More efficient production processes and better environmental management systems can significantly reduce pollution and waste, and save water and other resources. Land resources have an impact on effective agricultural activity, as well as economic, social and political stability. Sustainable land management is essential to meeting the global challenge of securing soil and water resources that can support an ever increasing population. There is a real need to analyse the economic benefits and long term sustainability of future development against the protection of high class land for current and future production requirements. Increasing population has posed insurmountable challenges to agriculture in the provision of future food security, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where biophysical conditions are not well-suited for agriculture. Iran, as a major agricultural country in the MENA region, has long been in the quest for food self-sufficiency, however, the capability of its land and water resources to realize this goal is largely unknown. Whether there are enough land and water resources to realize the production growth needed in the future has been the subject of several global-scale assessments. In these regards land fragmentation, traditional peasantry and small holdings as major types of agricultural production system in Iran, have been known as main barriers for accessing to increasing productivity and receiving to food self sufficieny and security. For doing this study utilized qualitative approach with its tools for gathering information such as participatory observation, maps, discussions with experts, professors and beneficiaries, field research and visits, scientific articles, documents and pictures. Main locations of study were two provinces in Iran, namely Isfahan and South Khorasan provinces. In this article discussing various aspects that caused of land fragmentation, traditional peasantry and small holdings and their effects in confronting for utilizing modern technologies and increasing productivity and receiving to food self sufficieny and security in Iran. In the end present final and exigency acquired model on the ways of confronting to these traditional land use patterns for accessing to sustainable development (SD) goals and criteria in agricultural production system in Iran.
Small holdings, land fragmentation, barriers, rural, sustainable development, Iran