Chamomile, Matricaria recutita L., is one of the most important medicinal plants cultivated in the Central Europe. Primarily the dry flower anthodia, Chamomillae Flos, in its entirety has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing, simulative, carminative, spasmolytic and sedative activity. Slovakia belongs to these European countries in which particular attention has been devoted to the research and development of chamomile in all its aspects including the breeding of this special crop. Prof. Dr. Robert Honcariv was the pioneer of medicinal plant breeding in Slovakia, and made the first selections in chamomile at the P. J. Safarik University in Kosice. The first variety 'BONA' was registered in the National Book Variety in 1984. The first tetraploid variety 'LUTEA' was accepted by the Slovak Central Control and Testing Institute in Agriculture in 1995. Both these varieties were from the old century. Their qualitative and quantitative parameters are very commonly inconvenient. On the present, the chamomile variety 'LIANKA' was bred at the University of Presov, Slovakia, between the years 2008 – 2013. Currently, this variety obtains the Certificate by the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO) in Angers, France in 2018. The GC/MS results confirm earlier reports that major volatile constituents obtained from the flower inflorescences are /-/-α-bisabolol (67.35 ± 2.82 %) and chamazulene (10.05 ± 1.04 %) and the low contents of /-/-α bisabolol oxides A and B (2.95 ± 0.32 %).
|Subjects||Pharmacology and Pharmacy|
|Supporting Institution||University of Presov, Presov, Slovakia|
|Project Number||European Community Project, No. ITMS 26220220013|
|Thanks||The breeding works were supported by the European Community project, ITMS No. 26220220013 with the title “Using research and development for the breeding of new cultivars (prototype) of medicinal plants and their varietal registration”.|
Publication Date : December 26, 2019
|APA||Salamon, İ . (2019). Slovak Chamomile Varieties and their Comparison of Natural Components . Current Perspectives on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CUPMAP) , 2 (2) , 59-65 . DOI: 10.38093/cupmap.656099|