Year 2020, Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages 286 - 289 2020-10-01

Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria

Isaiah ORUENE [1] , Onyilofe Sunday ENEJOH [2]


The study was carried out to evaluate the economic effect of the 2015 HPAI outbreak on poultry farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria. 44 farmers (farms) across three LGAs viz. Obio/Akpor (81.8%), Ikwerre (11.4%) and Port Harcourt City (6.8%) were affected, 23 (52.3%) of them being women and 21 (47.7%) men. The number of layers, broilers, turkeys and cockerels culled and compensated were 87,485 (₦47,808,250.00), 8,478 (₦3,190,950.00), 670 (₦467,500) and 65 (₦47,625.00) respectively. 27,900 eggs were destroyed and compensation of ₦209,250.00 was paid. Compensation was not paid for 23,565 layers, 1,480 broilers and 450 turkeys that died before reports were made. Although the Federal Government spent a whooping sum of ₦51,723,575.00 in paying compensation to the farmers, they lost ₦108,468,425.00 when considering the prevailing market price of the products at the time and value of the dead birds not compensated. They also lost an uncalculated amount on medication and veterinary consultations. Having lost their capital and considering that the waiting period was 2 years, 43% of the farmers were discouraged and never went back to poultry farming. To mitigate these effects in the future, I recommend therefore that poultry farmers should be trained to improve on and observe strict biosecurity measures to prevent the occurrence of the disease. In addition to having veterinarians attached to their farms, they should be taught the clinical signs of HPAI for early detection and reporting should outbreaks occurs. Farmers should as well be made to insure their farms to be covered during outbreaks and the Federal Government of Nigeria should improve on their compensation plans in the future to alleviate the sufferings of farmers.
HPAI, Economic effect, Poultry, Farmers, Compensation, Discouraged
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Dairy and Animal Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8195-8792
Author: Isaiah ORUENE (Primary Author)
Institution: University of Port Harcourt
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-9948-3748
Author: Onyilofe Sunday ENEJOH
Institution: Ahmadu Bello University
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Publication Date : October 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { bsagriculture709543, journal = {Black Sea Journal of Agriculture}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6578}, address = {bsjagri@blackseapublishers.com}, publisher = {Hasan ÖNDER}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, pages = {286 - 289}, doi = {}, title = {Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Oruene, Isaiah and Enejoh, Onyilofe} }
APA Oruene, I , Enejoh, O . (2020). Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture , 3 (4) , 286-289 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/56447/709543
MLA Oruene, I , Enejoh, O . "Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria" . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 286-289 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/56447/709543>
Chicago Oruene, I , Enejoh, O . "Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 286-289
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria AU - Isaiah Oruene , Onyilofe Enejoh Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Black Sea Journal of Agriculture JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 286 EP - 289 VL - 3 IS - 4 SN - -2618-6578 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Journal of Agriculture Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria %A Isaiah Oruene , Onyilofe Enejoh %T Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria %D 2020 %J Black Sea Journal of Agriculture %P -2618-6578 %V 3 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Oruene, Isaiah , Enejoh, Onyilofe . "Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 / 4 (October 2020): 286-289 .
AMA Oruene I , Enejoh O . Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria. BSJ Agri.. 2020; 3(4): 286-289.
Vancouver Oruene I , Enejoh O . Socioeconomic Effect of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza on Poultry Farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2020; 3(4): 286-289.