Year 2020, Volume 12 , Issue , Pages 69 - 90 2020-06-02

DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ
A CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE ON THE ANALYSIS OF MARITIME ACCIDENTS: AN ANALYSIS EXAMPLE WITH FRAM METHOD

Elif BAL BEŞİKÇİ [1] , Aydın ŞIHMANTEPE [2]


Dünyada taşımacılık etkinliklerinin yaklaşık yüzde sekseninin deniz yoluyla yapılıyor olması doğal olarak deniz trafiğinde atışa neden olmaktadır. Uluslararası Denizcilik Örgütü’nün (IMO-International Maritime Organization) seyir emniyeti, insan hayatı ve çevrenin korunmasına yönelik koyduğu kurallar, uluslararası sözleşmeler ve protokoller ve tavsiye kararlarının varlığına rağmen deniz kazaları olmaya devam etmektedir. Denizciliğe bir bütün olarak bakıldığında; kaza riskini en aza indirebilmek, seyir emniyeti ve güvenliğini sağlamak, insan yaşamı ve çevrenin korunmasını garanti altına almak için yürürlükteki kural ve yönergelere uymak kadar, geçmişte yaşanan kaza ve olumsuzluklardan ders çıkarmak gerekliliğinin önemli olduğu görülmektedir. Bu çalışma deniz kazalarının analizine yeni bir soluk getirmek amacıyla, Functional Resonance Analysis Model-İşlevsel Birleştirme Analiz Modeli (FRAM) yöntemiyle geçmişte yaşanmış bir deniz kazasını analiz etmektedir. Normal işleyişlerin (variables) beklenmedik birleşimlerinin/kombinasyonlarının (resonance) kazaya neden olabileceği varsayımını esas alan FRAM yöntemi ile yapılan bu çözümlemeler, gemi kaza riskini azaltmada rehber niteliğinde olacaktır. Yapılan analiz kazanın oluşmasında etken olan değişkenliklerin bağlılıklarının lineer olmadığını, seyir yardımcı cihazlarının kaza riskini ortadan kaldıramadığını, kazanın tek bir nedene değil birçok nedenin bileşkesinden ortaya çıktığını ve kazanın önlenmesinde durumsal farkındalığın önemli bir rol oynadığını ortaya koymuştur.
Nearly eighty percent of global transportation activities are performed seaborne and this naturally causes an increase in maritime traffic. In spite of the existence of the regulations and recommendations on navigation safety, safety of life and environmental protection laid down by International Maritime Organization (IMO) and presence of international conventions and protocols, maritime accidents still continue to happen. Considering the whole maritime world, in order to minimise risk of accident and to ensure navigation safety and security, learning lessons from the past accidents is as important as abiding by the rules and regulations in force. This study, with an effort to bring novelty to analysis of maritime accidents, utilizes Functional Resonance Analysis Model (FRAM) method to analyse a past maritime accident. FRAM method assumes that accidents result from unexpected combinations (resonance) of normal performance variability. Accident analyses performed by FRAM method will serve as useful guidelines to minimise risk of maritime accidents. Analysis has shown that variables causing the accident do not have a linear relation. Having all necessary navigational aids on the bridge does not necessarily eliminate the risk of accident. One other important finding is that a single substantial reason did not cause the accident; on the contrary, it was caused by combination of reasons. The study also makes a reference to situational awareness as it plays a great role in preventing the accidents.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Marine Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Elif BAL BEŞİKÇİ (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZCİLİK FAKÜLTESİ, DENİZ ULAŞTIRMA İŞLETME MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Author: Aydın ŞIHMANTEPE
Institution: PİRİ REİS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 2, 2020

Bibtex @research article { deudfd740159, journal = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1309-4246}, eissn = {2458-9942}, address = {}, publisher = {Dokuz Eylul University}, year = {2020}, volume = {12}, pages = {69 - 90}, doi = {10.18613/deudfd.740159}, title = {DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Bal Beşi̇kçi̇, Elif and Şıhmantepe, Aydın} }
APA Bal Beşi̇kçi̇, E , Şıhmantepe, A . (2020). DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi , 12 () , 69-90 . DOI: 10.18613/deudfd.740159
MLA Bal Beşi̇kçi̇, E , Şıhmantepe, A . "DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 12 (2020 ): 69-90 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/deudfd/issue/54400/740159>
Chicago Bal Beşi̇kçi̇, E , Şıhmantepe, A . "DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 12 (2020 ): 69-90
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ AU - Elif Bal Beşi̇kçi̇ , Aydın Şıhmantepe Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18613/deudfd.740159 DO - 10.18613/deudfd.740159 T2 - Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 69 EP - 90 VL - 12 IS - SN - 1309-4246-2458-9942 M3 - doi: 10.18613/deudfd.740159 UR - https://doi.org/10.18613/deudfd.740159 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ %A Elif Bal Beşi̇kçi̇ , Aydın Şıhmantepe %T DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ %D 2020 %J Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1309-4246-2458-9942 %V 12 %N %R doi: 10.18613/deudfd.740159 %U 10.18613/deudfd.740159
ISNAD Bal Beşi̇kçi̇, Elif , Şıhmantepe, Aydın . "DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 12 / (June 2020): 69-90 . https://doi.org/10.18613/deudfd.740159
AMA Bal Beşi̇kçi̇ E , Şıhmantepe A . DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 12: 69-90.
Vancouver Bal Beşi̇kçi̇ E , Şıhmantepe A . DENİZ KAZALARININ ÇÖZÜMLENMESİNE GÜNCEL BİR BAKIŞ: FRAM YÖNTEMİ İLE ANALİZ ÖRNEĞİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 12: 90-69.