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Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine

Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 3, 642 - 647, 28.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to physicians attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods: Our research is a cross-sectional study, which was conducted between January 4th and February 26th, 2021. A Google Forms questionnaire was prepared according to the literature. The first part of the two-part questionnaire included the sociodemographic characteristics of the physicians and some variables thought to be related to COVID-19. In the second part, questions from the “Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine Scale (ATCVS)” were included. Multiple linear regression analysis with variables that were significant in univariate analysis was used for further analysis. Results: Three hundred fifteen (71.9%) of a total of 438 participants stated that they were assigned to units related to COVID-19 during the pandemic. With more than 10 years of work in the profession, physicians had a more positive attitude towards vaccination than those with 1 – 5 years’ experience. Most of the physicians reported that there were insufficient studies on these newly developed vaccines. Possible adverse effects, uncertainty about the efficacy and safety of the vaccine, and beliefs that people are not at risk for severe disease were prominent. Conclusions: Despite all the uncertainties about the efficacy, safety, and long-term adverse effects of newly developed COVID vaccines, it was determined that 79% of the physicians approached the vaccine positively. The most important reason for vaccine hesitation was the insufficient studies about COVID-19 vaccines.

References

  • Neumann-Böhme S, Varghese NE, Sabat I, Barros PP, Brouwer W, van Exel J, Stargardt T. Once we have it, will we use it? A European survey on willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Eur J Health Econ 2020;21(7):977–982.
  • Wang W, Wu Q, Yang J, Dong K, Chen Xinghui, Bai X, Yu H. Global, regional, and national estimates of target population sizes for covid-19 vaccination: descriptive study. BMJ 2020;371.
  • Koff WC, Schenkelberg T. The future of vaccine development. Vaccine 2020;38(28):4485–4486.
  • Kennedy J, Leask J. Social media platforms have a moral duty to ban misinformation about vaccines: Two leading thinkers on vaccine hesitancy and misinformation debate this crucial question. Index Censorsh 2020;49(4):76–79.
  • Puri N, Coomes EA, Haghbayan H, Gunaratne K. Social media and vaccine hesitancy: new updates for the era of COVID-19 and globalized infectious diseases. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2020;16(11): 2586–2593.
  • Kose S, Mandiracioglu A, Sahin S, Kaynar T, Karbus O, Ozbel Y. Vaccine hesitancy of the COVID‐19 by health care personnel. Int J Clin Pract 2021;75(5).
  • Meyer MN, Gjorgjieva T, Rosica D. Healthcare worker intentions to receive a COVID-19 vaccine and reasons for hesitancy: A survey of 16,158 health system employees on the eve of vaccine distribution. PsyArXiv.2020. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/ge6uh.
  • Wang W, Wu Q, Yang J, Dong K, Chen X, Bai X, Yu H. Global, regional, and national estimates of target population sizes for covid-19 vaccination: descriptive study. BMJ 2020; 371:m4704.
  • Mert O. Türkiye’de insanların COVID-19 aşısına bakışı. Dicle Tıp Dergisi 2021; 48: 583-594.(Turkish)
  • Geniş B, Gürhan N, Koç M, Geniş Ç, Şirin B, Çirakoğlu OC, Coşar B. Development of perception and attitude scales related with COVID-19 pandemia. Pearson Journal of Social Sciences-Humanities 2020; 5: 306–328.
  • Çiftci F, Şen E, Demir N, Çiftci O, Erol S, Kayacan O. Beliefs, attitudes, and activities of healthcare personnel about influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018;14(1): 111–117.
  • Hofmann F, Ferracin C, Marsh G, Dumas R. Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers: a literature review of attitudes and beliefs. Infection 2006; 34(3), 142-147.
  • Huang P. First COVID-19 Vaccine Doses To Go To Health Workers, Say CDC Advisers. Shots-Health News from NPR 2020. Published [05 November 2020]. Accessed [06 April 2021]. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/11/05/931844298/firstcovid-19-vaccine-doses-to-go-to-health-workers-say-cdcadvisers
  • Tirumalaraju D. Sinovac begins Phase III trial of Covid-19 vaccine in Turkey [Internet]. Clinical Trials Arena 2020. Published [23 September 2020]. Accessed [01 April 2021]. https://www.clinicaltrialsarena.com/news/sinovac-covidvaccine-turkey/.
  • Dror AA, Eisenbach N, Taiber S, Morozov NG, Mizrachi M, Zigron A, Sela E. Vaccine hesitancy: the next challenge in the fight against COVID-19. Eur J Epidemiol 2020;35(8):775-9.
  • Sallam M. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy worldwide: a concise systematic review of vaccine acceptance rates. Vaccines 2021; 9(2):160.
  • British Broadcasting Corporation. Covid-19: Türkiye’de Temmuz ayından beri ilk kez günlük koronavirüs vaka sayısı açıklandı. Published [26 November 2020]. Accessed [20 April 2021]. https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-turkiye-55082062
  • Kuter BJ, Browne S, Momplaisir FM, Feemster KA, Shen AK, Green-McKenzie J, Offit PA. Perspectives on the receipt of a COVID-19 vaccine: A survey of employees in two large hospitals in Philadelphia. Vaccine 2021; 39(12), 1693-1700.
  • Freeman D, Loe BS, Chadwick A, Vaccari C, Waite F, Rosebrock L, Lambe S. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the UK: the Oxford coronavirus explanations, attitudes, and narratives survey (Oceans) II. Psychol Med 2020; 1–15.
  • Shaw J, Stewart T, Anderson KB, Hanley S, Thomas SJ, Salmon DA, Morley C. Assessment of US health care personnel (HCP) attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination in a large university health care system. Clin Infect Dis. 2021; 73(10):1776-1783. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab054.
  • Kwok KO, Li KK, Wei WI, Tang A, Wong SYS, Lee SS. Influenza vaccine uptake, COVID-19 vaccination intention and vaccine hesitancy among nurses: A survey. nt J Nurs Stud 2021;114:103854.
  • Gargano LM, Herbert NL, Painter JE, Sales JM, Morfaw C, Rask K, Hughes JM. Impact of a physician recommendation and parental immunization attitudes on receipt or intention to receive adolescent vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2013; 9(12), 2627-2633.
  • Hofstetter AM, Robinson JD, Lepere K, Cunningham M, Etsekson N, Opel DJ. Clinician-parent discussions about influenza vaccination of children and their association with vaccine acceptance. Vaccine 2017; 35(20), 2709-2715.
  • World Health Organization. Ten threats to global health in 2019. Accessed [22 April 2021]. https://www.who.int/newsroom/spotlight/ten-threats-to-globalhealth-in-2019
  • Hunt C, Arthur A. Student nurses’ reasons behind the decision to receive or decline influenza vaccine: a cross-sectional survey. Vaccine 2012; 30(40), 5824-5829.
  • Abu-Gharbieh E, Fahmy S, Rasool BA, Khan S. Influenza vaccination: healthcare workers attitude in three Middle East countries. Int J Med Sci 2010; 7(5), 319.
  • Vergara RJD, Sarmiento PJD, Lagman JDN. Building public trust: a response to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy predicament. J Public Health (Oxf) 2021;43(2):e291–2. DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa282.
  • Mallapaty S, Ledford H. COVID-vaccine results are on the way and scientists’ concerns are growing. Nature 2020; 16-17.
  • Montagni I, Ouazzani-Touhami K, Mebarki A, Texier N, Schück S, Tzourio C. Acceptance of a Covid-19 vaccine is associated with ability to detect fake news and health literacy. J Public Health (Oxf) 2021;43:695–702.

Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 3, 642 - 647, 28.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495

Abstract

References

  • Neumann-Böhme S, Varghese NE, Sabat I, Barros PP, Brouwer W, van Exel J, Stargardt T. Once we have it, will we use it? A European survey on willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Eur J Health Econ 2020;21(7):977–982.
  • Wang W, Wu Q, Yang J, Dong K, Chen Xinghui, Bai X, Yu H. Global, regional, and national estimates of target population sizes for covid-19 vaccination: descriptive study. BMJ 2020;371.
  • Koff WC, Schenkelberg T. The future of vaccine development. Vaccine 2020;38(28):4485–4486.
  • Kennedy J, Leask J. Social media platforms have a moral duty to ban misinformation about vaccines: Two leading thinkers on vaccine hesitancy and misinformation debate this crucial question. Index Censorsh 2020;49(4):76–79.
  • Puri N, Coomes EA, Haghbayan H, Gunaratne K. Social media and vaccine hesitancy: new updates for the era of COVID-19 and globalized infectious diseases. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2020;16(11): 2586–2593.
  • Kose S, Mandiracioglu A, Sahin S, Kaynar T, Karbus O, Ozbel Y. Vaccine hesitancy of the COVID‐19 by health care personnel. Int J Clin Pract 2021;75(5).
  • Meyer MN, Gjorgjieva T, Rosica D. Healthcare worker intentions to receive a COVID-19 vaccine and reasons for hesitancy: A survey of 16,158 health system employees on the eve of vaccine distribution. PsyArXiv.2020. DOI: 10.31234/osf.io/ge6uh.
  • Wang W, Wu Q, Yang J, Dong K, Chen X, Bai X, Yu H. Global, regional, and national estimates of target population sizes for covid-19 vaccination: descriptive study. BMJ 2020; 371:m4704.
  • Mert O. Türkiye’de insanların COVID-19 aşısına bakışı. Dicle Tıp Dergisi 2021; 48: 583-594.(Turkish)
  • Geniş B, Gürhan N, Koç M, Geniş Ç, Şirin B, Çirakoğlu OC, Coşar B. Development of perception and attitude scales related with COVID-19 pandemia. Pearson Journal of Social Sciences-Humanities 2020; 5: 306–328.
  • Çiftci F, Şen E, Demir N, Çiftci O, Erol S, Kayacan O. Beliefs, attitudes, and activities of healthcare personnel about influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018;14(1): 111–117.
  • Hofmann F, Ferracin C, Marsh G, Dumas R. Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers: a literature review of attitudes and beliefs. Infection 2006; 34(3), 142-147.
  • Huang P. First COVID-19 Vaccine Doses To Go To Health Workers, Say CDC Advisers. Shots-Health News from NPR 2020. Published [05 November 2020]. Accessed [06 April 2021]. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/11/05/931844298/firstcovid-19-vaccine-doses-to-go-to-health-workers-say-cdcadvisers
  • Tirumalaraju D. Sinovac begins Phase III trial of Covid-19 vaccine in Turkey [Internet]. Clinical Trials Arena 2020. Published [23 September 2020]. Accessed [01 April 2021]. https://www.clinicaltrialsarena.com/news/sinovac-covidvaccine-turkey/.
  • Dror AA, Eisenbach N, Taiber S, Morozov NG, Mizrachi M, Zigron A, Sela E. Vaccine hesitancy: the next challenge in the fight against COVID-19. Eur J Epidemiol 2020;35(8):775-9.
  • Sallam M. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy worldwide: a concise systematic review of vaccine acceptance rates. Vaccines 2021; 9(2):160.
  • British Broadcasting Corporation. Covid-19: Türkiye’de Temmuz ayından beri ilk kez günlük koronavirüs vaka sayısı açıklandı. Published [26 November 2020]. Accessed [20 April 2021]. https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-turkiye-55082062
  • Kuter BJ, Browne S, Momplaisir FM, Feemster KA, Shen AK, Green-McKenzie J, Offit PA. Perspectives on the receipt of a COVID-19 vaccine: A survey of employees in two large hospitals in Philadelphia. Vaccine 2021; 39(12), 1693-1700.
  • Freeman D, Loe BS, Chadwick A, Vaccari C, Waite F, Rosebrock L, Lambe S. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the UK: the Oxford coronavirus explanations, attitudes, and narratives survey (Oceans) II. Psychol Med 2020; 1–15.
  • Shaw J, Stewart T, Anderson KB, Hanley S, Thomas SJ, Salmon DA, Morley C. Assessment of US health care personnel (HCP) attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination in a large university health care system. Clin Infect Dis. 2021; 73(10):1776-1783. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab054.
  • Kwok KO, Li KK, Wei WI, Tang A, Wong SYS, Lee SS. Influenza vaccine uptake, COVID-19 vaccination intention and vaccine hesitancy among nurses: A survey. nt J Nurs Stud 2021;114:103854.
  • Gargano LM, Herbert NL, Painter JE, Sales JM, Morfaw C, Rask K, Hughes JM. Impact of a physician recommendation and parental immunization attitudes on receipt or intention to receive adolescent vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother 2013; 9(12), 2627-2633.
  • Hofstetter AM, Robinson JD, Lepere K, Cunningham M, Etsekson N, Opel DJ. Clinician-parent discussions about influenza vaccination of children and their association with vaccine acceptance. Vaccine 2017; 35(20), 2709-2715.
  • World Health Organization. Ten threats to global health in 2019. Accessed [22 April 2021]. https://www.who.int/newsroom/spotlight/ten-threats-to-globalhealth-in-2019
  • Hunt C, Arthur A. Student nurses’ reasons behind the decision to receive or decline influenza vaccine: a cross-sectional survey. Vaccine 2012; 30(40), 5824-5829.
  • Abu-Gharbieh E, Fahmy S, Rasool BA, Khan S. Influenza vaccination: healthcare workers attitude in three Middle East countries. Int J Med Sci 2010; 7(5), 319.
  • Vergara RJD, Sarmiento PJD, Lagman JDN. Building public trust: a response to COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy predicament. J Public Health (Oxf) 2021;43(2):e291–2. DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa282.
  • Mallapaty S, Ledford H. COVID-vaccine results are on the way and scientists’ concerns are growing. Nature 2020; 16-17.
  • Montagni I, Ouazzani-Touhami K, Mebarki A, Texier N, Schück S, Tzourio C. Acceptance of a Covid-19 vaccine is associated with ability to detect fake news and health literacy. J Public Health (Oxf) 2021;43:695–702.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Feyza Nehir ÖZNUR MUZ> (Primary Author)
Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi
0000-0001-8747-9867
Türkiye


Muhammed Fatih ÖNSÜZ>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7234-3385
Türkiye


Selma METİNTAS>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5002-5041
Türkiye


Didem ARSLANTAS>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5263-3710
Türkiye


Alaettin ÜNSAL>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8353-1605
Türkiye


Didem OKTAR>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7345-0331
Türkiye


Ezgi YÜCEL>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9359-3877
Türkiye


Mine TEPETAŞ>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4747-7220
Türkiye

Publication Date September 28, 2022
Application Date October 6, 2021
Acceptance Date January 21, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 12, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { clinexphealthsci1005495, journal = {Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences}, eissn = {2459-1459}, address = {}, publisher = {Marmara University}, year = {2022}, volume = {12}, number = {3}, pages = {642 - 647}, doi = {10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495}, title = {Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine}, key = {cite}, author = {Öznur Muz, Feyza Nehir and Önsüz, Muhammed Fatih and Metintas, Selma and Arslantas, Didem and Ünsal, Alaettin and Oktar, Didem and Yücel, Ezgi and Tepetaş, Mine} }
APA Öznur Muz, F. N. , Önsüz, M. F. , Metintas, S. , Arslantas, D. , Ünsal, A. , Oktar, D. , Yücel, E. & Tepetaş, M. (2022). Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine . Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences , 12 (3) , 642-647 . DOI: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495
MLA Öznur Muz, F. N. , Önsüz, M. F. , Metintas, S. , Arslantas, D. , Ünsal, A. , Oktar, D. , Yücel, E. , Tepetaş, M. "Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine" . Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12 (2022 ): 642-647 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/clinexphealthsci/issue/72731/1005495>
Chicago Öznur Muz, F. N. , Önsüz, M. F. , Metintas, S. , Arslantas, D. , Ünsal, A. , Oktar, D. , Yücel, E. , Tepetaş, M. "Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine". Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12 (2022 ): 642-647
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine AU - Feyza NehirÖznur Muz, Muhammed FatihÖnsüz, SelmaMetintas, DidemArslantas, AlaettinÜnsal, DidemOktar, EzgiYücel, MineTepetaş Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495 DO - 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495 T2 - Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 642 EP - 647 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - -2459-1459 M3 - doi: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495 UR - https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine %A Feyza Nehir Öznur Muz , Muhammed Fatih Önsüz , Selma Metintas , Didem Arslantas , Alaettin Ünsal , Didem Oktar , Ezgi Yücel , Mine Tepetaş %T Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine %D 2022 %J Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences %P -2459-1459 %V 12 %N 3 %R doi: 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495 %U 10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495
ISNAD Öznur Muz, Feyza Nehir , Önsüz, Muhammed Fatih , Metintas, Selma , Arslantas, Didem , Ünsal, Alaettin , Oktar, Didem , Yücel, Ezgi , Tepetaş, Mine . "Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine". Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences 12 / 3 (September 2022): 642-647 . https://doi.org/10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495
AMA Öznur Muz F. N. , Önsüz M. F. , Metintas S. , Arslantas D. , Ünsal A. , Oktar D. , Yücel E. , Tepetaş M. Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2022; 12(3): 642-647.
Vancouver Öznur Muz F. N. , Önsüz M. F. , Metintas S. , Arslantas D. , Ünsal A. , Oktar D. , Yücel E. , Tepetaş M. Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2022; 12(3): 642-647.
IEEE F. N. Öznur Muz , M. F. Önsüz , S. Metintas , D. Arslantas , A. Ünsal , D. Oktar , E. Yücel and M. Tepetaş , "Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine", Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 642-647, Sep. 2022, doi:10.33808/clinexphealthsci.1005495

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