Year 2019, Volume 2 , Issue 4, Pages 203 - 211 2019-10-01

Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Yimam Ali Abtew [1] , Arega Gashaw [2] , Alemu Abate [3]


Fenugreek is multipurpose plant originated in the Mediterranean region. Lack of information on phenotypic characteristic and association of traits are main problems in fenugreek production. Field experiment was conducted at Jamma district of South Wollo, Amhara National Regional State, in 2018/19 main rainy season to estimate genetic distance among Ethiopian fenugreek genotypes. Sixty two nationally collected fenugreek genotypes along with standard and local checks were evaluated in simple lattice design. Analysis of variance showed the presence of significant (p<0.05) difference among genotypes for most of the traits examined, indicating the presence of genetic variability. Seed yield ranged from 651 kg ha-1 to 2148 kg ha-1. A total of 30 and 35 genotypes had yield advantage up to 85 % and 98% than local and standard checks respectively. Genetic distances of fenugreek genotypes measured by Euclidean distance ranged from 9.6 to 73.07. Genotypes were grouped in to 6 major and 2 standalone clusters based on their genetic pedigree rather than geographical location, suggesting the presence of genetic variability and higher chance of developing varieties through direct selection or crossing of genotypes using distantly related genotypes to produce heterotic hybrids. Developing different breeding program in addition to yield and intensive direct selection of local collection of genotypes is used to improve the productivity of fenugreek.

Clustering, Euclidean distance, Fenugreek, Simple lattice
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Dairy and Animal Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4646-4615
Author: Yimam Ali Abtew (Primary Author)
Institution: Amhara Agricultural Research Institute
Country: Ethiopia


Orcid: 0000-0001-7854-7805
Author: Arega Gashaw

Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-0000
Author: Alemu Abate

Dates

Publication Date : October 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { bsagriculture605633, journal = {Black Sea Journal of Agriculture}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6578}, address = {bsjagri@blackseapublishers.com}, publisher = {Hasan ÖNDER}, year = {2019}, volume = {2}, pages = {203 - 211}, doi = {}, title = {Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia}, key = {cite}, author = {Abtew, Yimam Ali and Gashaw, Arega and Abate, Alemu} }
APA Abtew, Y , Gashaw, A , Abate, A . (2019). Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture , 2 (4) , 203-211 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/47095/605633
MLA Abtew, Y , Gashaw, A , Abate, A . "Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 2 (2019 ): 203-211 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/47095/605633>
Chicago Abtew, Y , Gashaw, A , Abate, A . "Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 2 (2019 ): 203-211
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia AU - Yimam Ali Abtew , Arega Gashaw , Alemu Abate Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Black Sea Journal of Agriculture JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 203 EP - 211 VL - 2 IS - 4 SN - -2618-6578 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Journal of Agriculture Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia %A Yimam Ali Abtew , Arega Gashaw , Alemu Abate %T Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia %D 2019 %J Black Sea Journal of Agriculture %P -2618-6578 %V 2 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Abtew, Yimam Ali , Gashaw, Arega , Abate, Alemu . "Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 2 / 4 (October 2019): 203-211 .
AMA Abtew Y , Gashaw A , Abate A . Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. BSJ Agri.. 2019; 2(4): 203-211.
Vancouver Abtew Y , Gashaw A , Abate A . Genetic Divergence and Clustering of Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) Genotypes in South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2019; 2(4): 211-203.