Year 2017, Volume 18 , Issue 1, Pages 178 - 198 2017-03-31

STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Gorkem Uctug [1]


The life cycle environmental impacts of electricity generation in Turkey were compared to those of Denmark, France, and Poland. The reason for selecting these particular countries for benchmarking was the fact that electricity generation in these countries is dominated mostly by a single source, that is wind, nuclear, and coal, respectively. OpenLCA software and European Life Cycle Database database were used, CML2001 method was employed. The life cycle analysis approach was from cradle to grave. The environmental impact criteria which were studied were acidification, global warming potential, depletion of abiotic resources – elements, depletion of abiotic resources - fossil fuels, eutrophication, freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity, human toxicity, marine aquatic ecotoxicity, ozone layer depletion, photochemical oxidation, and terrestrial ecotoxicity. In addition to comparing the four countries in terms of these individual impacts, the overall environmental impact scores for all countries were calculated, once with equal weights for all impacts and once with weights which were determined by acquiring the stakeholder opinions via an online questionnaire. In both cases, Poland turned out to have the highest environmental impact due to the high share coal in the electricity mix, and Turkey came second after Poland. Equal-weight-analysis returned Denmark as the country with the cleanest electricity generation infrastructure whereas stakeholder-weight-analysis results showed that it was France who had the lowest environmental impact. This result was attributed to the high weight of global warming potential and France’s nuclear-energy-based electricity generation system has a very low global warming potential when compared to other three countries. It was concluded that the prospective addition of nuclear energy, solar energy, and clean coal technologies into Turkey’s electricity mix shall reduce the overall environmental impact of electricity generation in Turkey significantly.

Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Gorkem Uctug

Dates

Publication Date : March 31, 2017

Bibtex @research article { aubtda300422, journal = {Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering}, issn = {1302-3160}, eissn = {2146-0205}, address = {}, publisher = {Eskişehir Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {18}, pages = {178 - 198}, doi = {10.18038/aubtda.300422}, title = {STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES}, key = {cite}, author = {Uctug, Gorkem} }
APA Uctug, G . (2017). STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering , 18 (1) , 178-198 . DOI: 10.18038/aubtda.300422
MLA Uctug, G . "STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 18 (2017 ): 178-198 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aubtda/issue/28283/300422>
Chicago Uctug, G . "STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 18 (2017 ): 178-198
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AU - Gorkem Uctug Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18038/aubtda.300422 DO - 10.18038/aubtda.300422 T2 - Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 178 EP - 198 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - 1302-3160-2146-0205 M3 - doi: 10.18038/aubtda.300422 UR - https://doi.org/10.18038/aubtda.300422 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES %A Gorkem Uctug %T STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES %D 2017 %J Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering %P 1302-3160-2146-0205 %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18038/aubtda.300422 %U 10.18038/aubtda.300422
ISNAD Uctug, Gorkem . "STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 18 / 1 (March 2017): 178-198 . https://doi.org/10.18038/aubtda.300422
AMA Uctug G . STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. AUBTD-A. 2017; 18(1): 178-198.
Vancouver Uctug G . STAKEHOLDER OPINION-BASED COMPARISON OF LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN TURKEY WITH SELECTED EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering. 2017; 18(1): 198-178.