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Tarih Boyunca Sanat Dünyasında Kadınların Rolü

Year 2023, Issue: 5, 30 - 37, 29.09.2023

Abstract

Ana akım anlatıdan büyük ölçüde dışlanmış olmalarına rağmen kadınlar sanat dünyasında hayati
bir rol oynamış; kadın sanatçıların, koleksiyoncuların ve patronların katkıları sıklıkla göz ardı edilmiş
veya azaltılmış ve sanat dünyası erkek sanatçıların ve koleksiyonerlerin hakimiyetinde kalmıştır.
Antik çağda kadınlar birçok kültürde sanatın yaratılmasında yer almışlardır. Ancak eserleri
çoğu zaman atfedilmedi veya unutuldu. Rönesans'ta kadınların sanata katılmasına izin veriliyordu;
ancak genellikle nakış veya minyatür resim gibi daha az prestijli ortamlara yönlendirildiler.
Kadınların sanatsal başarıları 19. yüzyıla kadar daha fazla tanınmaya başlandı. Bu başarılara rağmen
günümüzde kadınlar sanat dünyasının birçok alanında hâlâ yeterince temsil edilmiyor. Kadın
sanatçılar hâlâ erkek meslektaşlarından daha az maaş alıyor ve büyük müze ve galerilerde temsil
edilme olasılıkları da daha düşük. Araştırma, temel veri toplama kaynağı olarak literatür taramasını
kullanan nitel bir araştırma yöntemini benimsemiştir. Veriler kitaplardan, dergi makalelerinden
ve çevrimiçi kaynaklardan elde edildi. Verilerin tanımlayıcı bir şekilde sunulması için veriler sanat
tarihçisi yöntemi kullanılarak niteliksel olarak analiz edildi. Araştırma, sanat dünyasında toplumsal
cinsiyet eşitliği ihtiyacı konusunda artan bir farkındalığın olduğunu ve birçok kuruluşun kadın
sanatçıların çalışmalarını teşvik etmek ve kadınlara bu alanda başarılı olmaları için fırsatlar sağlamak
için çalıştığını ortaya çıkardı. Herkes için daha eşitlikçi ve adil bir sanat dünyası yaratmak
adına bu önemli.

References

  • Başar, S. (2019). Çağdaş sanatta yazı: seramik malzemenin plastic dili üzerinden bir değerlendirme. Atatürk Üniversitesi Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü Dergisi, 43, 222-233.
  • Broude, N., & Garrard, M. D. (1982). Feminism and art history: Questioning the litany. Harper & Row.
  • Brouwer, J. (2017). Women in ancient Egypt. In Women in ancient societies (pp. 167–182). Routledge.
  • Chadwick, W. (2012). Women, art, and society. Thames & Hudson.
  • Clunas, C. (2009). Art in China. Oxford University Press.
  • Dodson, A., & Ikram, S. (2008). The tomb in ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson.
  • Dolan, T. (1995). Perspectives on Morisot by Teri J. Edelstein; Berthe Morisot by Anne Higonnet; Berthe Morisot’s Images of Women by Anne Higonnet. Woman’s Art Journal, 15(2) 40-43
  • Filipiak, D., & Filipowska, A. (2016). Towards data-oriented analysis of the art market: Survey and outlook. Financial Internet Quarterly "e-Finanse", 12, 21–31. [CrossRef]
  • Garrard, M. D. (1989). Artemisia Gentileschi: The image of the female hero in Italian baroque art. Princeton University Press.
  • Hallett, J. P. (2013). Women and gender in ancient Greece and Rome. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • Heller, N. (2000). The Athenian acropolis: History, mythology, and archaeology from the Neolithic era to the present. Cambridge University Press.
  • Heller, N. (2003). Women artists: An illustrated history. Abbeville Press.
  • Kleiner, F. S. (2004). Gardner's art through the ages: A global history. Thomson Wadsworth.
  • Luther, E. (2019, September). Mary Cassatt, American Impressionist. Beingbold. https ://be ingbo ld.me /mary -cass att-a meric an-im press ionis t/
  • Moyer, C. (2017). Thelma Golden on diversity in the art world. The New York Times.
  • National Museum of Women in the Arts. (2019). Women, arts, and social change. https ://nm wa.or g/wha ts-on /sign ature -prog rams/ womenarts -soci al-ch ange/
  • Perry, G. (1996). Women artists and the Parisian avant-garde: Modernism and "feminine" art, 1900 to the late 1920s. Manchester University Press.
  • Regina Krahl, R. (2006). Chinese Ceramics from the Meiyintang Collection. Paradou Wrting Ltd.
  • Robins, G. (1993). Women in ancient Egypt. Harvard University Press. Schneider,
  • A. L. (2010). Art across time. McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Stewart, A. F. (1990). Greek sculpture: An exploration. Yale University Press.
  • Guerrilla Girls. (2019). The advantages of being a woman artist. https :// www.tat e.org .uk/a rt/ar twork s/gue rrill a-gir ls-th e-adv antag es-ofbein g-a-w oman- artis t-p78 796
  • Taylor, M. (2019). Women still face challenges in the art world. Here's how they're fighting back. NBC News.
  • Thornton, S. (2014). 33%: A brief history of women in art. The Guardian.
  • Yawn, L. (1991). Medieval women artists and modem historians (Vol. 12, pp. 10–19). Medieval Feminist Forum.
  • Waller, S. (1991). Women artists in the modern era: A documentary history. Scarecrow Press.
  • Wikimedia (2022). https ://co mmons .m.wi kimed ia.or g/wik i/Fil e:Ros a_Bon heur_ agee. jpg
  • Yaw, T. (2020, May). 9 powerful African women who ruled the world. Braperucci Africa. https ://br aperu cci.a frica /9-po werfu l-afr ican- women - who- ruled -the- world /

The Role of Women in the Art World Throughout History

Year 2023, Issue: 5, 30 - 37, 29.09.2023

Abstract

Despite being largely excluded from the mainstream narrative, women have played a vital role in
the art world, the contributions of female artists, collectors, and patrons have been frequently
overlooked or diminished, and the art world has been dominated by male artists and collectors.
In ancient times, women were involved in creating art in many cultures. However, their works
were often unattributed or forgotten. In the Renaissance, women were allowed to participate in
the arts but were often relegated to less prestigious mediums such as embroidery or miniature
painting. It was not until the 19th century that women began to gain more recognition for their
artistic achievements. Despite these achievements, today, women are still underrepresented in
many areas of the art world. Women artists are still paid less than their male counterparts and
less likely to be represented in major museums and galleries. The study adopted a qualitative
research method using literature review as the major source of data collection. Data were sourced
from books, journal articles, as well as online sources. Data were qualitatively analyzed using the
art historian method to present the data descriptively. The study revealed that there has been a
growing awareness of the need for gender equality in the art world, and many organizations are
working to promote the work of female artists and to provide opportunities for women to succeed
in the field. This is important to create a more equitable and just art world for all.

References

  • Başar, S. (2019). Çağdaş sanatta yazı: seramik malzemenin plastic dili üzerinden bir değerlendirme. Atatürk Üniversitesi Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü Dergisi, 43, 222-233.
  • Broude, N., & Garrard, M. D. (1982). Feminism and art history: Questioning the litany. Harper & Row.
  • Brouwer, J. (2017). Women in ancient Egypt. In Women in ancient societies (pp. 167–182). Routledge.
  • Chadwick, W. (2012). Women, art, and society. Thames & Hudson.
  • Clunas, C. (2009). Art in China. Oxford University Press.
  • Dodson, A., & Ikram, S. (2008). The tomb in ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson.
  • Dolan, T. (1995). Perspectives on Morisot by Teri J. Edelstein; Berthe Morisot by Anne Higonnet; Berthe Morisot’s Images of Women by Anne Higonnet. Woman’s Art Journal, 15(2) 40-43
  • Filipiak, D., & Filipowska, A. (2016). Towards data-oriented analysis of the art market: Survey and outlook. Financial Internet Quarterly "e-Finanse", 12, 21–31. [CrossRef]
  • Garrard, M. D. (1989). Artemisia Gentileschi: The image of the female hero in Italian baroque art. Princeton University Press.
  • Hallett, J. P. (2013). Women and gender in ancient Greece and Rome. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • Heller, N. (2000). The Athenian acropolis: History, mythology, and archaeology from the Neolithic era to the present. Cambridge University Press.
  • Heller, N. (2003). Women artists: An illustrated history. Abbeville Press.
  • Kleiner, F. S. (2004). Gardner's art through the ages: A global history. Thomson Wadsworth.
  • Luther, E. (2019, September). Mary Cassatt, American Impressionist. Beingbold. https ://be ingbo ld.me /mary -cass att-a meric an-im press ionis t/
  • Moyer, C. (2017). Thelma Golden on diversity in the art world. The New York Times.
  • National Museum of Women in the Arts. (2019). Women, arts, and social change. https ://nm wa.or g/wha ts-on /sign ature -prog rams/ womenarts -soci al-ch ange/
  • Perry, G. (1996). Women artists and the Parisian avant-garde: Modernism and "feminine" art, 1900 to the late 1920s. Manchester University Press.
  • Regina Krahl, R. (2006). Chinese Ceramics from the Meiyintang Collection. Paradou Wrting Ltd.
  • Robins, G. (1993). Women in ancient Egypt. Harvard University Press. Schneider,
  • A. L. (2010). Art across time. McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Stewart, A. F. (1990). Greek sculpture: An exploration. Yale University Press.
  • Guerrilla Girls. (2019). The advantages of being a woman artist. https :// www.tat e.org .uk/a rt/ar twork s/gue rrill a-gir ls-th e-adv antag es-ofbein g-a-w oman- artis t-p78 796
  • Taylor, M. (2019). Women still face challenges in the art world. Here's how they're fighting back. NBC News.
  • Thornton, S. (2014). 33%: A brief history of women in art. The Guardian.
  • Yawn, L. (1991). Medieval women artists and modem historians (Vol. 12, pp. 10–19). Medieval Feminist Forum.
  • Waller, S. (1991). Women artists in the modern era: A documentary history. Scarecrow Press.
  • Wikimedia (2022). https ://co mmons .m.wi kimed ia.or g/wik i/Fil e:Ros a_Bon heur_ agee. jpg
  • Yaw, T. (2020, May). 9 powerful African women who ruled the world. Braperucci Africa. https ://br aperu cci.a frica /9-po werfu l-afr ican- women - who- ruled -the- world /

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Fine Arts
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Adebayo Abiodun ADELOYE 0000-0001-8705-5415

Peter Oluwagbenga ODEWOLE 0000-0002-0977-2993

Benjamin Eni-itan F AFOLABİ 0000-0003-3712-830X

Publication Date September 29, 2023
Submission Date June 8, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Issue: 5

Cite

APA ADELOYE, A. A., ODEWOLE, P. O., & AFOLABİ, B. E.-i. F. (2023). The Role of Women in the Art World Throughout History. Art Time(5), 30-37.