Sheep farming is one
of the important elements of animal husbandry. Since animals spend the winter
and summer seasons in different regions in sheep breeding, sheep farming is
shaped depending on pastures. This situation results in differences to meet
animal needs such as feeding and accommodation of animal, drinking water, etc.
depending on the structure of the region. Sheep breeders focus on animal
nutrition and they do not show too much care to structures and surrounding
areas of animal barn. Large amount of waste are released into the environment
when sheep are grazing in different pastures. Appropriate shelter should be
designed for animals to protect from rain and snow in winter, hot in summer
especially at times when the sun's intense, and environmental pollution.
Several factors have great importance for proper designing of animal shelter.
Sufficient space should be left per animal and animal shelters should have
adequate ventilation and waste management systems. Otherwise, due to the
structural problems, some negative results will occur. Animals may be hurt each
other, harmful gases increase and reaches dangerous levels, environmental
pollution happens; stress in animals, reduction in feed consumption and results
in reduced of yield. Considering all these factors, suitable for sheep farming
in cold climate regions and designed according to local conditions, healthy,
efficient and applicable plans and recommendations will present in our study.
Climate, Sheep, Sheep breeding, Sheep shelter planning, Waste management, Farm management