri 17/02/2021 tarihinde https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Su-Urunleri-2019-33734 adresinden erişildi
  • Vural, P., Yildiz, H., Acarlı, S., 2015. Growth and survival performances of Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lamarck, 1819) on different depths in Cardak lagoon, Dardanelles. Marine Science Technology Bulletin, 4(1): 7-12
  • Yigitkurt, S., Lök, A., Kirtik, A., Acarli, S., Kurtay, E., Küçükdermenci, A., Durmaz, Y., 2020. Spat efficiency in the pearl oyster Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814) in the surface and bottom water at Karantina Island. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 49:2. doi:10.1515/ohs-2020-0000

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ali KIRTIK (Primary Author)
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5004-1391
Türkiye


Selçuk YİĞİTKURT
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0026-712X
Türkiye


Evrim KURTAY
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7234-8407
Türkiye


Aysun KÜÇÜKDERMENCİ
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7904-6487
Türkiye


Aynur LÖK
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1043-8028
Türkiye

Publication Date June 1, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2

Cite

APA Kırtık, A. , Yiğitkurt, S. , Kurtay, E. , Küçükdermenci, A. & Lök, A. (2021). İzmir (Özbek-Urla) Kıyılarında Yassı İstiridye (Ostrea edulis L. 1758) Büyütme Çalışması . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 17 (2) , 298-305 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.806478