Year 2020, Volume 3 , Issue 2, Pages 165 - 172 2020-04-01

Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens

Esra ÜNBAŞ [1] , Nazif YAZGAN [2] , Coşkun KONYALI [3] , Baver COŞKUN [4] , Serdar KAMANLI [5] , Türker SAVAŞ [6]


Poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae is an ectoparasite on poultry. In this study, we compared the values of chickens healthy and infested with poultry red mite. A total of 48 white layer hens (60-week old) were used in the study. Hens were randomly divided into 2 groups as uninfested control hens (n=24) and infested hens (n=24) with poultry red mite. Groups were housed in two identical rooms and each hen was kept in individual cages. No significant differences were observed between groups at the beginning of the experiment. A heavy infestation was observed after approximately 45 days, which caused high mortality. The second part of the study was investigated hatching and chick quality traits of eggs from white layers. A total of 16 layers of hens were used. The average egg weights of the infested and control chickens were 56.8 g and 58.6 g, respectively. Fertile egg ratio was 79.2% and 76.5%, in the same order (p=0.6386). High significant differences were found between the groups by hatchability of fertile eggs (p<0.0001) and hatchability per incubated eggs (p<0.0001). Parasite infestation did not affect the chick weight, length and Pasgar score (p≤0.1621). However, the chicks of infested parents had lower Tona score on average (p<0.0001) and higher respiratory rates (p=0.0045). An infestation of breeder flocks can be having detrimental effects on the hatching traits and chick quality.
Kanatlı kırmızı akarı olarak bilinen, Dermanyssus gallinae kanatlılarda görülen ve kan ile beslenen bir dış parazittir. Ana konakçısı tavuklar olan bu dış parazitin etkilerinin tavukların kuluçka özelliklerine olan etkilerinin araştırılması bu çalışmanın amacını oluşturmuştur. Bu bağlamda çalışma, kanatlı kırmızı akarı ile enfeste edilmiş grup ile diğer yetiştirme koşulları eşit olan akardan ari yetiştirme koşullarında barındırılmış kontrol grubu olmak üzere iki farklı muamele grubu temelinde yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada her bir grupta 24 hayvan olacak şekilde toplam 48 beyaz yumurtacı tavuk (60 haftalık) kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada periyodik olarak yem tüketimi ve canlı ağırlık takibi yapılmıştır. Akar enfestasyonu neticesinde yaklaşık 45 gün içerisinde enfeste grupta 161 kat daha fazla ölüm oranı gözlenmiştir. Akabinde kontrol ve enfeste grubu hayvanlardan yumurta toplanarak bu yumurtaların kuluçka ve civciv kalitesi özellikleri araştırılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre, enfestasyonun ilk döneminde enfeste grubunun daha düşük canlı ağırlığa sahip olduğu gözlenmiştir. Enfeste ve kontrol grubuna ait tavukların ortalama yumurta ağırlıkları sırasıyla 56,8 g ve 58,6 g bulunmuştur. Döllü yumurta oranı aynı sırayla %79,2 ve %76,5 bulunmuştur (P=0.6386). Gruplar arasında çıkış gücü (P<0,0001) ve kuluçka randımanı (P<0,0001) bakımından istatiksel olarak fark bulunmuştur. Enfestasyondan civciv ağırlığını, civciv uzunluğunu ve Pasgar skorunu etkilememiştir (P≤0,1621). Enfeste tavukların yavrularının ortalama Tona skor değeri daha düşük (P <0.0001) ve daha yüksek solunum hızına sahip olduğu gözlenmiştir (P=0,0045). Damızlık sürülerin yüksek derecede akar ile enfestasyonu sonucu kuluçka özellikleri ve civciv kalitesi üzerinde zararlı etkilere neden olduğu saptanmıştır.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4216-3097
Author: Esra ÜNBAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF ZOOTECHNICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9969-5145
Author: Nazif YAZGAN
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF ZOOTECHNICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7407-6946
Author: Coşkun KONYALI
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, LAPSEKİ VOCATIONAL SCHOOL, DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0411-2694
Author: Baver COŞKUN
Institution: Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Zootekni Bölümü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1936-7550
Author: Serdar KAMANLI
Institution: ANKARA TAVUKÇULUK ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3558-2296
Author: Türker SAVAŞ
Institution: CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF ZOOTECHNICS
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Project Number 791FBA-2016-791B
Thanks Bu çalışma, 791FBA-2016-791B no’lu proje kapsamında Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından desteklenmiştir.
Dates

Publication Date : April 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { bsagriculture699793, journal = {Black Sea Journal of Agriculture}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6578}, address = {bsjagri@blackseapublishers.com}, publisher = {Hasan ÖNDER}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, pages = {165 - 172}, doi = {}, title = {Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens}, key = {cite}, author = {Ünbaş, Esra and Yazgan, Nazif and Konyalı, Coşkun and Coşkun, Baver and Kamanlı, Serdar and Savaş, Türker} }
APA Ünbaş, E , Yazgan, N , Konyalı, C , Coşkun, B , Kamanlı, S , Savaş, T . (2020). Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture , 3 (2) , 165-172 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/51814/699793
MLA Ünbaş, E , Yazgan, N , Konyalı, C , Coşkun, B , Kamanlı, S , Savaş, T . "Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens" . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 165-172 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/51814/699793>
Chicago Ünbaş, E , Yazgan, N , Konyalı, C , Coşkun, B , Kamanlı, S , Savaş, T . "Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 165-172
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens AU - Esra Ünbaş , Nazif Yazgan , Coşkun Konyalı , Baver Coşkun , Serdar Kamanlı , Türker Savaş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Black Sea Journal of Agriculture JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 165 EP - 172 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2618-6578 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Journal of Agriculture Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens %A Esra Ünbaş , Nazif Yazgan , Coşkun Konyalı , Baver Coşkun , Serdar Kamanlı , Türker Savaş %T Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens %D 2020 %J Black Sea Journal of Agriculture %P -2618-6578 %V 3 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Ünbaş, Esra , Yazgan, Nazif , Konyalı, Coşkun , Coşkun, Baver , Kamanlı, Serdar , Savaş, Türker . "Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 / 2 (April 2020): 165-172 .
AMA Ünbaş E , Yazgan N , Konyalı C , Coşkun B , Kamanlı S , Savaş T . Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens. BSJ Agri.. 2020; 3(2): 165-172.
Vancouver Ünbaş E , Yazgan N , Konyalı C , Coşkun B , Kamanlı S , Savaş T . Effects of Poultry Red Mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) on Hatching Traits in Layer Hens. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2020; 3(2): 165-172.