Author Guidelines

PREPARATION OF MANUCSRIPT

General Format

Authors should consider the following sections provide guidelines on how to prepare and compose your manuscript. Please read these standards to ensure a smooth peer-review and production process.

The manuscript must be double-spaced in Times New Roman font 12-point size. Leave a line space between paragraphs and sections. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the bottom center, beginning with the title page.

The lines on all pages, including those pages for references, figures and tables must be numbered consecutively in the left margin, beginning with number one at the top of the title page. A 2.5 cm margin on both sides of the page is desirable.

Special words do not underline, use italics instead. Weights and measures must be expressed in the SI unit (metric) system and temperatures in the Celsius (centigrade) scale.

Tables, double-spaced, and should be as few and as simple as is feasible. Each table should be on a separate sheet.

Figures and photographs should be carefully prepared so that a clear image can be printed.

Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.

Manuscript preparation is similar for original articles, reviews and short communication or technical note.

Sectioning and structure:

The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence: title page, abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conflict of interest, acknowledgments (optional), references, tables and figures.

1) Title page

The title page should be included the following items;

The title of the manuscript should be typed in bold-faced print using both upper and lower-case letters and set in the center of the page. Abbreviations are not permitted in the title.

Full names of all authors should be provided with the family name and indications of professorial rank or other professional titles should not be used.

The address of the institution was conducted should include the name of the institution, city, zip code, and country. The authors should be marked with "1" "2" "3", which should appear in superscript at the top right-hand corner of the author's name and at the beginning of each institution.

The name, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author. The corresponding author should be marked with "*"

2) Abstract

Abstract is required for all articles types. The abstract should be one paragraph without sections and should not exceed 500 words, following the title page. The abstract should be free of references and abbreviations. The abstract should summarize pertinent results in a brief but understandable form.

At the end of the abstract, up to six keywords that best describe the content of the research should be listed. The term "Keywords" should appear in bold followed by a colon. The first letter of each keyword is capitalized and keywords are separated by comma.

3) Introduction

The introduction should put forth the related background to the study, explain why the study was done and specifies the hypotheses to be tested. Extensive discussion of relevant literature should be included in the discussion of results, not in the introduction.

4) Materials and Methods

The materials and methods should present essential details, experimental design and statistical analysis. A clear description or original reference is required for all biological, analytical, and statistical procedures used in the study. All modifications of procedures must be explained. Treatments and measurements should be described clearly. Statistical models and methods to analyze should be described clearly and fully.

5) Results

The results should present the findings of the study. Results of the study should be presented in table and data means (numbers) should not be repeated broadly in the text. The results should be separate from discussion and written in the past tense. Results and Discussion can be combined if editor accepted.

6) Discussion

The discussion should assessment the results clearly and concisely in terms of biological mechanisms. Previous findings in the discussion should not be repeated, the author's results in broader context of other studies on the subject interpreting them with a minimum of speculation. The discussion should integrate with the research findings of other studies to provide the readers with a broad base for understanding whether the hypotheses tested were accepted or rejected.

7) Conflict of interest

The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors interpretation of the data.

8) Acknowledgments (optional)

The acknowledgements should be as brief as possible

9) References

In the text, references should be cited in brackets and sorted by chronologically.

Samples;

Onder et al. (2015)

Sen and Kuran (2017)

Sen (2014)

(Wu et al., 2006; Kenyon and Blair, 2014; Sen et al., 2015)

In the references section, the references should be sorted alphabetically. All sources must be referred in a consistent manner. Journals titles should be abbreviated according to the conventional ISO abbreviations used by PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals). Sample references are given below.

Journal Articles

1. Sen U, Sirin E, Aksoy Y, Ensoy U, Ulutas Z, Kuran M. 2016. The effect of maternal nutrition level during mid-gestation on post-natal muscle fiber composition and meat quality in lambs. Anim Prod Sci, 56: 834-843.

2. Sen U, Onder H. 2016. Poor placental traits reduce kid birth weight in young Saanen dams at the first parity. Turkish J Vet Anim Sci, 40: 554-561.

Books and Book Chapters

1. Field TG, Taylor RE. 2015. Scientific farm animal production: an introduction to animal science. 11th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

2. Preston ND, Daszak P, Colwell RR. 2013. The human environment interface: applying ecosystem concepts to health. In: Mackenzie JS, Jeggo M, Daszak P, Richt JA, editors. One health: the human-animal-environment interfaces in emerging infectious diseases. New York: Springer-Verlag; p. 83-100.

Conference Papers

1. Moss KJ, Greening L. 2009. The effect of age and gender on the time taken for horses to learn an operant task. In: Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science 2009; 2009 Mar 30-Apr 1; Southport, UK. Penicuik, UK: British Society of Animal Science; p. 1.

2. Patrias K. Computer-compatible writing and editing. Interacting with the digital environment: modern scientific publishing. 46th Annual Meeting of the Council of Science Editors; 2003 May 3-6; Pittsburgh, PA.

10) Table

Any abbreviation used in a table must be defined in that table. Tables should be double-spaced with each table on a separate sheet. All tables should be cited in the text. The title of the table continues on the same line with only the first letter capitalized. For numerals less than 1, a zero should be inserted to the left of the decimal point, and if possible, columns should be center- aligned. If there are no data for a particular entry, a hyphen should be inserted. If an explanation is necessary, an abbreviation can be used in the body of the table (e.g., ND) and it should be explained clearly in the footnotes. References to footnotes in a table are to be specified by superscript numbers, independently for each table. Superscript letters are used to designate statistical significance. Use a lower-case p to indicate probability values (i.e., p < 0.05). Presentation of pooled standard errors, the general basis for statistical comparisons of means, is recommended when variance is homogeneous. These should be presented in a separate column or row. Standard errors can be attached to each mean by ± signs when variance or SE is heterogeneous (e.g., unbalanced experiments or unequal numbers of observations in treatment means). The pooled standard error is the preferred estimate of experimental error because presenting individual standard errors tends to clutter up the table.

11) Figure

Figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript with each figure on a separate page. Figures should fit in one column (8 cm wide), or full-page width (17 cm wide). Unnecessary backgrounds and grid lines should be removed from graphs. Each axis should have a description and a unit. For bar charts, different fill patterns may be used if needed (black, white, gray, and stripes). The preferred file type for figures is JPEG, TIFF, or PPT. The minimum resolution is 300 dpi for color and grayscale figures, and 600 dpi for line art. A caption should be prepared to provide sufficient information and all abbreviations, and the symbols used in the figure should be defined in the caption. Figure caption should be prepared in bottom of figure.

12) Manuscript file format

We request to submit article in Microsoft Word format (.DOC). If you are using another word processor please save final version of the manuscript (using 'Save As' option of the file menu) as a Word document. In this case please double check that the saved file can be opened in Microsoft Word. We cannot accept PDF or any other text files.