Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 36, Issue 3, 152 - 158, 08.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020793132

Abstract

References

  • Aktaş, M., Genç, M.A., Bozkurt, A., Genç, E. & Naz, M. (2019). The changes in the molecular weight profiles and biochemical compositions of potential feed ingredients for sustainable aquaculture. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research, 5(1), 1-11 google scholar
  • Anson, M. L. (1938). “The estimation of pepsin, trypsin, papain, and cathepsin with hemoglobin.” Journal of General Physiology, 22, 7989. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • AOAC. (2000). “official methods of analysis of AOAC international.” In Official Methods of Analysis., USA: Gaithersburg, Md. : AOAC International. google scholar
  • Arumugam, P., Inbakandan, D., Ramasamy, M. S. & Murugan, M. (2013). “Encapsulated Spirulina Powder Feed for the Nutritional Enrichment of Adult Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina).” Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 25(3), 265-70. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Azimirad, M., Meshkini, S., Ahmadifard, N. & Hoseinifar, S. H. (2016). The study of enrichment capability of adult artemia franciscana with singular or combined administration of pediococcus acidilactici and fructooligosaccharide. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 4(2), 96-101. google scholar
  • Azimirad, M. & Meshkini, S. (2017). Determination of the Optimal Enrichment Artemia Franciscana with a Synbiotic Combination of Probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici and Prebiotic Fructooligosaccharide. Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal, 8(1), 49-54. google scholar
  • Beyhan, T. (2012). Bazı Zenginleştirici Ürünlerin Artemia (Artemia salina Linneaus, 1758)’nın Besinsel İçeriğine ve Yağ Asidi Kompozisyonu Üzerine Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Isparta, Türkiye. google scholar
  • Bligh, E. G. & Dyer, W. J. (1959). A Rapid Method of Total Lipid Extraction and Purification. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology, 37(8), 911-17. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Bonnie, S. P., Lan, C. C. & Hung. T. Y. (1991). Changes in Composition and Proteolytic Enzyme Activities of Artemia during Early Development. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology, 100(3), 725-730. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Bradford, M. M. (1976). Interactive Effects of Drought Stress and Chitosan Application on Physiological Characteristics and Essential Oil Yield of Thymus Daenensis Celak. Analytical Biochemistry, 72, 248-54. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Cahu, C. L., Zambonino Infante J. L., Le Gall M. M. & Quazuguel, P. (1995). Early weaning of seabass: are digestive enzymes limiting? In: Larvi ’95-Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium (eds. Lavens P, Jaspers E & Roelants I), European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 24, Gent, Belgium, pp. 268- 271. google scholar
  • Cho, S. H., Hur, S. B. & Jo, J. Y. (2001). “Effect of Enriched Live Feeds on Survival and Growth Rates in Larval Korean Rockfish, Sebastes Schlegeli Hilgendorf.” Aquaculture Research, 32(3), 199-208. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Daniels, C. L. Merrifield, D. L., Boothroyd, D. P., Davies, S. J., Factor, J. R. & Arnold, K. E. (2010). Effect of Dietary Bacillus Spp. and Mannan Oligosaccharides (MOS) on European Lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) Larvae Growth Performance, Gut Morphology and Gut Microbiota. Aquaculture, 304, 49-57. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Dernekbasi, S., Unal, H., Karayucel, I. & Aral, O. (2010). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Different Rates of Spirulina (Spirulina platensis) on Growth and Feed Conversion in Guppy. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9(9), 1395-99. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2016a). The Potential Effects of Commercial Feeding Protocol on Protease Activities and Cortisol Stress Responses of Meagre (Argyrosomus regius). Journal of International Scientific Publications, 4, 460-72. google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2016b). Sörvaj Dönemi Çipura (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758) ve Levrek (Dicentrarchus labrax Linnaeus, 1758) Balığı Larvalarının Proteaz Aktiviteleri Üzerine Besinlerin Etkileri ve Fizyolojik Durumlarının Belirlenmesi. In IV. Balık Besleme ve Yem Teknolojileri Sempozyumu, Adana, Türkiyre, 1-4. google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2019). The Inhibitory Effects and Positive Contributions of Live Foods on Protease Activities of Meagre, Argyrosomus regius (Asso 1801) Larvae in Vitro Assay. Fishes, 4(5), 1-12. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Eryalcin, K. M. (2018). Effects of Different Commercial Feeds and Enrichments on Biochemical Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis, Müller 1786) and Artemia franciscana. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18, 81-90. google scholar
  • Garcia-Ortega, Verreth, A. J., Coutteau, P., Segner, H., Huisman, E. A. & Sorgeloos, P. (1998). Biochemical and Enzymatic Characterization of Decapsulated Cysts and Nauplii of the Brine Shrimp Artemia at Different Developmental Stages. Aquaculture, 161(1-4), 501-14. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Ghaeni, M., Matinfar, A., Soltani, M., Rabbani, M. & Vosoughi, A. (2011). Comparative Effects of Pure Spirulina Powder and Other Diets on Larval Growth and Survival of Green Tiger Shrimp, Peneaus semisulcatus. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 10(2), 208-217. google scholar
  • Haközü, G. (2014). Çipura (Sparus aurata, Linneaus 1758) Larvalarının Kortizol Seviyeleri Üzerine Ticari Besleme Prosedürünün Etkileri. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Hatay, Türkiye. google scholar
  • Hanel, R., Broekman, D., De Graaf, S. & Schnack, D. (2007). Partial Replacement of Fishmeal by Lyophylized Powder of the Microalgae. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 1, 1-5. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Hoseinifar, S. H., Zare, P. & Miandare, H. K. (2015). The Effects of Different Routes of Inulin Administration on Gut Microbiota and Survival Rate of Indian White Shrimp Post-Larvae (Fenneropenaeus indicus). Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal, 6(4), 331-35. google scholar
  • Jaime-Ceballos, Villarreal, H., Garcia, T., Perez-Jar, L. 1 & Alfonso, E. (2005). Effect of Spirulina platensis Meal as Feed Additive on Growth, Survival and Development in Litopenaeus schmitti Shimp Larvae. Revista de investigaciones marinas, 26(3), 235-241. google scholar
  • Kurokawa, T., Shiraishi, M. & Suzuki, T. (1998). Quantification of Exogenous Protease Derived from Zooplankton in the Intestine of Japanese Sardine (Sardinops melanotictus) Larvae. Aquaculture, 161(1-4), 491499. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Manning, T. S. & Gibson, G. R. (2004). Prebiotics. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology, 18(2), 287-98. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • McEvoy, L. A., Estevez, A., Bell, J. G., Shields, R. J., Gara, B. & Sargent, J. R. (1998). Influence of dietary levels of eicosapentaenoic and arachidonic acid on the pigmentation success of turbot (Scophtalmus maximus) and halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada, 98, 17-20. google scholar
  • Munilla-Moran, R., Stark, J. R. & Barbour. A. (1990). The Role of Exogenous Enzymes in Digestion in Cultured Turbot Larvae (Scophthalmus maximus L.). Aquaculture, 88(3-4), 337-350. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Nakagawa, H. & Montgomery W. L. (2007). Algae. In: Nakagawa, H., Sato, S & Gatlin III, D. M., editors. Dietary supplements for the health and quality of cultured fish. Cambridge, MA: CABI North American Office; p. 133-168. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Naz, M. (2008). The Changes in the Biochemical Compositions and Enzymatic Activities of Rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis, Müller) and Artemia during the Enrichment and Starvation Periods. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 34(4), 391-404. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Naz, M. & Yufera, M. (2012). The Potential Inhibitory Effects of The Commercial Diets on Protease Activities of Dentex dentex Larvae and Live Foods. Journal of Fisheries Science. 6(3), 224-231. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Navarro, J. C. Henderson, R. J., McEvoy, L. A., Bel, M. V. & Amat, F. (1999). Lipid Conversions during Enrichment of Artemia. Aquaculture, 174(1-2), 155-66. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Rocha, J. M. S., Garcia, J. E. C. & Henriques. M. H. F. (2003). Growth Aspects of the Marine Microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana. Biomolecular Engineering, 20(4-6), 237-42. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Senthil, S. L., MaruthuPandi, T., Kumar, T. A., Devi, K. N., & Balasubramanian, T. (2012). Exigent of Micro Algae for the Enrichment of Artemia salina. Journal of Aquaculture Feed Science and Nutrition, 4(2), 34-38. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Simpson, B. K. (2000). Digestive proteases from marine animals. In : Haard, N. F. & Simpson B. K. (eds.), Seafood enzymes (pp. 191- 213). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc. google scholar
  • SPSS, 2006. SPSS Base 15.0 user’s guide for Windows. Chicago: SPSS; 591 p. google scholar
  • Walter, H. E. (1984). Proteinases: methods with haemoglobin, casein and azocoll as substrates. In: Methods of enzymatic analysis (ed. Bergmeyer H U), Weinheim, Verlag, p. 270-277. google scholar
  • Warner, A. H. & Shridhar V. (1985). Purification and Characterization of a Cytosol Protease from Dormant Cysts of the Brine Shrimp Artemia. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 260(11), 7008-14. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Westelmajer, S. K. M. (2008). Ontogeny of the corticosteroid stress response and effect of differentially enriched live feed on growth, lipid composition and acute stress tolerance of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. MScThesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, 128P. google scholar
  • Widanarni, W., Taufik, A., Yuhana, M. & Ekasari, J. (2019). Dietary Mannan Oligosaccharides Positively Affect the Growth, Digestive Enzyme Activity, Immunity and Resistance against Vibrio harveyi of Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Larvae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 19(4), 271-278. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Y azıcı, M., Mazlum, Y., Naz, M., Sayın, S., Ürkü Ç. & Akaylı. T. (2020). Effects of GroBiotic®-A supplementation on growth performance, body composition and liver and intestine histological changes in European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37(2). [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Y enmis, A.M. & Naz, M. (2019). The changes in alkaline, neutral and acid protease activities of Artemia during the starvation, enrichment and stored at 4 °C temperature. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 22 (1), 201-207. google scholar
  • Y ufera, M., Fernandez-Diaz, C., Vidaurreta A., Cara, J. B. & Moyano, F. J. (2004). Gastrointestinal PH and Development of the Acid Digestion in Larvae and Early Juveniles of Sparus aurata (Pisces: Teleostei). Marine Biology, 144(5), 863-869. [CrossRef] google scholar

The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations

Year 2021, Volume 36, Issue 3, 152 - 158, 08.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020793132

Abstract

The biochemical compositions and the changes observed in alkaline, neutral and acid protease activities of Artemia enriched with commercial emulsion and different additive combinations were determined. Artemia nauplii (ArtN), GroBiotic-A (GA), Red Algamac (RA), Red Algamac:GroBiot-ic-A (50:50) (RA:GA (50:50)), Spirulina (SP), Spirulina:Red Algamac (50:50) (SP:RA (50:50)), Spiruli-na:GroBiotic-A (50:50) (SP:GA (50:50)) and Spirulina:Red Algamac:GroBiotic-A (33:33:33) (SP:RA:GA (33:33:33)) were tested in the study. The lowest and highest protein contents after the enrichment of Artemia were 40.74±1.02% (RA) and 55.03±1.26% (SP:RA:GA (33:33:33)), respectively. The lowest lipid contents of tested groups were found in 5.63±0.47% (GA) and 5.63±0.84% (RA:GA (50:50)). The highest lipid value after the enrichment were observed in 16.98±1.15 % (RA). The lowest and highest ash values observed after the enrichment were 4.51±0.27% (SP:GA (50:50)) and 6.07±0.35% (RA) (p<0.05). The lowest and highest protease activities of the pH=3, pH=4, pH=5, pH=6, pH=7 and pH=8.5 values were 18.18±0.37 U/mg protein (GA), 31.04±0.38 U/mg protein (RA), 9.1±0.32 U/mg protein (SP), 9.66±0.19 U/mg protein (SP), 16.94±0.61 U/mg protein (SP), 63.09±0.75 U/mg protein (SP) and 33.77±0.59 U/mg protein (RA:GA (50:50)), 57,54±0.34 U/mg protein (RA:GA (50:50)), 23.75±0.28 U/mg protein (GA), 40.82±0.49 U/mg protein (GA), 69.94±0.65 U/mg protein (GA), and 286.14±8.2 U/mg protein (GA) (p<0.05). In conclusion, GA and SP:RA:GA (33:33:33) en-richment combinations are recommended as an alternative to enrichment products. On the other hand, SP and RA should not be used alone due to the disadvantages such as the biochemical composition and proteolytic enzyme activities of Artemia observed in the present study.

References

  • Aktaş, M., Genç, M.A., Bozkurt, A., Genç, E. & Naz, M. (2019). The changes in the molecular weight profiles and biochemical compositions of potential feed ingredients for sustainable aquaculture. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research, 5(1), 1-11 google scholar
  • Anson, M. L. (1938). “The estimation of pepsin, trypsin, papain, and cathepsin with hemoglobin.” Journal of General Physiology, 22, 7989. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • AOAC. (2000). “official methods of analysis of AOAC international.” In Official Methods of Analysis., USA: Gaithersburg, Md. : AOAC International. google scholar
  • Arumugam, P., Inbakandan, D., Ramasamy, M. S. & Murugan, M. (2013). “Encapsulated Spirulina Powder Feed for the Nutritional Enrichment of Adult Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina).” Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 25(3), 265-70. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Azimirad, M., Meshkini, S., Ahmadifard, N. & Hoseinifar, S. H. (2016). The study of enrichment capability of adult artemia franciscana with singular or combined administration of pediococcus acidilactici and fructooligosaccharide. International Journal of Aquatic Biology, 4(2), 96-101. google scholar
  • Azimirad, M. & Meshkini, S. (2017). Determination of the Optimal Enrichment Artemia Franciscana with a Synbiotic Combination of Probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici and Prebiotic Fructooligosaccharide. Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal, 8(1), 49-54. google scholar
  • Beyhan, T. (2012). Bazı Zenginleştirici Ürünlerin Artemia (Artemia salina Linneaus, 1758)’nın Besinsel İçeriğine ve Yağ Asidi Kompozisyonu Üzerine Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Isparta, Türkiye. google scholar
  • Bligh, E. G. & Dyer, W. J. (1959). A Rapid Method of Total Lipid Extraction and Purification. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology, 37(8), 911-17. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Bonnie, S. P., Lan, C. C. & Hung. T. Y. (1991). Changes in Composition and Proteolytic Enzyme Activities of Artemia during Early Development. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology, 100(3), 725-730. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Bradford, M. M. (1976). Interactive Effects of Drought Stress and Chitosan Application on Physiological Characteristics and Essential Oil Yield of Thymus Daenensis Celak. Analytical Biochemistry, 72, 248-54. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Cahu, C. L., Zambonino Infante J. L., Le Gall M. M. & Quazuguel, P. (1995). Early weaning of seabass: are digestive enzymes limiting? In: Larvi ’95-Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium (eds. Lavens P, Jaspers E & Roelants I), European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 24, Gent, Belgium, pp. 268- 271. google scholar
  • Cho, S. H., Hur, S. B. & Jo, J. Y. (2001). “Effect of Enriched Live Feeds on Survival and Growth Rates in Larval Korean Rockfish, Sebastes Schlegeli Hilgendorf.” Aquaculture Research, 32(3), 199-208. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Daniels, C. L. Merrifield, D. L., Boothroyd, D. P., Davies, S. J., Factor, J. R. & Arnold, K. E. (2010). Effect of Dietary Bacillus Spp. and Mannan Oligosaccharides (MOS) on European Lobster (Homarus gammarus L.) Larvae Growth Performance, Gut Morphology and Gut Microbiota. Aquaculture, 304, 49-57. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Dernekbasi, S., Unal, H., Karayucel, I. & Aral, O. (2010). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Different Rates of Spirulina (Spirulina platensis) on Growth and Feed Conversion in Guppy. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9(9), 1395-99. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2016a). The Potential Effects of Commercial Feeding Protocol on Protease Activities and Cortisol Stress Responses of Meagre (Argyrosomus regius). Journal of International Scientific Publications, 4, 460-72. google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2016b). Sörvaj Dönemi Çipura (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758) ve Levrek (Dicentrarchus labrax Linnaeus, 1758) Balığı Larvalarının Proteaz Aktiviteleri Üzerine Besinlerin Etkileri ve Fizyolojik Durumlarının Belirlenmesi. In IV. Balık Besleme ve Yem Teknolojileri Sempozyumu, Adana, Türkiyre, 1-4. google scholar
  • Diken, G., Demir, O. & Naz, M. (2019). The Inhibitory Effects and Positive Contributions of Live Foods on Protease Activities of Meagre, Argyrosomus regius (Asso 1801) Larvae in Vitro Assay. Fishes, 4(5), 1-12. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Eryalcin, K. M. (2018). Effects of Different Commercial Feeds and Enrichments on Biochemical Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis, Müller 1786) and Artemia franciscana. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18, 81-90. google scholar
  • Garcia-Ortega, Verreth, A. J., Coutteau, P., Segner, H., Huisman, E. A. & Sorgeloos, P. (1998). Biochemical and Enzymatic Characterization of Decapsulated Cysts and Nauplii of the Brine Shrimp Artemia at Different Developmental Stages. Aquaculture, 161(1-4), 501-14. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Ghaeni, M., Matinfar, A., Soltani, M., Rabbani, M. & Vosoughi, A. (2011). Comparative Effects of Pure Spirulina Powder and Other Diets on Larval Growth and Survival of Green Tiger Shrimp, Peneaus semisulcatus. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 10(2), 208-217. google scholar
  • Haközü, G. (2014). Çipura (Sparus aurata, Linneaus 1758) Larvalarının Kortizol Seviyeleri Üzerine Ticari Besleme Prosedürünün Etkileri. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Hatay, Türkiye. google scholar
  • Hanel, R., Broekman, D., De Graaf, S. & Schnack, D. (2007). Partial Replacement of Fishmeal by Lyophylized Powder of the Microalgae. The Open Marine Biology Journal, 1, 1-5. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Hoseinifar, S. H., Zare, P. & Miandare, H. K. (2015). The Effects of Different Routes of Inulin Administration on Gut Microbiota and Survival Rate of Indian White Shrimp Post-Larvae (Fenneropenaeus indicus). Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal, 6(4), 331-35. google scholar
  • Jaime-Ceballos, Villarreal, H., Garcia, T., Perez-Jar, L. 1 & Alfonso, E. (2005). Effect of Spirulina platensis Meal as Feed Additive on Growth, Survival and Development in Litopenaeus schmitti Shimp Larvae. Revista de investigaciones marinas, 26(3), 235-241. google scholar
  • Kurokawa, T., Shiraishi, M. & Suzuki, T. (1998). Quantification of Exogenous Protease Derived from Zooplankton in the Intestine of Japanese Sardine (Sardinops melanotictus) Larvae. Aquaculture, 161(1-4), 491499. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Manning, T. S. & Gibson, G. R. (2004). Prebiotics. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology, 18(2), 287-98. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • McEvoy, L. A., Estevez, A., Bell, J. G., Shields, R. J., Gara, B. & Sargent, J. R. (1998). Influence of dietary levels of eicosapentaenoic and arachidonic acid on the pigmentation success of turbot (Scophtalmus maximus) and halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada, 98, 17-20. google scholar
  • Munilla-Moran, R., Stark, J. R. & Barbour. A. (1990). The Role of Exogenous Enzymes in Digestion in Cultured Turbot Larvae (Scophthalmus maximus L.). Aquaculture, 88(3-4), 337-350. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Nakagawa, H. & Montgomery W. L. (2007). Algae. In: Nakagawa, H., Sato, S & Gatlin III, D. M., editors. Dietary supplements for the health and quality of cultured fish. Cambridge, MA: CABI North American Office; p. 133-168. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Naz, M. (2008). The Changes in the Biochemical Compositions and Enzymatic Activities of Rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis, Müller) and Artemia during the Enrichment and Starvation Periods. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 34(4), 391-404. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Naz, M. & Yufera, M. (2012). The Potential Inhibitory Effects of The Commercial Diets on Protease Activities of Dentex dentex Larvae and Live Foods. Journal of Fisheries Science. 6(3), 224-231. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Navarro, J. C. Henderson, R. J., McEvoy, L. A., Bel, M. V. & Amat, F. (1999). Lipid Conversions during Enrichment of Artemia. Aquaculture, 174(1-2), 155-66. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Rocha, J. M. S., Garcia, J. E. C. & Henriques. M. H. F. (2003). Growth Aspects of the Marine Microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana. Biomolecular Engineering, 20(4-6), 237-42. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Senthil, S. L., MaruthuPandi, T., Kumar, T. A., Devi, K. N., & Balasubramanian, T. (2012). Exigent of Micro Algae for the Enrichment of Artemia salina. Journal of Aquaculture Feed Science and Nutrition, 4(2), 34-38. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Simpson, B. K. (2000). Digestive proteases from marine animals. In : Haard, N. F. & Simpson B. K. (eds.), Seafood enzymes (pp. 191- 213). New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc. google scholar
  • SPSS, 2006. SPSS Base 15.0 user’s guide for Windows. Chicago: SPSS; 591 p. google scholar
  • Walter, H. E. (1984). Proteinases: methods with haemoglobin, casein and azocoll as substrates. In: Methods of enzymatic analysis (ed. Bergmeyer H U), Weinheim, Verlag, p. 270-277. google scholar
  • Warner, A. H. & Shridhar V. (1985). Purification and Characterization of a Cytosol Protease from Dormant Cysts of the Brine Shrimp Artemia. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 260(11), 7008-14. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Westelmajer, S. K. M. (2008). Ontogeny of the corticosteroid stress response and effect of differentially enriched live feed on growth, lipid composition and acute stress tolerance of larval Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. MScThesis, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, 128P. google scholar
  • Widanarni, W., Taufik, A., Yuhana, M. & Ekasari, J. (2019). Dietary Mannan Oligosaccharides Positively Affect the Growth, Digestive Enzyme Activity, Immunity and Resistance against Vibrio harveyi of Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Larvae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 19(4), 271-278. [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Y azıcı, M., Mazlum, Y., Naz, M., Sayın, S., Ürkü Ç. & Akaylı. T. (2020). Effects of GroBiotic®-A supplementation on growth performance, body composition and liver and intestine histological changes in European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37(2). [CrossRef] google scholar
  • Y enmis, A.M. & Naz, M. (2019). The changes in alkaline, neutral and acid protease activities of Artemia during the starvation, enrichment and stored at 4 °C temperature. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 22 (1), 201-207. google scholar
  • Y ufera, M., Fernandez-Diaz, C., Vidaurreta A., Cara, J. B. & Moyano, F. J. (2004). Gastrointestinal PH and Development of the Acid Digestion in Larvae and Early Juveniles of Sparus aurata (Pisces: Teleostei). Marine Biology, 144(5), 863-869. [CrossRef] google scholar

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Marine and Freshwater Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mehmet NAZ>
Iskenderun Technical University, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology
0000-0002-5129-8498
Türkiye


Gürkan DİKEN>
Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Eğirdir Fisheries
0000-0002-3386-3676
Türkiye


Metin YAZICI>
Iskenderun Technical University, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology
0000-0002-7011-886X
Türkiye


Yavuz MAZLUM> (Primary Author)
Iskenderun Technical University Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology
0000-0002-9547-0966
Türkiye


Selin SAYIN>
Iskenderun Technical University, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology
0000-0002-7497-388X
Türkiye


Oktay SÖYLER>
Iskenderun Vocational School of Higher Education
0000-0003-4342-3209
Türkiye

Supporting Institution yok
Project Number yok
Thanks We would like to thanks Prof. Dr. Delbert M. Gatlin and International Ingredient Corporation (St. Louis, MO) for kindly providing GroBiotic®-A for our study.
Publication Date April 8, 2021
Submission Date September 10, 2020
Acceptance Date December 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 36, Issue 3

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Bibtex @research article { ase793132, journal = {Aquatic Sciences and Engineering}, issn = {2602-473X}, eissn = {2602-473X}, address = {}, publisher = {Istanbul University}, year = {2021}, volume = {36}, number = {3}, pages = {152 - 158}, doi = {10.26650/ASE2020793132}, title = {The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations}, key = {cite}, author = {Naz, Mehmet and Diken, Gürkan and Yazıcı, Metin and Mazlum, Yavuz and Sayın, Selin and Söyler, Oktay} }
APA Naz, M. , Diken, G. , Yazıcı, M. , Mazlum, Y. , Sayın, S. & Söyler, O. (2021). The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations . Aquatic Sciences and Engineering , 36 (3) , 152-158 . DOI: 10.26650/ASE2020793132
MLA Naz, M. , Diken, G. , Yazıcı, M. , Mazlum, Y. , Sayın, S. , Söyler, O. "The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations" . Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36 (2021 ): 152-158 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ase/issue/61242/793132>
Chicago Naz, M. , Diken, G. , Yazıcı, M. , Mazlum, Y. , Sayın, S. , Söyler, O. "The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations". Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36 (2021 ): 152-158
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations AU - MehmetNaz, GürkanDiken, MetinYazıcı, YavuzMazlum, SelinSayın, OktaySöyler Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.26650/ASE2020793132 DO - 10.26650/ASE2020793132 T2 - Aquatic Sciences and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 152 EP - 158 VL - 36 IS - 3 SN - 2602-473X-2602-473X M3 - doi: 10.26650/ASE2020793132 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020793132 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Aquatic Sciences and Engineering The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations %A Mehmet Naz , Gürkan Diken , Metin Yazıcı , Yavuz Mazlum , Selin Sayın , Oktay Söyler %T The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations %D 2021 %J Aquatic Sciences and Engineering %P 2602-473X-2602-473X %V 36 %N 3 %R doi: 10.26650/ASE2020793132 %U 10.26650/ASE2020793132
ISNAD Naz, Mehmet , Diken, Gürkan , Yazıcı, Metin , Mazlum, Yavuz , Sayın, Selin , Söyler, Oktay . "The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations". Aquatic Sciences and Engineering 36 / 3 (April 2021): 152-158 . https://doi.org/10.26650/ASE2020793132
AMA Naz M. , Diken G. , Yazıcı M. , Mazlum Y. , Sayın S. , Söyler O. The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations. Aqua Sci Eng. 2021; 36(3): 152-158.
Vancouver Naz M. , Diken G. , Yazıcı M. , Mazlum Y. , Sayın S. , Söyler O. The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering. 2021; 36(3): 152-158.
IEEE M. Naz , G. Diken , M. Yazıcı , Y. Mazlum , S. Sayın and O. Söyler , "The changes in Alkaline, Neutral and Acid Protease Activities of ArtemiaEnriched with Commercial Emulsion and Different Additive Combinations", Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 152-158, Apr. 2021, doi:10.26650/ASE2020793132

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