Year 2018, Volume 1 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 5 2018-01-01

The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region

Müge Erkan CAN [1] , Mustafa BOĞA [2]


Sheep farming is one of the important elements of animal husbandry. Since animals spend the winter and summer seasons in different regions in sheep breeding, sheep farming is shaped depending on pastures. This situation results in differences to meet animal needs such as feeding and accommodation of animal, drinking water, etc. depending on the structure of the region. Sheep breeders focus on animal nutrition and they do not show too much care to structures and surrounding areas of animal barn. Large amount of waste are released into the environment when sheep are grazing in different pastures. Appropriate shelter should be designed for animals to protect from rain and snow in winter, hot in summer especially at times when the sun's intense, and environmental pollution. Several factors have great importance for proper designing of animal shelter. Sufficient space should be left per animal and animal shelters should have adequate ventilation and waste management systems. Otherwise, due to the structural problems, some negative results will occur. Animals may be hurt each other, harmful gases increase and reaches dangerous levels, environmental pollution happens; stress in animals, reduction in feed consumption and results in reduced of yield. Considering all these factors, suitable for sheep farming in cold climate regions and designed according to local conditions, healthy, efficient and applicable plans and recommendations will present in our study.
Climate, Sheep, Sheep breeding, Sheep shelter planning, Waste management, Farm management
  • Ames DR. 1969. Normal responses of sheep to acute thermal stress. Ph.D. Thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing.
  • Anonymous 1981. Effect of Environment on Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. National Academy Press, ISBN 0-309-03181-8, Washington.
  • Anonymous 1982. Midwest Plan Service, Sheep Housing and Equipment Handbook.
  • Anonymous 2008. The Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Prevention of Pollution of Water, Air and Soil ISBN: 978-1-84807-068-4.
  • Anonymous 2009. Shelters and housing for sheep and goats, Ethiopia Sheep and Goat Productivity Improvement Program(ESGPIP), Technical Bulletin No. 32.
  • Anonymous 2014. Sheep and Goat Breeders Assocation of Turkey.
  • Anonymous, 2016. Hayvansal Üretim. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK).
  • Anonymous 2017a. Agriculture Victoria web page. http://agriculture.vic.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/sheep/handling-andmanagement/sheep-shelter guidelines Access date: 13.03.2017.
  • Anonymous 2017b. Code of Accepted Farming Practice for the Welfare of Sheep (Victoria) (Revision Number 2). Published by the Victorian Government Department of Primary Industries Bureau of Animal Welfare ISBN 978-1-74199-302-8.
  • Berge E. 1997. Housing of sheep in cold climate. Livestock Production Science Volume 49, Issue 2, September 1997, 139-149 pp.
  • Blaxter KL. 1967. The energy metabolism of ruminants. Hutcihinson and Co., London. Alınmıştır: Modeling Ruminant Digestion and Metabolis, Baldwin, R.L, 1995.
  • Brink DR, Ames DR. 1975. Effect of ambient temperature on lamb performance. J. Anim Sci, 44(1): 136-140.
  • Caroprese M. 2008. Sheep housing and welfare. Small Rumin Res, 76: 21–25.
  • Erickson A. 2016. Hypothermia in sheep. Government of Western Australia, Department of Agriculture and Food web page. Access date: 13.03.2017.
  • Gürel Ö, Olgun M. 1996. Polatlı İlçesindeki Koyun Ağıllarının Yapısal Özellikleri ve Geliştirilme Olanakları. Tar Bil Derg, 2(2): 33-38.
  • Gürsoy O. 2006. Economics and Profitability of Sheep and Goat Production in Turkey under New Support Regimes and Market Conditions Small Rumin Res, 62: 181-191.
  • Kaymakçı M. Sönmez R. 1996. İleri Koyun Yetiştiriciliği (Advanced Sheep Production). Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi, Bornova-İzmir, 365 pp.
  • Nedkvitne JJ, Nygaard A. 1970. Sjolforing kontra porsjonsforing for sau. Saertrykk nr. 124, Department of Building Technical in Agriculture., Agriculture University of Norway.
  • Richardson C. 2016. Avoiding Heat and Cold Stress In Transported Sheep, Precautions and warning signs of cold stress and wind chill chart courtesy of Canadian Agri-Food Research Council. Factsheet; Queen’s Printer for Ontario, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/sheep/facts/02-013.htm.
  • Wassmuth R. 2003. Keeping beef cattle and sheep outdoors in winter. Pubmed; US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Search database. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr, 110(5): 212-215.
  • Young BA. 1983. Ruminant Cold Stress: Effect on Production. American Soc Anim Sci, 57: 1601-1607.
Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Müge Erkan CAN
Institution: Çukurova Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Author: Mustafa BOĞA (Primary Author)
Institution: Niğde Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 1, 2018

Bibtex @research article { bsagriculture446823, journal = {Black Sea Journal of Agriculture}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6578}, address = {bsjagri@blackseapublishers.com}, publisher = {Hasan ÖNDER}, year = {2018}, volume = {1}, pages = {1 - 5}, doi = {}, title = {The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region}, key = {cite}, author = {Can, Müge Erkan and Boğa, Mustafa} }
APA Can, M , Boğa, M . (2018). The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture , 1 (1) , 1-5 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/38509/446823
MLA Can, M , Boğa, M . "The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region" . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 1 (2018 ): 1-5 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/38509/446823>
Chicago Can, M , Boğa, M . "The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 1 (2018 ): 1-5
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region AU - Müge Erkan Can , Mustafa Boğa Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Black Sea Journal of Agriculture JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 5 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2618-6578 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Journal of Agriculture The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region %A Müge Erkan Can , Mustafa Boğa %T The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region %D 2018 %J Black Sea Journal of Agriculture %P -2618-6578 %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Can, Müge Erkan , Boğa, Mustafa . "The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 1 / 1 (January 2018): 1-5 .
AMA Can M , Boğa M . The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region. BSJ Agri.. 2018; 1(1): 1-5.
Vancouver Can M , Boğa M . The Importance of Sheep Shelters in Cold Climate Region. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2018; 1(1): 1-5.