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DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)

Year 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, 51 - 59, 21.03.2012

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the histological and cytological changes undergone by integument cells in natural tetraploid Trifolium pratense L. (Elçi Çayırüçgülü) in the stages of proembryo, zygote, mature
embryo sac and throughout ovule development.
Female organs of flowers buds and flowers sampled from those at different developmental stages were embedded both in paraffin and epon 812. The structure of integument cells was examined in the stage of mature embryo sac and throughout ovule development by a light and a transmission electron microscopy.
The ovules in natural tetraploid Trifolium pratense L. (Elçi Çayırüçgülü) have two integuments, namely inner and outer integuments. The primordia of both integuments start to appear from the medial
part, chalaza. While the megaspore mother cell is in earlier stage of Prophase I, integuments start to develop. In the stage of mature embryo sac, the inner integument is two-cells thick and it fully covers the nucellus. The outer integument becomes thicker and thicker, and one of the cells grown faster covers the junction of inner integuments and joins with the other outer integument.
It was concluded that necessary nutrients were sufficiently stored and transmitted in integument cells during the stages of ovule, embryo sac, zygote and proembryo development in natural tetraploid Trifolium pratense L. (Elçi Çayırüçgülü).

References

  • Algan, G. (1981). Bitkisel Dokular için Mikro- teknik. Fırat Üniversitesi Yayınları, Bot.No: 1.
  • Algan, G. ve Bakar, H.N. (1990). Doğal tetraploid Çayırüçgülü (Trifolium prat- ense L.)’nde embriyo kesesi gelişmesi ve yumurta teşekkülünün incelenmesi. Turk- ish Journal of Botany 15, 57-70.
  • Algan, G. ve Bakar Büyükkartal, H.N. (2000). Ultrastructure of seed coat development in the natural tetraploid Trifolium prat- ense L. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 184, 205-213.
  • Bakar, H.N. ve Algan, G. (1997). Electron microscopic development of the endothelium in Trifolium development. Doğa Turkish Journal of Botany 21(3), 137-144. of the pratense L. during
  • Borisjuk, L., Weber, H., Panitz, R., Manteuffel, R. and Wobus, U. (1995). Embryogenesis of Vicia faba L.: Histodifferentiation in relation to starch and storage protein syn- thesis. Journal of Plant Physiology 147, 203–218.
  • Bouman, F. (1974). Developmental studies of the ovule, integüments and seed in some angiosperms. Thesis Univ. Amsterdam.
  • Chamberlin, M.A., Horner, H.T. and Palmer, R.G. (1994). Early endosperm, embryo, and ovule development in Glycine max (L.) Merr. International Journal of Plant Science 155, 421–436.
  • Colombo, L., Battaglia, R. and Kater, M.M. (2008). Arabidopsis ovule development and its evolutionary conservation. Trends Plant Science 13, 444–450.
  • Elçi, Ş. (1982). The utilization of genetic re- source in fodder crop breeding, Eucarpia Fodder Crop Section 13-16 September, Aberystwyth UK.
  • Galati, B.G., Rosenfeldt, S. and Tourn, M. (2006). Embryological studies in Lotus glaber (Fabaceae). Annals of Botany Fen- nici 43, 97-106.
  • Gasser, C.S., Broadhvest, J. and Hauser, B.A. (1998). Genetic analysis of ovule development. Annual Revievs of. Plant Physiol and Plant Molecular Biology 9, 1–24.
  • Jakobsen, H.B., Martens, H. and Lyshede, O.B. (1994). Accumulation of metabolites during seed development in Trifolium repens L. Annals of Botany 74, 409–415.
  • Johansson, Q.M. and Walles, B. (1993). Func- tional anatomy of the ovule in broad bean
  • (Vicia faba L.), I. Histogenesis prior to and after pollination, International Journal of Plant Science 154, 80-89.
  • Johri, B.M. (1984). Embryology of Angio- sperms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidel- berg, NewYork, Tokyo, 830.
  • Johri, B.M., Ambegaokar, K.B. and Srivastava, P.S. (1992). Comparative Embryology of Angiosperms . Springer. Berlin.
  • Kelley, D.R. and Gasser, C.S. (2009). Ovule development: genetic trends and evolu- tionary considerations Sex Plant Reprod Springer Berlin / Heidelberg.
  • Kelley, D.R., Skinner, D.J. and Gasser, C.S. (2009). Roles of polarity determinants in ovule development. The Plant Journal 57, 1054–1064.
  • Luft, J.H. (1961). Improvements in epoxy resin embedding methods. Journal of Biophysi- cal and Biochemical Cytology 9, 409-414.
  • Mogensen, H.L. (1973). Somehistochemical, ultrastructural, and nutritional aspects of ovule of Quercus gambelli. American. Journal of. Botany. 60, 48-54.
  • Reiser, L. and Fischer, R.L. (1993). The Ovule and the Embryo Sac. The Plant Cell 5, 1291-1301.
  • Riahi, M., Zarre, S., Chehregani, A. and Shahsavan-Behboudi, B. (2003). Seed development in two species of medifixed hairy Astragalus(Fabaceae). Flora 198, 211-219.
  • Sato, J.E. (1967). A modified method for bad staining of thin sections. Journal of Elec- tron Microscopy 16, 133.
  • Skinner, D.J, Hill, T.A. and Gasser, C.S. (2004). Regulation of ovule development. Plant Cell 16, 532–545.
  • Stempak, J.G. and Ward, R.T. (1964). An im- proved staining method for electron microscopy. Journal of. Cell Biology. 22, 697.
  • Ünal, M. (2004). Bitki (Angiosperm) Embriyolo- jisi. Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları No: 11. Fen
  • Yeung, E.C. and Cavey, M.G. (1990). Deve- lopmental changes in the inner epidermis of the bean seed coat. Protoplasma 154, 45–52.
  • Windsor, J.B., Symonds, V.V., Mendenhall, J. and Lloyd, A.M. (2000). Arabidopsis seed coat development: morphological differ- entiation of the outer integument. The Plant Journal 22(6), 483-493.

Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji

Year 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1, 51 - 59, 21.03.2012

Abstract

Doğal tetraploid Trifolium pratense L. (Elçi Çayırüçgülü)’ de tohum taslaklarının gelişimi, olgun embriyo kesesi, zigot ve proembriyo evrelerinde integümentlerin geçirdiği histolojik ve sitolojik değişiklikleri ortaya koymak amaçlanmıştır

References

  • Algan, G. (1981). Bitkisel Dokular için Mikro- teknik. Fırat Üniversitesi Yayınları, Bot.No: 1.
  • Algan, G. ve Bakar, H.N. (1990). Doğal tetraploid Çayırüçgülü (Trifolium prat- ense L.)’nde embriyo kesesi gelişmesi ve yumurta teşekkülünün incelenmesi. Turk- ish Journal of Botany 15, 57-70.
  • Algan, G. ve Bakar Büyükkartal, H.N. (2000). Ultrastructure of seed coat development in the natural tetraploid Trifolium prat- ense L. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 184, 205-213.
  • Bakar, H.N. ve Algan, G. (1997). Electron microscopic development of the endothelium in Trifolium development. Doğa Turkish Journal of Botany 21(3), 137-144. of the pratense L. during
  • Borisjuk, L., Weber, H., Panitz, R., Manteuffel, R. and Wobus, U. (1995). Embryogenesis of Vicia faba L.: Histodifferentiation in relation to starch and storage protein syn- thesis. Journal of Plant Physiology 147, 203–218.
  • Bouman, F. (1974). Developmental studies of the ovule, integüments and seed in some angiosperms. Thesis Univ. Amsterdam.
  • Chamberlin, M.A., Horner, H.T. and Palmer, R.G. (1994). Early endosperm, embryo, and ovule development in Glycine max (L.) Merr. International Journal of Plant Science 155, 421–436.
  • Colombo, L., Battaglia, R. and Kater, M.M. (2008). Arabidopsis ovule development and its evolutionary conservation. Trends Plant Science 13, 444–450.
  • Elçi, Ş. (1982). The utilization of genetic re- source in fodder crop breeding, Eucarpia Fodder Crop Section 13-16 September, Aberystwyth UK.
  • Galati, B.G., Rosenfeldt, S. and Tourn, M. (2006). Embryological studies in Lotus glaber (Fabaceae). Annals of Botany Fen- nici 43, 97-106.
  • Gasser, C.S., Broadhvest, J. and Hauser, B.A. (1998). Genetic analysis of ovule development. Annual Revievs of. Plant Physiol and Plant Molecular Biology 9, 1–24.
  • Jakobsen, H.B., Martens, H. and Lyshede, O.B. (1994). Accumulation of metabolites during seed development in Trifolium repens L. Annals of Botany 74, 409–415.
  • Johansson, Q.M. and Walles, B. (1993). Func- tional anatomy of the ovule in broad bean
  • (Vicia faba L.), I. Histogenesis prior to and after pollination, International Journal of Plant Science 154, 80-89.
  • Johri, B.M. (1984). Embryology of Angio- sperms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidel- berg, NewYork, Tokyo, 830.
  • Johri, B.M., Ambegaokar, K.B. and Srivastava, P.S. (1992). Comparative Embryology of Angiosperms . Springer. Berlin.
  • Kelley, D.R. and Gasser, C.S. (2009). Ovule development: genetic trends and evolu- tionary considerations Sex Plant Reprod Springer Berlin / Heidelberg.
  • Kelley, D.R., Skinner, D.J. and Gasser, C.S. (2009). Roles of polarity determinants in ovule development. The Plant Journal 57, 1054–1064.
  • Luft, J.H. (1961). Improvements in epoxy resin embedding methods. Journal of Biophysi- cal and Biochemical Cytology 9, 409-414.
  • Mogensen, H.L. (1973). Somehistochemical, ultrastructural, and nutritional aspects of ovule of Quercus gambelli. American. Journal of. Botany. 60, 48-54.
  • Reiser, L. and Fischer, R.L. (1993). The Ovule and the Embryo Sac. The Plant Cell 5, 1291-1301.
  • Riahi, M., Zarre, S., Chehregani, A. and Shahsavan-Behboudi, B. (2003). Seed development in two species of medifixed hairy Astragalus(Fabaceae). Flora 198, 211-219.
  • Sato, J.E. (1967). A modified method for bad staining of thin sections. Journal of Elec- tron Microscopy 16, 133.
  • Skinner, D.J, Hill, T.A. and Gasser, C.S. (2004). Regulation of ovule development. Plant Cell 16, 532–545.
  • Stempak, J.G. and Ward, R.T. (1964). An im- proved staining method for electron microscopy. Journal of. Cell Biology. 22, 697.
  • Ünal, M. (2004). Bitki (Angiosperm) Embriyolo- jisi. Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları No: 11. Fen
  • Yeung, E.C. and Cavey, M.G. (1990). Deve- lopmental changes in the inner epidermis of the bean seed coat. Protoplasma 154, 45–52.
  • Windsor, J.B., Symonds, V.V., Mendenhall, J. and Lloyd, A.M. (2000). Arabidopsis seed coat development: morphological differ- entiation of the outer integument. The Plant Journal 22(6), 483-493.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Hatice BÜYÜKKARTAL>

Publication Date March 21, 2012
Published in Issue Year 2012, Volume 2, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @ { aubtdc42401, journal = {Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology}, issn = {2146-0264}, eissn = {2146-0213}, address = {}, publisher = {Eskisehir Technical University}, year = {2012}, volume = {2}, number = {1}, pages = {51 - 59}, title = {DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)}, key = {cite}, author = {Büyükkartal, Hatice} }
APA Büyükkartal, H. (2012). DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE) . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology , 2 (1) , 51-59 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aubtdc/issue/3052/42401
MLA Büyükkartal, H. "DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)" . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology 2 (2012 ): 51-59 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aubtdc/issue/3052/42401>
Chicago Büyükkartal, H. "DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology 2 (2012 ): 51-59
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE) AU - HaticeBüyükkartal Y1 - 2012 PY - 2012 N1 - DO - T2 - Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 59 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0264-2146-0213 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE) %A Hatice Büyükkartal %T DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE) %D 2012 %J Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology %P 2146-0264-2146-0213 %V 2 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Büyükkartal, Hatice . "DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology 2 / 1 (March 2012): 51-59 .
AMA Büyükkartal H. DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE). Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology. 2012; 2(1): 51-59.
Vancouver Büyükkartal H. DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE). Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology. 2012; 2(1): 51-59.
IEEE H. Büyükkartal , "DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGUMENT IN TRIFOLIUM PRATENSE L. (ELÇİ ÇAYIRÜÇGÜLÜ-FABACEAE)", Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C - Life Sciences and Biotechnology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 51-59, Mar. 2012