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The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study

Year 2020, Volume: 10 Issue: 3, 196 - 202, 29.09.2020

Abstract

Objective: Breastfeeding self-efficacy is an easy-to-evaluate and easy-to-change variable. The prenatal period is an ideal time period for women to gain breastfeeding self-efficacy. Valid and reliable measurement tools are needed to assess breastfeeding self-efficacy. The purpose of this study is to examine psychometric analyzes of Turkish form of the Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale.
Methods: This is a methodological study. The study was conducted obstetrics and outpatient clinics in the a state hospitals at the Turkey. The study was administered to 407 pregnant women. The relevant data were collected through the use of a Personal Information Form, The Prenatal Rating Of Effıcacy in Preparatıon To Breastfeed Scale. Internal consistency coefficient, split-half reliability and item analysis to assess the reliability of the scale, factor analysis was performed to evaluate the validity of the scale.
Results: Cronbach Alpha coefficient of scale was 0.96. A 5-factor structure with eigenvalues above 1 that explained 71.267% of the variance emerged. The model fitted the observed data in terms of these fit index values, and that the Turkish version of the scale demonstrated an acceptable level of fit.
Conclusion: The scale can be employed by healthcare professionals to assess prenatal breastfeeding self-efficacy. It can contribute data for the structuring of the content of training and consultancy programs intending to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy.

Supporting Institution

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Thanks

The authors would like to thank to women for their involvement in this research.

References

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  • [2] Brown A. Breastfeeding as a public health responsibility: a review of the evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2017; 30(6):759-770. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12496.
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  • [9] Casal CS, Lei A, Young SL, Tuthill EL. A Critical Review of Instruments Measuring Breastfeeding Attitudes, Knowledge, and Social Support. Journal of Human Lactation 2017; 33(1):21-47. doi: 10.1177/0890334416677029.
  • [10] Dennis CL. Theoretical underpinnings of breast-feeding confi dence: a self-efficacy framework. Journal of Human Lactation 1999. 15(3):195-201. doi: 10.1177/089033449901500303.
  • [11] Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review 1977; 84(2):191–215. doi: 10.1016/0146-6402(78)90002-4.
  • [12] Eksioglu BA, Ceber E. Translation and validation of the Breast-feeding Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish. Midwifery 2011; 27(6):e246-e253. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2010.10.009.
  • [13] Tokat MA, Okumus H, Dennis CL. Translation and psychometric assessment of the Breast-Feeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form among pregnant and postnatal women in Turkey. Midwifery 2010; 26:101-108. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2008.04.002.
  • [14] Ozkan HA. Breastfeeding Attitudes of the Evaluation Scale. KASHED 2015; 2(1):53-58.
  • [15] Brodribb W, Fallon A, Jackson C, Hegney D. The relationship between personal breastfeeding experience and the breastfeeding attitudes, knowledge, confidence and effectiveness of Australian GP registrars. Maternal & Child Nutrition 2008; 4(4):264–274. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2008.00141.x.
  • [16] de la Mora AM, Russell DW, Dungy CI, Losch M, Dusdieker L. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale: Analysis of reliability and validity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 1999; 29(11):2362–2380. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999. tb00115.x.
  • [17] Laanterä S, Pietilä AM, Pölkki T. Knowledge of breastfeeding among pregnant mothers and fathers. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 2010; 24(4):320–329. doi:10.1097/ JPN.0b013e3181ec0c60.
  • [18] Lewallen LP, Dick MJ, Wall Y, Zickefoose KT, Hannah SH, Flowers J, Powell W. Toward a clinically useful method of predicting early breast-feeding attrition. Applied Nursing Research 2006; 19(3):144–148. doi:10.1016/j. apnr.2005.06.004.
  • [19] Grassley JS, Spencer BS, Bryson D. The development and psychometric testing of the Supportive Needs of Adolescents Breastfeeding Scale. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2013; 69(3):708–716. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06119.x.
  • [20] Dennis CL. The breastfeeding self-effi cacy scale:psycometric assesment of the short form. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 2003; 32(6):734-744.
  • [21] Hirani SAA, Karmaliani R, Christie T, Parpio Y, Rafique G. Perceived Breastfeeding Support Assessment Tool (PBSAT): Development and testing of psychometric properties with Pakistani urban working mothers. Midwifery 2013; 29(6):599–607. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2012.05.003.
  • [22] McKinley EM, Knol LL, Turner LW, Burnham JJ, Graettinger KR, Hernandez-Reif M, Leeper JD. The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale: A New Measurement Instrument for Prenatal Breastfeeding Self-efficacy. Journal of Human Lactation 2019; 35(1):21-31. doi: 10.1177/0890334418799047.
  • [23] Capik C, Gozum S, Aksayan S. Intercultural Scale Adaptation Stages, Language and Culture Adaptation: Updated Guideline. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing 2018; 26(3):199-210.
  • [24] Worthington RL, Whittaker TA. Scale development research. A content analysis for recommendations for best practices. The Counseling Psychologist 2006; 34(6):806–838. doi: 10.1177/0011000006288127.
  • [25] Carpenter S. Ten steps in scale development and reporting: a guidefor researchers. Communication Methods and Measures 2018; 12(1):25‐44. doi: 10.1080/19312458.2017.1396583.
  • [26] Mundfrom DJ, Shaw DG, Ke TL. Minimum sample size recommendations for conducting factor analyses. International Journal of Testing 2005; 5:159–168. doi: 10.1207/s15327574ijt0502_4.
  • [27] Tavsancil E. Measuring attitudes and data analysis with SPSS. (4th ed.). Ankara: Nobel Publications, Turkey; 2010.
  • [28] Buyukozturk S. Manual of data analysis for social sciences. Ankara: Pegem Publications, Turkey; 2009.
  • [29] Ozdamar K. Statistical data analysis with packet programs. (5th ed.). Eskisehir: Kaan Bookstore, Turkey; 2004.
  • [30]Taber KS. The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education. Research in Science Education 2018; 48(6):1273–1296. doi: 10.1007/s11165-016-9602-2.
  • [31] Karagoz Y. SPSS and AMOS Applied Scientific Research Methods and Publication Ethics. (1st ed.). Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing, Turkey; 2017.
  • [32] Karagoz Y. SPSS and AMOS Applied Statistical Analysis. (1st ed.). Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing, Turkey; 2016.
  • [33] Can A. Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Pegem Academy Publications, Turkey; 2013.
  • [34]Kilic F, Koyuncu I. Examination of Scale Adaptation Studies in terms of Structure Validity. Pegem Citation Index, North America; 2017.
  • [35]Sencan H. Reliability and validity of social and behavioral measures. (1st ed.). Ankara: Seçkin Publishing, Turkey; 2005.
Year 2020, Volume: 10 Issue: 3, 196 - 202, 29.09.2020

Abstract

References

  • [1] Breastfeeding is Public Health Priority. [cited 2019 March 10]. Available from https://www.breastfeeding.org/breastfeeding-is-public-health-priority/
  • [2] Brown A. Breastfeeding as a public health responsibility: a review of the evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2017; 30(6):759-770. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12496.
  • [3] World Health Organization. (2015). Breastfeeding. [cited 2019 March 22]. Available from http://www.who.int/topics/breastfeeding/en/
  • [4] UNICEF. (2015). Breastfeeding. [cited 2019 June 15]. Available from http://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_24824.html
  • [5] Global Breastfeeding Scorecard. (2018). [cited 2019 June 22]. Available from: https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/global-bf-scorecard-2018.pdf?ua=1
  • [6] Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJD, Franca GVA, Horton S, Krasevec J, Murch S, & et al. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: Epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. The Lancet 2016; 387(10017):475–490. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7.
  • [7] Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies. Turkey Demographic and Health Survey, 2008. Ankara: Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies, Ministry of Health, Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning General Directorate of the Prime Ministry State Planning Organization and TUBITAK; 2009.
  • [8] Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies. "Turkey Demographic and Health Survey 2013" Ankara: Hacettepe University Population Studies, T.C. Ministry of Development and TUBITAK; 2014.
  • [9] Casal CS, Lei A, Young SL, Tuthill EL. A Critical Review of Instruments Measuring Breastfeeding Attitudes, Knowledge, and Social Support. Journal of Human Lactation 2017; 33(1):21-47. doi: 10.1177/0890334416677029.
  • [10] Dennis CL. Theoretical underpinnings of breast-feeding confi dence: a self-efficacy framework. Journal of Human Lactation 1999. 15(3):195-201. doi: 10.1177/089033449901500303.
  • [11] Bandura A. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review 1977; 84(2):191–215. doi: 10.1016/0146-6402(78)90002-4.
  • [12] Eksioglu BA, Ceber E. Translation and validation of the Breast-feeding Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish. Midwifery 2011; 27(6):e246-e253. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2010.10.009.
  • [13] Tokat MA, Okumus H, Dennis CL. Translation and psychometric assessment of the Breast-Feeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form among pregnant and postnatal women in Turkey. Midwifery 2010; 26:101-108. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2008.04.002.
  • [14] Ozkan HA. Breastfeeding Attitudes of the Evaluation Scale. KASHED 2015; 2(1):53-58.
  • [15] Brodribb W, Fallon A, Jackson C, Hegney D. The relationship between personal breastfeeding experience and the breastfeeding attitudes, knowledge, confidence and effectiveness of Australian GP registrars. Maternal & Child Nutrition 2008; 4(4):264–274. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2008.00141.x.
  • [16] de la Mora AM, Russell DW, Dungy CI, Losch M, Dusdieker L. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale: Analysis of reliability and validity. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 1999; 29(11):2362–2380. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999. tb00115.x.
  • [17] Laanterä S, Pietilä AM, Pölkki T. Knowledge of breastfeeding among pregnant mothers and fathers. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 2010; 24(4):320–329. doi:10.1097/ JPN.0b013e3181ec0c60.
  • [18] Lewallen LP, Dick MJ, Wall Y, Zickefoose KT, Hannah SH, Flowers J, Powell W. Toward a clinically useful method of predicting early breast-feeding attrition. Applied Nursing Research 2006; 19(3):144–148. doi:10.1016/j. apnr.2005.06.004.
  • [19] Grassley JS, Spencer BS, Bryson D. The development and psychometric testing of the Supportive Needs of Adolescents Breastfeeding Scale. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2013; 69(3):708–716. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06119.x.
  • [20] Dennis CL. The breastfeeding self-effi cacy scale:psycometric assesment of the short form. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 2003; 32(6):734-744.
  • [21] Hirani SAA, Karmaliani R, Christie T, Parpio Y, Rafique G. Perceived Breastfeeding Support Assessment Tool (PBSAT): Development and testing of psychometric properties with Pakistani urban working mothers. Midwifery 2013; 29(6):599–607. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2012.05.003.
  • [22] McKinley EM, Knol LL, Turner LW, Burnham JJ, Graettinger KR, Hernandez-Reif M, Leeper JD. The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale: A New Measurement Instrument for Prenatal Breastfeeding Self-efficacy. Journal of Human Lactation 2019; 35(1):21-31. doi: 10.1177/0890334418799047.
  • [23] Capik C, Gozum S, Aksayan S. Intercultural Scale Adaptation Stages, Language and Culture Adaptation: Updated Guideline. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing 2018; 26(3):199-210.
  • [24] Worthington RL, Whittaker TA. Scale development research. A content analysis for recommendations for best practices. The Counseling Psychologist 2006; 34(6):806–838. doi: 10.1177/0011000006288127.
  • [25] Carpenter S. Ten steps in scale development and reporting: a guidefor researchers. Communication Methods and Measures 2018; 12(1):25‐44. doi: 10.1080/19312458.2017.1396583.
  • [26] Mundfrom DJ, Shaw DG, Ke TL. Minimum sample size recommendations for conducting factor analyses. International Journal of Testing 2005; 5:159–168. doi: 10.1207/s15327574ijt0502_4.
  • [27] Tavsancil E. Measuring attitudes and data analysis with SPSS. (4th ed.). Ankara: Nobel Publications, Turkey; 2010.
  • [28] Buyukozturk S. Manual of data analysis for social sciences. Ankara: Pegem Publications, Turkey; 2009.
  • [29] Ozdamar K. Statistical data analysis with packet programs. (5th ed.). Eskisehir: Kaan Bookstore, Turkey; 2004.
  • [30]Taber KS. The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education. Research in Science Education 2018; 48(6):1273–1296. doi: 10.1007/s11165-016-9602-2.
  • [31] Karagoz Y. SPSS and AMOS Applied Scientific Research Methods and Publication Ethics. (1st ed.). Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing, Turkey; 2017.
  • [32] Karagoz Y. SPSS and AMOS Applied Statistical Analysis. (1st ed.). Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing, Turkey; 2016.
  • [33] Can A. Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Pegem Academy Publications, Turkey; 2013.
  • [34]Kilic F, Koyuncu I. Examination of Scale Adaptation Studies in terms of Structure Validity. Pegem Citation Index, North America; 2017.
  • [35]Sencan H. Reliability and validity of social and behavioral measures. (1st ed.). Ankara: Seçkin Publishing, Turkey; 2005.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Administration
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Funda EVCİLİ 0000-0003-4608-9189

Gülbahtiyar DEMİREL 0000-0003-2258-7757

Publication Date September 29, 2020
Submission Date January 5, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020 Volume: 10 Issue: 3

Cite

APA EVCİLİ, F., & DEMİREL, G. (2020). The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, 10(3), 196-202. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616
AMA EVCİLİ F, DEMİREL G. The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. September 2020;10(3):196-202. doi:10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616
Chicago EVCİLİ, Funda, and Gülbahtiyar DEMİREL. “The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish Validity and Reliability Study”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 10, no. 3 (September 2020): 196-202. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616.
EndNote EVCİLİ F, DEMİREL G (September 1, 2020) The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 10 3 196–202.
IEEE F. EVCİLİ and G. DEMİREL, “The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study”, Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 196–202, 2020, doi: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616.
ISNAD EVCİLİ, Funda - DEMİREL, Gülbahtiyar. “The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish Validity and Reliability Study”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 10/3 (September 2020), 196-202. https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616.
JAMA EVCİLİ F, DEMİREL G. The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2020;10:196–202.
MLA EVCİLİ, Funda and Gülbahtiyar DEMİREL. “The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish Validity and Reliability Study”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, vol. 10, no. 3, 2020, pp. 196-02, doi:10.33808/clinexphealthsci.670616.
Vancouver EVCİLİ F, DEMİREL G. The Prenatal Rating of Efficacy in Preparation to Breastfeed Scale (PREP to BF): A Turkish validity and reliability study. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2020;10(3):196-202.

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