Medicinal and aromatic plants have an increasing demand but this demand requires qualified material. Most of the products still obtained from nature. The mint family (Lamiaceae) contains more than 7000 species and the largest genera of the family are Salvia, Scuttellaria, Stachys, Plectranthus, Hyptis, Teucrium, Vitex, Thymus and Nepeta. The member of the family has a value through their secondary metabolites. Essential oils are the most important secondary metabolite in many of the species in the family. The genus Salvia consists of 1000 species which 107 of the taxa represented in Turkey. This review focuses on two Salvia species from natural flora of Turkey: Salvia fruticosa and Salvia aramiensis. Salvia fruticosa Mill. with wide distribution is a very important commodity with medicinal and aromatic properties. Besides that, S. aramiensis Rech. fil. occurs in a restricted area in Turkey but depending on low camphor and thujone content has a great potential to be part in trade. The importance of two species were estimated and future approaches were discussed. Especially the botany, distribution, domestication, spread, cultivation, previous studies on agricultural aspects, biological properties, breeding, molecular characterization of the species were discussed.
Botany, Essential oil, Salvia, Sage