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Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use

Year 2022, , 352 - 359, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool to identify parental attitudes towards rational drug use.
Methods: The sample of methodological study included 517 parents. “The Parent Information Form” and the “Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use (PASRDU)” were used to collect data. In the assessment of the data, validity and reliability analyses were applied.
Results: In the study, CVI was calculated as 0.71. For the exploratory factor analysis KMO score was 0.86, and Bartlett's test was x2=7.559.22 in the study. For the confirmatory factor analysis, X2/Sd was measured at 3.47, GFI at 0.94, AGFI at 0.93, CFI at 0.92, RMSEA at 0.06 and SRMR at 0.06, and the scale structure was approved according to these findings. Consequently, the scale was formed of 40 items and 2 sub-scales. The Cronbach's Alpha value of the scale was 0.88. Item-total correlation values were 0.32-0.61, and test-retest value was r = 0.85.
Conlusion: Validity and reliability analyses conducted during the process of scale development showed that PASRDU is a valid and reliable scale which finds out parents’ attitudes towards rational drug use. It is also useful for nurses to use within the safety criteria of drugs. This scale enables the nurse to determine the lack of rational drug use and provide training and consultancy on this subject. This scale can be used in primary and preventive health services.

References

  • [1] World Health Organization. (1985). The rational use of drugs. Report of the conference of experts. (cited 2021 November 5). Available from: URL: http://www.apps.who.int/medicinedocs/ documents/s17054e/s17054e.pdf.
  • [2] Aşiret GD, Kahraman BB, Yeğenoğlu S, Akdemir N, Baydar T. Evaluation of the knowledge and experience of the nurses those serving to geriatric patients on rational drug-use. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2013; 16: 446-453.
  • [3] Ulusoy HB, Sumak T, Şahin S, Gültekin H. The evaluation of a groningen model of pharmacotherapy training for general practitioners in Kayseri. Erciyes Med J 2011; 33: 309-316.
  • [4] Aydın B, Gelal A. Rational drug use: promotion and the role of medical education. Journal of DEU Medical Faculty 2012; 26: 57-63.
  • [5] Garofalo L, Giuseppe GD, Angelillo IF. Self-medication practices among parents in Italy. BioMed Res Int 2015; 1-8.
  • [6] Yılmaz F, Arıkan D, Baklacı Ö, Bilmez A, Bülbül D. Study into the behaviours of mother with children of 0-2 years period oral drug administration. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences 2013; 16: 82-88.
  • [7] Akıcı N, Gelal A, Gürbüz T, Ceran Ö, Akıcı A. Self-medication in children. Anatol J Clin Investig 2015; 9: 204-209.
  • [8] Suluhan D, Taşal C, Yıldız D, Fidancı BE, Konukbay D, Sürer İ, Gök F. Determine the knowledge and attitudes of mothers, who have children aged 0-6 years, about antipyretic drug usage. Florence Nightingale J Nurs, 2016; 24: 90-96.
  • [9] Toklu ZH, Dülger GA. Rational drug use education. Journal of Sentez 2010; 6:16-17.
  • [10] Hatipoğlu S, Özyurt BC. Rational use of medicine in some family health centers in Manisa. TAF Prev Med Bull 2016; 15: 1-8.
  • [11] Snyder BD, Polasek TM, Doogue MP. Drug interactions: principles and practice. Aust Prescr 2012; 35: 85-88.
  • [12] Şahingöz M, Balcı E. Rational drug use of nurses. TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12: 57-64.
  • [13] Çavuşoğlu H. Child Health Nursing. Ankara, Sistem Printery, 2015. p. 251-270.
  • [14] Çimen S. Drug applications in children. In: Conk Z, Başbakkal Z, Yılmaz BH, Bolışık B (eds). Pediatri Nursing, Ankara, Academician Medical Bookstore, 2021. p. 800.
  • [15] Gonzales K. Medication administration errors and the pediatric population: a systematic search of the literature. J Pediatr Nurs 2010; 25: 555-565.
  • [16] Mahmood I. Dosing in children: A critical review of the pharmacokinetic allometric scaling and modelling approaches in paediatric drug development and clinical settings. Clin Pharmacokinet 2014; 53: 327-346.
  • [17] Frattarelli DA, Galinkin JL, Green TP, Johnson TD, Neville KA, Paul IM, Anker JN. Off-label use of drugs in children. Pediatrics 2014; 133: 563-567.
  • [18] Faria V, Kossowsky J, Petkov, MP, Kaptchuk TJ, Kirsch I, Lebel A, Borsook D. Parental attitudes about placebo use in children. J Pediatr 2017; 181: 272-288.
  • [19] Filler G, Bravo M. Appreciating the need for greater understanding of the pharmacokinetics of drugs in children and adolescents. Pediatr Transplant 2018; 22: 1-2.
  • [20] Mi X, Li W, Zhang L, Li J, Zeng L, Huang L, Chen L, Song H, Huang Z, Lin M. The drug use to treat community-acquired pneumonia in children. Medicine 2018; 97: 1-5.
  • [21] Nadeshkumar A, Sathiadas G, Pathmeswaran A, Ranganathan SS. Prescribing, dispensing and administration indicators to describe rational use of oral dosage forms of medicines given to children. WHO South-East Asia J Public Health 2019; 8: 42- 49.
  • [22] Kırmızı Nİ, Aydın V, Akıcı N, Akıcı A. Off-label drug use in pediatrics. J Lit Pharm Sci 2020; 9: 1-9.
  • [23] Potts NL, Mandleco BL. Pediatric nursing: Caring for children and their families. Cengage Learning 2012. p. 739.
  • [24] Çalışır Ö, Çalışkan Z. The importance of rational drug use in children: recommendations to parents. Nevsehir Journal of Science and Technology 2020; 9: 32-38.
  • [25] Seçer İ. Practical data analysis with Spss and Lisrel. Ankara, Anı Publishing, 2017. p. 155.
  • [26] Alpar R. Applied statistics and validity-reliability. Ankara, Detay Publishing, 2020. p. 499.
  • [27] Esin MN. Data collection methods and tools-reliability and validity of data collection tools. In: Erdoğan S, Nahcivan N, Esin MN (eds). Research, process practice and critical in nursing, İstanbul, Nobel Medical Bookstores, 2015. p. 193-235.
  • [28] Hayran O. Research and statistical methods in health sciences. İstanbul, Nobel Medical Bookstores. 2017. p. 33.
  • [29] Erkuş, A. Measurement and scale development in psychology 1: Basic concepts and processes. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2019. p. 78-80.
  • [30] Tavşancıl E. Measurement of attitudes and data analysis with Spss. Ankara, Nobel Academy. 2019. p. 65-156.
  • [31] Karasar N. Scientific research method concepts principles techniques with scientific will perception framework. Ankara, Nobel Academy. 2018. p. 196.
  • [32] Çokluk Ö, Şekercioğlu G, Büyüköztürk Ş. Multivariate statistics for social sciences: Spss and Lisrel Applications. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2018. p. 207.
  • [33] Akgül A, Çevik O. Statistical analysis techniques business management applications in Spss. Ankara, Emek Offset. 2005. p. 155.
  • [34] Büyüköztürk Ş. Data analysis handbook for social sciences statistics, research pattern Spss applications and interpretation. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2020. p. 179-194.
  • [35] Demir OÖ, Başıbüyük O, Büker H. Concept and measurement. In: K. Böke (Ed.), Research Methods in Social Sciences, İstanbul, Alfa Publications. 2014. p. 82-97.
  • [36] Çapık C. Use of confirmatory factor analysis in validity and reliability studies. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences 2014; 17: 196-205.
  • [37] Özdamar K. Package Programs with Statistical Data Analysis. Ankara, Nisan Bookstore. 2018. p. 551-560.
  • [38] Çapık C, Gözüm S. Intercultural scale adaptation stages, language and culture adaptation: updated guideline. Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2018; 26: 199-210.
  • [39] Güngör D. Guide to development and adaptation of measurement tools in Psychology. Turkish Psychology Articles 2016; 19: 104‐114
Year 2022, , 352 - 359, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272

Abstract

References

  • [1] World Health Organization. (1985). The rational use of drugs. Report of the conference of experts. (cited 2021 November 5). Available from: URL: http://www.apps.who.int/medicinedocs/ documents/s17054e/s17054e.pdf.
  • [2] Aşiret GD, Kahraman BB, Yeğenoğlu S, Akdemir N, Baydar T. Evaluation of the knowledge and experience of the nurses those serving to geriatric patients on rational drug-use. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics 2013; 16: 446-453.
  • [3] Ulusoy HB, Sumak T, Şahin S, Gültekin H. The evaluation of a groningen model of pharmacotherapy training for general practitioners in Kayseri. Erciyes Med J 2011; 33: 309-316.
  • [4] Aydın B, Gelal A. Rational drug use: promotion and the role of medical education. Journal of DEU Medical Faculty 2012; 26: 57-63.
  • [5] Garofalo L, Giuseppe GD, Angelillo IF. Self-medication practices among parents in Italy. BioMed Res Int 2015; 1-8.
  • [6] Yılmaz F, Arıkan D, Baklacı Ö, Bilmez A, Bülbül D. Study into the behaviours of mother with children of 0-2 years period oral drug administration. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences 2013; 16: 82-88.
  • [7] Akıcı N, Gelal A, Gürbüz T, Ceran Ö, Akıcı A. Self-medication in children. Anatol J Clin Investig 2015; 9: 204-209.
  • [8] Suluhan D, Taşal C, Yıldız D, Fidancı BE, Konukbay D, Sürer İ, Gök F. Determine the knowledge and attitudes of mothers, who have children aged 0-6 years, about antipyretic drug usage. Florence Nightingale J Nurs, 2016; 24: 90-96.
  • [9] Toklu ZH, Dülger GA. Rational drug use education. Journal of Sentez 2010; 6:16-17.
  • [10] Hatipoğlu S, Özyurt BC. Rational use of medicine in some family health centers in Manisa. TAF Prev Med Bull 2016; 15: 1-8.
  • [11] Snyder BD, Polasek TM, Doogue MP. Drug interactions: principles and practice. Aust Prescr 2012; 35: 85-88.
  • [12] Şahingöz M, Balcı E. Rational drug use of nurses. TAF Prev Med Bull 2013; 12: 57-64.
  • [13] Çavuşoğlu H. Child Health Nursing. Ankara, Sistem Printery, 2015. p. 251-270.
  • [14] Çimen S. Drug applications in children. In: Conk Z, Başbakkal Z, Yılmaz BH, Bolışık B (eds). Pediatri Nursing, Ankara, Academician Medical Bookstore, 2021. p. 800.
  • [15] Gonzales K. Medication administration errors and the pediatric population: a systematic search of the literature. J Pediatr Nurs 2010; 25: 555-565.
  • [16] Mahmood I. Dosing in children: A critical review of the pharmacokinetic allometric scaling and modelling approaches in paediatric drug development and clinical settings. Clin Pharmacokinet 2014; 53: 327-346.
  • [17] Frattarelli DA, Galinkin JL, Green TP, Johnson TD, Neville KA, Paul IM, Anker JN. Off-label use of drugs in children. Pediatrics 2014; 133: 563-567.
  • [18] Faria V, Kossowsky J, Petkov, MP, Kaptchuk TJ, Kirsch I, Lebel A, Borsook D. Parental attitudes about placebo use in children. J Pediatr 2017; 181: 272-288.
  • [19] Filler G, Bravo M. Appreciating the need for greater understanding of the pharmacokinetics of drugs in children and adolescents. Pediatr Transplant 2018; 22: 1-2.
  • [20] Mi X, Li W, Zhang L, Li J, Zeng L, Huang L, Chen L, Song H, Huang Z, Lin M. The drug use to treat community-acquired pneumonia in children. Medicine 2018; 97: 1-5.
  • [21] Nadeshkumar A, Sathiadas G, Pathmeswaran A, Ranganathan SS. Prescribing, dispensing and administration indicators to describe rational use of oral dosage forms of medicines given to children. WHO South-East Asia J Public Health 2019; 8: 42- 49.
  • [22] Kırmızı Nİ, Aydın V, Akıcı N, Akıcı A. Off-label drug use in pediatrics. J Lit Pharm Sci 2020; 9: 1-9.
  • [23] Potts NL, Mandleco BL. Pediatric nursing: Caring for children and their families. Cengage Learning 2012. p. 739.
  • [24] Çalışır Ö, Çalışkan Z. The importance of rational drug use in children: recommendations to parents. Nevsehir Journal of Science and Technology 2020; 9: 32-38.
  • [25] Seçer İ. Practical data analysis with Spss and Lisrel. Ankara, Anı Publishing, 2017. p. 155.
  • [26] Alpar R. Applied statistics and validity-reliability. Ankara, Detay Publishing, 2020. p. 499.
  • [27] Esin MN. Data collection methods and tools-reliability and validity of data collection tools. In: Erdoğan S, Nahcivan N, Esin MN (eds). Research, process practice and critical in nursing, İstanbul, Nobel Medical Bookstores, 2015. p. 193-235.
  • [28] Hayran O. Research and statistical methods in health sciences. İstanbul, Nobel Medical Bookstores. 2017. p. 33.
  • [29] Erkuş, A. Measurement and scale development in psychology 1: Basic concepts and processes. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2019. p. 78-80.
  • [30] Tavşancıl E. Measurement of attitudes and data analysis with Spss. Ankara, Nobel Academy. 2019. p. 65-156.
  • [31] Karasar N. Scientific research method concepts principles techniques with scientific will perception framework. Ankara, Nobel Academy. 2018. p. 196.
  • [32] Çokluk Ö, Şekercioğlu G, Büyüköztürk Ş. Multivariate statistics for social sciences: Spss and Lisrel Applications. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2018. p. 207.
  • [33] Akgül A, Çevik O. Statistical analysis techniques business management applications in Spss. Ankara, Emek Offset. 2005. p. 155.
  • [34] Büyüköztürk Ş. Data analysis handbook for social sciences statistics, research pattern Spss applications and interpretation. Ankara, Pegem Academy. 2020. p. 179-194.
  • [35] Demir OÖ, Başıbüyük O, Büker H. Concept and measurement. In: K. Böke (Ed.), Research Methods in Social Sciences, İstanbul, Alfa Publications. 2014. p. 82-97.
  • [36] Çapık C. Use of confirmatory factor analysis in validity and reliability studies. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences 2014; 17: 196-205.
  • [37] Özdamar K. Package Programs with Statistical Data Analysis. Ankara, Nisan Bookstore. 2018. p. 551-560.
  • [38] Çapık C, Gözüm S. Intercultural scale adaptation stages, language and culture adaptation: updated guideline. Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2018; 26: 199-210.
  • [39] Güngör D. Guide to development and adaptation of measurement tools in Psychology. Turkish Psychology Articles 2016; 19: 104‐114

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Administration
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Arzu SARIALİOĞLU 0000-0003-3047-8008

Ayda ÇELEBİOĞLU 0000-0002-5610-9801

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Submission Date January 16, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022

Cite

APA SARIALİOĞLU, A., & ÇELEBİOĞLU, A. (2022). Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, 12(2), 352-359. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272
AMA SARIALİOĞLU A, ÇELEBİOĞLU A. Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. June 2022;12(2):352-359. doi:10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272
Chicago SARIALİOĞLU, Arzu, and Ayda ÇELEBİOĞLU. “Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12, no. 2 (June 2022): 352-59. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272.
EndNote SARIALİOĞLU A, ÇELEBİOĞLU A (June 1, 2022) Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12 2 352–359.
IEEE A. SARIALİOĞLU and A. ÇELEBİOĞLU, “Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use”, Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 352–359, 2022, doi: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272.
ISNAD SARIALİOĞLU, Arzu - ÇELEBİOĞLU, Ayda. “Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12/2 (June 2022), 352-359. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272.
JAMA SARIALİOĞLU A, ÇELEBİOĞLU A. Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2022;12:352–359.
MLA SARIALİOĞLU, Arzu and Ayda ÇELEBİOĞLU. “Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, vol. 12, no. 2, 2022, pp. 352-9, doi:10.33808/clinexphealthsci.862272.
Vancouver SARIALİOĞLU A, ÇELEBİOĞLU A. Development of a Parental Attitude Scale for Rational Drug Use. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2022;12(2):352-9.

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