Year 2019, Volume 13 , Issue 1, Pages 40 - 48 2019-04-29

Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks

Kerri Keet [1] , Graham Louw [2]


Objectives: The interscalene block is utilized for regional anesthesia of the upper limb, targeting the roots and trunks of the brachial plexus in the interscalene groove. The prevalence of variation, which may affect the success of this block, has not been documented in detail with respect to side and sex, nor has a classification system been proposed.

Methods: Seventy-nine embalmed bodies were dissected bilaterally. The position of the roots and the subclavian artery relative to the anterior scalene muscle was documented and variations were classified according to prevalence. Differences in the prevalence of variation between left and right sides and between males and females were investigated.

Results: The standard position of the nerves and subclavian artery in the interscalene groove (Type 1) was present in 31.6%. Variant positions included the following passing through the belly of the anterior scalene: C5 and C6 roots (Type 2) (46.8%), C5 root (Type 3) (15.2%), C5 and C6 roots as well as the subclavian artery (Type 4) (3.8%), and lastly, C5, C6 and C7 roots (Type 5) (2.5%). Variant anatomy was statistically more prevalent in females on the right side only.

Conclusion: Variant locations of the roots and subclavian artery external to the interscalene groove were common, suggesting that ultrasound should be used to visualize variations prior to performing interscalene blocks. A classification type of variant positions has been developed for standardization. 

anatomical variation; anterior scalene muscle; brachial plexus; brachial plexus roots; interscalene block
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Author: Kerri Keet (Primary Author)

Author: Graham Louw

Dates

Publication Date : April 29, 2019

Bibtex @case report { anatomy615128, journal = {Anatomy}, issn = {1307-8798}, eissn = {1308-8459}, address = {}, publisher = {Turkish Society of Anatomy and Clinical Anatomy (TSACA)}, year = {2019}, volume = {13}, pages = {40 - 48}, doi = {}, title = {Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks}, key = {cite}, author = {Keet, Kerri and Louw, Graham} }
APA Keet, K , Louw, G . (2019). Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks. Anatomy , 13 (1) , 40-48 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/anatomy/issue/48567/615128
MLA Keet, K , Louw, G . "Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks". Anatomy 13 (2019 ): 40-48 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/anatomy/issue/48567/615128>
Chicago Keet, K , Louw, G . "Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks". Anatomy 13 (2019 ): 40-48
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks AU - Kerri Keet , Graham Louw Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Anatomy JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 40 EP - 48 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-8798-1308-8459 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Anatomy Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks %A Kerri Keet , Graham Louw %T Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks %D 2019 %J Anatomy %P 1307-8798-1308-8459 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Keet, Kerri , Louw, Graham . "Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks". Anatomy 13 / 1 (April 2019): 40-48 .
AMA Keet K , Louw G . Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks. Anatomy. 2019; 13(1): 40-48.
Vancouver Keet K , Louw G . Variation of the brachial plexus roots in the interscalene groove: relevance in interscalene blocks. Anatomy. 2019; 13(1): 48-40.