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Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4, 645 - 659, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.1002172

Abstract

References

  • [1] E. Dizdar and M. Kurt, “A rule-based system approach for safety management in hazardous work systems,” Pamukkale University Engineering College Journal of Engineering Science, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 743-747, March 1998.
  • [2] M. Akyol, “Analysis of working positions in textile workshop by REBA,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Ind. Eng., Çukurova Univ., Adana, Turkey, 2017.
  • [3] M. Taghipour, M. Mahboobi, A. Nikoeifar and E. Soofi Mowloodi, “Analysing the effects of physical conditions of the workplace on employee’s productivity (including case study),” International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 111-119, July 2015, doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150304.15.
  • [4] B. Özoğul, B. Çimen and E. Kahya. “Ergonomic risk analysis in a metal industry operation,” Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 6, pp. 159-175, Dec. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.359123.
  • [5] B. Acar, D. Şahin, E. Kahya and İ. Sarıçiçek, “Ergonomic risk assessment in stove assembly line,” Journal of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Eskisehir Osmangazi University, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 21-39, Apr. 2019, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.455487.
  • [6] F. Tanır, R. Güzel, H. İşsever and U. Polat, “Musculoskeletal disorders in an automotive manufacturing plant and the outcomes of ergonomics and exercise training in workers who used sick leave,” Turk J. Phys. Med. Rehab., vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 214-21, 2013, doi: 10.4274/tftr.28482.
  • [7] G.C. David, “Ergonomic methods for assessing exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorder,” Occup. Med. (Lond), vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 190-199. May 2005, doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi082.
  • [8] K. Hemati, E. Kabir-Mokamelkhah, M.S. Ghasemi, M. Mohseni-Ezhiye, M. Aghilinejad, Y. Abdolahian and M.A. Salehi, “Dehghan N. Ergonomic intervention to reduce musculoskeletal disorders among flour factory workers,” Work, vol. 67, no. 3, Oct. 2020, doi:10.3233/WOR-203275
  • [9] S. Taşan and B. Felekoğlu, “Application of integrated ergonomic risk assessment in the automotive sector,” J. BAUN Inst. Sci. Technol., vol. 21 no. 1, pp.378-96, March 2019, doi: 10.25092/baunfbed.548546.
  • [10] D. Akay, M. Dağdeviren and M. Kurt, “Ergonomic analysis of working postures,” J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., vol. 18, no. 3, pp.73-84, Apr. 2003.
  • [11] M. Calzavara, M. Faccio, A. Persona and I. Zennaro, “Walking worker vs fixed worker assembly considering the impact of components exposure on assembly time and energy expenditure,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol, vol. 112 no.10, pp. 2971-88, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00170-020-06438-9.
  • [12] M. Mahboobi, M. Taghipour and M.A. Azadeh, “Assessing ergonomic risk factors using combined data envelopment analysis and conventional methods for an auto parts manufacturer,” Work IOS Press, vol. 67, no. 1, Feb. 2020, doi:10.3233/WOR-203257.
  • [13] H. Esen and N. Fığlalı, “Working posture analysis methods and the effects of working posture on musculoskeletal disorders,” SAU J. Sci., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 41-51, Apr. 2013.
  • [14] B. Felekoğlu and S. Taşan, “Ergonomic risk assessment for work-related musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic reactive / proactive integrated approach,” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi Univ., vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 777-93, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.17341/gazimmfd.337625.
  • [15] P. Deryaoğlu, H. Ulusu and T. Gündüz, “Investigation of musculoskeletal disorder risks in the meat transporting process,” Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 513-518, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.5505/pajes.2019.64624.
  • [16] S. Hignett and L. McAtamney, “Rapid entire body assessment (REBA),” Applied Ergon., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 201-205, Apr. 2000, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-6870(99)00039-3.
  • [17] H. Atıcı, D. Gönen and A. Oral, “Ergonomic analysis of postures causing straın on employees with REBA method,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 239-44, Dec. 2015.
  • [18] B. Ulutaş and T. Gündüz, “Ergonomics risk analysis in automobile cable manufacturing,” Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 107-120, Agus. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.336440.
  • [19] C. Ertaş and Y. Bulut, “Ergonomy activities in press department,” Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 5 pp. 13-22, March 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.08944.
  • [20] E. Sakalar, “The analysis of ergonomic risk factors in an assembly line with REBA method: an application in the automotive industry,” M.S. thesis, occupational health and safety graduate program, İzmir University of Economics, İzmir, Turkey 2018.
  • [21] O. Ülker, “Evaluation of challenges in sofa manufacturing by the BAUA Ergonomics,” vol. 3, no.1, pp. 45-54, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.33439/ergonomi.704024.
  • [22] M. Sevimli, H. Ulusu and T. Gündüz, “Improving working conditions of employees at rice packaging with ergonomic risk analysis,” J. BAUN Inst. Sci. Technol., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 38-54, July 2018, doi: 10.25092/baunfbed.369102.
  • [23] D. Yüce, “Ergonomic risk assessment by baua LMM methods in automotive sector: technical service studies case analysis,” M.S. thesis, Health Sciences Ins., Dept of Occupational Health and Safety, Üsküdar University, İstanbul, Turkey, 2019.
  • [24] N. Berber “Investigation of ergonomic risk analysis with REBA, BAUA, NIOSH and SNOOK tables: an application for food sector,” M.S. thesis Health Sciences Ins., Dept of Occupational Health and Safety, Üsküdar University, İstanbul, Turkey, 2020.
  • [25] Y. Yener, G.F. Can and P. Toktaş, “A job rotation proposal considering physical strain and perceived workload level,” Journal of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Eskisehir Osmangazi University, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 9-20, Apr. 2019, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.498317.
  • [26] M. Joshi and V. Deshpande, “Investigative study and sensitivity analysis of Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA),” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 79, Sep. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2020.103004.
  • [27] H. Sağıroğlu, M.B. Coşkun and N. Erginel, “The ergonomics risk analysıs with REBA of work stations in production line,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, Dec. 2015, pp. 339-345.
  • [28] E. Ekinci and G.F. Can, “Evaluation of workers’ ergonomic risk levels considering working postures and perceived workload wıth multi-criteria decision making approach,” Ergonomics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 77-91, Agus. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.33439/ergonomi.478732.
  • [29] G. Yavuzkan, K. Kaya, M.C. Yağız, M. Erdem M and I. Acar, “Ergonomic risk analysis software work safety and health ergonomic risk mapping,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 603-614, Dec. 2015.
  • [30] F. Babalık, “Mühendisler için Ergonomi İşbilim,” 6nd ed., Bursa, Turkey, Dora, 2016, pp. 123-135.
  • [31] Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAUA), German Occupational Safety and Occupational Medicine Institution Evaluation Method Tables. URL: www.BAuA.de (Available: 20.01.2021).

Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4, 645 - 659, 29.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.1002172

Abstract

There are many studies in the literature on ergonomic risk assessment, but there are limited studies on the Germany Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAUA) method. The aim of this study is to examine the compatibility between Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) and BAUA and the ability of the methods to correctly classify the risk level of risky tasks, and to make ergonomic improvements to reduce the physical strains. The welding processes of the automotive company were examined and ergonomic risk assessment was made by using REBA and BAUA for four tasks with the most strains. The evaluation criteria and results of the methods were compared and improvement suggestions were developed to reduce ergonomic risks. The results of this study approve that the risk output of both methods depends on the exposures considered and their greatness. Both REBA and BAUA are used for work done using the whole body. The biggest difference between the methods is that the time weight evaluation is always used in the BAUA, and the time is not taken into account in the REBA. Since the aim of ergonomics studies is to eliminate the risks of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), the results that will show where to start the improvement studies should be determined in the most accurate way and no factors should be overlooked. People who will conduct ergonomic risk assessment studies for welding employees were informed about the advantages and disadvantages of both methods and suggestions were given.

References

  • [1] E. Dizdar and M. Kurt, “A rule-based system approach for safety management in hazardous work systems,” Pamukkale University Engineering College Journal of Engineering Science, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 743-747, March 1998.
  • [2] M. Akyol, “Analysis of working positions in textile workshop by REBA,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Ind. Eng., Çukurova Univ., Adana, Turkey, 2017.
  • [3] M. Taghipour, M. Mahboobi, A. Nikoeifar and E. Soofi Mowloodi, “Analysing the effects of physical conditions of the workplace on employee’s productivity (including case study),” International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 111-119, July 2015, doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20150304.15.
  • [4] B. Özoğul, B. Çimen and E. Kahya. “Ergonomic risk analysis in a metal industry operation,” Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 6, pp. 159-175, Dec. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.359123.
  • [5] B. Acar, D. Şahin, E. Kahya and İ. Sarıçiçek, “Ergonomic risk assessment in stove assembly line,” Journal of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Eskisehir Osmangazi University, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 21-39, Apr. 2019, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.455487.
  • [6] F. Tanır, R. Güzel, H. İşsever and U. Polat, “Musculoskeletal disorders in an automotive manufacturing plant and the outcomes of ergonomics and exercise training in workers who used sick leave,” Turk J. Phys. Med. Rehab., vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 214-21, 2013, doi: 10.4274/tftr.28482.
  • [7] G.C. David, “Ergonomic methods for assessing exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorder,” Occup. Med. (Lond), vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 190-199. May 2005, doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi082.
  • [8] K. Hemati, E. Kabir-Mokamelkhah, M.S. Ghasemi, M. Mohseni-Ezhiye, M. Aghilinejad, Y. Abdolahian and M.A. Salehi, “Dehghan N. Ergonomic intervention to reduce musculoskeletal disorders among flour factory workers,” Work, vol. 67, no. 3, Oct. 2020, doi:10.3233/WOR-203275
  • [9] S. Taşan and B. Felekoğlu, “Application of integrated ergonomic risk assessment in the automotive sector,” J. BAUN Inst. Sci. Technol., vol. 21 no. 1, pp.378-96, March 2019, doi: 10.25092/baunfbed.548546.
  • [10] D. Akay, M. Dağdeviren and M. Kurt, “Ergonomic analysis of working postures,” J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., vol. 18, no. 3, pp.73-84, Apr. 2003.
  • [11] M. Calzavara, M. Faccio, A. Persona and I. Zennaro, “Walking worker vs fixed worker assembly considering the impact of components exposure on assembly time and energy expenditure,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol, vol. 112 no.10, pp. 2971-88, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00170-020-06438-9.
  • [12] M. Mahboobi, M. Taghipour and M.A. Azadeh, “Assessing ergonomic risk factors using combined data envelopment analysis and conventional methods for an auto parts manufacturer,” Work IOS Press, vol. 67, no. 1, Feb. 2020, doi:10.3233/WOR-203257.
  • [13] H. Esen and N. Fığlalı, “Working posture analysis methods and the effects of working posture on musculoskeletal disorders,” SAU J. Sci., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 41-51, Apr. 2013.
  • [14] B. Felekoğlu and S. Taşan, “Ergonomic risk assessment for work-related musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic reactive / proactive integrated approach,” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi Univ., vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 777-93, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.17341/gazimmfd.337625.
  • [15] P. Deryaoğlu, H. Ulusu and T. Gündüz, “Investigation of musculoskeletal disorder risks in the meat transporting process,” Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 513-518, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.5505/pajes.2019.64624.
  • [16] S. Hignett and L. McAtamney, “Rapid entire body assessment (REBA),” Applied Ergon., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 201-205, Apr. 2000, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-6870(99)00039-3.
  • [17] H. Atıcı, D. Gönen and A. Oral, “Ergonomic analysis of postures causing straın on employees with REBA method,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 239-44, Dec. 2015.
  • [18] B. Ulutaş and T. Gündüz, “Ergonomics risk analysis in automobile cable manufacturing,” Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 107-120, Agus. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.336440.
  • [19] C. Ertaş and Y. Bulut, “Ergonomy activities in press department,” Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 5 pp. 13-22, March 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.21923/jesd.08944.
  • [20] E. Sakalar, “The analysis of ergonomic risk factors in an assembly line with REBA method: an application in the automotive industry,” M.S. thesis, occupational health and safety graduate program, İzmir University of Economics, İzmir, Turkey 2018.
  • [21] O. Ülker, “Evaluation of challenges in sofa manufacturing by the BAUA Ergonomics,” vol. 3, no.1, pp. 45-54, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.33439/ergonomi.704024.
  • [22] M. Sevimli, H. Ulusu and T. Gündüz, “Improving working conditions of employees at rice packaging with ergonomic risk analysis,” J. BAUN Inst. Sci. Technol., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 38-54, July 2018, doi: 10.25092/baunfbed.369102.
  • [23] D. Yüce, “Ergonomic risk assessment by baua LMM methods in automotive sector: technical service studies case analysis,” M.S. thesis, Health Sciences Ins., Dept of Occupational Health and Safety, Üsküdar University, İstanbul, Turkey, 2019.
  • [24] N. Berber “Investigation of ergonomic risk analysis with REBA, BAUA, NIOSH and SNOOK tables: an application for food sector,” M.S. thesis Health Sciences Ins., Dept of Occupational Health and Safety, Üsküdar University, İstanbul, Turkey, 2020.
  • [25] Y. Yener, G.F. Can and P. Toktaş, “A job rotation proposal considering physical strain and perceived workload level,” Journal of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Eskisehir Osmangazi University, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 9-20, Apr. 2019, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.31796/ogummf.498317.
  • [26] M. Joshi and V. Deshpande, “Investigative study and sensitivity analysis of Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA),” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 79, Sep. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2020.103004.
  • [27] H. Sağıroğlu, M.B. Coşkun and N. Erginel, “The ergonomics risk analysıs with REBA of work stations in production line,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, Dec. 2015, pp. 339-345.
  • [28] E. Ekinci and G.F. Can, “Evaluation of workers’ ergonomic risk levels considering working postures and perceived workload wıth multi-criteria decision making approach,” Ergonomics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 77-91, Agus. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.33439/ergonomi.478732.
  • [29] G. Yavuzkan, K. Kaya, M.C. Yağız, M. Erdem M and I. Acar, “Ergonomic risk analysis software work safety and health ergonomic risk mapping,” Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 603-614, Dec. 2015.
  • [30] F. Babalık, “Mühendisler için Ergonomi İşbilim,” 6nd ed., Bursa, Turkey, Dora, 2016, pp. 123-135.
  • [31] Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAUA), German Occupational Safety and Occupational Medicine Institution Evaluation Method Tables. URL: www.BAuA.de (Available: 20.01.2021).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Aynur GÜRSOY ÖZCAN This is me (Primary Author)
Kocaeli University
0000-0003-3629-0911
Türkiye

Publication Date September 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { dumf1002172, journal = {Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi}, issn = {1309-8640}, eissn = {2146-4391}, address = {DÜMF Mühendislik Dergisi, Koordinatörlük ve Yayın Bürosu, Dicle Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi 21280, Diyarbakır- Türkiye}, publisher = {Dicle University}, year = {2021}, volume = {12}, pages = {645 - 659}, doi = {10.24012/dumf.1002172}, title = {Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output}, key = {cite}, author = {Gürsoy Özcan, Aynur} }
APA Gürsoy Özcan, A. (2021). Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output . Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi , 12 (4) , 645-659 . DOI: 10.24012/dumf.1002172
MLA Gürsoy Özcan, A. "Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output" . Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 12 (2021 ): 645-659 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dumf/issue/65099/1002172>
Chicago Gürsoy Özcan, A. "Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output". Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 12 (2021 ): 645-659
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output AU - Aynur Gürsoy Özcan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.24012/dumf.1002172 DO - 10.24012/dumf.1002172 T2 - Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 645 EP - 659 VL - 12 IS - 4 SN - 1309-8640-2146-4391 M3 - doi: 10.24012/dumf.1002172 UR - https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.1002172 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output %A Aynur Gürsoy Özcan %T Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output %D 2021 %J Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi %P 1309-8640-2146-4391 %V 12 %N 4 %R doi: 10.24012/dumf.1002172 %U 10.24012/dumf.1002172
ISNAD Gürsoy Özcan, Aynur . "Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output". Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi 12 / 4 (September 2021): 645-659 . https://doi.org/10.24012/dumf.1002172
AMA Gürsoy Özcan A. Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output. DUJE. 2021; 12(4): 645-659.
Vancouver Gürsoy Özcan A. Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output. Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi. 2021; 12(4): 645-659.
IEEE A. Gürsoy Özcan , "Ergonomic Risk Assessment in Automotive Welding Lines and Comparison of Method Output", Dicle Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Mühendislik Dergisi, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 645-659, Sep. 2021, doi:10.24012/dumf.1002172