Year 2015, Volume 1 , Issue 2, Pages 61 - 68 2015-12-31

Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey)

Gerhard Volk [1] , Abdurrahim Aydın [2] , Remzi Eker [3]


Karaçam Village (Trabzon), located in the eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey, suffers from critical problems as a result of snow avalanches. Interviews with local villagers described three important snow avalanche events which occurred in the region. Despite the incidence of dangerous snow avalanches in the Karaçam region, to date, no avalanche defense measures have been planned. In this study, three different snow avalanche scenario simulations (coded as 1, 2 and 3) corresponding to recurrent periods of 30, 100, and 300 years were developed, and Coulomb friction values were designated in order to provide reliable results. For all scenarios, the Coulomb friction values were selected as 0.26 in the release zone, 0.165 in the track and 0.33 in the run-out zone. Scenario 2, a snow avalanche event in the region with the recurrent period of 100 years, was found capable of causing damage to buildings located on the left side of the track as well as on the opposite slope. Hence, taking into account field surveys and observations, feasible counter-measures were planned according to Scenario 2. Construction of structures for supporting the snowpack in the starting zone, reforestation with supporting snow glide tripods, and installation of wind fences were recommended. In total, 508 m of steel snow bridges, 758 m of wooden snow bridges, reforestation with tripod supports over an area of 7 ha, and 1150 m of wind fences were included in the plan.
Simulation, Snow avalanche, Supporting structure, Turkey
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Gerhard Volk

Author: Abdurrahim Aydın
Institution: Düzce University
Country: Turkey


Author: Remzi Eker

Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2015

Bibtex @research article { ejfe177738, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {}, publisher = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, pages = {61 - 68}, doi = {}, title = {Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Volk, Gerhard and Aydın, Abdurrahim and Eker, Remzi} }
APA Volk, G , Aydın, A , Eker, R . (2015). Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey). European Journal of Forest Engineering , 1 (2) , 61-68 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfe/issue/17009/177738
MLA Volk, G , Aydın, A , Eker, R . "Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 1 (2015 ): 61-68 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfe/issue/17009/177738>
Chicago Volk, G , Aydın, A , Eker, R . "Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 1 (2015 ): 61-68
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey) AU - Gerhard Volk , Abdurrahim Aydın , Remzi Eker Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 61 EP - 68 VL - 1 IS - 2 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2015 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey) %A Gerhard Volk , Abdurrahim Aydın , Remzi Eker %T Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey) %D 2015 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 1 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Volk, Gerhard , Aydın, Abdurrahim , Eker, Remzi . "Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 1 / 2 (December 2016): 61-68 .
AMA Volk G , Aydın A , Eker R . Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey). Eur J Forest Eng. 2015; 1(2): 61-68.
Vancouver Volk G , Aydın A , Eker R . Avalanche Control with Mitigation Measures: A Case study from Karaçam-Trabzon (Turkey). European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2015; 1(2): 68-61.