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Effects of Covid 19 on Environmental Pollution

Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2, 1 - 6, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Humanity throughout the history of the world; has faced with many diseases and epidemics that adversely affect its own destiny and all the world's ecosystems. The Covid-19 virus, which emerged in Wuhan, China in the last months of 2019 and transmitted to many people with its high spreading rate, has become one of the largest and most common epidemic diseases worldwide in recent years. The virus, which started in China in a short time and then spread all over the world, affects human health in an extremely fatal way. During the emergence of the virus and the pandemic period around the world, many preventive measures have been taken. On the other hand, the Covid-19 virus has many effects on the environment and human health worldwide. This virus has many environmental effects as well as its deadly effects on human health. During the pandemic period, some important changes and developments are experienced in air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, waste disposal, energy use, global warming and climate change, depending on the changing human needs and habits. Within the scope of this study, the environmental effects of the Covid-19 virus, which has fatal effects on public health were examined in detail with the help of relevant articles and resources. The effects of the virus on air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution were discussed. All these environmental pollution effects, use of soap and detergents, disposal of glove and mask wastes, energy use and changes in global warming were evaluated.

References

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  • [12] Kerimray, A., et al., Assessing air quality changes in large cities during COVID-19 lockdowns: the impacts of traffic-free urban conditions in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 730: p. 139179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139179 139179.
  • [13] Mahato, S., et al., Effect of lockdown amid COVID-19 pandemic on air quality of the megacity Delhi. India, Sci Total Environ. 2020. 730: p. 139086 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139086.
  • [14] Dantas, G., et al., The impact of COVID- 19 partial lockdown on the air quality of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sci. Total Environ. 2020. 729. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139085 139085
  • [15] Wang, P., et al., Severe air pollution events not avoided by reduced anthropogenic activities during COVID-19 outbreak. Resour Conser Recyc, 2020. 158: p. 104814. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104814
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  • [17] ESA. Air pollution in a post-COVID-19 world. 2020; Available from: http://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel 5P/Air_pollution_in_a_post-COVID-19_world.
  • [18] ESA. Coronavirus lockdown leading to drop in pollution across Europe. 2020; Available from: https://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel-5P/Coronavirus_lockdown_leading_to_drop_in_pollution_across_Europe
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  • [20] Iqbal, M., et al., Degradation of Cytotoxic Agent in Soap and Detergent Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes. J Chem Soc Pak, 2020. 39: p. 05.
  • [21] Minareci, O., et al., Manisa Belediyesi Evsel Atıksu Arıtma Tesisi Çıkış Sularının, Gediz Nehrine Olan Etkilerinin, Anyonik Deterjan Ve Fosfat Parametreleri Açısından Değerlendirilmesi. SDÜ Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Dergisi (E-Dergi), 2008. 3(1): p. 16-25.
  • [22] Candanosa, R.M., Here’s why washing your hands with soap for 20 seconds protects you from covid-19. 2020; Available from: https://news.northeastern.edu/2020/03/20/heres-why-washing-your-hands-with-soap-for-20-seconds-protects-you-from-covid-19/.
  • [23] Bhowmick, S. (2020) Will COVID-19 inspire the world to provide poor people with clean water?. 2020; Available from: https://covid19.tabipacademy.com/2020/06/22/will-covid-19-inspire-the-world-to-provide-poor-people-with-clean-water/
  • [24] Yunus, A.P., Masago, Y., and Hijioka, Y., COVID-19 and surface water quality: improved lake water quality during the lockdown. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 731: p. 139012 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139012
  • [25] Bashir, M.F., et al., Correlation between climate indicators and COVID-19 pandemic in New York. USA Sci Total Environ, 2020. 728: p. 138835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138835
  • [26] Hellewell, J., et al., Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts. Lancet Glob Heal, 2020. 8: p. 488–496. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30074-7
  • [27] Luan, P.T., and Ching, C.T.S., A reusable mask for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Arch Med Res, 2020. 51: p. 455–457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arcmed.2020.04.001

Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2, 1 - 6, 31.12.2021

Abstract

References

  • [1] Xu, Z., et al., Pathological findings of COVID-19 associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Lancet resp med, 2020. 8(4): p. 420–422. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30076-X
  • [2] WHO. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. 2020; Available from: https://covid19.who.int/
  • [3] Chakraborty, I., and Maity, P., COVID-19 outbreak:migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 728: p. 138882. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138882
  • [4] Atalan, A., Is the lockdown important to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic? Effects on psychology, environment and economy-perspective. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 2020. 56: p. 38–42.
  • [5] Cheval, S., et al., Observed and Potential Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020. 17(11): p. 4140.
  • [6] Eroğlu, H., Effects of Covid‑19 outbreak on environment and renewable energy sector. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 2020. 23: p. 4782–4790 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-00837-4.
  • [7] Bashir, M.F., Benjiang, M.A., and Shahzad L., A brief review of socio-economic and environmental impact of Covid-19. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health., 2020. 13: p. 1403–1409 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-020-00894-8.
  • [8] Conticini E., Frediani, B., and Caro, D., Can atmospheric pollution be considered a co-factor in extremely high level of SARS-CoV-2 lethality in northern Italy?. Environ Pol, 2020. 261: p. 114465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114465
  • [9] Fattorini, D., and Regoli, F., Role of the atmospheric pollution in the Covid-19 outbreak risk in Italy. MedRxiv, 2020. 264: p. 114732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114732
  • [10] Berman, J.D. and Ebisu, K., Changes in U.S. air pollution during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 739: p. 139864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139864
  • [11] Gautam, S., COVID-19: air pollution remains low as people stay at home. Air Qual Atmos Heal, 2020. 13: p. 853–857. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s11869-020-00842-6
  • [12] Kerimray, A., et al., Assessing air quality changes in large cities during COVID-19 lockdowns: the impacts of traffic-free urban conditions in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 730: p. 139179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139179 139179.
  • [13] Mahato, S., et al., Effect of lockdown amid COVID-19 pandemic on air quality of the megacity Delhi. India, Sci Total Environ. 2020. 730: p. 139086 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139086.
  • [14] Dantas, G., et al., The impact of COVID- 19 partial lockdown on the air quality of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sci. Total Environ. 2020. 729. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139085 139085
  • [15] Wang, P., et al., Severe air pollution events not avoided by reduced anthropogenic activities during COVID-19 outbreak. Resour Conser Recyc, 2020. 158: p. 104814. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104814
  • [16] Knowland E.K., et al., Local to Global Air Quality Simulations using the NASA GEOS Composition Forecast Model, GEOS-CF. 2020.
  • [17] ESA. Air pollution in a post-COVID-19 world. 2020; Available from: http://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel 5P/Air_pollution_in_a_post-COVID-19_world.
  • [18] ESA. Coronavirus lockdown leading to drop in pollution across Europe. 2020; Available from: https://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Copernicus/Sentinel-5P/Coronavirus_lockdown_leading_to_drop_in_pollution_across_Europe
  • [19] Yılmaz, A., Küresel Isınmanın Dünya Su Rezervleri Üzerindeki Etkileri. Kent Kültürü ve Yönetimi 2015. 8(22): p. 63-72.
  • [20] Iqbal, M., et al., Degradation of Cytotoxic Agent in Soap and Detergent Wastewater by Advanced Oxidation Processes. J Chem Soc Pak, 2020. 39: p. 05.
  • [21] Minareci, O., et al., Manisa Belediyesi Evsel Atıksu Arıtma Tesisi Çıkış Sularının, Gediz Nehrine Olan Etkilerinin, Anyonik Deterjan Ve Fosfat Parametreleri Açısından Değerlendirilmesi. SDÜ Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Dergisi (E-Dergi), 2008. 3(1): p. 16-25.
  • [22] Candanosa, R.M., Here’s why washing your hands with soap for 20 seconds protects you from covid-19. 2020; Available from: https://news.northeastern.edu/2020/03/20/heres-why-washing-your-hands-with-soap-for-20-seconds-protects-you-from-covid-19/.
  • [23] Bhowmick, S. (2020) Will COVID-19 inspire the world to provide poor people with clean water?. 2020; Available from: https://covid19.tabipacademy.com/2020/06/22/will-covid-19-inspire-the-world-to-provide-poor-people-with-clean-water/
  • [24] Yunus, A.P., Masago, Y., and Hijioka, Y., COVID-19 and surface water quality: improved lake water quality during the lockdown. Sci Total Environ, 2020. 731: p. 139012 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139012
  • [25] Bashir, M.F., et al., Correlation between climate indicators and COVID-19 pandemic in New York. USA Sci Total Environ, 2020. 728: p. 138835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138835
  • [26] Hellewell, J., et al., Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts. Lancet Glob Heal, 2020. 8: p. 488–496. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30074-7
  • [27] Luan, P.T., and Ching, C.T.S., A reusable mask for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Arch Med Res, 2020. 51: p. 455–457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arcmed.2020.04.001

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Ekrem GÜLLÜCE>
ATATURK UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2290-3799
Türkiye


Şahin KORKMAZ> (Primary Author)
ATATURK UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING PR.
0000-0002-2241-359X
Türkiye

Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 2, Issue 2

Cite

EndNote %0 Anatolian Journal of Biology Effects of Covid 19 on Environmental Pollution %A Ekrem Güllüce , Şahin Korkmaz %T Effects of Covid 19 on Environmental Pollution %D 2021 %J Anatolian Journal of Biology %P 2687-444X- %V 2 %N 2 %R %U