Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 9 - 28 2020-06-30

ÇİN-PAKİSTAN EKONOMİ KORİDORU VE PAKİSTAN TWITTER UZAMINDA KANAAT TEKNİSYENLERİ: BİR TEMATİK İÇERİK ANALİZİ
CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS

Ali ZAİN [1] , Gökçe ÖZSU [2] , Mutlu BİNARK [3] , Abdulaziz DINO GIDRETA [4]


Çin-Pakistan Ekonomik Koridoru (CPEC), günümüzde Güney Asya’da Çin’in Orta Doğu’daki petrol ticareti hattını kısaltan en önemli rota kabul edilen bir ticaret yolu olarak Pakistan’ın Belucistan eyaletindeki Gwadar limanını Çin’in Kaşgar bölgesini birbirine bağlamaktadır. Bu ticaret yolu, Çin’in alternatif küreselleşme projesi olan ve katılımcı ülkelerdeki ticari ve kültürel etkileşim yollarını kapsayan Kuşak ve Yol Girişimi (KYG) temel bileşenlerinden birini oluşturmaktadır. KYG, esas olarak katılımcı ülkelerin devlet kurumları dolayımındaki siyasi ilişkileri içermesine rağmen bu ülkelerin Çin'le olan kültürel, siyasi ve ekonomik ilişkilerinin tarihsel arkaplanı söz konusu ülkelerin KYG’ye katılım biçimlerini etkilemekte ve o ülkelerdeki kamusal tartışmasını şekillendirmektedir. Pakistan da tıpkı KYG’nin diğer katılımcı ülkeleri gibi kendi bölgesel ve ekonomik çıkarlarını güvence altına almak için KYG’ye ve Çin’le olan ilişkilerine ciddi bir önem atfetmektedir. Çin’in de benzer bir şekilde KYG’nin daha fazla katılımcı ülkeye yönelik zemin oluşturması adına kamu ve kültürel diplomasi stratejilerini geliştirdi. Bu çalışma, Çin'in İkinci Kuşak ve Yol Forumu’nun (2019) hemen öncesinden hemen sonrasına kadarki süreçte, Pakistan'daki 'kanaat teknisyenlerinin' Twitter’da ürettikleri içeriklere tematik içerik analizi uygulamıştır. Pierre Bourdieu’ya göre, hızlı düşünürler olarak tanımlanabilen TV yorumcuları, akademisyenler, siyasi figürler ya da kurumlar gibi söylem üreten kamusal figürler, toplumdaki güncel siyasal tartışmalara yönelik toplumdaki hakim söylemi yeniden üreterek kanaat üreten kanaat teknisyenleri olmuştur. Çalışmanın temel bulgusu, Pakistan’daki kanaat teknisyenlerinin KYG’ye dair çoklu temaya sahip bir söylem ürettiğini ve CPEC’i Pakistan'da halihazırda ekonomik ve endüstriyel dönüşüme başlayan ve aynı zamanda yoksulluğun azaltılması gibi potansiyel faydaları gösteren bir dönüm proje olarak, yabancı yatırımlar ve yakın gelecekte kazan-kazan iş birliğini örneklemek için Çin pazarlarına genişletilmiş erişim gibi temalar etrafından tanımladığıdır.
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is most crucial trade route in contemporary South Asia which connects Pakistan’s Gwadar port located in Balochistan province and China’s Kashgar, shortening the Middle Eastern oil route for China. It happens to be a core project of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which embodies Chinese alternative globalization and encompasses commercial and cultural routes and infrastructure in the participating countries. Although the BRI mainly involves the state institutions of the participating nations, the historic nature of cultural, political and economic relationships of these countries with China affect the political engagement and shape the public discussion about the BRI and its regional projects including the CPEC. Just like each participating country, Pakistan also attaches discrete significance to BRI and puts extraordinary emphasis to secure its respective regional and economic interests, while China has also boosted its public and cultural diplomacy to make ground for its successful execution. This study has undertaken a thematic analysis of the contents produced by ‘opinion technicians’ on Twitter from Pakistan during and immediately after China’s Second Belt Road Forum (2019) as Pierre Bourdieu asserts that officials, opinion leaders, and leading institutions qualify to become the opinion technicians and shape dominant public opinion by the application of framing and priming in the light of local politics and agendas. The study found that the technicians of opinion are effectively adopting the multi-thematic discourse, and portray the CPEC as landmark project which has already started economic and industrial transformation in Pakistan and also holds potential benefits such as poverty alleviation, foreign investments and extended access to Chinese markets to exemplify the win-win cooperation in near future.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9500-6349
Author: Ali ZAİN
Institution: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8732-1397
Author: Gökçe ÖZSU (Primary Author)
Institution: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İLETİŞİM FAKÜLTESİ, İLETİŞİM BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Author: Mutlu BİNARK
Institution: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Abdulaziz DINO GIDRETA
Institution: Addis Ababa Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Hacettepe Üniversitesi BAP
Project Number 18426, China's BRI in Transnational Perspective: Comparative Discourse Analysis of 'Opinion Technicians' in Ethiopia, Pakistan and Turkey
Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { asyar744545, journal = {Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2667-6419}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi Rektörlüğü Teknikokullar/ANKARA}, publisher = {Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {9 - 28}, doi = {}, title = {CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS}, key = {cite}, author = {Zai̇n, Ali and Özsu, Gökçe and Bi̇nark, Mutlu and Dıno Gıdreta, Abdulaziz} }
APA Zai̇n, A , Özsu, G , Bi̇nark, M , Dıno Gıdreta, A . (2020). CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS . Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 4 (1) , 9-28 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/asyar/issue/55675/744545
MLA Zai̇n, A , Özsu, G , Bi̇nark, M , Dıno Gıdreta, A . "CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS" . Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2020 ): 9-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/asyar/issue/55675/744545>
Chicago Zai̇n, A , Özsu, G , Bi̇nark, M , Dıno Gıdreta, A . "CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS". Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2020 ): 9-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS AU - Ali Zai̇n , Gökçe Özsu , Mutlu Bi̇nark , Abdulaziz Dıno Gıdreta Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 28 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2667-6419- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS %A Ali Zai̇n , Gökçe Özsu , Mutlu Bi̇nark , Abdulaziz Dıno Gıdreta %T CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS %D 2020 %J Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 2667-6419- %V 4 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Zai̇n, Ali , Özsu, Gökçe , Bi̇nark, Mutlu , Dıno Gıdreta, Abdulaziz . "CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS". Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 / 1 (June 2020): 9-28 .
AMA Zai̇n A , Özsu G , Bi̇nark M , Dıno Gıdreta A . CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS. ASYAR. 2020; 4(1): 9-28.
Vancouver Zai̇n A , Özsu G , Bi̇nark M , Dıno Gıdreta A . CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR AND TECHNICIANS OF OPINION IN PAKISTANI TWITTERSPHERE: A THEMATIC CONTENT ANALYSIS. Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 4(1): 9-28.