Year 2019, Volume 2 , Issue 2, Pages 59 - 65 2019-12-26

Slovak Chamomile Varieties and their Comparison of Natural Components

İvan SALAMON [1]


Chamomile, Matricaria recutita L., is one of the most important medicinal plants cultivated in the Central Europe. Primarily the dry flower anthodia, Chamomillae Flos, in its entirety has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing, simulative, carminative, spasmolytic and sedative activity. Slovakia belongs to these European countries in which particular attention has been devoted to the research and development of chamomile in all its aspects including the breeding of this special crop. Prof.  Dr. Robert Honcariv was the pioneer of medicinal plant breeding in Slovakia, and made the first selections in chamomile at the P. J. Safarik University in Kosice. The first variety 'BONA'   was registered in the National Book Variety in 1984. The first tetraploid variety 'LUTEA' was accepted by the Slovak Central Control and Testing Institute in Agriculture in 1995. Both these varieties were from the old century. Their qualitative and quantitative parameters are very commonly inconvenient. On the present, the chamomile variety 'LIANKA' was bred at the University of Presov, Slovakia, between the years 2008 – 2013. Currently, this variety obtains the Certificate by the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) in Angers, France in 2018.   The GC/MS results confirm earlier reports that major volatile constituents obtained from the flower inflorescences are /-/-α-bisabolol (67.35 ± 2.82 %)  and chamazulene (10.05 ± 1.04 %)  and the low contents of /-/-α bisabolol oxides A and B (2.95 ± 0.32 %).

Composition, Essential oil, Chamomile, Quality, Sesquiterpenes, Slovakia, Varieties
  • References 1. Adams, R.P., 2007. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. 4th ed. , Allured Pub Corp: New York, NY, USA, 823 p., ISBN: 978-1932633214
  • 2. European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.), 2018, 9th ed. Strasbourg, Council of the Europe Union, 5825 p.
  • 3. Humphrey, A.M., 1992. Observation on esential oil distillation in the laboratory. In: The 23rd International Symposium on Essential Oils, Ayr, Scotland, UK, pp. IV-2
  • 4. Isaac, O., 1979. Pharmacological investigation with compounds of chamomile * I. On the pharmacology /-/-α-bisabolol and bisabololoxides (Review). Planta Medica, Vol. 35, pp. 118-124
  • 5. Jasičová, M., Felklová, M., 1976. Vliv oblasti púvodu na kvalitu úboru Matricaria chamomilla L. (in Slovak). Farmaceutický obzor. Vol. XLV, s. 317-322
  • 6. Lawrence, B.M. and Reynolds, A.C., 1987. Progress in essential oils. Perfumer & Flavorist, Vol. 12, pp. 35-55
  • 7. Mann, C. and Staba E. J., 1986: The Chemistry, Pharmacology and Commercial Formulation of Chamomile. In: L. E. Craker and J. E. Simon (eds.) Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, and Pharmacology. Vol.1, Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press. pp. 235-280
  • 8. Mycak, V., 1953. Pestovanie liečivých, aromatických a koreninových rastlín (in Slovak). 1. Vyd., Štátne pôdohospodárske nakladateľstvo: n.p. Praha, závod Bratislava, PIO 105100/52-III/1., 249 p.
  • 9. Oravec, V., Sr., Oravec, V., Jr. 2007. Breeding of bisabolol diploid and tetraploid varieties of chamomile in Slovakia. Acta Horticulturae, 2007, No. 749, pp. 115-121
  • 10. Palaniswamy, U.R. – Palaniswany, K.M.: 2006. Handbook of Statistics for Teaching and Research in Plant and Crop Science. 1st ed. , Food Products Press and The Haworth Reference Press, New York, London, Oxford. 624 p. ISBN: 978-1-56022-293-4
  • 11. Read, Ch., 1992. Essential Oils. Focus on Herbs. Vol. 9, p. 2-8
  • 12. Rod, J., 1982. Šlechtění rostlin (in Czech). 4. vyd., Státní zemnědelské nakladatelství : Praha. 368 s., 07-062-02
  • 13. Salamon, I. and Honcariv, R., 1994. Growing Condition and Breeding of Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita (L.)Rauschert) Regarding the Essential Oil Qualitative-Quantitative Characteristics in Slovakia. Herba Polonica, Vol. XL, Iss. 1, pp. 69-74
  • 14. Schilcher, H., 2004. Wirkungweise und Anwendungsformen der Kamillenblűten – Handbuch fűr Apotheker, Ärzte, Heilpraktiker und weitere Heilberufe sowie fűr Medizin-, Pharmazie- und Biologiestudenten (in German). BMV Berliner Medizinische Verlagsanstalt GmbH, 160 s., ISBN: 3880400067.
Primary Language en
Subjects Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Published Date December
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5379-3989
Author: İvan SALAMON (Primary Author)
Institution: University of Presov, Presov, Slovakia
Country: Slovakia


Supporting Institution University of Presov, Presov, Slovakia
Project Number European Community Project, No. ITMS 26220220013
Thanks The breeding works were supported by the European Community project, ITMS No. 26220220013 with the title “Using research and development for the breeding of new cultivars (prototype) of medicinal plants and their varietal registration”.
Dates

Publication Date : December 26, 2019

APA Salamon, İ . (2019). Slovak Chamomile Varieties and their Comparison of Natural Components . Current Perspectives on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CUPMAP) , 2 (2) , 59-65 . DOI: 10.38093/cupmap.656099