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Aktant Olarak Afetlerin Sosyal Etkileri: 1999 Marmara Depremi ile 2004 Endonezya Tsunami Karşılaştırması

Year 2011, Volume 3, Issue 2, 47 - 54, 01.10.2011
https://doi.org/10.1501/Csaum_0000000053

Abstract

Doğal afetler olarak kabul edilen deprem ya da tsumami gibi olaylar, sosyal ekonomik, politik ve kültürel alanlaradki etkileri nedeni ile bu çalışma kapsamında sosyal olgular olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Aktör İlişkilerağı Kuramı’nın temel kavramları kullanılarak 1999 Marmara Depremi ile 2004 yılında Endonezya’da meydana gelen tsunaminin sosyal etkileri karşılaştırılmaktadır. Her ne kadar, teori nicel bilgi toplama tekniklerine karşı sınırlı olsa da, her iki afetten bir yıl sonra gerçekleştirilen alan araştırmasının sonuçları, teorinin önermelerini destekler niteliktedir. Araştırma sonucunda, her iki afetin de ekonomik, politik ve kültürel alanlarda (dayanışma, aile ilişkileri, gibi) önemli değişikliklere neden olduğu ortaya çıkmaktadır

References

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  • Burges, J., Clark, J., Harrison, M.C.2000 ‘Knowledges in Action: An Actor Network Analysis of a Wetland Agri- Environment Scheme’, Ecological Economics 35 (2000): 119–132
  • Clark, N.2005 ‘Disaster and Generosity’, Geographical Journal,171(4):384 - 386
  • Drabek, T.E., Key, W.H., Erickson, P., Crowe, J.L. 1975 ‘The Impact of Disaster on Kinship Relations’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 37(3):481-494. Ehrenreich, J.H. 2001 Coping with Disasters: a Guidebook to Psychological Intervention, http://www.mhwwb.org/CopingWithDisaster.pdf
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  • http://www.acehrecoveryforum.org/id/index.php?action=Artikel&no=4&q=ONE%20YEAR%20OF%20POST- TSUNAMI%20WORK
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  • Jalali, R. 2002 ‘Civil Society and the State: Turkey After the State’, Disasters, 26(2):120-139
  • Kamano, S. 1999 ‘Comparing Individual Attitudes in Seven Countries’, Social Science Research, 28(1):1-35.
  • Karancı, N. A., Alkan, N., Akşit, B., Sucuoğlu, H., Balta, E. 1999 ‘Gender Differences in Psychological Distress, Coping, Social Support, and Related Variables Following the 1995 Dinar, Turkey Earthquake’, North American Journal of Psychology, 1(2): 189-204.
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  • Kasapoğlu, A., Ecevit, Y., Ecevit, M. 2004 ‘Support Needs of Survivors of The August 17,1999 Earthquake in Turkey’, Social Indicators Research ,66:229-248.
  • Kumar, G. S. J. 2000 ‘Disaster Management and Social Development’, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 20(7):66–81.
  • Kumar-Range , S. 2001 Environmental Management and Disaster Risk Reduction:
  • A Gender Perspective, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/documents/BP1-2001Nov04.pdf
  • Latour, B. 1998 Keynote Speech: On Recalling ANT, http://comp.lancs.ac.uk/sociology/stslatour1.html
  • Latour, B. 2004 ‘The Social as Association’, in N. Gane (ed) The Future of Social Theory, Continuum.
  • Murphy, R. 2004 ‘Disaster or Sustainability: The Dance of Human Agents with Nature's Actants,’ The Canadian Reuiew of Sociology and Anthropology 41(3):249-266
  • Palamut,H.2007 ‘Depremin Yarattığı Travmanın Kişilerin Hayatlarına Etkileri: Gölcük Örneği (Earthquake Related Trauma and its effects on Victims in Gölcük/Turkey)’ in A. Kasapoğlu(ed), Yeni Toplumsal Travmalar (New Societal Traumas), Ankara
  • Ploughman, P.1997 ‘Disasters, the Media and Social Structures: A Typology of Credibility Hierarchy Persistence Based on Newspaper Coverage of the Love Canal and Six Other Disasters’, Disasters, 21(2):118-137.
  • Pribadi, J. 2005Country studies on how the catastrophe and subsequent: a case of Aceh, Aceh Recovery Form, http://www.acehrecoveryforum.org/id/index.php?action=Artikel&no=3&q=Country%20studies%20on%20how%20t he%20catastrophe%20and%20subsequent:%20a%20case%20of%20Aceh
  • Rippote, P.A. and Rogers, R.W. 1987 ‘Effects of Protection-Motivation Theory on Adaptive and Maladaptive Coping with a health threat’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3): 596-604.
  • Shaw, R., Katsuihciro, G. 2004 ‘From Disaster to Sustainable Civil Society: The Kobe Experience’, Disasters, 2004, 28(1): 16–40
  • Sattler, D. N., Kaiser, C.F.,Hittner, J.B. 2000 ‘Disaster preparedness: relations Among Prior Experience, Personal characteristics, and Distress’, Journal of Applied Social Psychology,30(7):1396-1420
  • Wickrama, K.A.S., Kapsar, V. 2007 ‘Family context of mental health risk in Tsunami-exposed Adolescents: Findings from a Pilot Study in Sri Lanka’, Social Science & Medicine,64: 713-723

Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia

Year 2011, Volume 3, Issue 2, 47 - 54, 01.10.2011
https://doi.org/10.1501/Csaum_0000000053

Abstract

Although disasters such as earthquake and tsunami are widely accepted as natural phenomena, with regard to their effects to the societies in terms of social, economical, political, and cultural spheres, in this paper it is assumed that these disasters are social facts. By using basic concepts of Actor Network Theory, social effects of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia are compared. Although methodological limitations of this theory in using quantitative techniques, the results of surveys conducted one year after both Marmara Earthquake and 2004 Tsunami are also used to increase the propositions of Actor Network Theory. The study revealed that disasters as actant lead several changes in many relations at economic, political, and cultural spheres of society such as solidarity, education, family relations in both countries

References

  • Boon, K., Tra, T. L. 2007 ‘Are Environmental Refugees Refused?’, Std. Tribes Tribals, 5(2): 85-95.
  • Burges, J., Clark, J., Harrison, M.C.2000 ‘Knowledges in Action: An Actor Network Analysis of a Wetland Agri- Environment Scheme’, Ecological Economics 35 (2000): 119–132
  • Clark, N.2005 ‘Disaster and Generosity’, Geographical Journal,171(4):384 - 386
  • Drabek, T.E., Key, W.H., Erickson, P., Crowe, J.L. 1975 ‘The Impact of Disaster on Kinship Relations’, Journal of Marriage and Family, 37(3):481-494. Ehrenreich, J.H. 2001 Coping with Disasters: a Guidebook to Psychological Intervention, http://www.mhwwb.org/CopingWithDisaster.pdf
  • Fritz, C.1961. ‘Disasters’ in. R. Merton & R. Nisbet (ed.), Contemporary Social Problems, Sage
  • Giddens, A. 1998 ‘Risk Society: The Context of British Policies’, in j. Franklin (ed) The Politics of risk Society, Polity Press
  • Hamid, H., Jeliteng 2001 Bila Warga Menilai: Satu Tahun Rekonstruksi Aceh (If Citizens Evaluate, Reconstruction in Aceh after One After Tsunami),
  • http://www.acehrecoveryforum.org/id/index.php?action=Artikel&no=4&q=ONE%20YEAR%20OF%20POST- TSUNAMI%20WORK
  • Hines, J.M.,Hungerford, H.R.,Tomera, A.N.1986/1987 ‘Analysis and Synthesis of Research on Responsible Environmental Behavior: A Meta Analysis, Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2):1-8.
  • Inderfurth, .K.F., Fabrycky, D., Cohen, S. 2005 The 2004 Indıan Ocean Tsunamı: Sıx Month Report June 2005, http://www.chaitanyaconsult.in/chaitanya/guide/scapfinal.pdf
  • Jalali, R. 2002 ‘Civil Society and the State: Turkey After the State’, Disasters, 26(2):120-139
  • Kamano, S. 1999 ‘Comparing Individual Attitudes in Seven Countries’, Social Science Research, 28(1):1-35.
  • Karancı, N. A., Alkan, N., Akşit, B., Sucuoğlu, H., Balta, E. 1999 ‘Gender Differences in Psychological Distress, Coping, Social Support, and Related Variables Following the 1995 Dinar, Turkey Earthquake’, North American Journal of Psychology, 1(2): 189-204.
  • Kasapoğlu, A. ve Ecevit M. 2001 Depremin Sosyolojik Araştırması, Ankara: Ümit.
  • Kasapoğlu, A., Ecevit, M. 2004 ‘Impact of several Worry Factors on Responsible Behavior: The Case of 1999 Earthquake in Turkey’ . International Journal of Mental Health, 33:13-30.
  • Kasapoğlu, A., Ecevit, Y., Ecevit, M. 2004 ‘Support Needs of Survivors of The August 17,1999 Earthquake in Turkey’, Social Indicators Research ,66:229-248.
  • Kumar, G. S. J. 2000 ‘Disaster Management and Social Development’, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 20(7):66–81.
  • Kumar-Range , S. 2001 Environmental Management and Disaster Risk Reduction:
  • A Gender Perspective, http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/env_manage/documents/BP1-2001Nov04.pdf
  • Latour, B. 1998 Keynote Speech: On Recalling ANT, http://comp.lancs.ac.uk/sociology/stslatour1.html
  • Latour, B. 2004 ‘The Social as Association’, in N. Gane (ed) The Future of Social Theory, Continuum.
  • Murphy, R. 2004 ‘Disaster or Sustainability: The Dance of Human Agents with Nature's Actants,’ The Canadian Reuiew of Sociology and Anthropology 41(3):249-266
  • Palamut,H.2007 ‘Depremin Yarattığı Travmanın Kişilerin Hayatlarına Etkileri: Gölcük Örneği (Earthquake Related Trauma and its effects on Victims in Gölcük/Turkey)’ in A. Kasapoğlu(ed), Yeni Toplumsal Travmalar (New Societal Traumas), Ankara
  • Ploughman, P.1997 ‘Disasters, the Media and Social Structures: A Typology of Credibility Hierarchy Persistence Based on Newspaper Coverage of the Love Canal and Six Other Disasters’, Disasters, 21(2):118-137.
  • Pribadi, J. 2005Country studies on how the catastrophe and subsequent: a case of Aceh, Aceh Recovery Form, http://www.acehrecoveryforum.org/id/index.php?action=Artikel&no=3&q=Country%20studies%20on%20how%20t he%20catastrophe%20and%20subsequent:%20a%20case%20of%20Aceh
  • Rippote, P.A. and Rogers, R.W. 1987 ‘Effects of Protection-Motivation Theory on Adaptive and Maladaptive Coping with a health threat’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3): 596-604.
  • Shaw, R., Katsuihciro, G. 2004 ‘From Disaster to Sustainable Civil Society: The Kobe Experience’, Disasters, 2004, 28(1): 16–40
  • Sattler, D. N., Kaiser, C.F.,Hittner, J.B. 2000 ‘Disaster preparedness: relations Among Prior Experience, Personal characteristics, and Distress’, Journal of Applied Social Psychology,30(7):1396-1420
  • Wickrama, K.A.S., Kapsar, V. 2007 ‘Family context of mental health risk in Tsunami-exposed Adolescents: Findings from a Pilot Study in Sri Lanka’, Social Science & Medicine,64: 713-723

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Other ID JA38PM97DU
Journal Section Article
Authors

Zuhal Yonca ODABAS This is me


Günnur ERTONG This is me

Publication Date October 1, 2011
Published in Issue Year 2011, Volume 3, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { aucevrebilim477087, journal = {Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2146-1562}, address = {csaum@ankara.edu.tr}, publisher = {Ankara University}, year = {2011}, volume = {3}, number = {2}, pages = {47 - 54}, doi = {10.1501/Csaum\_0000000053}, title = {Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia}, key = {cite}, author = {Odabas, Zuhal Yonca and Ertong, Günnur} }
APA Odabas, Z. Y. & Ertong, G. (2011). Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia . Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi , 3 (2) , 47-54 . DOI: 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053
MLA Odabas, Z. Y. , Ertong, G. "Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia" . Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 3 (2011 ): 47-54 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aucevrebilim/issue/40109/477087>
Chicago Odabas, Z. Y. , Ertong, G. "Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia". Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 3 (2011 ): 47-54
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia AU - Zuhal Yonca Odabas , Günnur Ertong Y1 - 2011 PY - 2011 N1 - doi: 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053 DO - 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053 T2 - Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 47 EP - 54 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2146-1562 M3 - doi: 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053 UR - https://doi.org/10.1501/Csaum_0000000053 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia %A Zuhal Yonca Odabas , Günnur Ertong %T Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia %D 2011 %J Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-1562 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053 %U 10.1501/Csaum_0000000053
ISNAD Odabas, Zuhal Yonca , Ertong, Günnur . "Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia". Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 3 / 2 (October 2011): 47-54 . https://doi.org/10.1501/Csaum_0000000053
AMA Odabas Z. Y. , Ertong G. Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi. 2011; 3(2): 47-54.
Vancouver Odabas Z. Y. , Ertong G. Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi. 2011; 3(2): 47-54.
IEEE Z. Y. Odabas and G. Ertong , "Social Effects of Disasters as Actants: A Comparison of 1999 Marmara Earthquake, Turkey and 2004 Tsunami, Indonesia", Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 47-54, Oct. 2011, doi:10.1501/Csaum_0000000053