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Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis)

Year 2018, Volume: 33 Issue: 1, 6 - 10, 06.01.2018
https://doi.org/10.18864/ASE201802

Abstract

In this study, the total protein and lipid contents and fatty acid composition of endemic freshwater fish Capoeta antalyensis was investigated according to the variation in seasons and gender. Total protein content (%) of C. antalyensis varied from 63.80% to 78.15% and total fat content from 4.57% to 21.29% in different seasons. The palmitic, stearic, palmitoleic, oleic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids were the most abundant fatty acids in the muscles of C. antalyensis. The ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in muscles of both genders was higher in spring and autumn, while docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) ratio was higher in winter. The ratio of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n3 PUFAs) content in the muscles reached the highest level in spring in males and in summer in females. The ratios of n-3 PUFAs to omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n6 PUFAs) in muscles of C. antalyensis of both genders changed from 3.29 to 5.44 as the seasons changed. Total fat and fatty acid contents were found to be at the lowest level in both genders during winter. This shows that nutritional content of C. antalyensis species is quite affected by variation in seasonal conditions.

References

  • Andrade, A. D., Rubira, A. F., Matsushita, M., Souza, N. E. (1995). Omega-3 fatty acids in freshwater fish from South Brazil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 72(10), 1207–1210. doi: 10.1007/BF02540990.
  • Aras, N. M., Haliloğlu, H. İ., Ayık, Ö. (2003). Comparison of Fatty Acid Profiles of Different Tissues of Mature Trout (Salmo trutta labrax, Pallas, 1811) Caught from Kazandere Creek in the Çoruh Region, Erzurum, Turkey. Turk J Vet AnimSci 27 311-316 © TÜBİTAK.
  • Balçık-Mısır, G., Tufan, B., Köse, S. (2014). Monthly Variation of Total Lipid and Fatty Acid Contents of Atlantic Bonito, Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793) of Black Sea.International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 49(12): 2668 – 2677. doi: 10.1111/ijfs.12578.
  • Bligh, E. C., Dyer, W.J. (1959). A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.Canadion Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology, 37, 913-917. Doi: 10.1139/059-099.
  • Cengiz, E., Unlu, E., Başhan, M. (2010).Fatty acid composition of total lipids in muscle tissues of nine freshwater fish from the River Tigris (Turkey).Turk J Biol 34: 433-438 c TUBİTAK. doi:10.3906/biy-0903-19.
  • Christiansen, J. S., Ringo, E., Jobling, M. (1989).Effect of sustained exercise on growth and body composition of first feeding fry of Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.). Aquaculture, 79: 329-335. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(89)90474-2.
  • Clarke, S. D., Jump, D. B. (1993). Regulation of gene transcription by polyunsaturated fatty acids. Progress in Lipid Research, 32, 139–149. doi:10.1016/0163-7827(93)90013-M.
  • Clarke, S. D., Jump, D. B. (1994). Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid regulation of gene transcription. Annual Reviewes of Nutrition, 14, 83–89. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nu.14.070194.000503.
  • Çelik, M. (2008). Seasonal changes in the proximate chemical compositions and fatty acids of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) from the North eastern Mediterranen Sea. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 43, 933-938. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2007.01549.x.
  • Dal Bosco, A., Mugnai, C., Mourvaki, E., Castellini C. (2012).Seasonal changes in the fillet fatty acid profile and nutritional characteristics of wild Trasimeno Lake goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Food Chemistry 132 (2012) 830–834. Doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.11.043.
  • Dayhuff, L., Wells, M. (2005). Identification of fatty acids in fishes collected from the Ohio River using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in chemical ionization and electron impact modes. Journal of Chromatography A, 1098 144–149. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2005.08.049
  • Diraman, A., Dibeklioglu, H. (2009). Chemometric characterization and classification of selected freshwater and marine fishes from Turkey based on their fatty acid profiles. Journal of the American Oil Chemist’s Society, 86, 235 - 246. Doi: 10.1007/s11746-008-1338-3.
  • Emre, Y., Uysal, K., Emre, N., Pak, F., Oruç, H., Yetek, İ. 2015. Seasonal variations of fatty acid profiles in the muscle of Capoeta angorae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 15: 103 – 109. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_1_11.
  • FAO (1995). Quality and quality changes in fresh fish. Chemical composition. Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/v7180e/V7180E05.htm.
  • Geri, G., Poli, B.M., Gualtieri, M., Lupi, P., Parisi, G. (1995). Body traits and chemical composition of muscle in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) as influenced by age and rearing environment. Aquacul¬ture, 129: 329–333. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(94)00300-D.
  • Gökçe, M. A., Taşbozan, O., Celik M., Tabakoğu, S. S. (2004). Seasonal variations in proximate and fatty acid compositions of female common sole (Solea solea). Food Chemistry 88: 419–423. Doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.051.
  • Guner, S., Dincer, B., Alemdag, N., Colak, A., Tufekci, M., (1998). Proximate and selected mineral content of commercially important fish species from the Black sea. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 78, 337–342. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199811)78:3.
  • Ichihara, K., Shibahara, A., Yamamoto, K., Nakayama, T. (1996).An improved method for rapid analysis of the fatty acids of glycerolipids. Lipids, 31, 535-539. Doi: 10.1007/BF02522648.
  • Jump, D. B., Clarke, S. D. (1999).Regulation of gene expression by dietary fat. Annual Reviewes of Nutrition, 19, 63–90. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nutr.19.1.63.
  • Kinsella, J. E., Lokesh, B., Stone, R. A. (1990). Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty-acids and amelioration of cardiovascular disease-possible mechanisms. Am J Clin Nutr 52: 1-28.
  • Kolakowska, A., Szczygielski, M., Bienkiewicz, G., Zienkowicz, L. (2000). Some of fish species as a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Acta Ichthyologica Piscatoria, 30(2), 59–70. doi: 10.3750/AIP2000.30.2.06.
  • Krzynowek, J. (1985). Sterols and fatty acids in sea food. Food Technology, 39, 61–68.
  • Luczynska, J., Tonska, E., Krejszeff, S., Zarski, D. 2016. Comparison of fatty acids in the muscles and liver of pond-cultured and wild perch, Perca fluviatilis (L.), in Poland. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 16:19 – 27. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_1_03.
  • Mahaffey, K. R. (2004). Fish and shellfish as dietary sources of methylemercury and the n-3 fatty acids, eicosahexaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid: risks and benefits. Environmental Researh 95, 414-428. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2004.02.006
  • Maylet, H. M., Tzayhrí, G. V., Guillermo, O. R., Norma, A., Alejandro, P., María, S. V. (2013). Prediction of total fat, fatty acid composition and nutritional parameters in fish fillets using MID-FTIR spectroscopy and chemometrics. LWT - Food Science and Technology 52: 12 - 20. doi:10.1016/j.lwt.2013.01.001.
  • Rasoarahona, J. R. E., Barnathan, G., Bianchini, J.-P., & Gaydou, E. M. (2005). Influence of season on the lipid content and fatty acid profiles of three tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus, O. macrochir and Tilapia rendalli) from Madagascar. Food Chemistry, 91, 683–694. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.001
  • Sargent, J. R., Bell, J. G., McEvoy, L. A., Tocher, D. R., Estevez, A. (1999). Recent developments in the essential fatty acid nutrition of fish. Aquaculture 177, 191– 199. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00083-6.
  • Sessler, A. M., Ntambi, J. M. (1998). Polyunsaturated fatty acid regulation of gene expression. Journal of Nutrition, 128, 923–926.
  • Sidhu, K. S. (2003). Health benefits and potential risk related to consumption of fish or fish oil. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 38, 336-344. doi:10.1016/j.yrtph.2003.07.002.
  • Tufan, B., Köse, S. 2014.Variations in lipid and fatty acid contents in different body parts of Black Sea whiting, (Nordmann, 1840). International Journal of Food Science and Technology 49(2), 373–384. Doi: 10.1111/ijfs.12309.
  • Turon, F., Rwabwogo, B., Barea, B., Pina, M., Graille, J. (2005). Fatty acid composition of oil extracted from Nile perch (Lates niloticus) head. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 18, 717–722. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2004.07.003.
  • Weatherley, A. H. and Gill, H. S. (1998). The biology of fish growth.Academic Press.New York, 442 pp.
  • Zlatanos, S., Sagredos, A. N. (1993). The fatty acid composition of some important Mediterranean fish species. Fat Science Technology, 95, 66–69. doi: 10.1002/lipi.19930950207.
Year 2018, Volume: 33 Issue: 1, 6 - 10, 06.01.2018
https://doi.org/10.18864/ASE201802

Abstract

References

  • Andrade, A. D., Rubira, A. F., Matsushita, M., Souza, N. E. (1995). Omega-3 fatty acids in freshwater fish from South Brazil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society, 72(10), 1207–1210. doi: 10.1007/BF02540990.
  • Aras, N. M., Haliloğlu, H. İ., Ayık, Ö. (2003). Comparison of Fatty Acid Profiles of Different Tissues of Mature Trout (Salmo trutta labrax, Pallas, 1811) Caught from Kazandere Creek in the Çoruh Region, Erzurum, Turkey. Turk J Vet AnimSci 27 311-316 © TÜBİTAK.
  • Balçık-Mısır, G., Tufan, B., Köse, S. (2014). Monthly Variation of Total Lipid and Fatty Acid Contents of Atlantic Bonito, Sarda sarda (Bloch, 1793) of Black Sea.International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 49(12): 2668 – 2677. doi: 10.1111/ijfs.12578.
  • Bligh, E. C., Dyer, W.J. (1959). A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.Canadion Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology, 37, 913-917. Doi: 10.1139/059-099.
  • Cengiz, E., Unlu, E., Başhan, M. (2010).Fatty acid composition of total lipids in muscle tissues of nine freshwater fish from the River Tigris (Turkey).Turk J Biol 34: 433-438 c TUBİTAK. doi:10.3906/biy-0903-19.
  • Christiansen, J. S., Ringo, E., Jobling, M. (1989).Effect of sustained exercise on growth and body composition of first feeding fry of Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.). Aquaculture, 79: 329-335. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(89)90474-2.
  • Clarke, S. D., Jump, D. B. (1993). Regulation of gene transcription by polyunsaturated fatty acids. Progress in Lipid Research, 32, 139–149. doi:10.1016/0163-7827(93)90013-M.
  • Clarke, S. D., Jump, D. B. (1994). Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid regulation of gene transcription. Annual Reviewes of Nutrition, 14, 83–89. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nu.14.070194.000503.
  • Çelik, M. (2008). Seasonal changes in the proximate chemical compositions and fatty acids of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) and horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) from the North eastern Mediterranen Sea. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 43, 933-938. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2007.01549.x.
  • Dal Bosco, A., Mugnai, C., Mourvaki, E., Castellini C. (2012).Seasonal changes in the fillet fatty acid profile and nutritional characteristics of wild Trasimeno Lake goldfish (Carassius auratus L.). Food Chemistry 132 (2012) 830–834. Doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.11.043.
  • Dayhuff, L., Wells, M. (2005). Identification of fatty acids in fishes collected from the Ohio River using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in chemical ionization and electron impact modes. Journal of Chromatography A, 1098 144–149. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2005.08.049
  • Diraman, A., Dibeklioglu, H. (2009). Chemometric characterization and classification of selected freshwater and marine fishes from Turkey based on their fatty acid profiles. Journal of the American Oil Chemist’s Society, 86, 235 - 246. Doi: 10.1007/s11746-008-1338-3.
  • Emre, Y., Uysal, K., Emre, N., Pak, F., Oruç, H., Yetek, İ. 2015. Seasonal variations of fatty acid profiles in the muscle of Capoeta angorae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 15: 103 – 109. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v15_1_11.
  • FAO (1995). Quality and quality changes in fresh fish. Chemical composition. Available from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/v7180e/V7180E05.htm.
  • Geri, G., Poli, B.M., Gualtieri, M., Lupi, P., Parisi, G. (1995). Body traits and chemical composition of muscle in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) as influenced by age and rearing environment. Aquacul¬ture, 129: 329–333. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(94)00300-D.
  • Gökçe, M. A., Taşbozan, O., Celik M., Tabakoğu, S. S. (2004). Seasonal variations in proximate and fatty acid compositions of female common sole (Solea solea). Food Chemistry 88: 419–423. Doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.051.
  • Guner, S., Dincer, B., Alemdag, N., Colak, A., Tufekci, M., (1998). Proximate and selected mineral content of commercially important fish species from the Black sea. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 78, 337–342. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199811)78:3.
  • Ichihara, K., Shibahara, A., Yamamoto, K., Nakayama, T. (1996).An improved method for rapid analysis of the fatty acids of glycerolipids. Lipids, 31, 535-539. Doi: 10.1007/BF02522648.
  • Jump, D. B., Clarke, S. D. (1999).Regulation of gene expression by dietary fat. Annual Reviewes of Nutrition, 19, 63–90. doi: 10.1146/annurev.nutr.19.1.63.
  • Kinsella, J. E., Lokesh, B., Stone, R. A. (1990). Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty-acids and amelioration of cardiovascular disease-possible mechanisms. Am J Clin Nutr 52: 1-28.
  • Kolakowska, A., Szczygielski, M., Bienkiewicz, G., Zienkowicz, L. (2000). Some of fish species as a source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Acta Ichthyologica Piscatoria, 30(2), 59–70. doi: 10.3750/AIP2000.30.2.06.
  • Krzynowek, J. (1985). Sterols and fatty acids in sea food. Food Technology, 39, 61–68.
  • Luczynska, J., Tonska, E., Krejszeff, S., Zarski, D. 2016. Comparison of fatty acids in the muscles and liver of pond-cultured and wild perch, Perca fluviatilis (L.), in Poland. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 16:19 – 27. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_1_03.
  • Mahaffey, K. R. (2004). Fish and shellfish as dietary sources of methylemercury and the n-3 fatty acids, eicosahexaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid: risks and benefits. Environmental Researh 95, 414-428. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2004.02.006
  • Maylet, H. M., Tzayhrí, G. V., Guillermo, O. R., Norma, A., Alejandro, P., María, S. V. (2013). Prediction of total fat, fatty acid composition and nutritional parameters in fish fillets using MID-FTIR spectroscopy and chemometrics. LWT - Food Science and Technology 52: 12 - 20. doi:10.1016/j.lwt.2013.01.001.
  • Rasoarahona, J. R. E., Barnathan, G., Bianchini, J.-P., & Gaydou, E. M. (2005). Influence of season on the lipid content and fatty acid profiles of three tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus, O. macrochir and Tilapia rendalli) from Madagascar. Food Chemistry, 91, 683–694. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.001
  • Sargent, J. R., Bell, J. G., McEvoy, L. A., Tocher, D. R., Estevez, A. (1999). Recent developments in the essential fatty acid nutrition of fish. Aquaculture 177, 191– 199. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00083-6.
  • Sessler, A. M., Ntambi, J. M. (1998). Polyunsaturated fatty acid regulation of gene expression. Journal of Nutrition, 128, 923–926.
  • Sidhu, K. S. (2003). Health benefits and potential risk related to consumption of fish or fish oil. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 38, 336-344. doi:10.1016/j.yrtph.2003.07.002.
  • Tufan, B., Köse, S. 2014.Variations in lipid and fatty acid contents in different body parts of Black Sea whiting, (Nordmann, 1840). International Journal of Food Science and Technology 49(2), 373–384. Doi: 10.1111/ijfs.12309.
  • Turon, F., Rwabwogo, B., Barea, B., Pina, M., Graille, J. (2005). Fatty acid composition of oil extracted from Nile perch (Lates niloticus) head. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 18, 717–722. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2004.07.003.
  • Weatherley, A. H. and Gill, H. S. (1998). The biology of fish growth.Academic Press.New York, 442 pp.
  • Zlatanos, S., Sagredos, A. N. (1993). The fatty acid composition of some important Mediterranean fish species. Fat Science Technology, 95, 66–69. doi: 10.1002/lipi.19930950207.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Nesrin EMRE This is me 0000-0001-9047-1823

Kazım UYSAL 0000-0001-6399-6616

Yılmaz EMRE 0000-0003-4793-2262

Mustafa KAVASOGLU 0000-0002-4136-6397

Özgür AKTAŞ This is me 0000-0002-3175-2251

Publication Date January 6, 2018
Submission Date August 22, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2018 Volume: 33 Issue: 1

Cite

APA EMRE, N., UYSAL, K., EMRE, Y., KAVASOGLU, M., et al. (2018). Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 33(1), 6-10. https://doi.org/10.18864/ASE201802
AMA EMRE N, UYSAL K, EMRE Y, KAVASOGLU M, AKTAŞ Ö. Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis). Aqua Sci Eng. January 2018;33(1):6-10. doi:10.18864/ASE201802
Chicago EMRE, Nesrin, Kazım UYSAL, Yılmaz EMRE, Mustafa KAVASOGLU, and Özgür AKTAŞ. “Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta Antalyensis)”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 33, no. 1 (January 2018): 6-10. https://doi.org/10.18864/ASE201802.
EndNote EMRE N, UYSAL K, EMRE Y, KAVASOGLU M, AKTAŞ Ö (January 1, 2018) Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis). Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 33 1 6–10.
IEEE N. EMRE, K. UYSAL, Y. EMRE, M. KAVASOGLU, and Ö. AKTAŞ, “Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis)”, Aqua Sci Eng, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 6–10, 2018, doi: 10.18864/ASE201802.
ISNAD EMRE, Nesrin et al. “Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta Antalyensis)”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 33/1 (January 2018), 6-10. https://doi.org/10.18864/ASE201802.
JAMA EMRE N, UYSAL K, EMRE Y, KAVASOGLU M, AKTAŞ Ö. Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis). Aqua Sci Eng. 2018;33:6–10.
MLA EMRE, Nesrin et al. “Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta Antalyensis)”. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 33, no. 1, 2018, pp. 6-10, doi:10.18864/ASE201802.
Vancouver EMRE N, UYSAL K, EMRE Y, KAVASOGLU M, AKTAŞ Ö. Seasonal and Sexual Variations of Total Protein, Fat and Fatty Acid Composition of an Endemic Freshwater Fish Species (Capoeta antalyensis). Aqua Sci Eng. 2018;33(1):6-10.

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