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Şehirlerimizin Geleceğini Tasarlamak İçin Geodesign

Year 2023, Volume: 6 Issue: 2, 1 - 19, 09.01.2024

Abstract

Şehir planlamasının her zamankinden daha önemli olduğu söylenebilir. Geleneksel olarak, şehir planlamasının sonuçları uzun raporlar ve 2 boyutlu haritalar şeklinde sunulur. Bu haritaların hazırlanmasında gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri (CBS) kullanımı 90'lı yıllardan itibaren standart hale gelmiştir. Artık geomatikteki 3B şehir modelleri, sanal gerçeklik (VR) ve Geodesign gibi yeni gelişmeler, şehir planlamasını bir sonraki seviyeye taşımak için araçlar sağlıyor. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Şanlıurfa bölgesinde geomatik odaklı şehir planlamasının mevcut durumunu, farklı Geodesign projeleri çerçevesinde nasıl uygulandığını ve hangi araçların farklı nedenlerle uygulanmadığını açıklamaktır.

Supporting Institution

TÜBİTAK

References

  • Arciniegas, G., Šileryté, R., Dąbrowski, M., Wandl, A., Dukai, B., Bohnet, M., & Gutsche, J.-M. (2019). A Geodesign Decision Support Environment for Integrating Management of Resource Flows in Spatial Planning. Urban Planning, 4 (3): 32–51 DOI: 10.17645/up.v4i3.2173
  • Bakır, N. Y., Doğan, U., Güngör, M.K., Bostancı, B. (2018). Planned development versus unplanned change: The effects on urban planning in Turkey. Land Use Policy, 77: 310-321.
  • Ballal, H. (2015). Collaborative planning with digital design synthesis. Doctoral dissertation. University College London.
  • Campagn, M., Steinitz, C., Di Cesare, E.A., Cocco, C., Ballal, H., Canfield, T. (2016). Collaboration in planning: The Geodesign approach. Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, 35: 55–72.
  • Ergin, Ö. N. (1995). Mecelle-i Umur-ı Belediyye. İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kültür İşleri Daire Başkanlığı Yayınları. 21 (9). İstanbul.
  • Ernst, F.B., Erdoğan, S., Yılmaz, M., Ulukavak, M., Şenol, H.İ., Memduhoğlu, A., Çullu, M.A. (2019). “Geodesign for Urban Planning: A Case Study from Harran University’s Campus Master Plan”. International Journal of Environmental Trends (IJENT), 17-30, 3(1): 2602-4160.
  • Ernst, F.B., Çullu, M. A., Benek, S., Siverekli, E., Erdoğan, S., Aydemir, A., Yenigün, İ., Memduhoğlu, A., Karabulut, İ., A., Yıldırım, A., Ö. & Karagöz, M. G. (2020). Design of Development Scenarios for Şanlıurfa Region Based on Geodesign. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements, 3 (2): 92-117.
  • Ernst, F.B., Çullu, M. A., Benek, S., Siverekli, E., Erdoğan, S., Aydemir, A., Yenigün, I., Memduhoğlu, A., Karabulut, A. I., Yildirim, Ö. A., & Karagöz, G. M. (2021). Design Of Development Scenarios For Şanliurfa Region Based On Geodesign. In Tom Fisher, Brian Orland, Carl Steinitz (Ed.): IGC Book: The International Geodesign Collaboration: Changing Geography by Design. Redlands, CA; ESRI Press.
  • ESRI (2020). What is ArcGIS Urban? Retrieved June 2, 2023 from https://doc.arcgis.com/en/urban/get-started/get-started-what-is-urban.htm
  • Fisher, F. (2001a). Building bridges between citizens and local governments to work more effectively together through participatory planning. Part I Concept and strategies. UN-HABITAT, 140 pp. Fisher, F. (2001b). Building bridges between citizens and local governments to work more effectively together through participatory planning. Part II. Toolkit. UN-HABITAT, 83 pp.
  • Halvorsen, K. E. (2001). Assessing public participation techniques for comfort, convenience, satisfaction, and deliberation. Environmental Management, 28(2): 179–186. Doi: 10.1007/s002670010216. Harris, B. & Batty, M. (1993). Locational Models, Geographic Information and Planning Support Systems. Journal of Planning, Education and Research, 12: 184-198. Doi: 10.1177/0739456X9301200302.
  • Hawkings, J. & Dawkins, R. (2021). A Thousand Brains: A New Theory of Intelligence. Basic Books. Healey, P. (1997). Collaborative Planning. Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. Hampshire: McMillan Press Limited. Innes, J. & Booher, D. E. (2004). Reframing public participation: strategies for the 21st century. Planning Theory & Practice, 5(4): 419–436. Doi: 10.1080/1464935042000293170.
  • International research activities by Small and Medium-sized Enterprises IraSME (2022). WHAT IS IRASME? Retrieved June 2, 2023 from https:// ira-sme.net Kelly, T. (2021). Chapter 35 CityEngine: An Introduction to Rule-Based Modeling. In: W. Shi et al. (eds.), Urban Informatics, The Urban Book Series, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8983-6_35
  • Kim, M. (2017). Teaching Coastal Resilience Using Geodesign: A Study of Virginia Beach. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 2: 279-286.
  • Kingston, R. (2007). Public participation in local policy decision-making: the role of web-based mapping. The Cartographic Journal, 44(2): 138–144. Doi: 10.1179/000870407X213459.
  • Klostermann, R.E. (1997). Planning Support Systems: A New Perspective on Computer-aided Planning. Journal of Planning, Education and Research, 17 (1): 45-54.
  • Kommunalinfo Mannheim (2017). Der soziale Wohnungsbau in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1945 – eine Chronologie – Kommunalinfo Mannheim. Retrieved June 2, 2023 from kommunalinfo-mannheim.de
  • Moura, A. C. M., F. C. D. V. & Morais, C. F. D. (2021). Geodesign as a support for proposing actions to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals. Proceedings of the International Cartographic Association, 4. 30th International Cartographic Conference (ICC 2021), Florence, Italy. https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-75-2021
  • Moura, A.C., Marino, T., Ballal, H., Ribeiro, S., Motta, S. (2016). Interoperability and visualization as a support for mental maps to face differences in scale in Brazilian Geodesign processes. Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, 35: 89–102.
  • Nedjeljko, F. (2011). Public Participation Geographic Information Systems. Kartografija i Geoinformacije, 10(15): 178. Nyerges, T., Ballal, H., Steinitz, C., Canfield, T., Roderick, M., Ritzman, J., Thanatemaneerat, W. (2016). Geodesign Dynamics for Sustainable Urban Watershed Development. Sustainable Cities and Society, 3(25): 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.04.016
  • Pettit, C. J., Cartwright, W., & Berry, M. (2006). Geographical Visualization: A Participatory Planning Support Tool For Imagining Landscape Futures. Applied Gis, 2 (3), Victoria, Australia: Monash University Epress, Clayton 3800.
  • Rivero, R., Smith, A., Ballal, H., & Steinitz, C. (2015). Promoting Collaborative Geodesign in a Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Environment. Coastal Georgia 2050, USA. In: Peer reviewed proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture 2015 at Anhalt University of Applied Sciences. Berlin: Wichmann, pp. 42–58. Retrieved July 21, 2023 from http://gispoint.de/fileadmin/user_upload/paper_gis_open/53755 5005.pdf
  • Soward, E. & Li, J. (2021). ArcGIS Urban: an application for plan assessment. Computational Urban Science, 1(15): 1 – 10, https://doi.org/10.1007/s43762-021-00016-9
  • Steinitz, C. A. (2012). Framework for Geodesign. Redlands, CA; ESRI Press.
  • Sunesson, K., Allwood, C.M., Paulin, D., Heldal, I., Roupé, M., Johansson, M., Westerdahl, B. (2008). Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process, Tsinghua Science & Technology, 13(1): 255-260, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1007-0214(08)70158-5.
  • UNFPA (2007). State of World Population 2007, Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth. State of World Population 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2023 from unfpa.org
  • Yeh, A.G.O. (1999). Urban Planning and GIS. In Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M., Maguire, D. & Rhind, D. (Eds.), Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Applications, and Management, Second Edition (pp. 877-888). New York: John Wiley.
  • Yeh, A.G.O. (2008). GIS as a Planning Support System for the Planning of Harmonious Cities. UN-HABITAT Lecture Award Series, No. 3. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). Nairobi.

Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities

Year 2023, Volume: 6 Issue: 2, 1 - 19, 09.01.2024

Abstract

It can be said that city planning is more important than ever. Traditionally, the results of urban planning have been presented in the form of long reports and 2D maps. In the preparation of these maps, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in developed and developing countries has become standard since the 90s. Now new developments in Geomatics such as 3D city models, virtual reality (VR) and Geodesign provide tools to take urban planning to the next level. The aim of this study is to explain the current situation of geomatics-oriented urban planning, how it has been applied within the framework of different Geodesign projects in the Şanlıurfa region, and which tools have not been applied for different reasons until today.

References

  • Arciniegas, G., Šileryté, R., Dąbrowski, M., Wandl, A., Dukai, B., Bohnet, M., & Gutsche, J.-M. (2019). A Geodesign Decision Support Environment for Integrating Management of Resource Flows in Spatial Planning. Urban Planning, 4 (3): 32–51 DOI: 10.17645/up.v4i3.2173
  • Bakır, N. Y., Doğan, U., Güngör, M.K., Bostancı, B. (2018). Planned development versus unplanned change: The effects on urban planning in Turkey. Land Use Policy, 77: 310-321.
  • Ballal, H. (2015). Collaborative planning with digital design synthesis. Doctoral dissertation. University College London.
  • Campagn, M., Steinitz, C., Di Cesare, E.A., Cocco, C., Ballal, H., Canfield, T. (2016). Collaboration in planning: The Geodesign approach. Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, 35: 55–72.
  • Ergin, Ö. N. (1995). Mecelle-i Umur-ı Belediyye. İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kültür İşleri Daire Başkanlığı Yayınları. 21 (9). İstanbul.
  • Ernst, F.B., Erdoğan, S., Yılmaz, M., Ulukavak, M., Şenol, H.İ., Memduhoğlu, A., Çullu, M.A. (2019). “Geodesign for Urban Planning: A Case Study from Harran University’s Campus Master Plan”. International Journal of Environmental Trends (IJENT), 17-30, 3(1): 2602-4160.
  • Ernst, F.B., Çullu, M. A., Benek, S., Siverekli, E., Erdoğan, S., Aydemir, A., Yenigün, İ., Memduhoğlu, A., Karabulut, İ., A., Yıldırım, A., Ö. & Karagöz, M. G. (2020). Design of Development Scenarios for Şanlıurfa Region Based on Geodesign. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements, 3 (2): 92-117.
  • Ernst, F.B., Çullu, M. A., Benek, S., Siverekli, E., Erdoğan, S., Aydemir, A., Yenigün, I., Memduhoğlu, A., Karabulut, A. I., Yildirim, Ö. A., & Karagöz, G. M. (2021). Design Of Development Scenarios For Şanliurfa Region Based On Geodesign. In Tom Fisher, Brian Orland, Carl Steinitz (Ed.): IGC Book: The International Geodesign Collaboration: Changing Geography by Design. Redlands, CA; ESRI Press.
  • ESRI (2020). What is ArcGIS Urban? Retrieved June 2, 2023 from https://doc.arcgis.com/en/urban/get-started/get-started-what-is-urban.htm
  • Fisher, F. (2001a). Building bridges between citizens and local governments to work more effectively together through participatory planning. Part I Concept and strategies. UN-HABITAT, 140 pp. Fisher, F. (2001b). Building bridges between citizens and local governments to work more effectively together through participatory planning. Part II. Toolkit. UN-HABITAT, 83 pp.
  • Halvorsen, K. E. (2001). Assessing public participation techniques for comfort, convenience, satisfaction, and deliberation. Environmental Management, 28(2): 179–186. Doi: 10.1007/s002670010216. Harris, B. & Batty, M. (1993). Locational Models, Geographic Information and Planning Support Systems. Journal of Planning, Education and Research, 12: 184-198. Doi: 10.1177/0739456X9301200302.
  • Hawkings, J. & Dawkins, R. (2021). A Thousand Brains: A New Theory of Intelligence. Basic Books. Healey, P. (1997). Collaborative Planning. Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. Hampshire: McMillan Press Limited. Innes, J. & Booher, D. E. (2004). Reframing public participation: strategies for the 21st century. Planning Theory & Practice, 5(4): 419–436. Doi: 10.1080/1464935042000293170.
  • International research activities by Small and Medium-sized Enterprises IraSME (2022). WHAT IS IRASME? Retrieved June 2, 2023 from https:// ira-sme.net Kelly, T. (2021). Chapter 35 CityEngine: An Introduction to Rule-Based Modeling. In: W. Shi et al. (eds.), Urban Informatics, The Urban Book Series, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-8983-6_35
  • Kim, M. (2017). Teaching Coastal Resilience Using Geodesign: A Study of Virginia Beach. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 2: 279-286.
  • Kingston, R. (2007). Public participation in local policy decision-making: the role of web-based mapping. The Cartographic Journal, 44(2): 138–144. Doi: 10.1179/000870407X213459.
  • Klostermann, R.E. (1997). Planning Support Systems: A New Perspective on Computer-aided Planning. Journal of Planning, Education and Research, 17 (1): 45-54.
  • Kommunalinfo Mannheim (2017). Der soziale Wohnungsbau in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1945 – eine Chronologie – Kommunalinfo Mannheim. Retrieved June 2, 2023 from kommunalinfo-mannheim.de
  • Moura, A. C. M., F. C. D. V. & Morais, C. F. D. (2021). Geodesign as a support for proposing actions to fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals. Proceedings of the International Cartographic Association, 4. 30th International Cartographic Conference (ICC 2021), Florence, Italy. https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-4-75-2021
  • Moura, A.C., Marino, T., Ballal, H., Ribeiro, S., Motta, S. (2016). Interoperability and visualization as a support for mental maps to face differences in scale in Brazilian Geodesign processes. Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, 35: 89–102.
  • Nedjeljko, F. (2011). Public Participation Geographic Information Systems. Kartografija i Geoinformacije, 10(15): 178. Nyerges, T., Ballal, H., Steinitz, C., Canfield, T., Roderick, M., Ritzman, J., Thanatemaneerat, W. (2016). Geodesign Dynamics for Sustainable Urban Watershed Development. Sustainable Cities and Society, 3(25): 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.04.016
  • Pettit, C. J., Cartwright, W., & Berry, M. (2006). Geographical Visualization: A Participatory Planning Support Tool For Imagining Landscape Futures. Applied Gis, 2 (3), Victoria, Australia: Monash University Epress, Clayton 3800.
  • Rivero, R., Smith, A., Ballal, H., & Steinitz, C. (2015). Promoting Collaborative Geodesign in a Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Environment. Coastal Georgia 2050, USA. In: Peer reviewed proceedings of Digital Landscape Architecture 2015 at Anhalt University of Applied Sciences. Berlin: Wichmann, pp. 42–58. Retrieved July 21, 2023 from http://gispoint.de/fileadmin/user_upload/paper_gis_open/53755 5005.pdf
  • Soward, E. & Li, J. (2021). ArcGIS Urban: an application for plan assessment. Computational Urban Science, 1(15): 1 – 10, https://doi.org/10.1007/s43762-021-00016-9
  • Steinitz, C. A. (2012). Framework for Geodesign. Redlands, CA; ESRI Press.
  • Sunesson, K., Allwood, C.M., Paulin, D., Heldal, I., Roupé, M., Johansson, M., Westerdahl, B. (2008). Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process, Tsinghua Science & Technology, 13(1): 255-260, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1007-0214(08)70158-5.
  • UNFPA (2007). State of World Population 2007, Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth. State of World Population 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2023 from unfpa.org
  • Yeh, A.G.O. (1999). Urban Planning and GIS. In Longley, P.A., Goodchild, M., Maguire, D. & Rhind, D. (Eds.), Geographical Information Systems: Principles, Techniques, Applications, and Management, Second Edition (pp. 877-888). New York: John Wiley.
  • Yeh, A.G.O. (2008). GIS as a Planning Support System for the Planning of Harmonious Cities. UN-HABITAT Lecture Award Series, No. 3. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). Nairobi.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Computer Software
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Fred ERNST 0000-0002-7568-2582

Project Number 122N256
Early Pub Date September 8, 2023
Publication Date January 9, 2024
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 6 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ERNST, F. (2024). Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements in Information Sciences and Technologies, 6(2), 1-19.
AMA ERNST F. Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities. AIST. January 2024;6(2):1-19.
Chicago ERNST, Fred. “Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities”. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements in Information Sciences and Technologies 6, no. 2 (January 2024): 1-19.
EndNote ERNST F (January 1, 2024) Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements in Information Sciences and Technologies 6 2 1–19.
IEEE F. ERNST, “Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities”, AIST, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1–19, 2024.
ISNAD ERNST, Fred. “Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities”. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements in Information Sciences and Technologies 6/2 (January 2024), 1-19.
JAMA ERNST F. Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities. AIST. 2024;6:1–19.
MLA ERNST, Fred. “Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities”. GSI Journals Serie C: Advancements in Information Sciences and Technologies, vol. 6, no. 2, 2024, pp. 1-19.
Vancouver ERNST F. Geodesign for Designing the Future of Our Cities. AIST. 2024;6(2):1-19.