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The Archetype of the Anima and the Phenomenon of Anima Projection in Wilkie Collins’s Basil

Year 2024, Issue: Special Issue: Wilkie Collins, 32 - 41, 28.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.1417570

Abstract

First published in 1852, Wilkie Collins’s sensation novel Basil offers a very fascinating portrayal of anima projection through the story of an aristocratic young man against the backdrop of Victorian England. The protagonist of the novel falls head over heels in love with a mysterious dark lady called Margaret after a chance encounter on an omnibus. Following a hasty marriage with strange conditions, he spends a whole year in her company – neglecting his own family – until he discovers that he was deceived by Margaret who had been having an affair with her father’s clerk Mannion. This article argues that the intensity of the connection Basil feels for Margaret can be attributed to what the Swiss psychiatrist C.G. Jung called anima projection. Jung defined the archetype of the anima as the feminine element in a man and suggested that it was knowable only through projections that contained our own psychic contents. When we project our anima or animus on to a person, our perception of that person is fundamentally altered. As Basil’s case aptly illustrates, when the anima is projected, it is almost impossible to recognize it in us since it appears outside of us, embodied in another human being. Drawing on insights from Jungian psychoanalysis, this article will examine the archetype of the anima and the phenomenon of anima projection in Wilkie Collins’s Basil.

References

  • Cadwallader-Bouron, D. (2011). The Half of a Man: Wilkie Collins and Victorian Medical Discourse on Gender. GRAAT On-Line Issue No:11, 63-79.
  • Chouinard, T. (1971). Eliot’s ‘Ouvre’, Bradley’s ‘Finite Centres’, and Jung’s Anima Concept. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 16 (1), 48-68.
  • Collins, W. (1862). Basil. Leipzig Bernard Tauchnitz. (Original work published in 1852).
  • Jung, C. G. (1970). Alchemical Studies. Princeton University Press. (Original work published in 1967).
  • Jung, E. (1985). Animus and Anima: Two Essays. Spring Publication. (Original work published in 1957).
  • Pykett, L. (2005). Wilkie Collins (Authors in Context). Oxford World Classics.
  • Sanford, J. A. (1980). The Invisible Partners: How the Male and Female in Each of Us Affects Our Relationships. Paulist Press.
  • Stewart, D. F. (Winter 2018). The Secret Theatre of Suburbia: Identity and Roleplay in Wilkie Collins’s Basil. Victorian Network, 8, 93-112.
  • Trowell, J. & Etchegoyen, A. (2002). The Importance of Fathers: A Psychoanalytic Re-evaluation. Brunner-Routledge.
  • Kucich, J. (2006). Collins and Victorian masculinity. In J. Bourne Taylor (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Wilkie Collins (pp. 125-139). Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilhelm, R., trans. (1962). The Secret of the Golden Flower. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. (Original work published in 1931).

Wilkie Collins’in Basil Adlı Eserinde Anima Arketipi ve Anima Yansıtma Olgusu

Year 2024, Issue: Special Issue: Wilkie Collins, 32 - 41, 28.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.1417570

Abstract

İlk kez 1852’de yayınlanan Wilkie Collins’in sansasyon romanı Basil, Viktorya Dönemi İngiltere’sinin arka planında aristokrat bir genç adamın hikayesi aracılığıyla, anima projeksiyonunun çok etkileyici bir tasvirini sunar. Romanın başkahramanı, bir omnibüste tesadüfen karşılaştıktan sonra Margaret adında gizemli, esmer bir kadına sırılsıklam aşık olur. Tuhaf koşullarla alelacele yapılan bir evliliğin ardından, kendi ailesini ihmal ederek, tam bir yılını onun yanında geçirir, ta ki babasının katibi Mannion’la ilişkisi olan Margaret tarafından aldatıldığını öğrenene kadar. Bu makale, Basil’in Margaret’a karşı hissettiği bağın şiddetinin İsviçreli psikiyatrist C.G. Jung’un anima projeksiyonu adını verdiği olguyla açıklanabileceğini öne sürmektedir. Jung, anima arketipini bir erkekteki dişil unsur olarak tanımladı ve bunun yalnızca kendi psişik içeriklerimizi içeren yansıtmalar yoluyla bilinebileceğini öne sürdü. Animamızı ve animusumuzu bir kişiye yansıttığımızda, o kişiye dair algımız temelden değişir. Basil’in yaşadıklarının da gösterdiği gibi, anima yansıtıldığında onu kendi içimizde tanımak neredeyse imkansızdır çünkü bizim dışımızda, başka bir insanda vücut bularak ortaya çıkar. Jungçu psikanalizden elde edilen bilgilerden yararlanan bu makale, Wilkie Collins’in Basil isimli eserindeki anima arketipini ve anima yansıtma olgusunu incelemektedir.

References

  • Cadwallader-Bouron, D. (2011). The Half of a Man: Wilkie Collins and Victorian Medical Discourse on Gender. GRAAT On-Line Issue No:11, 63-79.
  • Chouinard, T. (1971). Eliot’s ‘Ouvre’, Bradley’s ‘Finite Centres’, and Jung’s Anima Concept. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 16 (1), 48-68.
  • Collins, W. (1862). Basil. Leipzig Bernard Tauchnitz. (Original work published in 1852).
  • Jung, C. G. (1970). Alchemical Studies. Princeton University Press. (Original work published in 1967).
  • Jung, E. (1985). Animus and Anima: Two Essays. Spring Publication. (Original work published in 1957).
  • Pykett, L. (2005). Wilkie Collins (Authors in Context). Oxford World Classics.
  • Sanford, J. A. (1980). The Invisible Partners: How the Male and Female in Each of Us Affects Our Relationships. Paulist Press.
  • Stewart, D. F. (Winter 2018). The Secret Theatre of Suburbia: Identity and Roleplay in Wilkie Collins’s Basil. Victorian Network, 8, 93-112.
  • Trowell, J. & Etchegoyen, A. (2002). The Importance of Fathers: A Psychoanalytic Re-evaluation. Brunner-Routledge.
  • Kucich, J. (2006). Collins and Victorian masculinity. In J. Bourne Taylor (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Wilkie Collins (pp. 125-139). Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilhelm, R., trans. (1962). The Secret of the Golden Flower. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. (Original work published in 1931).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects British and Irish Language, Literature and Culture
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Gönül BAKAY 0000-0003-0444-6563

Early Pub Date January 22, 2024
Publication Date January 28, 2024
Published in Issue Year 2024 Issue: Special Issue: Wilkie Collins

Cite

APA BAKAY, G. (2024). The Archetype of the Anima and the Phenomenon of Anima Projection in Wilkie Collins’s Basil. Cankaya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences(Special Issue: Wilkie Collins), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.1417570

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